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Revision 1.22, Wed Feb 6 19:07:27 2002 UTC (17 years, 9 months ago) by wiz
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: netbsd-1-6-base, netbsd-1-6-RELEASE, netbsd-1-6-RC3, netbsd-1-6-RC2, netbsd-1-6-RC1, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002-RELEASE, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002-RC4, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002-RC3, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002-RC2, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002-RC1, netbsd-1-6-PATCH002, netbsd-1-6-PATCH001-RELEASE, netbsd-1-6-PATCH001-RC3, netbsd-1-6-PATCH001-RC2, netbsd-1-6-PATCH001-RC1, netbsd-1-6-PATCH001, netbsd-1-6
Changes since 1.21: +3 -3 lines

Fix a typo, and correct an abbreviation (Mhz -> MHz).

.\"	$NetBSD: wiconfig.8,v 1.22 2002/02/06 19:07:27 wiz Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1997, 1998, 1999
.\"	Bill Paul <wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu> All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
.\"    must display the following acknowledgement:
.\"	This product includes software developed by Bill Paul.
.\" 4. Neither the name of the author nor the names of any co-contributors
.\"    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
.\"    without specific prior written permission.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY Bill Paul AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL Bill Paul OR THE VOICES IN HIS HEAD
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
.\" SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
.\" INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
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.\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF
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.\"
.\"	From: wicontrol.8,v 1.6 1999/05/22 16:12:47 wpaul Exp $
.\"
.Dd January 11, 2001
.Dt WICONFIG 8
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm wiconfig
.Nd configure WaveLAN/IEEE devices
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm wiconfig
.Ar interface
.Op Fl o
.Op Fl D
.Bk -words
.Op Fl e Ar 0|1
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Oo
.Fl k Ar key
.Op Fl v Ar 1|2|3|4
.Oc
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl t Ar tx rate
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl n Ar network name
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl s Ar station name
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl c Ar 0|1
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl q Ar SSID
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl p Ar port type
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl a Ar access point density
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl m Ar MAC address
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl d Ar max data length
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl r Ar RTS threshold
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl f Ar frequency
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl A Ar 0|1
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl M Ar 0|1
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl P Ar 0|1
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl R Ar 1|3
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl S Ar max sleep duration
.Ek
.Bk -words
.Op Fl T Ar 1|2|3|4
.Ek
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
command controls the operation of
.Tn WaveLAN/IEEE
wireless networking devices via the
.Xr wi 4
and
.Xr awi 4
drivers.
The
.Nm
command can also be used to view the current settings of these parameters
and to dump out the values of the card's statistics counters.
.Pp
Most of the parameters that can be changed relate to the
.Tn IEEE
802.11 protocol which the
.Tn WaveLAN
implements.
This includes the station name, whether the station is operating
in ad-hoc (point to point) or BSS (service set) mode, and the
network name of a service set to join (IBSS) if BSS mode is enabled.
.Pp
The
.Ar iface
argument given to
.Nm
should be the logical interface name associated with the
.Tn WaveLAN/IEEE
device (e.g. wi0, wi1, etc.).
.Sh OPTIONS
With no extra options,
.Nm
will display the current settings of the specified
.Tn WaveLAN/IEEE
interface.
.Pp
The options are as follows:
.Pp
.Bl -tag -width Fl
.It Fl o
Print out the statistics counters instead of the card settings.
Note that, however, the statistics will only be updated every minute or so.
.It Fl D
This forces the driver to initiate one round of access point scanning.
All of the access points found are displayed.
.It Fl e Ar 0|1
Enable or disable Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption.
Permitted values are
.Ar 0
(encryption disabled) or
.Ar 1
(encryption enabled).
Encryption is off by default.
.It Fl k Ar key Xo
.Op Fl v Ar 1|2|3|4
.Xc
Set WEP encryption keys.
There are four default encryption keys that can be programmed.
A specific key can be set using the
.Fl v
flag.
If the
.Fl v
flag is not specified, the first key will be set.
.Pp
Encryption keys can either
be
.Tn ASCII
text (e.g. "hello") or a series of hexadecimal digits (e.g. "0x1234512345").
.Pp
For WaveLAN Silver cards, the key is
restricted to 40 bits, hence the key can be either a 5-character text string
or 10 hexadecimal digits.
For WaveLAN Gold cards, the key can be up to
104 bits, which means the key can be specified as either a 13-character
text string or 26 hexadecimal digits.
.Pp
The key will be combined with the
24-bit IV to consist the seed for RC4 in either case.
.It Fl T Ar 1|2|3|4
Specify which of the four WEP encryption keys will be used to encrypt
transmitted packets.
.It Fl t Ar tx rate
Set the transmit rate of the specified interface.
The legal values for the transmit rate vary depending on whether
the interface is a standard
.Tn WaveLAN/IEEE
or a
.Tn WaveLAN/IEEE
Turbo adapter.
The standard NICs support a maximum transmit rate of 2Mbps while
the turbo NICs support a maximum speed of 6Mbps.
The following table shows the legal transmit rate settings and the
corresponding transmit speeds:
.Bd -filled -offset indent
.Bl -column "TX rate " "NIC speed "
.Em "TX rate	NIC speed"
1	Fixed Low (1Mbps)
2	Fixed Standard (2Mbps)
3	Auto Rate Select (High)
4	Fixed Medium (4Mbps)
5	Fixed High (6Mbps)
6	Auto Rate Select (Standard)
7	Auto Rate Select (Medium)
11	Fixed Turbo (11Mbps)
.El
.Ed
.Pp
The standard NICs support only settings 1 through 3.  Turbo NICs support
all the above listed speed settings.
The default driver setting is 3 (auto rate select).
.It Fl n Ar network name
Set the name of the service set (IBSS) that this station wishes to
join.  The
.Ar network name
can be any text string up to 30 characters in length.
The default name is the empty string which should allow the station
to connect to the first available access point.
The interface should be set for BSS mode using the
.Fl p
flag in order for this to work.
.It Fl s Ar station name
Sets the
.Ar station name
for the specified interface.  The
.Ar station name
is used for diagnostic purposes.
The
.Tn Lucent
.Tn WaveMANAGER
software can poll the names of remote hosts.
.It Fl c Ar 0|1
[Lucent only] Allow the station to create a service set (IBSS).
Permitted values are 0 (don't create IBSS) and 1 (enable creation of IBSS).
The default is 0.
.Pp
This option requires
.Tn WaveLAN
firmware revision 6.04 or later to work.
.It Fl q Ar SSID
Specify the name of an IBSS (SSID) to create on a given interface.
The
.Ar SSID
can be any text string up to 30 characters long.
.Pp
This option requires
.Tn WaveLAN
firmware revision 6.04 or later to work.
.It Fl p Ar port type
Set the
.Ar port type
for a specified interface.  The legal values for
.Ar port type
are 1 (BSS mode) and 3 (ad-hoc) mode.
The default setting is 1 (BSS mode).
.Pp
In ad-hoc mode, the station can communicate directly with any other
stations within direct radio range (provided that they are also
operating in ad-hoc mode).
.Pp
In BSS mode, hosts must associate with a service set controlled by
an access point, which relays traffic between end stations.
.It Fl a Ar access_point_density
Specify the
.Ar access point density
for a given interface.  Legal values are 1 (low), 2 (medium) and 3 (high).
This setting influences some of the radio modem threshold settings.
.It Fl m Ar MAC address
Set the station address for the specified interface.  The
.Ar MAC address
is specified as a series of six hexadecimal values separated by colons,
e.g. 00:60:1d:12:34:56.
This programs the new address into the card and updates the interface as well.
.It Fl d Ar max_data_length
Set the maximum receive and transmit frame size for a specified interface.
The
.Ar max data length
can be any number from 256 to 2346.  The default is 2304.
.It Fl r Ar RTS threshold
Set the RTS/CTS threshold for a given interface.  This controls the
number of bytes used for the RTS/CTS handshake boundary.  The
.Ar RTS threshold
can be any value between 0 and 2347.  The default is 2347,
which indicates RTS/CTS mechanism never to be used.
.It Fl f Ar frequency
Set the radio frequency of a given interface.  The
.Ar frequency
should be specified as a channel ID as shown in the table below.  The
list of available frequencies is dependent on radio regulations specified
by regional authorities.  Recognized regulatory authorities include
the FCC (United States), ETSI (Europe), France and Japan.  Frequencies
in the table are specified in MHz.
.Bd -filled -offset indent
.Bl -column "Channel ID " "FCC " "ETSI " "France " "Japan "
.Em "Channel ID	FCC	ETSI	France	Japan"
1	2412	2412	-	2412
2	2417	2417	-	2417
3	2422	2422	-	2422
4	2427	2427	-	2427
5	2432	2432	-	2432
6	2437	2437	-	2437
7	2442	2442	-	2442
8	2447	2447	-	2447
9	2452	2452	-	2452
10	2457	2457	2457	2457
11	2462	2462	2462	2462
12	-	2467	2467	2467
13	-	2472	2472	2472
14	-	-	-	2484
.El
.Ed
.Pp
If an illegal channel is specified, the NIC will revert to its default channel.
.Pp
For NICs sold in the United States and Europe, the default channel is 3.
.Pp
For NICs sold in France, the default channel is 11.
.Pp
For NICs sold in Japan, the default channel is 14, and it is the
only available channel for pre-11Mbps NICs.
.Pp
Note that two stations must be set to the same channel in order to
communicate.
.It Fl A Ar 0|1
[Prism2 only] Sets the authentication type for a given interface.
Permitted values are
.Ar 1
(Open System Authentication) or
.Ar 2
(Shared Key Authentication).  The default is 1.
.Pp
Note: It is not valid to enable Shared Key Authentication
when no valid WEP keys have been defined.
.It Fl M Ar 0|1
Enable or disable
.Qq microwave oven robustness
on a given interface.
.It Fl P Ar 0|1
Enable or disable power management on a given interface.  Enabling
power management uses an alternating sleep/wake protocol to help
conserve power on mobile stations, at the cost of some increased
receive latency.  Power management is off by default.
.Pp
Power management requires the cooperation of an access point in
order to function; it is not functional in ad-hoc mode.
.Pp
Power management
is only implemented in Lucent WavePOINT firmware version 2.03 or
later, and in WaveLAN PCMCIA adapter firmware 2.00 or later.  Older
revisions will silently ignore the power management setting.  Legal
values for this parameter are 0 (off) and 1 (on).
.It Fl R Ar 1|3
Enable or disable roaming function on a given interface.
The legal values are
.Ar 1
(Roaming handled by firmware) and
.Ar 3
(Roaming Disabled).  The default is 1.
.It Fl S Ar max sleep interval
Specify the sleep interval to use when power management is enabled.
The
.Ar max sleep interval
is specified in milliseconds.  The default is 100.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr awi 4 ,
.Xr wi 4 ,
.Xr ifconfig 8
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
command first appeared in
.Fx 3.0 ,
as
.Ic wicontrol .
It was added to
.Nx 1.5
under its present name.
.Sh AUTHORS
The
.Nm
command was written by
.An Bill Paul Aq wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu .