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Annotation of src/sys/netinet6/mld6.c, Revision 1.44

1.44    ! thorpej     1: /*     $NetBSD: mld6.c,v 1.43 2008/04/08 15:04:35 thorpej Exp $        */
1.13      itojun      2: /*     $KAME: mld6.c,v 1.25 2001/01/16 14:14:18 itojun Exp $   */
1.3       thorpej     3:
1.2       itojun      4: /*
                      5:  * Copyright (C) 1998 WIDE Project.
                      6:  * All rights reserved.
1.13      itojun      7:  *
1.2       itojun      8:  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
                      9:  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
                     10:  * are met:
                     11:  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
                     12:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
                     13:  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
                     14:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
                     15:  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
                     16:  * 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors
                     17:  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
                     18:  *    without specific prior written permission.
1.13      itojun     19:  *
1.2       itojun     20:  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
                     21:  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
                     22:  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
                     23:  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
                     24:  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
                     25:  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
                     26:  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
                     27:  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
                     28:  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
                     29:  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
                     30:  * SUCH DAMAGE.
                     31:  */
                     32:
                     33: /*
                     34:  * Copyright (c) 1992, 1993
                     35:  *     The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
                     36:  *
                     37:  * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
                     38:  * Stephen Deering of Stanford University.
                     39:  *
                     40:  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
                     41:  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
                     42:  * are met:
                     43:  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
                     44:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
                     45:  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
                     46:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
                     47:  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
1.23      agc        48:  * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
                     49:  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
                     50:  *    without specific prior written permission.
                     51:  *
                     52:  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
                     53:  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
                     54:  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
                     55:  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
                     56:  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
                     57:  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
                     58:  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
                     59:  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
                     60:  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
                     61:  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
                     62:  * SUCH DAMAGE.
                     63:  *
                     64:  *     @(#)igmp.c      8.1 (Berkeley) 7/19/93
                     65:  */
                     66:
                     67: /*
                     68:  * Copyright (c) 1988 Stephen Deering.
                     69:  *
                     70:  * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
                     71:  * Stephen Deering of Stanford University.
                     72:  *
                     73:  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
                     74:  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
                     75:  * are met:
                     76:  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
                     77:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
                     78:  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
                     79:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
                     80:  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
1.2       itojun     81:  * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
                     82:  *    must display the following acknowledgement:
                     83:  *     This product includes software developed by the University of
                     84:  *     California, Berkeley and its contributors.
                     85:  * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
                     86:  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
                     87:  *    without specific prior written permission.
                     88:  *
                     89:  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
                     90:  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
                     91:  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
                     92:  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
                     93:  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
                     94:  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
                     95:  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
                     96:  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
                     97:  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
                     98:  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
                     99:  * SUCH DAMAGE.
                    100:  *
                    101:  *     @(#)igmp.c      8.1 (Berkeley) 7/19/93
                    102:  */
1.16      lukem     103:
                    104: #include <sys/cdefs.h>
1.44    ! thorpej   105: __KERNEL_RCSID(0, "$NetBSD: mld6.c,v 1.43 2008/04/08 15:04:35 thorpej Exp $");
1.2       itojun    106:
                    107: #include "opt_inet.h"
                    108:
                    109: #include <sys/param.h>
                    110: #include <sys/systm.h>
                    111: #include <sys/mbuf.h>
                    112: #include <sys/socket.h>
                    113: #include <sys/protosw.h>
                    114: #include <sys/syslog.h>
1.31      rpaulo    115: #include <sys/sysctl.h>
                    116: #include <sys/kernel.h>
                    117: #include <sys/callout.h>
1.2       itojun    118:
                    119: #include <net/if.h>
                    120:
                    121: #include <netinet/in.h>
                    122: #include <netinet/in_var.h>
1.31      rpaulo    123: #include <netinet6/in6_var.h>
1.10      itojun    124: #include <netinet/ip6.h>
1.2       itojun    125: #include <netinet6/ip6_var.h>
1.29      rpaulo    126: #include <netinet6/scope6_var.h>
1.10      itojun    127: #include <netinet/icmp6.h>
1.44    ! thorpej   128: #include <netinet6/icmp6_private.h>
1.2       itojun    129: #include <netinet6/mld6_var.h>
                    130:
1.7       itojun    131: #include <net/net_osdep.h>
                    132:
1.31      rpaulo    133:
                    134: /*
                    135:  * This structure is used to keep track of in6_multi chains which belong to
                    136:  * deleted interface addresses.
                    137:  */
                    138: static LIST_HEAD(, multi6_kludge) in6_mk; /* XXX BSS initialization */
                    139:
                    140: struct multi6_kludge {
                    141:        LIST_ENTRY(multi6_kludge) mk_entry;
                    142:        struct ifnet *mk_ifp;
                    143:        struct in6_multihead mk_head;
                    144: };
                    145:
                    146:
1.2       itojun    147: /*
                    148:  * Protocol constants
                    149:  */
                    150:
                    151: /*
                    152:  * time between repetitions of a node's initial report of interest in a
                    153:  * multicast address(in seconds)
                    154:  */
1.22      itojun    155: #define MLD_UNSOLICITED_REPORT_INTERVAL        10
1.2       itojun    156:
                    157: static struct ip6_pktopts ip6_opts;
                    158:
1.31      rpaulo    159: static void mld_start_listening(struct in6_multi *);
                    160: static void mld_stop_listening(struct in6_multi *);
                    161:
                    162: static struct mld_hdr * mld_allocbuf(struct mbuf **, int, struct in6_multi *,
                    163:        int);
                    164: static void mld_sendpkt(struct in6_multi *, int, const struct in6_addr *);
                    165: static void mld_starttimer(struct in6_multi *);
                    166: static void mld_stoptimer(struct in6_multi *);
                    167: static u_long mld_timerresid(struct in6_multi *);
1.2       itojun    168:
                    169: void
1.42      matt      170: mld_init(void)
1.2       itojun    171: {
                    172:        static u_int8_t hbh_buf[8];
                    173:        struct ip6_hbh *hbh = (struct ip6_hbh *)hbh_buf;
                    174:        u_int16_t rtalert_code = htons((u_int16_t)IP6OPT_RTALERT_MLD);
                    175:
                    176:        /* ip6h_nxt will be fill in later */
1.11      itojun    177:        hbh->ip6h_len = 0;      /* (8 >> 3) - 1 */
1.2       itojun    178:
                    179:        /* XXX: grotty hard coding... */
                    180:        hbh_buf[2] = IP6OPT_PADN;       /* 2 byte padding */
                    181:        hbh_buf[3] = 0;
                    182:        hbh_buf[4] = IP6OPT_RTALERT;
                    183:        hbh_buf[5] = IP6OPT_RTALERT_LEN - 2;
1.37      christos  184:        bcopy((void *)&rtalert_code, &hbh_buf[6], sizeof(u_int16_t));
1.2       itojun    185:
                    186:        ip6_opts.ip6po_hbh = hbh;
                    187:        /* We will specify the hoplimit by a multicast option. */
                    188:        ip6_opts.ip6po_hlim = -1;
                    189: }
                    190:
1.31      rpaulo    191: static void
1.38      christos  192: mld_starttimer(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.31      rpaulo    193: {
                    194:        struct timeval now;
                    195:
                    196:        microtime(&now);
                    197:        in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_sec = now.tv_sec + in6m->in6m_timer / hz;
                    198:        in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_usec = now.tv_usec +
                    199:            (in6m->in6m_timer % hz) * (1000000 / hz);
                    200:        if (in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_usec > 1000000) {
                    201:                in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_sec++;
                    202:                in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_usec -= 1000000;
                    203:        }
                    204:
                    205:        /* start or restart the timer */
1.41      joerg     206:        callout_schedule(&in6m->in6m_timer_ch, in6m->in6m_timer);
1.31      rpaulo    207: }
                    208:
                    209: static void
1.38      christos  210: mld_stoptimer(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.31      rpaulo    211: {
                    212:        if (in6m->in6m_timer == IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF)
                    213:                return;
                    214:
1.41      joerg     215:        callout_stop(&in6m->in6m_timer_ch);
1.31      rpaulo    216:
                    217:        in6m->in6m_timer = IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF;
                    218: }
                    219:
                    220: static void
1.41      joerg     221: mld_timeo(void *arg)
1.31      rpaulo    222: {
1.41      joerg     223:        struct in6_multi *in6m = arg;
1.31      rpaulo    224:        int s = splsoftnet();
                    225:
                    226:        in6m->in6m_timer = IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF;
                    227:
                    228:        switch (in6m->in6m_state) {
                    229:        case MLD_REPORTPENDING:
                    230:                mld_start_listening(in6m);
                    231:                break;
                    232:        default:
                    233:                mld_sendpkt(in6m, MLD_LISTENER_REPORT, NULL);
                    234:                break;
                    235:        }
                    236:
                    237:        splx(s);
                    238: }
                    239:
                    240: static u_long
1.38      christos  241: mld_timerresid(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.31      rpaulo    242: {
                    243:        struct timeval now, diff;
                    244:
                    245:        microtime(&now);
                    246:
                    247:        if (now.tv_sec > in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_sec ||
                    248:            (now.tv_sec == in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_sec &&
                    249:            now.tv_usec > in6m->in6m_timer_expire.tv_usec)) {
                    250:                return (0);
                    251:        }
                    252:        diff = in6m->in6m_timer_expire;
                    253:        diff.tv_sec -= now.tv_sec;
                    254:        diff.tv_usec -= now.tv_usec;
                    255:        if (diff.tv_usec < 0) {
                    256:                diff.tv_sec--;
                    257:                diff.tv_usec += 1000000;
                    258:        }
                    259:
                    260:        /* return the remaining time in milliseconds */
                    261:        return (((u_long)(diff.tv_sec * 1000000 + diff.tv_usec)) / 1000);
                    262: }
                    263:
                    264: static void
1.38      christos  265: mld_start_listening(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.2       itojun    266: {
1.29      rpaulo    267:        struct in6_addr all_in6;
                    268:
1.2       itojun    269:        /*
1.11      itojun    270:         * RFC2710 page 10:
1.2       itojun    271:         * The node never sends a Report or Done for the link-scope all-nodes
                    272:         * address.
                    273:         * MLD messages are never sent for multicast addresses whose scope is 0
                    274:         * (reserved) or 1 (node-local).
                    275:         */
1.29      rpaulo    276:        all_in6 = in6addr_linklocal_allnodes;
                    277:        if (in6_setscope(&all_in6, in6m->in6m_ifp, NULL)) {
                    278:                /* XXX: this should not happen! */
                    279:                in6m->in6m_timer = 0;
                    280:                in6m->in6m_state = MLD_OTHERLISTENER;
                    281:        }
                    282:        if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6m->in6m_addr, &all_in6) ||
1.2       itojun    283:            IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&in6m->in6m_addr) < IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL) {
1.31      rpaulo    284:                in6m->in6m_timer = IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF;
1.22      itojun    285:                in6m->in6m_state = MLD_OTHERLISTENER;
1.2       itojun    286:        } else {
1.31      rpaulo    287:                mld_sendpkt(in6m, MLD_LISTENER_REPORT, NULL);
                    288:                in6m->in6m_timer = arc4random() %
                    289:                    (MLD_UNSOLICITED_REPORT_INTERVAL * hz);
1.22      itojun    290:                in6m->in6m_state = MLD_IREPORTEDLAST;
1.31      rpaulo    291:
                    292:                mld_starttimer(in6m);
1.2       itojun    293:        }
                    294: }
                    295:
1.31      rpaulo    296: static void
1.38      christos  297: mld_stop_listening(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.2       itojun    298: {
1.29      rpaulo    299:        struct in6_addr allnode, allrouter;
                    300:
                    301:        allnode = in6addr_linklocal_allnodes;
                    302:        if (in6_setscope(&allnode, in6m->in6m_ifp, NULL)) {
                    303:                /* XXX: this should not happen! */
                    304:                return;
                    305:        }
                    306:        allrouter = in6addr_linklocal_allrouters;
                    307:        if (in6_setscope(&allrouter, in6m->in6m_ifp, NULL)) {
                    308:                /* XXX impossible */
                    309:                return;
                    310:        }
1.2       itojun    311:
1.22      itojun    312:        if (in6m->in6m_state == MLD_IREPORTEDLAST &&
1.29      rpaulo    313:            (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6m->in6m_addr, &allnode)) &&
                    314:            IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&in6m->in6m_addr) >
                    315:            IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INTFACELOCAL) {
1.31      rpaulo    316:                mld_sendpkt(in6m, MLD_LISTENER_DONE, &allrouter);
1.29      rpaulo    317:        }
1.2       itojun    318: }
                    319:
                    320: void
1.38      christos  321: mld_input(struct mbuf *m, int off)
1.2       itojun    322: {
                    323:        struct ip6_hdr *ip6 = mtod(m, struct ip6_hdr *);
1.22      itojun    324:        struct mld_hdr *mldh;
1.2       itojun    325:        struct ifnet *ifp = m->m_pkthdr.rcvif;
1.31      rpaulo    326:        struct in6_multi *in6m = NULL;
1.29      rpaulo    327:        struct in6_addr mld_addr, all_in6;
1.2       itojun    328:        struct in6_ifaddr *ia;
1.31      rpaulo    329:        int timer = 0;          /* timer value in the MLD query header */
1.2       itojun    330:
1.22      itojun    331:        IP6_EXTHDR_GET(mldh, struct mld_hdr *, m, off, sizeof(*mldh));
1.13      itojun    332:        if (mldh == NULL) {
1.44    ! thorpej   333:                ICMP6_STATINC(ICMP6_STAT_TOOSHORT);
1.13      itojun    334:                return;
                    335:        }
                    336:
1.2       itojun    337:        /* source address validation */
1.13      itojun    338:        ip6 = mtod(m, struct ip6_hdr *);/* in case mpullup */
1.2       itojun    339:        if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&ip6->ip6_src)) {
1.31      rpaulo    340:                /*
                    341:                 * RFC3590 allows the IPv6 unspecified address as the source
                    342:                 * address of MLD report and done messages.  However, as this
                    343:                 * same document says, this special rule is for snooping
                    344:                 * switches and the RFC requires routers to discard MLD packets
                    345:                 * with the unspecified source address.  The RFC only talks
                    346:                 * about hosts receiving an MLD query or report in Security
                    347:                 * Considerations, but this is probably the correct intention.
                    348:                 * RFC3590 does not talk about other cases than link-local and
                    349:                 * the unspecified source addresses, but we believe the same
                    350:                 * rule should be applied.
                    351:                 * As a result, we only allow link-local addresses as the
                    352:                 * source address; otherwise, simply discard the packet.
                    353:                 */
1.18      itojun    354: #if 0
1.31      rpaulo    355:                /*
                    356:                 * XXX: do not log in an input path to avoid log flooding,
                    357:                 * though RFC3590 says "SHOULD log" if the source of a query
                    358:                 * is the unspecified address.
                    359:                 */
                    360:                log(LOG_INFO,
1.22      itojun    361:                    "mld_input: src %s is not link-local (grp=%s)\n",
1.31      rpaulo    362:                    ip6_sprintf(&ip6->ip6_src), ip6_sprintf(&mldh->mld_addr));
1.18      itojun    363: #endif
1.11      itojun    364:                m_freem(m);
1.2       itojun    365:                return;
                    366:        }
                    367:
                    368:        /*
1.29      rpaulo    369:         * make a copy for local work (in6_setscope() may modify the 1st arg)
                    370:         */
                    371:        mld_addr = mldh->mld_addr;
                    372:        if (in6_setscope(&mld_addr, ifp, NULL)) {
                    373:                /* XXX: this should not happen! */
                    374:                m_free(m);
                    375:                return;
                    376:        }
                    377:
                    378:        /*
1.31      rpaulo    379:         * In the MLD specification, there are 3 states and a flag.
1.2       itojun    380:         *
                    381:         * In Non-Listener state, we simply don't have a membership record.
                    382:         * In Delaying Listener state, our timer is running (in6m->in6m_timer)
1.31      rpaulo    383:         * In Idle Listener state, our timer is not running
                    384:         * (in6m->in6m_timer==IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF)
1.2       itojun    385:         *
1.22      itojun    386:         * The flag is in6m->in6m_state, it is set to MLD_OTHERLISTENER if
                    387:         * we have heard a report from another member, or MLD_IREPORTEDLAST
1.2       itojun    388:         * if we sent the last report.
                    389:         */
1.22      itojun    390:        switch (mldh->mld_type) {
                    391:        case MLD_LISTENER_QUERY:
1.7       itojun    392:                if (ifp->if_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK)
                    393:                        break;
                    394:
1.29      rpaulo    395:                if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&mld_addr) &&
                    396:                    !IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST(&mld_addr))
1.7       itojun    397:                        break;  /* print error or log stat? */
1.29      rpaulo    398:
                    399:                all_in6 = in6addr_linklocal_allnodes;
                    400:                if (in6_setscope(&all_in6, ifp, NULL)) {
                    401:                        /* XXX: this should not happen! */
                    402:                        break;
                    403:                }
1.2       itojun    404:
1.7       itojun    405:                /*
1.11      itojun    406:                 * - Start the timers in all of our membership records
                    407:                 *   that the query applies to for the interface on
                    408:                 *   which the query arrived excl. those that belong
                    409:                 *   to the "all-nodes" group (ff02::1).
                    410:                 * - Restart any timer that is already running but has
1.30      rpaulo    411:                 *   a value longer than the requested timeout.
1.11      itojun    412:                 * - Use the value specified in the query message as
                    413:                 *   the maximum timeout.
                    414:                 */
1.31      rpaulo    415:                timer = ntohs(mldh->mld_maxdelay);
                    416:
1.7       itojun    417:                IFP_TO_IA6(ifp, ia);
                    418:                if (ia == NULL)
                    419:                        break;
1.2       itojun    420:
1.35      dyoung    421:                LIST_FOREACH(in6m, &ia->ia6_multiaddrs, in6m_entry) {
1.29      rpaulo    422:                        if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6m->in6m_addr, &all_in6) ||
1.7       itojun    423:                            IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(&in6m->in6m_addr) <
                    424:                            IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_LINKLOCAL)
                    425:                                continue;
1.2       itojun    426:
1.31      rpaulo    427:                        if (in6m->in6m_state == MLD_REPORTPENDING)
                    428:                                continue; /* we are not yet ready */
                    429:
                    430:                        if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&mld_addr) &&
                    431:                            !IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&mld_addr, &in6m->in6m_addr))
                    432:                                continue;
                    433:
                    434:                        if (timer == 0) {
                    435:                                /* send a report immediately */
                    436:                                mld_stoptimer(in6m);
                    437:                                mld_sendpkt(in6m, MLD_LISTENER_REPORT, NULL);
                    438:                                in6m->in6m_state = MLD_IREPORTEDLAST;
                    439:                        } else if (in6m->in6m_timer == IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF ||
                    440:                            mld_timerresid(in6m) > (u_long)timer) {
                    441:                                in6m->in6m_timer = arc4random() %
                    442:                                    (int)(((long)timer * hz) / 1000);
                    443:                                mld_starttimer(in6m);
1.7       itojun    444:                        }
                    445:                }
1.29      rpaulo    446:                break;
1.2       itojun    447:
1.22      itojun    448:        case MLD_LISTENER_REPORT:
1.2       itojun    449:                /*
1.11      itojun    450:                 * For fast leave to work, we have to know that we are the
                    451:                 * last person to send a report for this group.  Reports
                    452:                 * can potentially get looped back if we are a multicast
                    453:                 * router, so discard reports sourced by me.
                    454:                 * Note that it is impossible to check IFF_LOOPBACK flag of
                    455:                 * ifp for this purpose, since ip6_mloopback pass the physical
                    456:                 * interface to looutput.
                    457:                 */
1.7       itojun    458:                if (m->m_flags & M_LOOP) /* XXX: grotty flag, but efficient */
                    459:                        break;
                    460:
1.22      itojun    461:                if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST(&mldh->mld_addr))
1.7       itojun    462:                        break;
                    463:
                    464:                /*
1.11      itojun    465:                 * If we belong to the group being reported, stop
                    466:                 * our timer for that group.
                    467:                 */
1.29      rpaulo    468:                IN6_LOOKUP_MULTI(mld_addr, ifp, in6m);
1.7       itojun    469:                if (in6m) {
1.31      rpaulo    470:                        mld_stoptimer(in6m); /* transit to idle state */
1.22      itojun    471:                        in6m->in6m_state = MLD_OTHERLISTENER; /* clear flag */
1.7       itojun    472:                }
                    473:                break;
                    474:        default:                /* this is impossible */
1.18      itojun    475: #if 0
1.19      itojun    476:                /*
                    477:                 * this case should be impossible because of filtering in
                    478:                 * icmp6_input().  But we explicitly disabled this part
                    479:                 * just in case.
                    480:                 */
1.31      rpaulo    481:                log(LOG_ERR, "mld_input: illegal type(%d)", mldh->mld_type);
1.18      itojun    482: #endif
1.7       itojun    483:                break;
1.2       itojun    484:        }
1.11      itojun    485:
                    486:        m_freem(m);
1.2       itojun    487: }
                    488:
                    489: static void
1.38      christos  490: mld_sendpkt(struct in6_multi *in6m, int type,
                    491:        const struct in6_addr *dst)
1.2       itojun    492: {
1.31      rpaulo    493:        struct mbuf *mh;
1.22      itojun    494:        struct mld_hdr *mldh;
1.31      rpaulo    495:        struct ip6_hdr *ip6 = NULL;
1.2       itojun    496:        struct ip6_moptions im6o;
1.31      rpaulo    497:        struct in6_ifaddr *ia = NULL;
1.2       itojun    498:        struct ifnet *ifp = in6m->in6m_ifp;
1.19      itojun    499:        int ignflags;
1.2       itojun    500:
                    501:        /*
                    502:         * At first, find a link local address on the outgoing interface
                    503:         * to use as the source address of the MLD packet.
1.19      itojun    504:         * We do not reject tentative addresses for MLD report to deal with
                    505:         * the case where we first join a link-local address.
1.2       itojun    506:         */
1.19      itojun    507:        ignflags = (IN6_IFF_NOTREADY|IN6_IFF_ANYCAST) & ~IN6_IFF_TENTATIVE;
                    508:        if ((ia = in6ifa_ifpforlinklocal(ifp, ignflags)) == NULL)
1.2       itojun    509:                return;
1.19      itojun    510:        if ((ia->ia6_flags & IN6_IFF_TENTATIVE))
                    511:                ia = NULL;
1.2       itojun    512:
1.31      rpaulo    513:        /* Allocate two mbufs to store IPv6 header and MLD header */
                    514:        mldh = mld_allocbuf(&mh, sizeof(struct mld_hdr), in6m, type);
                    515:        if (mldh == NULL)
1.2       itojun    516:                return;
                    517:
1.31      rpaulo    518:        /* fill src/dst here */
                    519:        ip6 = mtod(mh, struct ip6_hdr *);
                    520:        ip6->ip6_src = ia ? ia->ia_addr.sin6_addr : in6addr_any;
                    521:        ip6->ip6_dst = dst ? *dst : in6m->in6m_addr;
1.2       itojun    522:
1.22      itojun    523:        mldh->mld_addr = in6m->in6m_addr;
1.29      rpaulo    524:        in6_clearscope(&mldh->mld_addr); /* XXX */
1.22      itojun    525:        mldh->mld_cksum = in6_cksum(mh, IPPROTO_ICMPV6, sizeof(struct ip6_hdr),
                    526:            sizeof(struct mld_hdr));
1.2       itojun    527:
                    528:        /* construct multicast option */
1.31      rpaulo    529:        memset(&im6o, 0, sizeof(im6o));
1.2       itojun    530:        im6o.im6o_multicast_ifp = ifp;
                    531:        im6o.im6o_multicast_hlim = 1;
                    532:
                    533:        /*
                    534:         * Request loopback of the report if we are acting as a multicast
                    535:         * router, so that the process-level routing daemon can hear it.
                    536:         */
                    537:        im6o.im6o_multicast_loop = (ip6_mrouter != NULL);
                    538:
                    539:        /* increment output statictics */
1.44    ! thorpej   540:        ICMP6_STATINC(ICMP6_STAT_OUTHIST + type);
1.15      itojun    541:        icmp6_ifstat_inc(ifp, ifs6_out_msg);
1.17      itojun    542:        switch (type) {
1.22      itojun    543:        case MLD_LISTENER_QUERY:
1.15      itojun    544:                icmp6_ifstat_inc(ifp, ifs6_out_mldquery);
                    545:                break;
1.22      itojun    546:        case MLD_LISTENER_REPORT:
1.15      itojun    547:                icmp6_ifstat_inc(ifp, ifs6_out_mldreport);
                    548:                break;
1.22      itojun    549:        case MLD_LISTENER_DONE:
1.15      itojun    550:                icmp6_ifstat_inc(ifp, ifs6_out_mlddone);
                    551:                break;
1.7       itojun    552:        }
1.19      itojun    553:
1.27      perry     554:        ip6_output(mh, &ip6_opts, NULL, ia ? 0 : IPV6_UNSPECSRC,
1.25      itojun    555:            &im6o, (struct socket *)NULL, NULL);
1.2       itojun    556: }
1.31      rpaulo    557:
                    558: static struct mld_hdr *
1.34      christos  559: mld_allocbuf(struct mbuf **mh, int len, struct in6_multi *in6m,
1.33      christos  560:     int type)
1.31      rpaulo    561: {
                    562:        struct mbuf *md;
                    563:        struct mld_hdr *mldh;
                    564:        struct ip6_hdr *ip6;
                    565:
                    566:        /*
                    567:         * Allocate mbufs to store ip6 header and MLD header.
                    568:         * We allocate 2 mbufs and make chain in advance because
                    569:         * it is more convenient when inserting the hop-by-hop option later.
                    570:         */
                    571:        MGETHDR(*mh, M_DONTWAIT, MT_HEADER);
                    572:        if (*mh == NULL)
                    573:                return NULL;
                    574:        MGET(md, M_DONTWAIT, MT_DATA);
                    575:        if (md == NULL) {
                    576:                m_free(*mh);
                    577:                *mh = NULL;
                    578:                return NULL;
                    579:        }
                    580:        (*mh)->m_next = md;
                    581:        md->m_next = NULL;
                    582:
                    583:        (*mh)->m_pkthdr.rcvif = NULL;
                    584:        (*mh)->m_pkthdr.len = sizeof(struct ip6_hdr) + len;
                    585:        (*mh)->m_len = sizeof(struct ip6_hdr);
                    586:        MH_ALIGN(*mh, sizeof(struct ip6_hdr));
                    587:
                    588:        /* fill in the ip6 header */
                    589:        ip6 = mtod(*mh, struct ip6_hdr *);
                    590:        memset(ip6, 0, sizeof(*ip6));
                    591:        ip6->ip6_flow = 0;
                    592:        ip6->ip6_vfc &= ~IPV6_VERSION_MASK;
                    593:        ip6->ip6_vfc |= IPV6_VERSION;
                    594:        /* ip6_plen will be set later */
                    595:        ip6->ip6_nxt = IPPROTO_ICMPV6;
                    596:        /* ip6_hlim will be set by im6o.im6o_multicast_hlim */
                    597:        /* ip6_src/dst will be set by mld_sendpkt() or mld_sendbuf() */
                    598:
                    599:        /* fill in the MLD header as much as possible */
                    600:        md->m_len = len;
                    601:        mldh = mtod(md, struct mld_hdr *);
                    602:        memset(mldh, 0, len);
                    603:        mldh->mld_type = type;
                    604:        return mldh;
                    605: }
                    606:
                    607: /*
                    608:  * Add an address to the list of IP6 multicast addresses for a given interface.
                    609:  */
                    610: struct in6_multi *
1.38      christos  611: in6_addmulti(struct in6_addr *maddr6, struct ifnet *ifp,
                    612:        int *errorp, int timer)
1.31      rpaulo    613: {
                    614:        struct  in6_ifaddr *ia;
                    615:        struct  in6_ifreq ifr;
                    616:        struct  in6_multi *in6m;
                    617:        int     s = splsoftnet();
                    618:
                    619:        *errorp = 0;
                    620:
                    621:        /*
                    622:         * See if address already in list.
                    623:         */
                    624:        IN6_LOOKUP_MULTI(*maddr6, ifp, in6m);
                    625:        if (in6m != NULL) {
                    626:                /*
                    627:                 * Found it; just increment the refrence count.
                    628:                 */
                    629:                in6m->in6m_refcount++;
                    630:        } else {
                    631:                /*
                    632:                 * New address; allocate a new multicast record
                    633:                 * and link it into the interface's multicast list.
                    634:                 */
                    635:                in6m = (struct in6_multi *)
                    636:                        malloc(sizeof(*in6m), M_IPMADDR, M_NOWAIT);
                    637:                if (in6m == NULL) {
                    638:                        splx(s);
                    639:                        *errorp = ENOBUFS;
                    640:                        return (NULL);
                    641:                }
                    642:
                    643:                memset(in6m, 0, sizeof(*in6m));
                    644:                in6m->in6m_addr = *maddr6;
                    645:                in6m->in6m_ifp = ifp;
                    646:                in6m->in6m_refcount = 1;
                    647:                in6m->in6m_timer = IN6M_TIMER_UNDEF;
                    648:                IFP_TO_IA6(ifp, ia);
                    649:                if (ia == NULL) {
                    650:                        free(in6m, M_IPMADDR);
                    651:                        splx(s);
                    652:                        *errorp = EADDRNOTAVAIL; /* appropriate? */
                    653:                        return (NULL);
                    654:                }
                    655:                in6m->in6m_ia = ia;
                    656:                IFAREF(&ia->ia_ifa); /* gain a reference */
                    657:                LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&ia->ia6_multiaddrs, in6m, in6m_entry);
                    658:
                    659:                /*
                    660:                 * Ask the network driver to update its multicast reception
                    661:                 * filter appropriately for the new address.
                    662:                 */
1.40      dyoung    663:                sockaddr_in6_init(&ifr.ifr_addr, maddr6, 0, 0, 0);
1.31      rpaulo    664:                if (ifp->if_ioctl == NULL)
                    665:                        *errorp = ENXIO; /* XXX: appropriate? */
                    666:                else
                    667:                        *errorp = (*ifp->if_ioctl)(ifp, SIOCADDMULTI,
1.37      christos  668:                            (void *)&ifr);
1.31      rpaulo    669:                if (*errorp) {
                    670:                        LIST_REMOVE(in6m, in6m_entry);
                    671:                        free(in6m, M_IPMADDR);
                    672:                        IFAFREE(&ia->ia_ifa);
                    673:                        splx(s);
                    674:                        return (NULL);
                    675:                }
                    676:
1.41      joerg     677:                callout_init(&in6m->in6m_timer_ch, 0);
                    678:                callout_setfunc(&in6m->in6m_timer_ch, mld_timeo, in6m);
1.32      rpaulo    679:                in6m->in6m_timer = timer;
1.31      rpaulo    680:                if (in6m->in6m_timer > 0) {
                    681:                        in6m->in6m_state = MLD_REPORTPENDING;
                    682:                        mld_starttimer(in6m);
                    683:
                    684:                        splx(s);
                    685:                        return (in6m);
                    686:                }
                    687:
                    688:                /*
                    689:                 * Let MLD6 know that we have joined a new IP6 multicast
                    690:                 * group.
                    691:                 */
                    692:                mld_start_listening(in6m);
                    693:        }
                    694:        splx(s);
                    695:        return (in6m);
                    696: }
                    697:
                    698: /*
                    699:  * Delete a multicast address record.
                    700:  */
                    701: void
1.38      christos  702: in6_delmulti(struct in6_multi *in6m)
1.31      rpaulo    703: {
                    704:        struct  in6_ifreq ifr;
                    705:        struct  in6_ifaddr *ia;
                    706:        int     s = splsoftnet();
                    707:
                    708:        mld_stoptimer(in6m);
                    709:
                    710:        if (--in6m->in6m_refcount == 0) {
                    711:                /*
                    712:                 * No remaining claims to this record; let MLD6 know
                    713:                 * that we are leaving the multicast group.
                    714:                 */
                    715:                mld_stop_listening(in6m);
                    716:
                    717:                /*
                    718:                 * Unlink from list.
                    719:                 */
                    720:                LIST_REMOVE(in6m, in6m_entry);
1.35      dyoung    721:                if (in6m->in6m_ia != NULL) {
1.31      rpaulo    722:                        IFAFREE(&in6m->in6m_ia->ia_ifa); /* release reference */
1.35      dyoung    723:                        in6m->in6m_ia = NULL;
1.31      rpaulo    724:                }
                    725:
                    726:                /*
                    727:                 * Delete all references of this multicasting group from
                    728:                 * the membership arrays
                    729:                 */
                    730:                for (ia = in6_ifaddr; ia; ia = ia->ia_next) {
                    731:                        struct in6_multi_mship *imm;
1.35      dyoung    732:                        LIST_FOREACH(imm, &ia->ia6_memberships, i6mm_chain) {
1.31      rpaulo    733:                                if (imm->i6mm_maddr == in6m)
                    734:                                        imm->i6mm_maddr = NULL;
                    735:                        }
                    736:                }
                    737:
                    738:                /*
                    739:                 * Notify the network driver to update its multicast
                    740:                 * reception filter.
                    741:                 */
1.40      dyoung    742:                sockaddr_in6_init(&ifr.ifr_addr, &in6m->in6m_addr, 0, 0, 0);
1.31      rpaulo    743:                (*in6m->in6m_ifp->if_ioctl)(in6m->in6m_ifp,
1.37      christos  744:                    SIOCDELMULTI, (void *)&ifr);
1.41      joerg     745:                callout_destroy(&in6m->in6m_timer_ch);
1.31      rpaulo    746:                free(in6m, M_IPMADDR);
                    747:        }
                    748:        splx(s);
                    749: }
                    750:
                    751:
                    752: struct in6_multi_mship *
1.38      christos  753: in6_joingroup(struct ifnet *ifp, struct in6_addr *addr,
                    754:        int *errorp, int timer)
1.31      rpaulo    755: {
                    756:        struct in6_multi_mship *imm;
                    757:
                    758:        imm = malloc(sizeof(*imm), M_IPMADDR, M_NOWAIT);
                    759:        if (!imm) {
                    760:                *errorp = ENOBUFS;
                    761:                return NULL;
                    762:        }
                    763:
                    764:        memset(imm, 0, sizeof(*imm));
1.32      rpaulo    765:        imm->i6mm_maddr = in6_addmulti(addr, ifp, errorp, timer);
1.31      rpaulo    766:        if (!imm->i6mm_maddr) {
1.36      dyoung    767:                /* *errorp is already set */
1.31      rpaulo    768:                free(imm, M_IPMADDR);
                    769:                return NULL;
                    770:        }
                    771:        return imm;
                    772: }
                    773:
                    774: int
1.38      christos  775: in6_leavegroup(struct in6_multi_mship *imm)
1.31      rpaulo    776: {
                    777:
                    778:        if (imm->i6mm_maddr) {
                    779:                in6_delmulti(imm->i6mm_maddr);
                    780:        }
                    781:        free(imm, M_IPMADDR);
                    782:        return 0;
                    783: }
                    784:
                    785:
                    786: /*
                    787:  * Multicast address kludge:
                    788:  * If there were any multicast addresses attached to this interface address,
                    789:  * either move them to another address on this interface, or save them until
                    790:  * such time as this interface is reconfigured for IPv6.
                    791:  */
                    792: void
1.38      christos  793: in6_savemkludge(struct in6_ifaddr *oia)
1.31      rpaulo    794: {
                    795:        struct in6_ifaddr *ia;
1.36      dyoung    796:        struct in6_multi *in6m;
1.31      rpaulo    797:
                    798:        IFP_TO_IA6(oia->ia_ifp, ia);
                    799:        if (ia) {       /* there is another address */
1.36      dyoung    800:                KASSERT(ia != oia);
                    801:                while ((in6m = LIST_FIRST(&oia->ia6_multiaddrs)) != NULL) {
                    802:                        LIST_REMOVE(in6m, in6m_entry);
                    803:                        IFAREF(&ia->ia_ifa);
1.31      rpaulo    804:                        IFAFREE(&in6m->in6m_ia->ia_ifa);
                    805:                        in6m->in6m_ia = ia;
                    806:                        LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&ia->ia6_multiaddrs, in6m, in6m_entry);
                    807:                }
                    808:        } else {        /* last address on this if deleted, save */
                    809:                struct multi6_kludge *mk;
                    810:
1.35      dyoung    811:                LIST_FOREACH(mk, &in6_mk, mk_entry) {
1.31      rpaulo    812:                        if (mk->mk_ifp == oia->ia_ifp)
                    813:                                break;
                    814:                }
                    815:                if (mk == NULL) /* this should not happen! */
                    816:                        panic("in6_savemkludge: no kludge space");
                    817:
1.36      dyoung    818:                while ((in6m = LIST_FIRST(&oia->ia6_multiaddrs)) != NULL) {
                    819:                        LIST_REMOVE(in6m, in6m_entry);
1.31      rpaulo    820:                        IFAFREE(&in6m->in6m_ia->ia_ifa); /* release reference */
                    821:                        in6m->in6m_ia = NULL;
                    822:                        LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&mk->mk_head, in6m, in6m_entry);
                    823:                }
                    824:        }
                    825: }
                    826:
                    827: /*
                    828:  * Continuation of multicast address hack:
                    829:  * If there was a multicast group list previously saved for this interface,
                    830:  * then we re-attach it to the first address configured on the i/f.
                    831:  */
                    832: void
1.38      christos  833: in6_restoremkludge(struct in6_ifaddr *ia, struct ifnet *ifp)
1.31      rpaulo    834: {
                    835:        struct multi6_kludge *mk;
1.36      dyoung    836:        struct in6_multi *in6m;
1.31      rpaulo    837:
1.35      dyoung    838:        LIST_FOREACH(mk, &in6_mk, mk_entry) {
                    839:                if (mk->mk_ifp == ifp)
1.31      rpaulo    840:                        break;
                    841:        }
1.35      dyoung    842:        if (mk == NULL)
                    843:                return;
1.36      dyoung    844:        while ((in6m = LIST_FIRST(&mk->mk_head)) != NULL) {
                    845:                LIST_REMOVE(in6m, in6m_entry);
1.35      dyoung    846:                in6m->in6m_ia = ia;
                    847:                IFAREF(&ia->ia_ifa);
                    848:                LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&ia->ia6_multiaddrs, in6m, in6m_entry);
                    849:        }
1.31      rpaulo    850: }
                    851:
                    852: /*
                    853:  * Allocate space for the kludge at interface initialization time.
                    854:  * Formerly, we dynamically allocated the space in in6_savemkludge() with
                    855:  * malloc(M_WAITOK).  However, it was wrong since the function could be called
                    856:  * under an interrupt context (software timer on address lifetime expiration).
                    857:  * Also, we cannot just give up allocating the strucutre, since the group
                    858:  * membership structure is very complex and we need to keep it anyway.
                    859:  * Of course, this function MUST NOT be called under an interrupt context.
                    860:  * Specifically, it is expected to be called only from in6_ifattach(), though
                    861:  * it is a global function.
                    862:  */
                    863: void
1.38      christos  864: in6_createmkludge(struct ifnet *ifp)
1.31      rpaulo    865: {
                    866:        struct multi6_kludge *mk;
                    867:
1.35      dyoung    868:        LIST_FOREACH(mk, &in6_mk, mk_entry) {
1.31      rpaulo    869:                /* If we've already had one, do not allocate. */
                    870:                if (mk->mk_ifp == ifp)
                    871:                        return;
                    872:        }
                    873:
                    874:        mk = malloc(sizeof(*mk), M_IPMADDR, M_WAITOK);
                    875:
                    876:        memset(mk, 0, sizeof(*mk));
                    877:        LIST_INIT(&mk->mk_head);
                    878:        mk->mk_ifp = ifp;
                    879:        LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&in6_mk, mk, mk_entry);
                    880: }
                    881:
                    882: void
1.38      christos  883: in6_purgemkludge(struct ifnet *ifp)
1.31      rpaulo    884: {
                    885:        struct multi6_kludge *mk;
1.36      dyoung    886:        struct in6_multi *in6m, *next;
1.31      rpaulo    887:
1.35      dyoung    888:        LIST_FOREACH(mk, &in6_mk, mk_entry) {
                    889:                if (mk->mk_ifp == ifp)
                    890:                        break;
                    891:        }
                    892:        if (mk == NULL)
                    893:                return;
                    894:
                    895:        /* leave from all multicast groups joined */
1.36      dyoung    896:        for (in6m = LIST_FIRST(&mk->mk_head); in6m != NULL; in6m = next) {
                    897:                next = LIST_NEXT(in6m, in6m_entry);
1.35      dyoung    898:                in6_delmulti(in6m);
1.31      rpaulo    899:        }
1.35      dyoung    900:        LIST_REMOVE(mk, mk_entry);
                    901:        free(mk, M_IPMADDR);
1.31      rpaulo    902: }

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