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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / sys / netinet6 / in6_pcb.c (download)

Revision 1.82, Fri Jan 26 19:01:26 2007 UTC (11 years, 9 months ago) by dyoung
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: post-newlock2-merge, newlock2-nbase, newlock2-base
Branch point for: yamt-idlelwp
Changes since 1.81: +4 -4 lines

Change a couple of bzeros to memsets.

/*	$NetBSD: in6_pcb.c,v 1.82 2007/01/26 19:01:26 dyoung Exp $	*/
/*	$KAME: in6_pcb.c,v 1.84 2001/02/08 18:02:08 itojun Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 WIDE Project.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)in_pcb.c	8.2 (Berkeley) 1/4/94
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__KERNEL_RCSID(0, "$NetBSD: in6_pcb.c,v 1.82 2007/01/26 19:01:26 dyoung Exp $");

#include "opt_inet.h"
#include "opt_ipsec.h"

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/mbuf.h>
#include <sys/protosw.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/socketvar.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/errno.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/proc.h>
#include <sys/kauth.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/route.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_var.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/in_pcb.h>
#include <netinet/ip6.h>
#include <netinet6/ip6_var.h>
#include <netinet6/in6_pcb.h>
#include <netinet6/scope6_var.h>
#include <netinet6/nd6.h>

#include "faith.h"

#ifdef IPSEC
#include <netinet6/ipsec.h>
#include <netkey/key.h>
#endif /* IPSEC */

#ifdef FAST_IPSEC
#include <netipsec/ipsec.h>
#include <netipsec/ipsec6.h>
#include <netipsec/key.h>
#endif /* FAST_IPSEC */

struct in6_addr zeroin6_addr;

#define	IN6PCBHASH_PORT(table, lport) \
	&(table)->inpt_porthashtbl[ntohs(lport) & (table)->inpt_porthash]
#define IN6PCBHASH_BIND(table, laddr, lport) \
	&(table)->inpt_bindhashtbl[ \
	    (((laddr)->s6_addr32[0] ^ (laddr)->s6_addr32[1] ^ \
	      (laddr)->s6_addr32[2] ^ (laddr)->s6_addr32[3]) + ntohs(lport)) & \
	    (table)->inpt_bindhash]
#define IN6PCBHASH_CONNECT(table, faddr, fport, laddr, lport) \
	&(table)->inpt_bindhashtbl[ \
	    ((((faddr)->s6_addr32[0] ^ (faddr)->s6_addr32[1] ^ \
	      (faddr)->s6_addr32[2] ^ (faddr)->s6_addr32[3]) + ntohs(fport)) + \
	     (((laddr)->s6_addr32[0] ^ (laddr)->s6_addr32[1] ^ \
	      (laddr)->s6_addr32[2] ^ (laddr)->s6_addr32[3]) + \
	      ntohs(lport))) & (table)->inpt_bindhash]

int ip6_anonportmin = IPV6PORT_ANONMIN;
int ip6_anonportmax = IPV6PORT_ANONMAX;
int ip6_lowportmin  = IPV6PORT_RESERVEDMIN;
int ip6_lowportmax  = IPV6PORT_RESERVEDMAX;

POOL_INIT(in6pcb_pool, sizeof(struct in6pcb), 0, 0, 0, "in6pcbpl", NULL);

void
in6_pcbinit(table, bindhashsize, connecthashsize)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	int bindhashsize, connecthashsize;
{

	in_pcbinit(table, bindhashsize, connecthashsize);
	table->inpt_lastport = (u_int16_t)ip6_anonportmax;
}

int
in6_pcballoc(so, v)
	struct socket *so;
	void *v;
{
	struct inpcbtable *table = v;
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	int s;
#if defined(IPSEC) || defined(FAST_IPSEC)
	int error;
#endif

	s = splnet();
	in6p = pool_get(&in6pcb_pool, PR_NOWAIT);
	splx(s);
	if (in6p == NULL)
		return (ENOBUFS);
	bzero((caddr_t)in6p, sizeof(*in6p));
	in6p->in6p_af = AF_INET6;
	in6p->in6p_table = table;
	in6p->in6p_socket = so;
	in6p->in6p_hops = -1;	/* use kernel default */
	in6p->in6p_icmp6filt = NULL;
#if defined(IPSEC) || defined(FAST_IPSEC)
	error = ipsec_init_pcbpolicy(so, &in6p->in6p_sp);
	if (error != 0) {
		s = splnet();
		pool_put(&in6pcb_pool, in6p);
		splx(s);
		return error;
	}
#endif /* IPSEC */
	s = splnet();
	CIRCLEQ_INSERT_HEAD(&table->inpt_queue, (struct inpcb_hdr*)in6p,
	    inph_queue);
	LIST_INSERT_HEAD(IN6PCBHASH_PORT(table, in6p->in6p_lport),
	    &in6p->in6p_head, inph_lhash);
	in6_pcbstate(in6p, IN6P_ATTACHED);
	splx(s);
	if (ip6_v6only)
		in6p->in6p_flags |= IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY;
	so->so_pcb = (caddr_t)in6p;
	return (0);
}

int
in6_pcbbind(v, nam, l)
	void *v;
	struct mbuf *nam;
	struct lwp *l;
{
	struct in6pcb *in6p = v;
	struct socket *so = in6p->in6p_socket;
	struct inpcbtable *table = in6p->in6p_table;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)NULL;
	u_int16_t lport = 0;
	int wild = 0, reuseport = (so->so_options & SO_REUSEPORT);

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return (EINVAL);

	if (in6p->in6p_lport || !IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr))
		return (EINVAL);
	if ((so->so_options & (SO_REUSEADDR|SO_REUSEPORT)) == 0 &&
	   ((so->so_proto->pr_flags & PR_CONNREQUIRED) == 0 ||
	    (so->so_options & SO_ACCEPTCONN) == 0))
		wild = 1;
	if (nam) {
		int error;

		sin6 = mtod(nam, struct sockaddr_in6 *);
		if (nam->m_len != sizeof(*sin6))
			return (EINVAL);
		/*
		 * We should check the family, but old programs
		 * incorrectly fail to intialize it.
		 */
		if (sin6->sin6_family != AF_INET6)
			return (EAFNOSUPPORT);

#ifndef INET
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&sin6->sin6_addr))
			return (EADDRNOTAVAIL);
#endif

		if ((error = sa6_embedscope(sin6, ip6_use_defzone)) != 0)
			return (error);

		lport = sin6->sin6_port;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST(&sin6->sin6_addr)) {
			/*
			 * Treat SO_REUSEADDR as SO_REUSEPORT for multicast;
			 * allow compepte duplication of binding if
			 * SO_REUSEPORT is set, or if SO_REUSEADDR is set
			 * and a multicast address is bound on both
			 * new and duplicated sockets.
			 */
			if (so->so_options & SO_REUSEADDR)
				reuseport = SO_REUSEADDR|SO_REUSEPORT;
		} else if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&sin6->sin6_addr)) {
			if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
				return (EINVAL);
			if (sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3]) {
				struct sockaddr_in sin;

				bzero(&sin, sizeof(sin));
				sin.sin_len = sizeof(sin);
				sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
				bcopy(&sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3],
				    &sin.sin_addr, sizeof(sin.sin_addr));
				if (ifa_ifwithaddr((struct sockaddr *)&sin) == 0)
					return EADDRNOTAVAIL;
			}
		} else if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&sin6->sin6_addr)) {
			struct ifaddr *ia = NULL;

			sin6->sin6_port = 0;		/* yech... */
			if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_FAITH) == 0 &&
			    (ia = ifa_ifwithaddr((struct sockaddr *)sin6)) == 0)
				return (EADDRNOTAVAIL);

			/*
			 * bind to an anycast address might accidentally
			 * cause sending a packet with an anycast source
			 * address, so we forbid it.
			 *
			 * We should allow to bind to a deprecated address,
			 * since the application dare to use it.
			 * But, can we assume that they are careful enough
			 * to check if the address is deprecated or not?
			 * Maybe, as a safeguard, we should have a setsockopt
			 * flag to control the bind(2) behavior against
			 * deprecated addresses (default: forbid bind(2)).
			 */
			if (ia &&
			    ((struct in6_ifaddr *)ia)->ia6_flags &
			    (IN6_IFF_ANYCAST|IN6_IFF_NOTREADY|IN6_IFF_DETACHED))
				return (EADDRNOTAVAIL);
		}
		if (lport) {
#ifndef IPNOPRIVPORTS
			int priv;

			/*
			 * NOTE: all operating systems use suser() for
			 * privilege check!  do not rewrite it into SS_PRIV.
			 */
			priv = (l && !kauth_authorize_generic(l->l_cred,
			    KAUTH_GENERIC_ISSUSER, NULL)) ? 1 : 0;
			/* GROSS */
			if (ntohs(lport) < IPV6PORT_RESERVED && !priv)
				return (EACCES);
#endif

			if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&sin6->sin6_addr)) {
#ifdef INET
				struct inpcb *t;

				t = in_pcblookup_port(table,
				    *(struct in_addr *)&sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3],
				    lport, wild);
				if (t && (reuseport & t->inp_socket->so_options) == 0)
					return (EADDRINUSE);
#else
				return (EADDRNOTAVAIL);
#endif
			}

			{
				struct in6pcb *t;

				t = in6_pcblookup_port(table, &sin6->sin6_addr,
				    lport, wild);
				if (t && (reuseport & t->in6p_socket->so_options) == 0)
					return (EADDRINUSE);
			}
		}
		in6p->in6p_laddr = sin6->sin6_addr;
	}

	if (lport == 0) {
		int e;
		e = in6_pcbsetport(&in6p->in6p_laddr, in6p, l);
		if (e != 0)
			return (e);
	} else {
		in6p->in6p_lport = lport;
		in6_pcbstate(in6p, IN6P_BOUND);
	}

	LIST_REMOVE(&in6p->in6p_head, inph_lhash);
	LIST_INSERT_HEAD(IN6PCBHASH_PORT(table, in6p->in6p_lport),
	    &in6p->in6p_head, inph_lhash);

#if 0
	in6p->in6p_flowinfo = 0;	/* XXX */
#endif
	return (0);
}

/*
 * Connect from a socket to a specified address.
 * Both address and port must be specified in argument sin6.
 * If don't have a local address for this socket yet,
 * then pick one.
 */
int
in6_pcbconnect(v, nam, l)
	void *v;
	struct mbuf *nam;
	struct lwp *l;
{
	struct in6pcb *in6p = v;
	struct in6_addr *in6a = NULL;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6 = mtod(nam, struct sockaddr_in6 *);
	struct ifnet *ifp = NULL;	/* outgoing interface */
	int error = 0;
	int scope_ambiguous = 0;
#ifdef INET
	struct in6_addr mapped;
#endif
	struct sockaddr_in6 tmp;

	(void)&in6a;				/* XXX fool gcc */

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return (EINVAL);

	if (nam->m_len != sizeof(*sin6))
		return (EINVAL);
	if (sin6->sin6_family != AF_INET6)
		return (EAFNOSUPPORT);
	if (sin6->sin6_port == 0)
		return (EADDRNOTAVAIL);

	if (sin6->sin6_scope_id == 0 && !ip6_use_defzone)
		scope_ambiguous = 1;
	if ((error = sa6_embedscope(sin6, ip6_use_defzone)) != 0)
		return(error);

	/* sanity check for mapped address case */
	if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&sin6->sin6_addr)) {
		if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
			return EINVAL;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr))
			in6p->in6p_laddr.s6_addr16[5] = htons(0xffff);
		if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_laddr))
			return EINVAL;
	} else
	{
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_laddr))
			return EINVAL;
	}

	/* protect *sin6 from overwrites */
	tmp = *sin6;
	sin6 = &tmp;

	/* Source address selection. */
	if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_laddr) &&
	    in6p->in6p_laddr.s6_addr32[3] == 0) {
#ifdef INET
		struct sockaddr_in sin, *sinp;

		bzero(&sin, sizeof(sin));
		sin.sin_len = sizeof(sin);
		sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
		bcopy(&sin6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3], &sin.sin_addr,
			sizeof(sin.sin_addr));
		sinp = in_selectsrc(&sin, (struct route *)&in6p->in6p_route,
			in6p->in6p_socket->so_options, NULL, &error);
		if (sinp == 0) {
			if (error == 0)
				error = EADDRNOTAVAIL;
			return (error);
		}
		bzero(&mapped, sizeof(mapped));
		mapped.s6_addr16[5] = htons(0xffff);
		bcopy(&sinp->sin_addr, &mapped.s6_addr32[3], sizeof(sinp->sin_addr));
		in6a = &mapped;
#else
		return EADDRNOTAVAIL;
#endif
	} else {
		/*
		 * XXX: in6_selectsrc might replace the bound local address
		 * with the address specified by setsockopt(IPV6_PKTINFO).
		 * Is it the intended behavior?
		 */
		in6a = in6_selectsrc(sin6, in6p->in6p_outputopts,
				     in6p->in6p_moptions,
				     &in6p->in6p_route,
				     &in6p->in6p_laddr, &ifp, &error);
		if (ifp && scope_ambiguous &&
		    (error = in6_setscope(&sin6->sin6_addr, ifp, NULL)) != 0) {
			return(error);
		}

		if (in6a == 0) {
			if (error == 0)
				error = EADDRNOTAVAIL;
			return (error);
		}
	}
	if (ifp == NULL && in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt != NULL)
		ifp = in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt->rt_ifp;

	in6p->in6p_ip6.ip6_hlim = (u_int8_t)in6_selecthlim(in6p, ifp);

	if (in6_pcblookup_connect(in6p->in6p_table, &sin6->sin6_addr,
	    sin6->sin6_port,
	    IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr) ? in6a : &in6p->in6p_laddr,
	    in6p->in6p_lport, 0))
		return (EADDRINUSE);
	if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr) ||
	    (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_laddr) &&
	     in6p->in6p_laddr.s6_addr32[3] == 0))
	{
		if (in6p->in6p_lport == 0) {
			error = in6_pcbbind(in6p, (struct mbuf *)0, l);
			if (error != 0)
				return error;
		}
		in6p->in6p_laddr = *in6a;
	}
	in6p->in6p_faddr = sin6->sin6_addr;
	in6p->in6p_fport = sin6->sin6_port;
	in6_pcbstate(in6p, IN6P_CONNECTED);
	in6p->in6p_flowinfo &= ~IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK;
	if (ip6_auto_flowlabel)
		in6p->in6p_flowinfo |=
		    (htonl(ip6_randomflowlabel()) & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK);
#if defined(IPSEC) || defined(FAST_IPSEC)
	if (in6p->in6p_socket->so_type == SOCK_STREAM)
		ipsec_pcbconn(in6p->in6p_sp);
#endif
	return (0);
}

void
in6_pcbdisconnect(in6p)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
{
	bzero((caddr_t)&in6p->in6p_faddr, sizeof(in6p->in6p_faddr));
	in6p->in6p_fport = 0;
	in6_pcbstate(in6p, IN6P_BOUND);
	in6p->in6p_flowinfo &= ~IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK;
#if defined(IPSEC) || defined(FAST_IPSEC)
	ipsec_pcbdisconn(in6p->in6p_sp);
#endif
	if (in6p->in6p_socket->so_state & SS_NOFDREF)
		in6_pcbdetach(in6p);
}

void
in6_pcbdetach(in6p)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
{
	struct socket *so = in6p->in6p_socket;
	int s;

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

#if defined(IPSEC) || defined(FAST_IPSEC)
	ipsec6_delete_pcbpolicy(in6p);
#endif /* IPSEC */
	so->so_pcb = 0;
	sofree(so);
	if (in6p->in6p_options)
		m_freem(in6p->in6p_options);
	if (in6p->in6p_outputopts) {
		if (in6p->in6p_outputopts->ip6po_rthdr != NULL)
			rtcache_free((struct route *)&in6p->in6p_outputopts->ip6po_route);
		if (in6p->in6p_outputopts->ip6po_m)
			(void)m_free(in6p->in6p_outputopts->ip6po_m);
		free(in6p->in6p_outputopts, M_IP6OPT);
	}
	rtcache_free((struct route *)&in6p->in6p_route);
	ip6_freemoptions(in6p->in6p_moptions);
	s = splnet();
	in6_pcbstate(in6p, IN6P_ATTACHED);
	LIST_REMOVE(&in6p->in6p_head, inph_lhash);
	CIRCLEQ_REMOVE(&in6p->in6p_table->inpt_queue, &in6p->in6p_head,
	    inph_queue);
	pool_put(&in6pcb_pool, in6p);
	splx(s);
}

void
in6_setsockaddr(in6p, nam)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	struct mbuf *nam;
{
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6;

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

	nam->m_len = sizeof(*sin6);
	sin6 = mtod(nam, struct sockaddr_in6 *);
	bzero((caddr_t)sin6, sizeof(*sin6));
	sin6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	sin6->sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	sin6->sin6_port = in6p->in6p_lport;
	sin6->sin6_addr = in6p->in6p_laddr;
	(void)sa6_recoverscope(sin6); /* XXX: should catch errors */
}

void
in6_setpeeraddr(in6p, nam)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	struct mbuf *nam;
{
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6;

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

	nam->m_len = sizeof(*sin6);
	sin6 = mtod(nam, struct sockaddr_in6 *);
	bzero((caddr_t)sin6, sizeof(*sin6));
	sin6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	sin6->sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	sin6->sin6_port = in6p->in6p_fport;
	sin6->sin6_addr = in6p->in6p_faddr;
	(void)sa6_recoverscope(sin6); /* XXX: should catch errors */
}

/*
 * Pass some notification to all connections of a protocol
 * associated with address dst.  The local address and/or port numbers
 * may be specified to limit the search.  The "usual action" will be
 * taken, depending on the ctlinput cmd.  The caller must filter any
 * cmds that are uninteresting (e.g., no error in the map).
 * Call the protocol specific routine (if any) to report
 * any errors for each matching socket.
 *
 * Must be called at splsoftnet.
 *
 * Note: src (4th arg) carries the flowlabel value on the original IPv6
 * header, in sin6_flowinfo member.
 */
int
in6_pcbnotify(table, dst, fport_arg, src, lport_arg, cmd, cmdarg, notify)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	struct sockaddr *dst;
	const struct sockaddr *src;
	u_int fport_arg, lport_arg;
	int cmd;
	void *cmdarg;
	void (*notify) __P((struct in6pcb *, int));
{
	struct in6pcb *in6p, *nin6p;
	struct sockaddr_in6 sa6_src, *sa6_dst;
	u_int16_t fport = fport_arg, lport = lport_arg;
	int errno;
	int nmatch = 0;
	u_int32_t flowinfo;

	if ((unsigned)cmd >= PRC_NCMDS || dst->sa_family != AF_INET6)
		return 0;

	sa6_dst = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)dst;
	if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&sa6_dst->sin6_addr))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * note that src can be NULL when we get notify by local fragmentation.
	 */
	sa6_src = (src == NULL) ? sa6_any : *(const struct sockaddr_in6 *)src;
	flowinfo = sa6_src.sin6_flowinfo;

	/*
	 * Redirects go to all references to the destination,
	 * and use in6_rtchange to invalidate the route cache.
	 * Dead host indications: also use in6_rtchange to invalidate
	 * the cache, and deliver the error to all the sockets.
	 * Otherwise, if we have knowledge of the local port and address,
	 * deliver only to that socket.
	 */
	if (PRC_IS_REDIRECT(cmd) || cmd == PRC_HOSTDEAD) {
		fport = 0;
		lport = 0;
		bzero((caddr_t)&sa6_src.sin6_addr, sizeof(sa6_src.sin6_addr));

		if (cmd != PRC_HOSTDEAD)
			notify = in6_rtchange;
	}

	errno = inet6ctlerrmap[cmd];
	for (in6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_FIRST(&table->inpt_queue);
	    in6p != (void *)&table->inpt_queue;
	    in6p = nin6p) {
		nin6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_NEXT(in6p, in6p_queue);

		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		/*
		 * Under the following condition, notify of redirects
		 * to the pcb, without making address matches against inpcb.
		 * - redirect notification is arrived.
		 * - the inpcb is unconnected.
		 * - the inpcb is caching !RTF_HOST routing entry.
		 * - the ICMPv6 notification is from the gateway cached in the
		 *   inpcb.  i.e. ICMPv6 notification is from nexthop gateway
		 *   the inpcb used very recently.
		 *
		 * This is to improve interaction between netbsd/openbsd
		 * redirect handling code, and inpcb route cache code.
		 * without the clause, !RTF_HOST routing entry (which carries
		 * gateway used by inpcb right before the ICMPv6 redirect)
		 * will be cached forever in unconnected inpcb.
		 *
		 * There still is a question regarding to what is TRT:
		 * - On bsdi/freebsd, RTF_HOST (cloned) routing entry will be
		 *   generated on packet output.  inpcb will always cache
		 *   RTF_HOST routing entry so there's no need for the clause
		 *   (ICMPv6 redirect will update RTF_HOST routing entry,
		 *   and inpcb is caching it already).
		 *   However, bsdi/freebsd are vulnerable to local DoS attacks
		 *   due to the cloned routing entries.
		 * - Specwise, "destination cache" is mentioned in RFC2461.
		 *   Jinmei says that it implies bsdi/freebsd behavior, itojun
		 *   is not really convinced.
		 * - Having hiwat/lowat on # of cloned host route (redirect/
		 *   pmtud) may be a good idea.  netbsd/openbsd has it.  see
		 *   icmp6_mtudisc_update().
		 */
		if ((PRC_IS_REDIRECT(cmd) || cmd == PRC_HOSTDEAD) &&
		    IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr) &&
		    in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt != NULL &&
		    !(in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt->rt_flags & RTF_HOST)) {
			struct sockaddr_in6 *dst6;

			dst6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&in6p->in6p_route.ro_dst;
			if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&dst6->sin6_addr,
			    &sa6_dst->sin6_addr))
				goto do_notify;
		}

		/*
		 * If the error designates a new path MTU for a destination
		 * and the application (associated with this socket) wanted to
		 * know the value, notify. Note that we notify for all
		 * disconnected sockets if the corresponding application
		 * wanted. This is because some UDP applications keep sending
		 * sockets disconnected.
		 * XXX: should we avoid to notify the value to TCP sockets?
		 */
		if (cmd == PRC_MSGSIZE && (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_MTU) != 0 &&
		    (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_faddr) ||
		     IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_faddr, &sa6_dst->sin6_addr))) {
			ip6_notify_pmtu(in6p, (struct sockaddr_in6 *)dst,
					(u_int32_t *)cmdarg);
		}

		/*
		 * Detect if we should notify the error. If no source and
		 * destination ports are specified, but non-zero flowinfo and
		 * local address match, notify the error. This is the case
		 * when the error is delivered with an encrypted buffer
		 * by ESP. Otherwise, just compare addresses and ports
		 * as usual.
		 */
		if (lport == 0 && fport == 0 && flowinfo &&
		    in6p->in6p_socket != NULL &&
		    flowinfo == (in6p->in6p_flowinfo & IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK) &&
		    IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr, &sa6_src.sin6_addr))
			goto do_notify;
		else if (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_faddr,
					     &sa6_dst->sin6_addr) ||
		    in6p->in6p_socket == 0 ||
		    (lport && in6p->in6p_lport != lport) ||
		    (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&sa6_src.sin6_addr) &&
		     !IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr,
					 &sa6_src.sin6_addr)) ||
		    (fport && in6p->in6p_fport != fport))
			continue;

	  do_notify:
		if (notify)
			(*notify)(in6p, errno);
		nmatch++;
	}
	return nmatch;
}

void
in6_pcbpurgeif0(table, ifp)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	struct ifnet *ifp;
{
	struct in6pcb *in6p, *nin6p;
	struct ip6_moptions *im6o;
	struct in6_multi_mship *imm, *nimm;

	for (in6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_FIRST(&table->inpt_queue);
	    in6p != (void *)&table->inpt_queue;
	    in6p = nin6p) {
		nin6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_NEXT(in6p, in6p_queue);
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		im6o = in6p->in6p_moptions;
		if (im6o) {
			/*
			 * Unselect the outgoing interface if it is being
			 * detached.
			 */
			if (im6o->im6o_multicast_ifp == ifp)
				im6o->im6o_multicast_ifp = NULL;

			/*
			 * Drop multicast group membership if we joined
			 * through the interface being detached.
			 * XXX controversial - is it really legal for kernel
			 * to force this?
			 */
			for (imm = im6o->im6o_memberships.lh_first;
			     imm != NULL; imm = nimm) {
				nimm = imm->i6mm_chain.le_next;
				if (imm->i6mm_maddr->in6m_ifp == ifp) {
					LIST_REMOVE(imm, i6mm_chain);
					in6_leavegroup(imm);
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

void
in6_pcbpurgeif(table, ifp)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	struct ifnet *ifp;
{
	struct in6pcb *in6p, *nin6p;

	for (in6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_FIRST(&table->inpt_queue);
	    in6p != (void *)&table->inpt_queue;
	    in6p = nin6p) {
		nin6p = (struct in6pcb *)CIRCLEQ_NEXT(in6p, in6p_queue);
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt != NULL &&
		    in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt->rt_ifp == ifp)
			in6_rtchange(in6p, 0);
	}
}

/*
 * Check for alternatives when higher level complains
 * about service problems.  For now, invalidate cached
 * routing information.  If the route was created dynamically
 * (by a redirect), time to try a default gateway again.
 */
void
in6_losing(in6p)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
{
	struct rtentry *rt;
	struct rt_addrinfo info;

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

	if ((rt = in6p->in6p_route.ro_rt) != NULL) {
		bzero((caddr_t)&info, sizeof(info));
		info.rti_info[RTAX_DST] =
			(struct sockaddr *)&in6p->in6p_route.ro_dst;
		info.rti_info[RTAX_GATEWAY] = rt->rt_gateway;
		info.rti_info[RTAX_NETMASK] = rt_mask(rt);
		rt_missmsg(RTM_LOSING, &info, rt->rt_flags, 0);
		if (rt->rt_flags & RTF_DYNAMIC)
			(void)rtrequest(RTM_DELETE, rt_key(rt),
					rt->rt_gateway, rt_mask(rt), rt->rt_flags,
					NULL);
		rtcache_free((struct route *)&in6p->in6p_route);
		/*
		 * A new route can be allocated
		 * the next time output is attempted.
		 */
	}
}

/*
 * After a routing change, flush old routing.  A new route can be
 * allocated the next time output is attempted.
 */
void
in6_rtchange(struct in6pcb *in6p, int errno)
{
	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

	rtcache_free((struct route *)&in6p->in6p_route);
	/*
	 * A new route can be allocated the next time
	 * output is attempted.
	 */
}

struct in6pcb *
in6_pcblookup_port(table, laddr6, lport_arg, lookup_wildcard)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	struct in6_addr *laddr6;
	u_int lport_arg;
	int lookup_wildcard;
{
	struct inpcbhead *head;
	struct inpcb_hdr *inph;
	struct in6pcb *in6p, *match = 0;
	int matchwild = 3, wildcard;
	u_int16_t lport = lport_arg;

	head = IN6PCBHASH_PORT(table, lport);
	LIST_FOREACH(inph, head, inph_lhash) {
		in6p = (struct in6pcb *)inph;
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		if (in6p->in6p_lport != lport)
			continue;
		wildcard = 0;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_faddr)) {
			if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
				continue;
		}
		if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_faddr))
			wildcard++;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_laddr)) {
			if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
				continue;
			if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6))
				continue;

			/* duplicate of IPv4 logic */
			wildcard = 0;
			if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_faddr) &&
			    in6p->in6p_faddr.s6_addr32[3])
				wildcard++;
			if (!in6p->in6p_laddr.s6_addr32[3]) {
				if (laddr6->s6_addr32[3])
					wildcard++;
			} else {
				if (!laddr6->s6_addr32[3])
					wildcard++;
				else {
					if (in6p->in6p_laddr.s6_addr32[3] !=
					    laddr6->s6_addr32[3])
						continue;
				}
			}
		} else if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr)) {
			if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6)) {
				if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
					continue;
			}
			if (!IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(laddr6))
				wildcard++;
		} else {
			if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6)) {
				if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
					continue;
			}
			if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(laddr6))
				wildcard++;
			else {
				if (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr,
				    laddr6))
					continue;
			}
		}
		if (wildcard && !lookup_wildcard)
			continue;
		if (wildcard < matchwild) {
			match = in6p;
			matchwild = wildcard;
			if (matchwild == 0)
				break;
		}
	}
	return (match);
}
#undef continue

/*
 * WARNING: return value (rtentry) could be IPv4 one if in6pcb is connected to
 * IPv4 mapped address.
 */
struct rtentry *
in6_pcbrtentry(in6p)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
{
	struct route_in6 *ro;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *dst6;

	ro = &in6p->in6p_route;
	dst6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&ro->ro_dst;

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return (NULL);

	if (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&dst6->sin6_addr, &in6p->in6p_faddr))
		rtcache_free((struct route *)ro);
	else
		rtcache_check((struct route *)ro);
#ifdef INET
	if (ro->ro_rt == NULL && IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(&in6p->in6p_faddr)) {
		struct sockaddr_in *dst = (struct sockaddr_in *)&ro->ro_dst;

		memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst));
		dst->sin_family = AF_INET;
		dst->sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
		bcopy(&in6p->in6p_faddr.s6_addr32[3], &dst->sin_addr,
		    sizeof(dst->sin_addr));
		rtcache_init((struct route *)ro);
	} else
#endif
	if (ro->ro_rt == NULL && !IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_faddr)) {
		memset(dst6, 0, sizeof(*dst6));
		dst6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
		dst6->sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
		dst6->sin6_addr = in6p->in6p_faddr;
		rtcache_init((struct route *)ro);
	}
	return ro->ro_rt;
}

struct in6pcb *
in6_pcblookup_connect(struct inpcbtable *table, struct in6_addr *faddr6,
    u_int fport_arg, const struct in6_addr *laddr6, u_int lport_arg,
    int faith)
{
	struct inpcbhead *head;
	struct inpcb_hdr *inph;
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	u_int16_t fport = fport_arg, lport = lport_arg;

	head = IN6PCBHASH_CONNECT(table, faddr6, fport, laddr6, lport);
	LIST_FOREACH(inph, head, inph_hash) {
		in6p = (struct in6pcb *)inph;
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		/* find exact match on both source and dest */
		if (in6p->in6p_fport != fport)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_lport != lport)
			continue;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_faddr))
			continue;
		if (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_faddr, faddr6))
			continue;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED(&in6p->in6p_laddr))
			continue;
		if (!IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr, laddr6))
			continue;
		if ((IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6) ||
		     IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(faddr6)) &&
		    (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY))
			continue;
		return in6p;
	}
	return NULL;
}

struct in6pcb *
in6_pcblookup_bind(table, laddr6, lport_arg, faith)
	struct inpcbtable *table;
	struct in6_addr *laddr6;
	u_int lport_arg;
	int faith;
{
	struct inpcbhead *head;
	struct inpcb_hdr *inph;
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	u_int16_t lport = lport_arg;
#ifdef INET
	struct in6_addr zero_mapped;
#endif

	head = IN6PCBHASH_BIND(table, laddr6, lport);
	LIST_FOREACH(inph, head, inph_hash) {
		in6p = (struct in6pcb *)inph;
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		if (faith && (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_FAITH) == 0)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_fport != 0)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_lport != lport)
			continue;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6) &&
		    (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
			continue;
		if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr, laddr6))
			goto out;
	}
#ifdef INET
	if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6)) {
		memset(&zero_mapped, 0, sizeof(zero_mapped));
		zero_mapped.s6_addr16[5] = 0xffff;
		head = IN6PCBHASH_BIND(table, &zero_mapped, lport);
		LIST_FOREACH(inph, head, inph_hash) {
			in6p = (struct in6pcb *)inph;
			if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
				continue;

			if (faith && (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_FAITH) == 0)
				continue;
			if (in6p->in6p_fport != 0)
				continue;
			if (in6p->in6p_lport != lport)
				continue;
			if ((in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
				continue;
			if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr, &zero_mapped))
				goto out;
		}
	}
#endif
	head = IN6PCBHASH_BIND(table, &zeroin6_addr, lport);
	LIST_FOREACH(inph, head, inph_hash) {
		in6p = (struct in6pcb *)inph;
		if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
			continue;

		if (faith && (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_FAITH) == 0)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_fport != 0)
			continue;
		if (in6p->in6p_lport != lport)
			continue;
		if (IN6_IS_ADDR_V4MAPPED(laddr6) &&
		    (in6p->in6p_flags & IN6P_IPV6_V6ONLY) != 0)
			continue;
		if (IN6_ARE_ADDR_EQUAL(&in6p->in6p_laddr, &zeroin6_addr))
			goto out;
	}
	return (NULL);

out:
	inph = &in6p->in6p_head;
	if (inph != LIST_FIRST(head)) {
		LIST_REMOVE(inph, inph_hash);
		LIST_INSERT_HEAD(head, inph, inph_hash);
	}
	return in6p;
}

void
in6_pcbstate(in6p, state)
	struct in6pcb *in6p;
	int state;
{

	if (in6p->in6p_af != AF_INET6)
		return;

	if (in6p->in6p_state > IN6P_ATTACHED)
		LIST_REMOVE(&in6p->in6p_head, inph_hash);

	switch (state) {
	case IN6P_BOUND:
		LIST_INSERT_HEAD(IN6PCBHASH_BIND(in6p->in6p_table,
		    &in6p->in6p_laddr, in6p->in6p_lport), &in6p->in6p_head,
		    inph_hash);
		break;
	case IN6P_CONNECTED:
		LIST_INSERT_HEAD(IN6PCBHASH_CONNECT(in6p->in6p_table,
		    &in6p->in6p_faddr, in6p->in6p_fport,
		    &in6p->in6p_laddr, in6p->in6p_lport), &in6p->in6p_head,
		    inph_hash);
		break;
	}

	in6p->in6p_state = state;
}