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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / sys / netinet6 / in6_ifattach.c (download)

Revision 1.61, Tue Apr 20 17:12:03 2004 UTC (14 years, 1 month ago) by itojun
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-vop-base3, yamt-vop-base2, yamt-vop-base, yamt-vop, yamt-readahead-pervnode, yamt-readahead-perfile, yamt-readahead-base3, yamt-readahead-base2, yamt-readahead-base, yamt-readahead, yamt-km-base4, yamt-km-base3, yamt-km-base2, yamt-km-base, yamt-km, thorpej-vnode-attr-base, thorpej-vnode-attr, netbsd-3-base, netbsd-3-1-RELEASE, netbsd-3-1-RC4, netbsd-3-1-RC3, netbsd-3-1-RC2, netbsd-3-1-RC1, netbsd-3-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-3-1, netbsd-3-0-RELEASE, netbsd-3-0-RC6, netbsd-3-0-RC5, netbsd-3-0-RC4, netbsd-3-0-RC3, netbsd-3-0-RC2, netbsd-3-0-RC1, netbsd-3-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-3-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-3-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-3-0, netbsd-3, ktrace-lwp-base, kent-audio2-base, kent-audio2, kent-audio1-beforemerge, kent-audio1-base, kent-audio1
Branch point for: yamt-lazymbuf
Changes since 1.60: +2 -3 lines

remove duplicated #include.  PR 25234

/*	$NetBSD: in6_ifattach.c,v 1.61 2004/04/20 17:12:03 itojun Exp $	*/
/*	$KAME: in6_ifattach.c,v 1.124 2001/07/18 08:32:51 jinmei Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 WIDE Project.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__KERNEL_RCSID(0, "$NetBSD: in6_ifattach.c,v 1.61 2004/04/20 17:12:03 itojun Exp $");

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/sockio.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/syslog.h>
#include <sys/md5.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/if_dl.h>
#include <net/if_types.h>
#include <net/route.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_var.h>

#include <netinet/ip6.h>
#include <netinet6/in6_ifattach.h>
#include <netinet6/ip6_var.h>
#include <netinet6/nd6.h>
#include <netinet6/ip6_mroute.h>

#include <net/net_osdep.h>

unsigned long in6_maxmtu = 0;

int ip6_auto_linklocal = 1;	/* enable by default */

static int get_rand_ifid __P((struct ifnet *, struct in6_addr *));
static int get_hw_ifid __P((struct ifnet *, struct in6_addr *));
static int get_ifid __P((struct ifnet *, struct ifnet *, struct in6_addr *));
static int in6_ifattach_linklocal __P((struct ifnet *, struct ifnet *));
static int in6_ifattach_loopback __P((struct ifnet *));

#define EUI64_GBIT	0x01
#define EUI64_UBIT	0x02
#define EUI64_TO_IFID(in6)	do {(in6)->s6_addr[8] ^= EUI64_UBIT; } while (/*CONSTCOND*/ 0)
#define EUI64_GROUP(in6)	((in6)->s6_addr[8] & EUI64_GBIT)
#define EUI64_INDIVIDUAL(in6)	(!EUI64_GROUP(in6))
#define EUI64_LOCAL(in6)	((in6)->s6_addr[8] & EUI64_UBIT)
#define EUI64_UNIVERSAL(in6)	(!EUI64_LOCAL(in6))

#define IFID_LOCAL(in6)		(!EUI64_LOCAL(in6))
#define IFID_UNIVERSAL(in6)	(!EUI64_UNIVERSAL(in6))

/*
 * Generate a last-resort interface identifier, when the machine has no
 * IEEE802/EUI64 address sources.
 * The goal here is to get an interface identifier that is
 * (1) random enough and (2) does not change across reboot.
 * We currently use MD5(hostname) for it.
 */
static int
get_rand_ifid(ifp, in6)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
	struct in6_addr *in6;	/* upper 64bits are preserved */
{
	MD5_CTX ctxt;
	u_int8_t digest[16];

#if 0
	/* we need at least several letters as seed for ifid */
	if (hostnamelen < 3)
		return -1;
#endif

	/* generate 8 bytes of pseudo-random value. */
	bzero(&ctxt, sizeof(ctxt));
	MD5Init(&ctxt);
	MD5Update(&ctxt, (u_char *)hostname, hostnamelen);
	MD5Final(digest, &ctxt);

	/* assumes sizeof(digest) > sizeof(ifid) */
	bcopy(digest, &in6->s6_addr[8], 8);

	/* make sure to set "u" bit to local, and "g" bit to individual. */
	in6->s6_addr[8] &= ~EUI64_GBIT;	/* g bit to "individual" */
	in6->s6_addr[8] |= EUI64_UBIT;	/* u bit to "local" */

	/* convert EUI64 into IPv6 interface identifier */
	EUI64_TO_IFID(in6);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Get interface identifier for the specified interface.
 * XXX assumes single sockaddr_dl (AF_LINK address) per an interface
 */
static int
get_hw_ifid(ifp, in6)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
	struct in6_addr *in6;	/* upper 64bits are preserved */
{
	struct ifaddr *ifa;
	struct sockaddr_dl *sdl;
	char *addr;
	size_t addrlen;
	static u_int8_t allzero[8] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
	static u_int8_t allone[8] =
		{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff };

	for (ifa = ifp->if_addrlist.tqh_first;
	     ifa;
	     ifa = ifa->ifa_list.tqe_next)
	{
		if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family != AF_LINK)
			continue;
		sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *)ifa->ifa_addr;
		if (sdl == NULL)
			continue;
		if (sdl->sdl_alen == 0)
			continue;

		goto found;
	}

	return -1;

found:
	addr = LLADDR(sdl);
	addrlen = sdl->sdl_alen;

	switch (ifp->if_type) {
	case IFT_IEEE1394:
	case IFT_IEEE80211:
		/* IEEE1394 uses 16byte length address starting with EUI64 */
		if (addrlen > 8)
			addrlen = 8;
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	/* get EUI64 */
	switch (ifp->if_type) {
	/* IEEE802/EUI64 cases - what others? */
	case IFT_ETHER:
	case IFT_FDDI:
	case IFT_ATM:
	case IFT_IEEE1394:
	case IFT_IEEE80211:
		/* look at IEEE802/EUI64 only */
		if (addrlen != 8 && addrlen != 6)
			return -1;

		/*
		 * check for invalid MAC address - on bsdi, we see it a lot
		 * since wildboar configures all-zero MAC on pccard before
		 * card insertion.
		 */
		if (bcmp(addr, allzero, addrlen) == 0)
			return -1;
		if (bcmp(addr, allone, addrlen) == 0)
			return -1;

		/* make EUI64 address */
		if (addrlen == 8)
			bcopy(addr, &in6->s6_addr[8], 8);
		else if (addrlen == 6) {
			in6->s6_addr[8] = addr[0];
			in6->s6_addr[9] = addr[1];
			in6->s6_addr[10] = addr[2];
			in6->s6_addr[11] = 0xff;
			in6->s6_addr[12] = 0xfe;
			in6->s6_addr[13] = addr[3];
			in6->s6_addr[14] = addr[4];
			in6->s6_addr[15] = addr[5];
		}
		break;

	case IFT_ARCNET:
		if (addrlen != 1)
			return -1;
		if (!addr[0])
			return -1;

		bzero(&in6->s6_addr[8], 8);
		in6->s6_addr[15] = addr[0];

		/*
		 * due to insufficient bitwidth, we mark it local.
		 */
		in6->s6_addr[8] &= ~EUI64_GBIT;	/* g bit to "individual" */
		in6->s6_addr[8] |= EUI64_UBIT;	/* u bit to "local" */
		break;

	case IFT_GIF:
#ifdef IFT_STF
	case IFT_STF:
#endif
		/*
		 * RFC2893 says: "SHOULD use IPv4 address as ifid source".
		 * however, IPv4 address is not very suitable as unique
		 * identifier source (can be renumbered).
		 * we don't do this.
		 */
		return -1;

	default:
		return -1;
	}

	/* sanity check: g bit must not indicate "group" */
	if (EUI64_GROUP(in6))
		return -1;

	/* convert EUI64 into IPv6 interface identifier */
	EUI64_TO_IFID(in6);

	/*
	 * sanity check: ifid must not be all zero, avoid conflict with
	 * subnet router anycast
	 */
	if ((in6->s6_addr[8] & ~(EUI64_GBIT | EUI64_UBIT)) == 0x00 &&
	    bcmp(&in6->s6_addr[9], allzero, 7) == 0) {
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Get interface identifier for the specified interface.  If it is not
 * available on ifp0, borrow interface identifier from other information
 * sources.
 */
static int
get_ifid(ifp0, altifp, in6)
	struct ifnet *ifp0;
	struct ifnet *altifp;	/*secondary EUI64 source*/
	struct in6_addr *in6;
{
	struct ifnet *ifp;

	/* first, try to get it from the interface itself */
	if (get_hw_ifid(ifp0, in6) == 0) {
		nd6log((LOG_DEBUG, "%s: got interface identifier from itself\n",
		    if_name(ifp0)));
		goto success;
	}

	/* try secondary EUI64 source. this basically is for ATM PVC */
	if (altifp && get_hw_ifid(altifp, in6) == 0) {
		nd6log((LOG_DEBUG, "%s: got interface identifier from %s\n",
		    if_name(ifp0), if_name(altifp)));
		goto success;
	}

	/* next, try to get it from some other hardware interface */
	for (ifp = ifnet.tqh_first; ifp; ifp = ifp->if_list.tqe_next)
	{
		if (ifp == ifp0)
			continue;
		if (get_hw_ifid(ifp, in6) != 0)
			continue;

		/*
		 * to borrow ifid from other interface, ifid needs to be
		 * globally unique
		 */
		if (IFID_UNIVERSAL(in6)) {
			nd6log((LOG_DEBUG,
			    "%s: borrow interface identifier from %s\n",
			    if_name(ifp0), if_name(ifp)));
			goto success;
		}
	}

	/* last resort: get from random number source */
	if (get_rand_ifid(ifp, in6) == 0) {
		nd6log((LOG_DEBUG,
		    "%s: interface identifier generated by random number\n",
		    if_name(ifp0)));
		goto success;
	}

	printf("%s: failed to get interface identifier\n", if_name(ifp0));
	return -1;

success:
	nd6log((LOG_INFO, "%s: ifid: %02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x\n",
	    if_name(ifp0), in6->s6_addr[8], in6->s6_addr[9], in6->s6_addr[10],
	    in6->s6_addr[11], in6->s6_addr[12], in6->s6_addr[13],
	    in6->s6_addr[14], in6->s6_addr[15]));
	return 0;
}

static int
in6_ifattach_linklocal(ifp, altifp)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
	struct ifnet *altifp;	/*secondary EUI64 source*/
{
	struct in6_ifaddr *ia;
	struct in6_aliasreq ifra;
	struct nd_prefix pr0;
	int i, error;

	/*
	 * configure link-local address.
	 */
	bzero(&ifra, sizeof(ifra));

	/*
	 * in6_update_ifa() does not use ifra_name, but we accurately set it
	 * for safety.
	 */
	strncpy(ifra.ifra_name, if_name(ifp), sizeof(ifra.ifra_name));

	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr.s6_addr16[0] = htons(0xfe80);
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr.s6_addr16[1] = htons(ifp->if_index);
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr.s6_addr32[1] = 0;
	if ((ifp->if_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) != 0) {
		ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr.s6_addr32[2] = 0;
		ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3] = htonl(1);
	} else {
		if (get_ifid(ifp, altifp, &ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr) != 0) {
			nd6log((LOG_ERR,
			    "%s: no ifid available\n", if_name(ifp)));
			return (-1);
		}
	}

	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_addr = in6mask64;
#ifdef SCOPEDROUTING
	/* take into account the sin6_scope_id field for routing */
	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_scope_id = 0xffffffff;
#endif
	/* link-local addresses should NEVER expire. */
	ifra.ifra_lifetime.ia6t_vltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;
	ifra.ifra_lifetime.ia6t_pltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;

	/*
	 * Do not let in6_update_ifa() do DAD, since we need a random delay
	 * before sending an NS at the first time the interface becomes up.
	 * Instead, in6_if_up() will start DAD with a proper random delay.
	 */
	ifra.ifra_flags |= IN6_IFF_NODAD;

	/*
	 * Now call in6_update_ifa() to do a bunch of procedures to configure
	 * a link-local address. We can set NULL to the 3rd argument, because
	 * we know there's no other link-local address on the interface
	 * and therefore we are adding one (instead of updating one).
	 */
	if ((error = in6_update_ifa(ifp, &ifra, NULL)) != 0) {
		/*
		 * XXX: When the interface does not support IPv6, this call
		 * would fail in the SIOCSIFADDR ioctl.  I believe the
		 * notification is rather confusing in this case, so just
		 * suppress it.  (jinmei@kame.net 20010130)
		 */
		if (error != EAFNOSUPPORT)
			nd6log((LOG_NOTICE, "in6_ifattach_linklocal: failed to "
			    "configure a link-local address on %s "
			    "(errno=%d)\n",
			    if_name(ifp), error));
		return (-1);
	}

	/*
	 * Adjust ia6_flags so that in6_if_up will perform DAD.
	 * XXX: Some P2P interfaces seem not to send packets just after
	 * becoming up, so we skip p2p interfaces for safety.
	 */
	ia = in6ifa_ifpforlinklocal(ifp, 0); /* ia must not be NULL */
#ifdef DIAGNOSTIC
	if (!ia) {
		panic("ia == NULL in in6_ifattach_linklocal");
		/* NOTREACHED */
	}
#endif
	if (in6if_do_dad(ifp) && (ifp->if_flags & IFF_POINTOPOINT) == 0) {
		ia->ia6_flags &= ~IN6_IFF_NODAD;
		ia->ia6_flags |= IN6_IFF_TENTATIVE;
	}

	/*
	 * Make the link-local prefix (fe80::/64%link) as on-link.
	 * Since we'd like to manage prefixes separately from addresses,
	 * we make an ND6 prefix structure for the link-local prefix,
	 * and add it to the prefix list as a never-expire prefix.
	 * XXX: this change might affect some existing code base...
	 */
	bzero(&pr0, sizeof(pr0));
	pr0.ndpr_ifp = ifp;
	/* this should be 64 at this moment. */
	pr0.ndpr_plen = in6_mask2len(&ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_addr, NULL);
	pr0.ndpr_mask = ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_addr;
	pr0.ndpr_prefix = ifra.ifra_addr;
	/* apply the mask for safety. (nd6_prelist_add will apply it again) */
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		pr0.ndpr_prefix.sin6_addr.s6_addr32[i] &=
		    in6mask64.s6_addr32[i];
	}
	/*
	 * Initialize parameters.  The link-local prefix must always be
	 * on-link, and its lifetimes never expire.
	 */
	pr0.ndpr_raf_onlink = 1;
	pr0.ndpr_raf_auto = 1;	/* probably meaningless */
	pr0.ndpr_vltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;
	pr0.ndpr_pltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;
	/*
	 * Since there is no other link-local addresses, nd6_prefix_lookup()
	 * probably returns NULL.  However, we cannot always expect the result.
	 * For example, if we first remove the (only) existing link-local
	 * address, and then reconfigure another one, the prefix is still
	 * valid with referring to the old link-local address.
	 */
	if (nd6_prefix_lookup(&pr0) == NULL) {
		if ((error = nd6_prelist_add(&pr0, NULL, NULL)) != 0)
			return (error);
	}

	return 0;
}

static int
in6_ifattach_loopback(ifp)
	struct ifnet *ifp;	/* must be IFT_LOOP */
{
	struct in6_aliasreq ifra;
	int error;

	bzero(&ifra, sizeof(ifra));

	/*
	 * in6_update_ifa() does not use ifra_name, but we accurately set it
	 * for safety.
	 */
	strncpy(ifra.ifra_name, if_name(ifp), sizeof(ifra.ifra_name));

	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	ifra.ifra_prefixmask.sin6_addr = in6mask128;

	/*
	 * Always initialize ia_dstaddr (= broadcast address) to loopback
	 * address.  Follows IPv4 practice - see in_ifinit().
	 */
	ifra.ifra_dstaddr.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	ifra.ifra_dstaddr.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	ifra.ifra_dstaddr.sin6_addr = in6addr_loopback;

	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	ifra.ifra_addr.sin6_addr = in6addr_loopback;

	/* the loopback  address should NEVER expire. */
	ifra.ifra_lifetime.ia6t_vltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;
	ifra.ifra_lifetime.ia6t_pltime = ND6_INFINITE_LIFETIME;

	/* we don't need to perform DAD on loopback interfaces. */
	ifra.ifra_flags |= IN6_IFF_NODAD;

	/*
	 * We are sure that this is a newly assigned address, so we can set
	 * NULL to the 3rd arg.
	 */
	if ((error = in6_update_ifa(ifp, &ifra, NULL)) != 0) {
		nd6log((LOG_ERR, "in6_ifattach_loopback: failed to configure "
		    "the loopback address on %s (errno=%d)\n",
		    if_name(ifp), error));
		return (-1);
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * compute NI group address, based on the current hostname setting.
 * see draft-ietf-ipngwg-icmp-name-lookup-* (04 and later).
 *
 * when ifp == NULL, the caller is responsible for filling scopeid.
 */
int
in6_nigroup(ifp, name, namelen, sa6)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
	const char *name;
	int namelen;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sa6;
{
	const char *p;
	u_int8_t *q;
	MD5_CTX ctxt;
	u_int8_t digest[16];
	u_int8_t l;
	u_int8_t n[64];	/* a single label must not exceed 63 chars */

	if (!namelen || !name)
		return -1;

	p = name;
	while (p && *p && *p != '.' && p - name < namelen)
		p++;
	if (p - name > sizeof(n) - 1)
		return -1;	/* label too long */
	l = p - name;
	strncpy((char *)n, name, l);
	n[(int)l] = '\0';
	for (q = n; *q; q++) {
		if ('A' <= *q && *q <= 'Z')
			*q = *q - 'A' + 'a';
	}

	/* generate 8 bytes of pseudo-random value. */
	bzero(&ctxt, sizeof(ctxt));
	MD5Init(&ctxt);
	MD5Update(&ctxt, &l, sizeof(l));
	MD5Update(&ctxt, n, l);
	MD5Final(digest, &ctxt);

	bzero(sa6, sizeof(*sa6));
	sa6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	sa6->sin6_len = sizeof(*sa6);
	sa6->sin6_addr.s6_addr16[0] = htons(0xff02);
	sa6->sin6_addr.s6_addr16[1] = htons(ifp->if_index);
	sa6->sin6_addr.s6_addr8[11] = 2;
	bcopy(digest, &sa6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3],
	    sizeof(sa6->sin6_addr.s6_addr32[3]));

	return 0;
}

/*
 * XXX multiple loopback interface needs more care.  for instance,
 * nodelocal address needs to be configured onto only one of them.
 * XXX multiple link-local address case
 */
void
in6_ifattach(ifp, altifp)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
	struct ifnet *altifp;	/* secondary EUI64 source */
{
	struct in6_ifaddr *ia;
	struct in6_addr in6;

	/* some of the interfaces are inherently not IPv6 capable */
	switch (ifp->if_type) {
	case IFT_BRIDGE:
#ifdef IFT_PFLOG
	case IFT_PFLOG:
#endif
#ifdef IFT_PFSYNC
	case IFT_PFSYNC:
#endif
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * if link mtu is too small, don't try to configure IPv6.
	 * remember there could be some link-layer that has special
	 * fragmentation logic.
	 */
	if (ifp->if_mtu < IPV6_MMTU) {
		nd6log((LOG_INFO, "in6_ifattach: "
		    "%s has too small MTU, IPv6 not enabled\n",
		    if_name(ifp)));
		return;
	}

	/* create a multicast kludge storage (if we have not had one) */
	in6_createmkludge(ifp);

	/*
	 * quirks based on interface type
	 */
	switch (ifp->if_type) {
#ifdef IFT_STF
	case IFT_STF:
		/*
		 * 6to4 interface is a very special kind of beast.
		 * no multicast, no linklocal.  RFC2529 specifies how to make
		 * linklocals for 6to4 interface, but there's no use and
		 * it is rather harmful to have one.
		 */
		return;
#endif
	default:
		break;
	}

	/*
	 * usually, we require multicast capability to the interface
	 */
	if ((ifp->if_flags & IFF_MULTICAST) == 0) {
		nd6log((LOG_INFO, "in6_ifattach: "
		    "%s is not multicast capable, IPv6 not enabled\n",
		    if_name(ifp)));
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * assign loopback address for loopback interface.
	 * XXX multiple loopback interface case.
	 */
	if ((ifp->if_flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) != 0) {
		in6 = in6addr_loopback;
		if (in6ifa_ifpwithaddr(ifp, &in6) == NULL) {
			if (in6_ifattach_loopback(ifp) != 0)
				return;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * assign a link-local address, if there's none.
	 */
	if (ip6_auto_linklocal) {
		ia = in6ifa_ifpforlinklocal(ifp, 0);
		if (ia == NULL) {
			if (in6_ifattach_linklocal(ifp, altifp) == 0) {
				/* linklocal address assigned */
			} else {
				/* failed to assign linklocal address. bark? */
			}
		}
	}
}

/*
 * NOTE: in6_ifdetach() does not support loopback if at this moment.
 * We don't need this function in bsdi, because interfaces are never removed
 * from the ifnet list in bsdi.
 */
void
in6_ifdetach(ifp)
	struct ifnet *ifp;
{
	struct in6_ifaddr *ia, *oia;
	struct ifaddr *ifa, *next;
	struct rtentry *rt;
	short rtflags;
	struct sockaddr_in6 sin6;
	struct in6_multi_mship *imm;

	/* remove ip6_mrouter stuff */
	ip6_mrouter_detach(ifp);

	/* remove neighbor management table */
	nd6_purge(ifp);

	/* nuke any of IPv6 addresses we have */
	for (ifa = ifp->if_addrlist.tqh_first; ifa; ifa = next)
	{
		next = ifa->ifa_list.tqe_next;
		if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family != AF_INET6)
			continue;
		in6_purgeaddr(ifa);
	}

	/* undo everything done by in6_ifattach(), just in case */
	for (ifa = ifp->if_addrlist.tqh_first; ifa; ifa = next)
	{
		next = ifa->ifa_list.tqe_next;

		if (ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family != AF_INET6
		 || !IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL(&satosin6(&ifa->ifa_addr)->sin6_addr)) {
			continue;
		}

		ia = (struct in6_ifaddr *)ifa;

		/*
		 * leave from multicast groups we have joined for the interface
		 */
		while ((imm = ia->ia6_memberships.lh_first) != NULL) {
			LIST_REMOVE(imm, i6mm_chain);
			in6_leavegroup(imm);
		}

		/* remove from the routing table */
		if ((ia->ia_flags & IFA_ROUTE) &&
		    (rt = rtalloc1((struct sockaddr *)&ia->ia_addr, 0))) {
			rtflags = rt->rt_flags;
			rtfree(rt);
			rtrequest(RTM_DELETE, (struct sockaddr *)&ia->ia_addr,
			    (struct sockaddr *)&ia->ia_addr,
			    (struct sockaddr *)&ia->ia_prefixmask,
			    rtflags, (struct rtentry **)0);
		}

		/* remove from the linked list */
		TAILQ_REMOVE(&ifp->if_addrlist, (struct ifaddr *)ia, ifa_list);
		IFAFREE(&ia->ia_ifa);

		/* also remove from the IPv6 address chain(itojun&jinmei) */
		oia = ia;
		if (oia == (ia = in6_ifaddr))
			in6_ifaddr = ia->ia_next;
		else {
			while (ia->ia_next && (ia->ia_next != oia))
				ia = ia->ia_next;
			if (ia->ia_next)
				ia->ia_next = oia->ia_next;
			else {
				nd6log((LOG_ERR,
				    "%s: didn't unlink in6ifaddr from list\n",
				    if_name(ifp)));
			}
		}

		IFAFREE(&oia->ia_ifa);
	}

	/* cleanup multicast address kludge table, if there is any */
	in6_purgemkludge(ifp);

	/*
	 * remove neighbor management table.  we call it twice just to make
	 * sure we nuke everything.  maybe we need just one call.
	 * XXX: since the first call did not release addresses, some prefixes
	 * might remain.  We should call nd6_purge() again to release the
	 * prefixes after removing all addresses above.
	 * (Or can we just delay calling nd6_purge until at this point?)
	 */
	nd6_purge(ifp);

	/* remove route to link-local allnodes multicast (ff02::1) */
	bzero(&sin6, sizeof(sin6));
	sin6.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
	sin6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	sin6.sin6_addr = in6addr_linklocal_allnodes;
	sin6.sin6_addr.s6_addr16[1] = htons(ifp->if_index);
	rt = rtalloc1((struct sockaddr *)&sin6, 0);
	if (rt && rt->rt_ifp == ifp) {
		rtrequest(RTM_DELETE, (struct sockaddr *)rt_key(rt),
		    rt->rt_gateway, rt_mask(rt), rt->rt_flags, 0);
		rtfree(rt);
	}
}