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Default branch: MAIN
Current tag: cherry-xenmp
Revision 1.180 / (download) - annotate - [select for diffs], Tue May 3 18:28:45 2011 UTC (3 years, 8 months ago) by dyoung
CVS Tags: rmind-uvmplock-nbase, rmind-uvmplock-base, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp
Changes since 1.179: +5 -4 lines
Diff to previous 1.179 (colored)
Reduces the resources demanded by TCP sessions in TIME_WAIT-state using methods called Vestigial Time-Wait (VTW) and Maximum Segment Lifetime Truncation (MSLT). MSLT and VTW were contributed by Coyote Point Systems, Inc. Even after a TCP session enters the TIME_WAIT state, its corresponding socket and protocol control blocks (PCBs) stick around until the TCP Maximum Segment Lifetime (MSL) expires. On a host whose workload necessarily creates and closes down many TCP sockets, the sockets & PCBs for TCP sessions in TIME_WAIT state amount to many megabytes of dead weight in RAM. Maximum Segment Lifetimes Truncation (MSLT) assigns each TCP session to a class based on the nearness of the peer. Corresponding to each class is an MSL, and a session uses the MSL of its class. The classes are loopback (local host equals remote host), local (local host and remote host are on the same link/subnet), and remote (local host and remote host communicate via one or more gateways). Classes corresponding to nearer peers have lower MSLs by default: 2 seconds for loopback, 10 seconds for local, 60 seconds for remote. Loopback and local sessions expire more quickly when MSLT is used. Vestigial Time-Wait (VTW) replaces a TIME_WAIT session's PCB/socket dead weight with a compact representation of the session, called a "vestigial PCB". VTW data structures are designed to be very fast and memory-efficient: for fast insertion and lookup of vestigial PCBs, the PCBs are stored in a hash table that is designed to minimize the number of cacheline visits per lookup/insertion. The memory both for vestigial PCBs and for elements of the PCB hashtable come from fixed-size pools, and linked data structures exploit this to conserve memory by representing references with a narrow index/offset from the start of a pool instead of a pointer. When space for new vestigial PCBs runs out, VTW makes room by discarding old vestigial PCBs, oldest first. VTW cooperates with MSLT. It may help to think of VTW as a "FIN cache" by analogy to the SYN cache. A 2.8-GHz Pentium 4 running a test workload that creates TIME_WAIT sessions as fast as it can is approximately 17% idle when VTW is active versus 0% idle when VTW is inactive. It has 103 megabytes more free RAM when VTW is active (approximately 64k vestigial PCBs are created) than when it is inactive.
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