[BACK]Return to bpb.h CVS log [TXT][DIR] Up to [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / sys / fs / msdosfs

File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / sys / fs / msdosfs / bpb.h (download)

Revision 1.7, Sun Nov 4 17:57:59 2012 UTC (22 months, 2 weeks ago) by jakllsch
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, tls-maxphys-base, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, rmind-smpnet-nbase, rmind-smpnet-base, rmind-smpnet, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7, khorben-n900, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.6: +3 -3 lines

Stylistic changes in comments/strings:
"FAT" and "fat" are different things, use the appropriate case.
"GEMDOS" is all caps.

/*	$NetBSD: bpb.h,v 1.7 2012/11/04 17:57:59 jakllsch Exp $	*/

/*
 * Written by Paul Popelka (paulp@uts.amdahl.com)
 *
 * You can do anything you want with this software, just don't say you wrote
 * it, and don't remove this notice.
 *
 * This software is provided "as is".
 *
 * The author supplies this software to be publicly redistributed on the
 * understanding that the author is not responsible for the correct
 * functioning of this software in any circumstances and is not liable for
 * any damages caused by this software.
 *
 * October 1992
 */

#ifndef _MSDOSFS_BPB_H_
#define _MSDOSFS_BPB_H_

/*
 * BIOS Parameter Block (BPB) for DOS 3.3
 */
struct bpb33 {
	u_int16_t	bpbBytesPerSec;	/* bytes per sector */
	u_int8_t	bpbSecPerClust;	/* sectors per cluster */
	u_int16_t	bpbResSectors;	/* number of reserved sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbFATs;	/* number of FATs */
	u_int16_t	bpbRootDirEnts;	/* number of root directory entries */
	u_int16_t	bpbSectors;	/* total number of sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbMedia;	/* media descriptor */
	u_int16_t	bpbFATsecs;	/* number of sectors per FAT */
	u_int16_t	bpbSecPerTrack;	/* sectors per track */
	u_int16_t	bpbHeads;	/* number of heads */
	u_int16_t	bpbHiddenSecs;	/* number of hidden sectors */
};

/*
 * BPB for DOS 5.0 The difference is bpbHiddenSecs is a short for DOS 3.3,
 * and bpbHugeSectors is not in the 3.3 bpb.
 */
struct bpb50 {
	u_int16_t	bpbBytesPerSec;	/* bytes per sector */
	u_int8_t	bpbSecPerClust;	/* sectors per cluster */
	u_int16_t	bpbResSectors;	/* number of reserved sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbFATs;	/* number of FATs */
	u_int16_t	bpbRootDirEnts;	/* number of root directory entries */
	u_int16_t	bpbSectors;	/* total number of sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbMedia;	/* media descriptor */
	u_int16_t	bpbFATsecs;	/* number of sectors per FAT */
	u_int16_t	bpbSecPerTrack;	/* sectors per track */
	u_int16_t	bpbHeads;	/* number of heads */
	u_int32_t	bpbHiddenSecs;	/* # of hidden sectors */
	u_int32_t	bpbHugeSectors;	/* # of sectors if bpbSectors == 0 */
};

/*
 * BPB for DOS 7.10 (FAT32).  This one has a few extensions to bpb50.
 */
struct bpb710 {
	u_int16_t	bpbBytesPerSec;	/* bytes per sector */
	u_int8_t	bpbSecPerClust;	/* sectors per cluster */
	u_int16_t	bpbResSectors;	/* number of reserved sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbFATs;	/* number of FATs */
	u_int16_t	bpbRootDirEnts;	/* number of root directory entries */
	u_int16_t	bpbSectors;	/* total number of sectors */
	u_int8_t	bpbMedia;	/* media descriptor */
	u_int16_t	bpbFATsecs;	/* number of sectors per FAT */
	u_int16_t	bpbSecPerTrack;	/* sectors per track */
	u_int16_t	bpbHeads;	/* number of heads */
	u_int32_t	bpbHiddenSecs;	/* # of hidden sectors */
	u_int32_t	bpbHugeSectors;	/* # of sectors if bpbSectors == 0 */
	u_int32_t	bpbBigFATsecs;	/* like bpbFATsecs for FAT32 */
	u_int16_t	bpbExtFlags;	/* extended flags: */
#define	FATNUM		0xf		/* mask for numbering active FAT */
#define	FATMIRROR	0x80		/* FAT is mirrored (like it always was) */
	u_int16_t	bpbFSVers;	/* filesystem version */
#define	FSVERS		0		/* currently only 0 is understood */
	u_int32_t	bpbRootClust;	/* start cluster for root directory */
	u_int16_t	bpbFSInfo;	/* filesystem info structure sector */
	u_int16_t	bpbBackup;	/* backup boot sector */
	u_int8_t	bpbReserved[12]; /* Reserved for future expansion */
};

#ifdef	atari
/*
 * BPB for GEMDOS filesystems. Atari leaves the obsolete stuff undefined.
 * Currently there is no need for a separate BPB structure.
 */
#if 0
struct bpb_a {
	u_int16_t	bpbBytesPerSec;	/* bytes per sector		*/
	u_int8_t	bpbSecPerClust;	/* sectors per cluster		*/
	u_int16_t	bpbResSectors;	/* number of reserved sectors	*/
	u_int8_t	bpbFATs;	/* number of FATs		*/
	u_int16_t	bpbRootDirEnts;	/* number of root directory entries */
	u_int16_t	bpbSectors;	/* total number of sectors	*/
	u_int8_t	bpbUseless1;	/* meaningless on GEMDOS FS	*/
	u_int16_t	bpbFATsecs;	/* number of sectors per FAT	*/
	u_int16_t	bpbUseless2;	/* meaningless for harddisk fs	*/
	u_int16_t	bpbUseless3;	/* meaningless for harddisk fs	*/
	u_int16_t	bpbHiddenSecs;	/* the TOS-BIOS ignores this	*/
};
#endif
#endif	/* atari */

/*
 * The following structures represent how the bpb's look on disk.  shorts
 * and longs are just character arrays of the appropriate length.  This is
 * because the compiler forces shorts and longs to align on word or
 * halfword boundaries.
 */

#include <sys/endian.h>

#define	getushort(p)	le16dec(p)
#define	getulong(p)	le32dec(p)
#define	putushort(p, v) le16enc((p), (v))
#define	putulong(p, v)	le32enc((p), (v))

/*
 * BIOS Parameter Block (BPB) for DOS 3.3
 */
struct byte_bpb33 {
	int8_t bpbBytesPerSec[2];	/* bytes per sector */
	int8_t bpbSecPerClust;		/* sectors per cluster */
	int8_t bpbResSectors[2];	/* number of reserved sectors */
	int8_t bpbFATs;			/* number of FATs */
	int8_t bpbRootDirEnts[2];	/* number of root directory entries */
	int8_t bpbSectors[2];		/* total number of sectors */
	int8_t bpbMedia;		/* media descriptor */
	int8_t bpbFATsecs[2];		/* number of sectors per FAT */
	int8_t bpbSecPerTrack[2];	/* sectors per track */
	int8_t bpbHeads[2];		/* number of heads */
	int8_t bpbHiddenSecs[2];	/* number of hidden sectors */
};

/*
 * BPB for DOS 5.0 The difference is bpbHiddenSecs is a short for DOS 3.3,
 * and bpbHugeSectors is not in the 3.3 bpb.
 */
struct byte_bpb50 {
	int8_t bpbBytesPerSec[2];	/* bytes per sector */
	int8_t bpbSecPerClust;		/* sectors per cluster */
	int8_t bpbResSectors[2];	/* number of reserved sectors */
	int8_t bpbFATs;			/* number of FATs */
	int8_t bpbRootDirEnts[2];	/* number of root directory entries */
	int8_t bpbSectors[2];		/* total number of sectors */
	int8_t bpbMedia;		/* media descriptor */
	int8_t bpbFATsecs[2];		/* number of sectors per FAT */
	int8_t bpbSecPerTrack[2];	/* sectors per track */
	int8_t bpbHeads[2];		/* number of heads */
	int8_t bpbHiddenSecs[4];	/* number of hidden sectors */
	int8_t bpbHugeSectors[4];	/* # of sectors if bpbSectors == 0 */
};

/*
 * BPB for DOS 7.10 (FAT32).  This one has a few extensions to bpb50.
 */
struct byte_bpb710 {
	u_int8_t bpbBytesPerSec[2];	/* bytes per sector */
	u_int8_t bpbSecPerClust;	/* sectors per cluster */
	u_int8_t bpbResSectors[2];	/* number of reserved sectors */
	u_int8_t bpbFATs;		/* number of FATs */
	u_int8_t bpbRootDirEnts[2];	/* number of root directory entries */
	u_int8_t bpbSectors[2];		/* total number of sectors */
	u_int8_t bpbMedia;		/* media descriptor */
	u_int8_t bpbFATsecs[2];		/* number of sectors per FAT */
	u_int8_t bpbSecPerTrack[2];	/* sectors per track */
	u_int8_t bpbHeads[2];		/* number of heads */
	u_int8_t bpbHiddenSecs[4];	/* # of hidden sectors */
	u_int8_t bpbHugeSectors[4];	/* # of sectors if bpbSectors == 0 */
	u_int8_t bpbBigFATsecs[4];	/* like bpbFATsecs for FAT32 */
	u_int8_t bpbExtFlags[2];	/* extended flags: */
	u_int8_t bpbFSVers[2];		/* filesystem version */
	u_int8_t bpbRootClust[4];	/* start cluster for root directory */
	u_int8_t bpbFSInfo[2];		/* filesystem info structure sector */
	u_int8_t bpbBackup[2];		/* backup boot sector */
	u_int8_t bpbReserved[12];	/* Reserved for future expansion */
};

/*
 * FAT32 FSInfo block.
 */
struct fsinfo {
	u_int8_t fsisig1[4];
	u_int8_t fsifill1[480];
	u_int8_t fsisig2[4];
	u_int8_t fsinfree[4];
	u_int8_t fsinxtfree[4];
	u_int8_t fsifill2[12];
	u_int8_t fsisig3[4];
	u_int8_t fsifill3[508];
	u_int8_t fsisig4[4];
};
#endif /* _MSDOSFS_BPB_H_ */