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Revision 1.25, Wed Apr 30 13:10:57 2008 UTC (12 years, 3 months ago) by martin
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pf42-base4, yamt-pf42-base3, yamt-pf42-base2, wrstuden-revivesa-base-3, wrstuden-revivesa-base-2, wrstuden-revivesa-base-1, wrstuden-revivesa-base, wrstuden-revivesa, netbsd-5-base, netbsd-5-0-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-RC4, netbsd-5-0-RC3, netbsd-5-0-RC2, netbsd-5-0-RC1, netbsd-5-0-1-RELEASE, mjf-devfs2-base, matt-nb5-mips64-u2-k2-k4-k7-k8-k9, matt-nb5-mips64-u1-k1-k5, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20091211, matt-nb4-mips64-k7-u2a-k9b, matt-mips64-base2, hpcarm-cleanup-nbase
Branch point for: netbsd-5-0, netbsd-5, matt-nb5-mips64, jym-xensuspend
Changes since 1.24: +1 -8 lines

Convert TNF licenses to new 2 clause variant

.\"	$NetBSD: release.7,v 1.25 2008/04/30 13:10:57 martin Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1997, 2000, 2005 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
.\" by Charles M. Hannum and Jason R. Thorpe.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
.\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
.\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
.\" SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
.\" INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
.\" CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
.\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.Dd August 30, 2007
.Dt RELEASE 7
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm release
.Nd layout of NetBSD releases and snapshots
.Sh DESCRIPTION
This document describes the layout of
.Nx
releases and snapshots.
This layout should be consistent between FTP servers and CD-ROMs,
except possibly the path that leads to the release hierarchy.
.Pp
In this document, the following special words have these definitions:
.Bl -tag -width "\*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]"
.It Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]
The platform for which the release was built, corresponding to the
.Em hw.machine
sysctl variable, e.g.
.Em i386
or
.Em amiga .
.It Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]
The architecture for which a particular installation set was built,
corresponding to the
.Em hw.machine_arch
sysctl variable, e.g.
.Em i386
or
.Em m68k .
.It Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
The target release.
.El
.Pp
All
.Sy README
files are descriptions of the various files in directories that have
.Dq non-standard
contents.
There may also be a
.Sy README
file at the top-level,
describing who built the snapshot and under what circumstances
.Po e.g. whether it's an official
.Nx
snapshot, or not
.Pc .
.Pp
All
.Sy BSDSUM
files are historic
.Bx
checksums for the various files in that directory,
in the format produced by the command:
.Sy cksum -o 1 \*[Lt]file\*[Gt] .
.Pp
All
.Sy CKSUM
files are POSIX checksums for the various files in that directory, in the
format produced by the command:
.Sy cksum \*[Lt]file\*[Gt] .
.Pp
All
.Sy MD5
files are MD5 digests for the various files in that directory, in the
format produced by the command:
.Sy cksum -m \*[Lt]file\*[Gt] .
.Pp
All
.Sy SYSVSUM
files are historic
.At V
checksums for the various files in
that directory, in the format produced by the command:
.Sy cksum -o 2 \*[Lt]file\*[Gt] .
.Pp
The MD5 digest is the safest checksum, followed by the POSIX checksum.
The other two checksums are provided only to ensure that the widest possible
range of system can check the integrity of the release files.
.Pp
Files that end in
.Sy .tgz
are gzipped tar archives.  This is used in lieu of
.Sy .tar.gz
because the software used to download the sets may incorrectly auto-unpack
files ending in
.Sy .gz
and to accommodate systems which only support 3 character extensions
to file names.
.Pp
All tar archives are relative to the target's
.Sy /
directory, and
.Em do not
include the leading
.Dq / .
.Pp
All compression of release files is to be performed with the command:
.Sy gzip -9 .
.Pp
The root of the release hierarchy may be the root directory of a
CD-ROM, but in all other cases it should be
.Sm off
.Xo
.Sy .../NetBSD-
.Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
.Sy / .
.Xc
.Sm on
.Pp
The root of the release hierarchy should contain the following
files and subdirectories:
.Pp
.Bl -tag -width "\*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]"
.
.It Sy SOURCE_DATE
A file containing the date, in UTC, of the source code from which the
release or snapshot was built, in the default format produced by the
command:
.Sy date -u .
.
.It Sy iso/
CDROM images in ISO 9660 format, usually created with
.Dq ./build.sh ... iso-image ...
after a
.Dq ./build.sh -x ... release ...
in
.Pa src
or created with
.Dq ./build.sh ... iso-image-source ...
after a
.Dq ./build.sh -x ... release sourcesets ...
in
.Pa src .
.Pp
Images in this directory, unlike images in the
.Sm off
.Xo
.Sy .../NetBSD-
.Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
.Sy /
.Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]
.Sy /installation/cdrom/
.Xc
.Sm on
directory, should contain file systems that
have an internal layout that corresponds to
a complete release for one or more machine types.
If built with
.Dq iso-image-source ,
then it will also contain a
.Dq source
directory.
These images are usually bootable.
.Bl -tag -width "\*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]cd.iso"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.Sm off
.It Xo
.Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]
.Sy cd.iso
.Xc
.Sm on
.El
.
.It Sy shared/
Files shared by two or more machine types.
.Bl -tag -width "\*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]"
.It Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt] Ns Pa /
Files which may be shared by all systems of the same
.Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]
will be located in
.Sm off
.Xo
.Sy .../NetBSD-
.Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
.Sy /shared/
.Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]
.Sy /
.Xc
.Sm on
with symbolic links pointing to these files from the
.Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]
subdirectory.
.It Sy ALL/
Files which are completely machine-independent will be
located in
.Sy .../NetBSD- Ns Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt] Ns Sy /shared/ALL/
with symbolic links pointing to these files from the
.Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]
subdirectory.
.El
.
.It Sy source/
Source codes of the operating system and patches for it
should be put into
.Sy .../NetBSD- Ns Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt] Ns Sy /source/
using the following layout:
.Pp
.Bl -tag -width "patches/"
.It Sy patches/
This directory contains various patch files appropriate for
.Xr patch 1 .
Other patches may exist for fixing critical problems.
.Bl -tag -width "diff-1.4.1-to-1.4.2.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Xo
.Sm off
.Sy diff-
.Em \*[Lt]lastrel\*[Gt]
.Sy -
.Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
.Sy .gz
.Sm on
.Xc
Diff against the last release, usually generated by
.Ic cvs rdiff .
For patch releases, diffs against the last release
are included.  If the last release was a patch release itself, the
diff is against that patch release is included.
.El
.It Sy sets/
Sources for the various system sets, based on their modules
in the CVS server.
.\" XXX how are these generated? Separate checkout of each module?
.Bl -tag -width "sharesrc.tgz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy gnusrc.tgz
Contains sources for all GPLed and possibly other programs that
contains restrictions in their licensing that prevent others from
using these programs in closed-source environments.
.It Sy pkgsrc.tgz
Package-sources for third party software ready to compile. See
pkgsrc/README for more information.
.It Sy sharesrc.tgz
Contains machine-independent data files that can be shared across
architectures/systems.
.It Sy src.tgz
The operating system's userland source code, including all programs,
tools, toolchain, etc.
.It Sy syssrc.tgz
Kernel sources for all architectures plus sources of the tools needed
to build kernels (like
.Xr config 1 ) .
.It Sy xsrc.tgz
Source code of the X Window System used on all NetBSD architectures.
Includes X clients and servers.
.El
.El
.
.It Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt] Ns Pa /
The binary releases in
.Sm off
.Xo
.Sy .../NetBSD-
.Em \*[Lt]rel\*[Gt]
.Sy /
.Em \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt]
.Sy /
.Xc
.Sm on
follow the following layout:
.Bl -tag -width "installation/"
.It Sy INSTALL.txt
Installation notes, including complete descriptions of files contained
within the release hierarchy
.It Sy INSTALL.more
pretty version of this, suited for viewing with
.Xr more 1
.It Sy INSTALL.html
HTML version of this
.It Sy INSTALL.ps
PostScript version of this
.It Sy binary/
system binaries
.Bl -tag -width "SYSVSUM/"
.It Sy sets/
installation sets
.Bl -tag -width "xcontrib.tgz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy base.tgz
The base binary distribution.  This set contains the base
.Nx
utilities that are necessary for the system to run and be minimally
functional.  It includes shared libraries for those architectures that
support them.  This set excludes all things listed in the sets
described below.
.It Sy comp.tgz
The compiler tools distribution.  This set contains the C and C++
compilers, assembler, linker, other toolchain components, and their
manual pages.  It also includes the system include files
.Pq Pa /usr/include
, and the static system libraries.
.It Sy etc.tgz
This set contains the system configuration files that reside in
.Pa /etc
and in several other places throughout the file system hierarchy.
.It Sy games.tgz
This set includes the games and their manual pages.
.It Sy kern.tgz
This set includes a generic kernel.
.It Sy man.tgz
This set includes all of the manual pages for the binaries and other
software contained in the
.Sy base
set which are not included in the other sets.
.It Sy misc.tgz
This set includes the system dictionaries (which are rather large), the
typesettable document set, and manual pages for other architectures, which
happen to be installed from the source tree by default.
.It Sy text.tgz
This set includes the
.Nx
text processing tools, including
.Xr groff 1 ,
all related programs, and their manual pages.
.It Sy xbase.tgz
This set includes the base X11 distribution, including manual pages and
shared libraries for those architectures that support them, and excluding
everything contained in the other X11 sets.
.It Sy xcomp.tgz
This set includes the X11 include files and static X11 libraries.
.It Sy xcontrib.tgz
This set includes binaries and manual pages for programs built from the
X11
.Dq contrib
sources.
.It Sy xfont.tgz
This set includes the X11 fonts.
.It Sy xserver.tgz
This set includes the X servers and manual pages for \*[Lt]machine\*[Gt].
.Em "Note: this set may not be available on some platforms" .
.El
.It Sy kernel/
suitably named, gzipped kernels
.Bl -tag -width "netbsd-GENERIC.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy netbsd-GENERIC.gz
A kernel built from the
.Sy GENERIC
kernel configuration file.  This is meant as an example only; different
platforms may have differently named kernels.
.El
.El
.It Sy installation/
installation helper items
.Bl -tag -width "diskimage/"
.It Sy cdrom/
CDROM images in ISO 9660 format, usually created as part of
.Dq build.sh ... release ...
in
.Pa src .
.Pp
Images in this directory will typically be bootable,
and will contain one or more of a kernel, installation tools,
and rescue tools.
They will not contain installation sets, source sets, or
other components of a complete release.
.Bl -tag -width "netbsd-ARCH.iso"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Xo
.Sm off
.Sy netbsd-
.Em \*[Lt]machine_arch\*[Gt]
.Sy .iso
.Sm on
.Xc
.El
.It Sy diskimage/
disk images, for those platforms that provide them
.Bl -tag -width "diskimage-rz25.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy diskimage-rz25.gz
.El
.It Sy floppy/
floppy images, for those platforms that provide them
.Bl -tag -width "floppy-144.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy floppy-144.gz
.El
.It Sy miniroot/
miniroot images, for those platforms that provide them
.Bl -tag -width "miniroot.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy miniroot.gz
.El
.It Sy misc/
miscellaneous installation helper utilities, including boot selectors,
floppy writing software, other software that runs under foreign operating
systems, etc.
.Bl -tag -width "CKSUMS"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy ...
.El
.It Sy netboot/
network boot programs
.Bl -tag -width "netboot.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy netboot.gz
.El
.It Sy tapeimage/
tape images, for those platforms that provide them
.Bl -tag -width "tapeimage-hp9144.gz"
.It Sy BSDSUM
.It Sy CKSUM
.It Sy MD5
.It Sy README
.It Sy SYSVSUM
.It Sy tapeimage-hp9144.gz
.El
.El
.El
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr cksum 1 ,
.Xr date 1 ,
.Xr gzip 1 ,
.Xr split 1 ,
.Xr tar 1
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
manual page first appeared in
.Nx 1.3 .