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.\" $NetBSD: rexecd.8,v 1.12 2009/04/09 04:02:32 joerg Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1983, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" from: @(#)rexecd.8 8.3 (Berkeley) 6/1/94 .\" .Dd June 1, 1994 .Dt REXECD 8 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm rexecd .Nd remote execution server .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Sh DESCRIPTION .Nm is the server for the .Xr rexec 3 routine. The server provides remote execution facilities with authentication based on user names and passwords. .Pp .Nm listens for service requests at the port indicated in the ``exec'' service specification; see .Xr services 5 . When a service request is received the following protocol is initiated: .Bl -enum .It The server reads characters from the socket up to a NUL .Pq Ql \e0 byte. The resultant string is interpreted as an .Tn ASCII number, base 10. .It If the number received in step 1 is non-zero, it is interpreted as the port number of a secondary stream to be used for the .Em stderr . A second connection is then created to the specified port on the client's machine. .It A NUL terminated user name of at most 16 characters is retrieved on the initial socket. .It A NUL terminated, unencrypted password of at most 16 characters is retrieved on the initial socket. .It A NUL terminated command to be passed to a shell is retrieved on the initial socket. The length of the command is limited by the upper bound on the size of the system's argument list. .It .Nm then validates the user as is done at login time and, if the authentication was successful, changes to the user's home directory, and establishes the user and group protections of the user. If any of these steps fail the connection is aborted with a diagnostic message returned. .It A NUL byte is returned on the initial socket and the command line is passed to the normal login shell of the user. The shell inherits the network connections established by .Nm . .El .Sh DIAGNOSTICS Except for the last one listed below, all diagnostic messages are returned on the initial socket, after which any network connections are closed. An error is indicated by a leading byte with a value of 1 (0 is returned in step 7 above upon successful completion of all the steps prior to the command execution). .Pp .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Sy username too long The name is longer than 16 characters. .It Sy password too long The password is longer than 16 characters. .It Sy command too long The command line passed exceeds the size of the argument list (as configured into the system). .It Sy Login incorrect. No password file entry for the user name existed. .It Sy Password incorrect. The wrong password was supplied. .It Sy \&No remote directory. The .Xr chdir 2 to the home directory failed. .It Sy Try again. A .Xr fork 2 by the server failed. .It Sy \*[Lt]shellname\*[Gt]: ... The user's login shell could not be started. This message is returned on the connection associated with the .Em stderr , and is not preceded by a flag byte. .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr rexec 3 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command appeared in .Bx 4.2 . .Sh BUGS Indicating ``Login incorrect'' as opposed to ``Password incorrect'' is a security breach which allows people to probe a system for users with null passwords. .Pp A facility to allow all data and password exchanges to be encrypted should be present. .Sh SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS As the passwords exchanged by the client and .Nm are not encrypted, it is .Em strongly recommended that this service is not enabled.