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Revision 1.6, Thu Mar 8 22:12:52 2012 UTC (7 years, 7 months ago) by wiz
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, prg-localcount2-base3, prg-localcount2-base2, prg-localcount2-base1, prg-localcount2-base, prg-localcount2, pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20170426, pgoyette-localcount-20170320, pgoyette-localcount-20170107, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, pgoyette-localcount, pgoyette-compat-base, pgoyette-compat-0502, pgoyette-compat-0422, pgoyette-compat-0415, pgoyette-compat-0407, pgoyette-compat-0330, pgoyette-compat-0322, pgoyette-compat-0315, perseant-stdc-iso10646-base, perseant-stdc-iso10646, netbsd-8-base, netbsd-8-1-RELEASE, netbsd-8-1-RC1, netbsd-8-0-RELEASE, netbsd-8-0-RC2, netbsd-8-0-RC1, netbsd-8, netbsd-7-nhusb-base-20170116, netbsd-7-nhusb-base, netbsd-7-nhusb, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RC2, netbsd-7-1-RC1, netbsd-7-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1, netbsd-7-0-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-RC3, netbsd-7-0-RC2, netbsd-7-0-RC1, netbsd-7-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0, netbsd-7, matt-nb8-mediatek-base, matt-nb8-mediatek, localcount-20160914, bouyer-socketcan-base1, bouyer-socketcan-base, bouyer-socketcan, agc-symver-base, agc-symver
Branch point for: pgoyette-compat
Changes since 1.5: +5 -7 lines

Merge error descriptions for same error code.

.\" $NetBSD: sem_open.3,v 1.6 2012/03/08 22:12:52 wiz Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (C) 2000 Jason Evans <jasone@FreeBSD.org>.
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.\" From: FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/gen/sem_open.3,v 1.12 2004/07/02 16:45:56 ru
.\"
.Dd February 29, 2012
.Dt SEM_OPEN 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm sem_open ,
.Nm sem_close ,
.Nm sem_unlink
.Nd named semaphore operations
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb librt
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In semaphore.h
.Ft "sem_t *"
.Fn sem_open "const char *name" "int oflag" ...
.Ft int
.Fn sem_close "sem_t *sem"
.Ft int
.Fn sem_unlink "const char *name"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn sem_open
function creates or opens the named semaphore specified by
.Fa name .
The returned semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to
.Xr sem_getvalue 3 ,
.Xr sem_timedwait 3 ,
.Xr sem_trywait 3 ,
.Xr sem_wait 3 ,
.Xr sem_post 3 ,
and
.Fn sem_close .
.Pp
The following bits may be set in the
.Fa oflag
argument:
.Bl -tag -width ".Dv O_CREAT"
.It Dv O_CREAT
Create the semaphore if it does not already exist.
.Pp
The third argument to the call to
.Fn sem_open
must be of type
.Vt mode_t
and specifies the mode for the semaphore.
Only the
.Dv S_IWUSR , S_IWGRP ,
and
.Dv S_IWOTH
bits are examined;
it is not possible to grant only
.Dq read
permission on a semaphore.
The mode is modified according to the process's file creation
mask; see
.Xr umask 2 .
.Pp
The fourth argument must be an
.Vt "unsigned int"
and specifies the initial value for the semaphore,
and must be no greater than
.Dv SEM_VALUE_MAX .
.It Dv O_EXCL
Create the semaphore if it does not exist.
If the semaphore already exists,
.Fn sem_open
will fail.
This flag is ignored unless
.Dv O_CREAT
is also specified.
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn sem_close
function closes a named semaphore that was opened by a call to
.Fn sem_open .
.Pp
The
.Fn sem_unlink
function removes the semaphore named
.Fa name .
Resources allocated to the semaphore are only deallocated when all
processes that have the semaphore open close it.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If successful,
the
.Fn sem_open
function returns the address of the opened semaphore.
If the same
.Fa name
argument is given to multiple calls to
.Fn sem_open
by the same process without an intervening call to
.Fn sem_close ,
the same address is returned each time.
If the semaphore cannot be opened,
.Fn sem_open
returns
.Dv SEM_FAILED
and the global variable
.Va errno
is set to indicate the error.
.Pp
.Rv -std sem_close sem_unlink
.Sh ERRORS
The
.Fn sem_open
function will fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EACCES
The semaphore exists and the permissions specified by
.Fa oflag
at the time it was created deny access to this process;
or the semaphore does not exist, but permission to create it is denied.
.It Bq Er EEXIST
.Dv O_CREAT
and
.Dv O_EXCL
are set but the semaphore already exists.
.It Bq Er EINTR
The call was interrupted by a signal.
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The
.Fn sem_open
operation is not supported for the given
.Fa name ;
or the
.Fa value
argument is greater than
.Dv SEM_VALUE_MAX .
.\"FreeBSD never returns EMFILE
.\".It Bq Er EMFILE
.\"Too many semaphores are in use by this process.
.It Bq Er ENAMETOOLONG
The
.Fa name
argument is too long.
.It Bq Er ENFILE
The system limit on semaphores has been reached.
.It Bq Er ENOENT
.Dv O_CREAT
is not set and the named semaphore does not exist.
.It Bq Er ENOSPC
There is not enough space to create the semaphore.
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn sem_close
function will fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The
.Fa sem
argument is not a valid semaphore.
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn sem_unlink
function will fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EACCES
Permission is denied to unlink the semaphore.
.It Bq Er ENAMETOOLONG
The specified
.Fa name
is too long.
.It Bq Er ENOENT
The named semaphore does not exist.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr close 2 ,
.Xr open 2 ,
.Xr umask 2 ,
.Xr unlink 2 ,
.Xr sem_getvalue 3 ,
.Xr sem_post 3 ,
.Xr sem_trywait 3 ,
.Xr sem_wait 3 ,
.Xr sem 4
.Sh STANDARDS
The
.Fn sem_open ,
.Fn sem_close ,
and
.Fn sem_unlink
functions conform to
.St -p1003.1-96 .
.Sh HISTORY
Support for named semaphores first appeared in
.Nx 2.0 .
.Sh BUGS
This implementation places strict requirements on the value of
.Fa name :
it must begin with a slash
.Pq Ql / ,
contain no other slash characters,
and be less than 14 characters in length
not including the terminating null character.