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Changes since 1.3: +1 -4 lines

Convert TNF licenses to new 2 clause variant

.\" $NetBSD: pthread_testcancel.3,v 1.4 2008/04/30 13:10:52 martin Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2002 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
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.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
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.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
.\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
.\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
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.\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libpthread/man/pthread_testcancel.3,v 1.9 2002/09/16 19:29:29 mini Exp $
.Dd January 30, 2003
.Dt PTHREAD_TESTCANCEL 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm pthread_setcancelstate ,
.Nm pthread_setcanceltype ,
.Nm pthread_testcancel
.Nd set cancelability state
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libpthread
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In pthread.h
.Ft int
.Fn pthread_setcancelstate "int state" "int *oldstate"
.Ft int
.Fn pthread_setcanceltype "int type" "int *oldtype"
.Ft void
.Fn pthread_testcancel "void"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn pthread_setcancelstate
function atomically both sets the calling thread's cancelability state
to the indicated
.Fa state
and, if
.Fa oldstate
is not
.Dv NULL ,
returns the previous cancelability state at the location referenced by
.Fa oldstate .
Legal values for
.Fa state
are
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ENABLE
and
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DISABLE .
.Pp
The
.Fn pthread_setcanceltype
function atomically both sets the calling thread's cancelability type
to the indicated
.Fa type
and, if
.Fa oldtype
is not
.Dv NULL ,
returns the previous cancelability type at the location referenced by
.Fa oldtype .
Legal values for
.Fa type
are
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED
and
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ASYNCHRONOUS .
.Pp
The cancelability state and type of any newly created threads, including the
thread in which
.Fn main
was first invoked, are
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ENABLE
and
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED
respectively.
.Pp
The
.Fn pthread_testcancel
function creates a cancellation point in the calling thread.
The
.Fn pthread_testcancel
function has no effect if cancelability is disabled.
.Ss Cancelability States
The cancelability state of a thread determines the action taken upon
receipt of a cancellation request.
The thread may control cancellation in
a number of ways.
.Pp
Each thread maintains its own
.Dq cancelability state
which may be encoded in two bits:
.Bl -hang
.It Em Cancelability Enable
When cancelability is
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DISABLE ,
cancellation requests against the target thread are held pending.
.It Em Cancelability Type
When cancelability is enabled and the cancelability type is
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ASYNCHRONOUS ,
new or pending cancellation requests may be acted upon at any time.
When cancelability is enabled and the cancelability type is
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED ,
cancellation requests are held pending until a cancellation point (see
below) is reached.
If cancelability is disabled, the setting of the
cancelability type has no immediate effect as all cancellation requests
are held pending; however, once cancelability is enabled again the new
type will be in effect.
.El
.Ss Cancellation Points
Cancellation points will occur when a thread is executing the following
functions:
.Fn accept ,
.\".Fn aio_suspend ,
.\".Fn clock_nanosleep ,
.Fn close ,
.Fn connect ,
.Fn creat ,
.Fn fcntl ,
.Fn fsync ,
.Fn fsync_range ,
.\".Fn getmsg ,
.\".Fn getpmsg ,
.\".Fn lockf ,
.\".Fn mq_receive ,
.\".Fn mq_send ,
.\".Fn mq_timedreceive ,
.\".Fn mq_timedsend ,
.Fn msgrcv ,
.Fn msgsnd ,
.Fn msync ,
.Fn nanosleep ,
.Fn open ,
.Fn pause ,
.Fn poll ,
.Fn pread ,
.Fn pselect ,
.Fn pthread_cond_timedwait ,
.Fn pthread_cond_wait ,
.Fn pthread_join ,
.Fn pthread_testcancel ,
.\".Fn putmsg ,
.\".Fn putpmsg ,
.Fn pwrite ,
.Fn read ,
.Fn readv ,
.Fn recv ,
.Fn recvfrom ,
.Fn recvmsg ,
.Fn select ,
.Fn sem_timedwait ,
.Fn sem_wait ,
.Fn send ,
.Fn sendmsg ,
.Fn sendto ,
.Fn sigpause ,
.Fn sigsuspend ,
.Fn sigtimedwait ,
.Fn sigwait ,
.Fn sigwaitinfo ,
.Fn sleep ,
.Fn system ,
.Fn tcdrain ,
.Fn usleep ,
.Fn wait ,
.Fn waitid ,
.Fn waitpid ,
.Fn write ,
and
.Fn writev .
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If successful, the
.Fn pthread_setcancelstate
and
.Fn pthread_setcanceltype
functions will return zero.
Otherwise, an error number shall be returned to
indicate the error.
.Pp
The
.Fn pthread_setcancelstate
and
.Fn pthread_setcanceltype
functions are used to control the points at which a thread may be
asynchronously canceled.
For cancellation control to be usable in modular
fashion, some rules must be followed.
.Pp
For purposes of this discussion, consider an object to be a generalization
of a procedure.
It is a set of procedures and global variables written as
a unit and called by clients not known by the object.
Objects may depend
on other objects.
.Pp
First, cancelability should only be disabled on entry to an object, never
explicitly enabled.
On exit from an object, the cancelability state should
always be restored to its value on entry to the object.
.Pp
This follows from a modularity argument: if the client of an object (or the
client of an object that uses that object) has disabled cancelability, it is
because the client doesn't want to have to worry about how to clean up if the
thread is canceled while executing some sequence of actions.
If an object
is called in such a state and it enables cancelability and a cancellation
request is pending for that thread, then the thread will be canceled,
contrary to the wish of the client that disabled.
.Pp
Second, the cancelability type may be explicitly set to either
.Em deferred
or
.Em asynchronous
upon entry to an object.
But as with the cancelability state, on exit from
an object that cancelability type should always be restored to its value on
entry to the object.
.Pp
Finally, only functions that are cancel-safe may be called from a thread that
is asynchronously cancelable.
.Sh ERRORS
The function
.Fn pthread_setcancelstate
may fail with:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The specified state is not
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ENABLE
or
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DISABLE .
.El
.Pp
The function
.Fn pthread_setcanceltype
may fail with:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The specified state is not
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED
or
.Dv PTHREAD_CANCEL_ASYNCHRONOUS .
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr pthread_cancel 3
.Sh STANDARDS
.Fn pthread_testcancel
conforms to
.St -p1003.1-96 .
.Sh AUTHORS
This man page was written by
.An David Leonard Aq d@openbsd.org
for the
.Ox
implementation of
.Xr pthread_cancel 3 .