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Revision 1.2, Thu Jul 8 18:24:34 2010 UTC (9 years, 8 months ago) by wiz
Branch: MAIN
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Changes since 1.1: +2 -2 lines

Whitespace nit.

.\"	$NetBSD: pthread_attr_getguardsize.3,v 1.2 2010/07/08 18:24:34 wiz Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2010 Jukka Ruohonen <jruohonen@iki.fi>
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.Dd July 7, 2010
.Dt PTHREAD_ATTR_GETGUARDSIZE 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm pthread_attr_getguardsize
.Nd get and set thread guard size
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libpthread
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In pthread.h
.Ft int
.Fn pthread_attr_getguardsize \
"const pthread_attr_t * restrict attr" "size_t * restrict guardsize"
.Ft int
.Fn pthread_attr_setguardsize "pthread_attr_t *attr" "size_t guardsize"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn pthread_attr_getguardsize
and
.Fn pthread_attr_setguardsize
functions get and set
.Fa guardsize
in the
.Fa attr
object.
If
.Fa guardsize
is larger than 0, the system reserves
an additional region of guarded memory of at least
.Fa guardsize
bytes at the end of the thread's stack for each new thread created by using
.Fa attr .
.Pp
The guarded area is understood to be pages of memory
that are protected from read and write access.
While the guarded area should be rounded by the system page size,
the actual default size is implementation-defined.
In
.Nx
the default
.Fa guardsize
is
.Dv _SC_PAGESIZE ,
the system page size.
.Pp
The rationale behind
.Fa guardsize
is two-fold:
.Bl -enum -offset 2n
.It
On the one hand, it provides protection against overflow of the stack pointer.
If there is a guard area and a thread overflows its
stack pointer into this extra memory area, it should receive a
.Dv SIGSEGV
signal or experience other comparable fatal error condition.
Note that if a thread allocates large data structures on stack,
it may be necessary to raise the default
.Fa guardsize
in order to detect stack overflows.
.It
On the other hand, the overflow protection may waste system resources
if an application that creates a large number of threads knows that it
will never overflow the stack.
In this case it is possible to set
.Fa guardsize
to 0.
.El
.Pp
If
.Xr pthread_attr_setstack 3
or
.Xr pthread_attr_setstackaddr 3
is used to set the stack address attribute in
.Fa attr ,
the guard size attribute is ignored and no guard area will be allocated;
it is the responsibility of the application to handle the overflow conditions.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If successful, both functions return 0.
Otherwise, an error number is returned to indicate the error.
.Sh ERRORS
No errors are defined for
.Fn pthread_attr_getguardsize .
.Pp
The
.Fn pthread_attr_setguardsize
may fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er ENOMEM
There was insufficient memory.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr pthread_attr 3 ,
.Xr pthread_attr_setstack 3 ,
.Xr sysconf 3
.Sh STANDARDS
Both functions conform to
.St -p1003.1-2008 .