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Revision 1.2, Sun Aug 3 00:02:56 2014 UTC (5 years, 9 months ago) by rmind
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: tls-maxphys-base, tls-earlyentropy-base, pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, netbsd-7-nhusb-base-20170116, netbsd-7-nhusb-base, netbsd-7-nhusb, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RC2, netbsd-7-1-RC1, netbsd-7-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1, netbsd-7-0-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-RC3, netbsd-7-0-RC2, netbsd-7-0-RC1, netbsd-7-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0, netbsd-7, localcount-20160914
Branch point for: tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy, pgoyette-localcount
Changes since 1.1: +3 -2 lines

Cross-link npf(7).

.\"	$NetBSD: libnpf.3,v 1.2 2014/08/03 00:02:56 rmind Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2011-2013 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" This material is based upon work partially supported by The
.\" NetBSD Foundation under a contract with Mindaugas Rasiukevicius.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
.\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
.\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
.\" SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
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.\" CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
.\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.Dd August 2, 2014
.Dt LIBNPF 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm libnpf
.Nd NPF packet filter library
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libnpf
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In npf.h
.\" ---
.Ft nl_config_t *
.Fn npf_config_create "void"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_config_submit "nl_config_t *ncf" "int fd"
.Ft void
.Fn npf_config_destroy "nl_config_t *ncf"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_config_flush "int fd"
.\" ---
.Ft nl_rule_t *
.Fn npf_rule_create "char *name" "uint32_t attr" "const char *ifname"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rule_setcode "nl_rule_t *rl" "int type" "const void *code" "size_t len"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rule_setkey "nl_rule_t *rl" "int type" "const void *code" "size_t len"
.Ft bool
.Fn npf_rule_exists_p "nl_config_t *ncf" "const char *name"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rule_insert "nl_config_t *ncf" "nl_rule_t *parent" "nl_rule_t *rl"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rule_setprio "nl_rule_t *rl" "pri_t pri"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rule_setproc "nl_config_t *ncf" "nl_rule_t *rl" "const char *name"
.Ft void
.Fn npf_rule_destroy "nl_rule_t *rl"
.\" ---
.Ft nl_rproc_t *
.Fn npf_rproc_create "char *name"
.Ft bool
.Fn npf_rproc_exists_p "nl_config_t *ncf" "const char *name"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_rproc_insert "nl_config_t *ncf" "nl_rproc_t *rp"
.\" ---
.Ft nl_nat_t *
.Fn npf_nat_create "int type" "u_int flags" "const char *ifname" \
"npf_addr_t *addr" "int af" "in_port_t port"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_nat_insert "nl_config_t *ncf" "nl_nat_t *nt" "pri_t pri"
.\" ---
.Ft nl_table_t *
.Fn npf_table_create "const char *name" "u_int id" "int type"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_table_add_entry "nl_table_t *tl" "int af" \
"in_addr_t addr" "in_addr_t mask"
.Ft int
.Fn npf_table_insert "nl_config_t *ncf" "nl_table_t *tl"
.Ft void
.Fn npf_table_destroy "nl_table_t *tl"
.\" -----
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
library provides an interface to create an NPF configuration having rules,
tables, procedures, or translation policies.
The configuration can be submitted to the kernel.
.\" -----
.Sh FUNCTIONS
.Ss Configuration
.Bl -tag -width 4n
.It Fn npf_config_create
Create a configuration.
.It Fn npf_config_submit "ncf" "fd"
Submit configuration
.Fa ncf
to the kernel.
.It Fn npf_config_destroy "ncf"
Destroy the configuration
.Fa ncf .
.It Fn npf_config_flush "fd"
Flush the current configuration.
.El
.\" ---
.Ss Rule interface
.Bl -tag -width 4n
.It Fn npf_rule_create "name" "attr" "ifname"
Create a rule with a given name, attribute and priorty.
Name can be
.Dv NULL ,
in which case rule has no unique identifier.
Otherwise, rules shall not have duplicate names.
The following attributes, which can be ORed, are available:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Dv NPF_RULE_PASS
Decision of this rule is "pass".
If this attribute is not
specified, then packet "block" (drop) is the default.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_FINAL
Indicates that on rule match, further processing of the
ruleset should be stopped and this rule applied instantly.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_STATEFUL
Create a state (session) on match, track the connection and
therefore pass the backwards stream without inspection.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_RETRST
Return TCP RST packet in a case of packet block.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_RETICMP
Return ICMP destination unreachable in a case of packet block.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_IN
Rule may match only if incoming packet.
.It Dv NPF_RULE_OUT
Rule may match only if outgoing packet.
.El
.Pp
Interface is specified by
.Fa ifname ,
which is a string.
.Dv NULL
indicates any interface.
.\" ---
.It Fn npf_rule_setcode "rl" "type" "code" "len"
Assign compiled code for the rule specified by
.Fa rl ,
used for filter criteria.
Pointer to the binary code is specified by
.Fa code ,
and size of the memory area by
.Fa len .
Type of the code is specified by
.Fa type .
Currently, only n-code is supported and
.Dv NPF_CODE_NC
should be passed.
.\" ---
.It Fn npf_rule_setkey "rl" "type" "key" "len"
Assign a key for the rule specified by
.Fa rl .
Binary key is specified by
.Fa key ,
and its size by
.Fa len .
The size shall not exceed
.Dv NPF_RULE_MAXKEYLEN .
.\" ---
.It Fn npf_rule_insert "ncf" "parent" "rl"
Insert the rule into the set of parent rule specified by
.Fa parent .
If value of
.Fa parent
is
.Dv NULL ,
then insert into the main ruleset.
.\" ---
.It Fn npf_rule_setprio "rl" "pri"
Set priority to the rule.
Negative priorities are invalid.
.Pp
Priority is the order of the rule in the ruleset.
Lower value means first to process, higher value - last to process.
If multiple rules are inserted with the same priority,
the order is unspecified.
.Pp
The special constants
.Dv NPF_PRI_FIRST
and
.Dv NPF_PRI_LAST
can be passed to indicate that the rule should be inserted into the
beginning or the end of the priority level 0 in the ruleset.
All rules inserted using these constants will have the priority 0
assigned and will share this level in the ordered way.
.It Fn npf_rule_setproc "ncf" "rl" "name"
Set a procedure for the specified rule.
.It Fn npf_rule_destroy "rl"
Destroy the given rule.
.El
.\" -----
.Ss Rule procedure interface
.Bl -tag -width 4n
.It Fn npf_rproc_create "name"
Create a rule procedure with a given
.Fa name .
Name must be unique for each procedure.
.It Fn npf_rproc_insert "ncf" "rp"
Insert rule procedure into the specified configuration.
.El
.\" -----
.Ss Translation interface
.Bl -tag -width 4n
.It Fn npf_nat_create "type" "flags" "ifname" "addr" "af" "port"
Create a NAT translation policy of a specified type.
There are two types:
.Bl -tag -width "NPF_NAT_PORTMAP "
.It Dv NPF_NATIN
Inbound NAT policy.
.It Dv NPF_NATOUT
Outbound NAT policy.
.El
.Pp
A bi-directional NAT is obtained by combining two policies.
The following
.Fa flags
are supported:
.Bl -tag -width "NPF_NAT_PORTMAP "
.It Dv NPF_NAT_PORTS
Indicates to perform port translation.
Otherwise, port translation is not performed and
.Fa port
is ignored.
.It Dv NPF_NAT_PORTMAP
Effective only if
.Dv NPF_NAT_PORTS
flag is set.
Indicates to create a port map and select a random port for translation.
Otherwise, port is translated to the value specified by
.Fa port
is used.
.El
.Pp
Translation address is specified by
.Fa addr ,
and its family by
.Fa af .
Family must be either
.Dv AF_INET
for IPv4 or
.Dv AF_INET6
for IPv6 address.
.It Fn npf_nat_insert "ncf" "nt" "pri"
Insert NAT policy, its rule, into the specified configuration.
.El
.\" -----
.Ss Table interface
.Bl -tag -width 4n
.It Fn npf_table_create "name" "index" "type"
Create NPF table of specified type.
The following types are supported:
.Bl -tag -width "NPF_TABLE_TREE "
.It Dv NPF_TABLE_HASH
Indicates to use hash table for storage.
.It Dv NPF_TABLE_TREE
Indicates to use red-black tree for storage.
Table is identified by the
.Fa name
and
.Fa index ,
which should be in the range between 1 and
.Dv NPF_MAX_TABLE_ID .
.El
.It Fn npf_table_add_entry "tl" "af" "addr" "mask"
Add an entry of IP address and mask, specified by
.Fa addr
and
.Fa mask ,
to the table specified by
.Fa tl .
Family, specified by
.Fa af ,
must be either
.Dv AF_INET
for IPv4 or
.Dv AF_INET6
for IPv6 address.
.It Fn npf_table_insert "ncf" "tl"
Insert table into set of configuration.
Routine performs a check for duplicate table ID.
.It Fn npf_table_destroy "tl"
Destroy the specified table.
.El
.\" -----
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr bpf 4 ,
.Xr npf 7 ,
.Xr npfctl 8
.Sh HISTORY
The NPF library first appeared in
.Nx 6.0 .