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Revision 1.7, Thu Sep 22 16:40:31 1994 UTC (23 years, 1 month ago) by jtc
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.6: +2 -2 lines

LIBM_SCCS must be defined for the RCS ID to be defined.
This library will soon be used by DJGPP.  And since memory is often tight
on DOS machines, there is little benifit to be had from including RCS IDs.

/* @(#)s_atan.c 5.1 93/09/24 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice 
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

#if defined(LIBM_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char rcsid[] = "$Id: s_atan.c,v 1.7 1994/09/22 16:40:31 jtc Exp $";
#endif

/* atan(x)
 * Method
 *   1. Reduce x to positive by atan(x) = -atan(-x).
 *   2. According to the integer k=4t+0.25 chopped, t=x, the argument
 *      is further reduced to one of the following intervals and the
 *      arctangent of t is evaluated by the corresponding formula:
 *
 *      [0,7/16]      atan(x) = t-t^3*(a1+t^2*(a2+...(a10+t^2*a11)...)
 *      [7/16,11/16]  atan(x) = atan(1/2) + atan( (t-0.5)/(1+t/2) )
 *      [11/16.19/16] atan(x) = atan( 1 ) + atan( (t-1)/(1+t) )
 *      [19/16,39/16] atan(x) = atan(3/2) + atan( (t-1.5)/(1+1.5t) )
 *      [39/16,INF]   atan(x) = atan(INF) + atan( -1/t )
 *
 * Constants:
 * The hexadecimal values are the intended ones for the following 
 * constants. The decimal values may be used, provided that the 
 * compiler will convert from decimal to binary accurately enough 
 * to produce the hexadecimal values shown.
 */

#include "math.h"
#include "math_private.h"

#ifdef __STDC__
static const double atanhi[] = {
#else
static double atanhi[] = {
#endif
  4.63647609000806093515e-01, /* atan(0.5)hi 0x3FDDAC67, 0x0561BB4F */
  7.85398163397448278999e-01, /* atan(1.0)hi 0x3FE921FB, 0x54442D18 */
  9.82793723247329054082e-01, /* atan(1.5)hi 0x3FEF730B, 0xD281F69B */
  1.57079632679489655800e+00, /* atan(inf)hi 0x3FF921FB, 0x54442D18 */
};

#ifdef __STDC__
static const double atanlo[] = {
#else
static double atanlo[] = {
#endif
  2.26987774529616870924e-17, /* atan(0.5)lo 0x3C7A2B7F, 0x222F65E2 */
  3.06161699786838301793e-17, /* atan(1.0)lo 0x3C81A626, 0x33145C07 */
  1.39033110312309984516e-17, /* atan(1.5)lo 0x3C700788, 0x7AF0CBBD */
  6.12323399573676603587e-17, /* atan(inf)lo 0x3C91A626, 0x33145C07 */
};

#ifdef __STDC__
static const double aT[] = {
#else
static double aT[] = {
#endif
  3.33333333333329318027e-01, /* 0x3FD55555, 0x5555550D */
 -1.99999999998764832476e-01, /* 0xBFC99999, 0x9998EBC4 */
  1.42857142725034663711e-01, /* 0x3FC24924, 0x920083FF */
 -1.11111104054623557880e-01, /* 0xBFBC71C6, 0xFE231671 */
  9.09088713343650656196e-02, /* 0x3FB745CD, 0xC54C206E */
 -7.69187620504482999495e-02, /* 0xBFB3B0F2, 0xAF749A6D */
  6.66107313738753120669e-02, /* 0x3FB10D66, 0xA0D03D51 */
 -5.83357013379057348645e-02, /* 0xBFADDE2D, 0x52DEFD9A */
  4.97687799461593236017e-02, /* 0x3FA97B4B, 0x24760DEB */
 -3.65315727442169155270e-02, /* 0xBFA2B444, 0x2C6A6C2F */
  1.62858201153657823623e-02, /* 0x3F90AD3A, 0xE322DA11 */
};

#ifdef __STDC__
	static const double 
#else
	static double 
#endif
one   = 1.0,
huge   = 1.0e300;

#ifdef __STDC__
	double atan(double x)
#else
	double atan(x)
	double x;
#endif
{
	double w,s1,s2,z;
	int32_t ix,hx,id;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x);
	ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
	if(ix>=0x44100000) {	/* if |x| >= 2^66 */
	    u_int32_t low;
	    GET_LOW_WORD(low,x);
	    if(ix>0x7ff00000||
		(ix==0x7ff00000&&(low!=0)))
		return x+x;		/* NaN */
	    if(hx>0) return  atanhi[3]+atanlo[3];
	    else     return -atanhi[3]-atanlo[3];
	} if (ix < 0x3fdc0000) {	/* |x| < 0.4375 */
	    if (ix < 0x3e200000) {	/* |x| < 2^-29 */
		if(huge+x>one) return x;	/* raise inexact */
	    }
	    id = -1;
	} else {
	x = fabs(x);
	if (ix < 0x3ff30000) {		/* |x| < 1.1875 */
	    if (ix < 0x3fe60000) {	/* 7/16 <=|x|<11/16 */
		id = 0; x = (2.0*x-one)/(2.0+x); 
	    } else {			/* 11/16<=|x|< 19/16 */
		id = 1; x  = (x-one)/(x+one); 
	    }
	} else {
	    if (ix < 0x40038000) {	/* |x| < 2.4375 */
		id = 2; x  = (x-1.5)/(one+1.5*x);
	    } else {			/* 2.4375 <= |x| < 2^66 */
		id = 3; x  = -1.0/x;
	    }
	}}
    /* end of argument reduction */
	z = x*x;
	w = z*z;
    /* break sum from i=0 to 10 aT[i]z**(i+1) into odd and even poly */
	s1 = z*(aT[0]+w*(aT[2]+w*(aT[4]+w*(aT[6]+w*(aT[8]+w*aT[10])))));
	s2 = w*(aT[1]+w*(aT[3]+w*(aT[5]+w*(aT[7]+w*aT[9]))));
	if (id<0) return x - x*(s1+s2);
	else {
	    z = atanhi[id] - ((x*(s1+s2) - atanlo[id]) - x);
	    return (hx<0)? -z:z;
	}
}