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Revision 1.12, Fri Apr 23 19:17:07 2010 UTC (3 years, 11 months ago) by drochner
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, yamt-pagecache, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.11: +2 -1 lines

-build ldexp/frexp/modf locally again rather than relying on libc
 reaching over, to get things into a sane state,
-do the usual namespace protection game with scalbn(f) because it
 is used internally
(more symbol renamings are necessary)

The weak_alias change for mc68881 is untested.

/* @(#)k_rem_pio2.c 5.1 93/09/24 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBM_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
__RCSID("$NetBSD: k_rem_pio2.c,v 1.12 2010/04/23 19:17:07 drochner Exp $");
#endif

/*
 * __kernel_rem_pio2(x,y,e0,nx,prec,ipio2)
 * double x[],y[]; int e0,nx,prec; int ipio2[];
 *
 * __kernel_rem_pio2 return the last three digits of N with
 *		y = x - N*pi/2
 * so that |y| < pi/2.
 *
 * The method is to compute the integer (mod 8) and fraction parts of
 * (2/pi)*x without doing the full multiplication. In general we
 * skip the part of the product that are known to be a huge integer (
 * more accurately, = 0 mod 8 ). Thus the number of operations are
 * independent of the exponent of the input.
 *
 * (2/pi) is represented by an array of 24-bit integers in ipio2[].
 *
 * Input parameters:
 * 	x[]	The input value (must be positive) is broken into nx
 *		pieces of 24-bit integers in double precision format.
 *		x[i] will be the i-th 24 bit of x. The scaled exponent
 *		of x[0] is given in input parameter e0 (i.e., x[0]*2^e0
 *		match x's up to 24 bits.
 *
 *		Example of breaking a double positive z into x[0]+x[1]+x[2]:
 *			e0 = ilogb(z)-23
 *			z  = scalbn(z,-e0)
 *		for i = 0,1,2
 *			x[i] = floor(z)
 *			z    = (z-x[i])*2**24
 *
 *
 *	y[]	output result in an array of double precision numbers.
 *		The dimension of y[] is:
 *			24-bit  precision	1
 *			53-bit  precision	2
 *			64-bit  precision	2
 *			113-bit precision	3
 *		The actual value is the sum of them. Thus for 113-bit
 *		precison, one may have to do something like:
 *
 *		long double t,w,r_head, r_tail;
 *		t = (long double)y[2] + (long double)y[1];
 *		w = (long double)y[0];
 *		r_head = t+w;
 *		r_tail = w - (r_head - t);
 *
 *	e0	The exponent of x[0]
 *
 *	nx	dimension of x[]
 *
 *  	prec	an integer indicating the precision:
 *			0	24  bits (single)
 *			1	53  bits (double)
 *			2	64  bits (extended)
 *			3	113 bits (quad)
 *
 *	ipio2[]
 *		integer array, contains the (24*i)-th to (24*i+23)-th
 *		bit of 2/pi after binary point. The corresponding
 *		floating value is
 *
 *			ipio2[i] * 2^(-24(i+1)).
 *
 * External function:
 *	double scalbn(), floor();
 *
 *
 * Here is the description of some local variables:
 *
 * 	jk	jk+1 is the initial number of terms of ipio2[] needed
 *		in the computation. The recommended value is 2,3,4,
 *		6 for single, double, extended,and quad.
 *
 * 	jz	local integer variable indicating the number of
 *		terms of ipio2[] used.
 *
 *	jx	nx - 1
 *
 *	jv	index for pointing to the suitable ipio2[] for the
 *		computation. In general, we want
 *			( 2^e0*x[0] * ipio2[jv-1]*2^(-24jv) )/8
 *		is an integer. Thus
 *			e0-3-24*jv >= 0 or (e0-3)/24 >= jv
 *		Hence jv = max(0,(e0-3)/24).
 *
 *	jp	jp+1 is the number of terms in PIo2[] needed, jp = jk.
 *
 * 	q[]	double array with integral value, representing the
 *		24-bits chunk of the product of x and 2/pi.
 *
 *	q0	the corresponding exponent of q[0]. Note that the
 *		exponent for q[i] would be q0-24*i.
 *
 *	PIo2[]	double precision array, obtained by cutting pi/2
 *		into 24 bits chunks.
 *
 *	f[]	ipio2[] in floating point
 *
 *	iq[]	integer array by breaking up q[] in 24-bits chunk.
 *
 *	fq[]	final product of x*(2/pi) in fq[0],..,fq[jk]
 *
 *	ih	integer. If >0 it indicates q[] is >= 0.5, hence
 *		it also indicates the *sign* of the result.
 *
 */


/*
 * Constants:
 * The hexadecimal values are the intended ones for the following
 * constants. The decimal values may be used, provided that the
 * compiler will convert from decimal to binary accurately enough
 * to produce the hexadecimal values shown.
 */

#include "namespace.h"
#include "math.h"
#include "math_private.h"

static const int init_jk[] = {2,3,4,6}; /* initial value for jk */

static const double PIo2[] = {
  1.57079625129699707031e+00, /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x40000000 */
  7.54978941586159635335e-08, /* 0x3E74442D, 0x00000000 */
  5.39030252995776476554e-15, /* 0x3CF84698, 0x80000000 */
  3.28200341580791294123e-22, /* 0x3B78CC51, 0x60000000 */
  1.27065575308067607349e-29, /* 0x39F01B83, 0x80000000 */
  1.22933308981111328932e-36, /* 0x387A2520, 0x40000000 */
  2.73370053816464559624e-44, /* 0x36E38222, 0x80000000 */
  2.16741683877804819444e-51, /* 0x3569F31D, 0x00000000 */
};

static const double
zero   = 0.0,
one    = 1.0,
two24   =  1.67772160000000000000e+07, /* 0x41700000, 0x00000000 */
twon24  =  5.96046447753906250000e-08; /* 0x3E700000, 0x00000000 */

int
__kernel_rem_pio2(double *x, double *y, int e0, int nx, int prec, const int32_t *ipio2)
{
	int32_t jz,jx,jv,jp,jk,carry,n,iq[20],i,j,k,m,q0,ih;
	double z,fw,f[20],fq[20],q[20];

    /* initialize jk*/
	jk = init_jk[prec];
	jp = jk;

    /* determine jx,jv,q0, note that 3>q0 */
	jx =  nx-1;
	jv = (e0-3)/24; if(jv<0) jv=0;
	q0 =  e0-24*(jv+1);

    /* set up f[0] to f[jx+jk] where f[jx+jk] = ipio2[jv+jk] */
	j = jv-jx; m = jx+jk;
	for(i=0;i<=m;i++,j++) f[i] = (j<0)? zero : (double) ipio2[j];

    /* compute q[0],q[1],...q[jk] */
	for (i=0;i<=jk;i++) {
	    for(j=0,fw=0.0;j<=jx;j++) fw += x[j]*f[jx+i-j]; q[i] = fw;
	}

	jz = jk;
recompute:
    /* distill q[] into iq[] reversingly */
	for(i=0,j=jz,z=q[jz];j>0;i++,j--) {
	    fw    =  (double)((int32_t)(twon24* z));
	    iq[i] =  (int32_t)(z-two24*fw);
	    z     =  q[j-1]+fw;
	}

    /* compute n */
	z  = scalbn(z,q0);		/* actual value of z */
	z -= 8.0*floor(z*0.125);		/* trim off integer >= 8 */
	n  = (int32_t) z;
	z -= (double)n;
	ih = 0;
	if(q0>0) {	/* need iq[jz-1] to determine n */
	    i  = (iq[jz-1]>>(24-q0)); n += i;
	    iq[jz-1] -= i<<(24-q0);
	    ih = iq[jz-1]>>(23-q0);
	}
	else if(q0==0) ih = iq[jz-1]>>23;
	else if(z>=0.5) ih=2;

	if(ih>0) {	/* q > 0.5 */
	    n += 1; carry = 0;
	    for(i=0;i<jz ;i++) {	/* compute 1-q */
		j = iq[i];
		if(carry==0) {
		    if(j!=0) {
			carry = 1; iq[i] = 0x1000000- j;
		    }
		} else  iq[i] = 0xffffff - j;
	    }
	    if(q0>0) {		/* rare case: chance is 1 in 12 */
	        switch(q0) {
	        case 1:
	    	   iq[jz-1] &= 0x7fffff; break;
	    	case 2:
	    	   iq[jz-1] &= 0x3fffff; break;
	        }
	    }
	    if(ih==2) {
		z = one - z;
		if(carry!=0) z -= scalbn(one,q0);
	    }
	}

    /* check if recomputation is needed */
	if(z==zero) {
	    j = 0;
	    for (i=jz-1;i>=jk;i--) j |= iq[i];
	    if(j==0) { /* need recomputation */
		for(k=1;iq[jk-k]==0;k++);   /* k = no. of terms needed */

		for(i=jz+1;i<=jz+k;i++) {   /* add q[jz+1] to q[jz+k] */
		    f[jx+i] = (double) ipio2[jv+i];
		    for(j=0,fw=0.0;j<=jx;j++) fw += x[j]*f[jx+i-j];
		    q[i] = fw;
		}
		jz += k;
		goto recompute;
	    }
	}

    /* chop off zero terms */
	if(z==0.0) {
	    jz -= 1; q0 -= 24;
	    while(iq[jz]==0) { jz--; q0-=24;}
	} else { /* break z into 24-bit if necessary */
	    z = scalbn(z,-q0);
	    if(z>=two24) {
		fw = (double)((int32_t)(twon24*z));
		iq[jz] = (int32_t)(z-two24*fw);
		jz += 1; q0 += 24;
		iq[jz] = (int32_t) fw;
	    } else iq[jz] = (int32_t) z ;
	}

    /* convert integer "bit" chunk to floating-point value */
	fw = scalbn(one,q0);
	for(i=jz;i>=0;i--) {
	    q[i] = fw*(double)iq[i]; fw*=twon24;
	}

    /* compute PIo2[0,...,jp]*q[jz,...,0] */
	for(i=jz;i>=0;i--) {
	    for(fw=0.0,k=0;k<=jp&&k<=jz-i;k++) fw += PIo2[k]*q[i+k];
	    fq[jz-i] = fw;
	}

    /* compress fq[] into y[] */
	switch(prec) {
	    case 0:
		fw = 0.0;
		for (i=jz;i>=0;i--) fw += fq[i];
		y[0] = (ih==0)? fw: -fw;
		break;
	    case 1:
	    case 2:
		fw = 0.0;
		for (i=jz;i>=0;i--) fw += fq[i];
		y[0] = (ih==0)? fw: -fw;
		fw = fq[0]-fw;
		for (i=1;i<=jz;i++) fw += fq[i];
		y[1] = (ih==0)? fw: -fw;
		break;
	    case 3:	/* painful */
		for (i=jz;i>0;i--) {
		    fw      = fq[i-1]+fq[i];
		    fq[i]  += fq[i-1]-fw;
		    fq[i-1] = fw;
		}
		for (i=jz;i>1;i--) {
		    fw      = fq[i-1]+fq[i];
		    fq[i]  += fq[i-1]-fw;
		    fq[i-1] = fw;
		}
		for (fw=0.0,i=jz;i>=2;i--) fw += fq[i];
		if(ih==0) {
		    y[0] =  fq[0]; y[1] =  fq[1]; y[2] =  fw;
		} else {
		    y[0] = -fq[0]; y[1] = -fq[1]; y[2] = -fw;
		}
	}
	return n&7;
}