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Revision 1.12, Mon Aug 20 16:01:38 2007 UTC (7 years, 4 months ago) by drochner
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pf42-baseX, yamt-pf42-base4, yamt-pf42-base3, yamt-pf42-base2, yamt-pf42-base, yamt-pf42, yamt-pagecache-tag8, yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, yamt-pagecache, wrstuden-revivesa-base-3, wrstuden-revivesa-base-2, wrstuden-revivesa-base-1, wrstuden-revivesa-base, wrstuden-revivesa, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-6-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, netbsd-5-base, netbsd-5-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-RC1, netbsd-5-2-3-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2, netbsd-5-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-RC4, netbsd-5-1-RC3, netbsd-5-1-RC2, netbsd-5-1-RC1, netbsd-5-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1, netbsd-5-0-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-RC4, netbsd-5-0-RC3, netbsd-5-0-RC2, netbsd-5-0-RC1, netbsd-5-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0, netbsd-5, mjf-devfs2-base, mjf-devfs2, matt-premerge-20091211, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-nb5-pq3-base, matt-nb5-pq3, matt-nb5-mips64-u2-k2-k4-k7-k8-k9, matt-nb5-mips64-u1-k1-k5, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20101231, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20091211, matt-nb5-mips64-k15, matt-nb5-mips64, matt-nb4-mips64-k7-u2a-k9b, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, matt-mips64-base2, matt-armv6-prevmlocking, matt-armv6-nbase, matt-armv6-base, matt-armv6, keiichi-mipv6-base, keiichi-mipv6, jym-xensuspend-nbase, jym-xensuspend-base, jym-xensuspend, hpcarm-cleanup-nbase, hpcarm-cleanup-base, cube-autoconf-base, cube-autoconf, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.11: +2 -1 lines

Add C99 complex support, for double and float.
Most complex function implementations are from the "c9x-complex" library,
originating from the "cephes" math library, see
http://www.netlib.org/cephes/, from Stephen L. Moshier, incorporated and
redistributed with the NetBSD license by permission of the author.

Error behaviour and other boundary conditions (branch cuts)
need to be looked at.

For namespace sanity, I've done the rename/weak alias procedure to
most of the exported functions which are also used internally.
Didn't do so for sin/cos(f) yet because assembler implementations use
them directly, and renaming functions shared between the main libm
and the machine specific "overlay" might raise binary compatibility
issues.

/* @(#)e_j0.c 5.1 93/09/24 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBM_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
__RCSID("$NetBSD: e_j0.c,v 1.12 2007/08/20 16:01:38 drochner Exp $");
#endif

/* __ieee754_j0(x), __ieee754_y0(x)
 * Bessel function of the first and second kinds of order zero.
 * Method -- j0(x):
 *	1. For tiny x, we use j0(x) = 1 - x^2/4 + x^4/64 - ...
 *	2. Reduce x to |x| since j0(x)=j0(-x),  and
 *	   for x in (0,2)
 *		j0(x) = 1-z/4+ z^2*R0/S0,  where z = x*x;
 *	   (precision:  |j0-1+z/4-z^2R0/S0 |<2**-63.67 )
 *	   for x in (2,inf)
 * 		j0(x) = sqrt(2/(pi*x))*(p0(x)*cos(x0)-q0(x)*sin(x0))
 * 	   where x0 = x-pi/4. It is better to compute sin(x0),cos(x0)
 *	   as follow:
 *		cos(x0) = cos(x)cos(pi/4)+sin(x)sin(pi/4)
 *			= 1/sqrt(2) * (cos(x) + sin(x))
 *		sin(x0) = sin(x)cos(pi/4)-cos(x)sin(pi/4)
 *			= 1/sqrt(2) * (sin(x) - cos(x))
 * 	   (To avoid cancellation, use
 *		sin(x) +- cos(x) = -cos(2x)/(sin(x) -+ cos(x))
 * 	    to compute the worse one.)
 *
 *	3 Special cases
 *		j0(nan)= nan
 *		j0(0) = 1
 *		j0(inf) = 0
 *
 * Method -- y0(x):
 *	1. For x<2.
 *	   Since
 *		y0(x) = 2/pi*(j0(x)*(ln(x/2)+Euler) + x^2/4 - ...)
 *	   therefore y0(x)-2/pi*j0(x)*ln(x) is an even function.
 *	   We use the following function to approximate y0,
 *		y0(x) = U(z)/V(z) + (2/pi)*(j0(x)*ln(x)), z= x^2
 *	   where
 *		U(z) = u00 + u01*z + ... + u06*z^6
 *		V(z) = 1  + v01*z + ... + v04*z^4
 *	   with absolute approximation error bounded by 2**-72.
 *	   Note: For tiny x, U/V = u0 and j0(x)~1, hence
 *		y0(tiny) = u0 + (2/pi)*ln(tiny), (choose tiny<2**-27)
 *	2. For x>=2.
 * 		y0(x) = sqrt(2/(pi*x))*(p0(x)*cos(x0)+q0(x)*sin(x0))
 * 	   where x0 = x-pi/4. It is better to compute sin(x0),cos(x0)
 *	   by the method mentioned above.
 *	3. Special cases: y0(0)=-inf, y0(x<0)=NaN, y0(inf)=0.
 */

#include "namespace.h"
#include "math.h"
#include "math_private.h"

static double pzero(double), qzero(double);

static const double
huge 	= 1e300,
one	= 1.0,
invsqrtpi=  5.64189583547756279280e-01, /* 0x3FE20DD7, 0x50429B6D */
tpi      =  6.36619772367581382433e-01, /* 0x3FE45F30, 0x6DC9C883 */
 		/* R0/S0 on [0, 2.00] */
R02  =  1.56249999999999947958e-02, /* 0x3F8FFFFF, 0xFFFFFFFD */
R03  = -1.89979294238854721751e-04, /* 0xBF28E6A5, 0xB61AC6E9 */
R04  =  1.82954049532700665670e-06, /* 0x3EBEB1D1, 0x0C503919 */
R05  = -4.61832688532103189199e-09, /* 0xBE33D5E7, 0x73D63FCE */
S01  =  1.56191029464890010492e-02, /* 0x3F8FFCE8, 0x82C8C2A4 */
S02  =  1.16926784663337450260e-04, /* 0x3F1EA6D2, 0xDD57DBF4 */
S03  =  5.13546550207318111446e-07, /* 0x3EA13B54, 0xCE84D5A9 */
S04  =  1.16614003333790000205e-09; /* 0x3E1408BC, 0xF4745D8F */

static const double zero = 0.0;

double
__ieee754_j0(double x)
{
	double z, s,c,ss,cc,r,u,v;
	int32_t hx,ix;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x);
	ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
	if(ix>=0x7ff00000) return one/(x*x);
	x = fabs(x);
	if(ix >= 0x40000000) {	/* |x| >= 2.0 */
		s = sin(x);
		c = cos(x);
		ss = s-c;
		cc = s+c;
		if(ix<0x7fe00000) {  /* make sure x+x not overflow */
		    z = -cos(x+x);
		    if ((s*c)<zero) cc = z/ss;
		    else 	    ss = z/cc;
		}
	/*
	 * j0(x) = 1/sqrt(pi) * (P(0,x)*cc - Q(0,x)*ss) / sqrt(x)
	 * y0(x) = 1/sqrt(pi) * (P(0,x)*ss + Q(0,x)*cc) / sqrt(x)
	 */
		if(ix>0x48000000) z = (invsqrtpi*cc)/sqrt(x);
		else {
		    u = pzero(x); v = qzero(x);
		    z = invsqrtpi*(u*cc-v*ss)/sqrt(x);
		}
		return z;
	}
	if(ix<0x3f200000) {	/* |x| < 2**-13 */
	    if(huge+x>one) {	/* raise inexact if x != 0 */
	        if(ix<0x3e400000) return one;	/* |x|<2**-27 */
	        else 	      return one - 0.25*x*x;
	    }
	}
	z = x*x;
	r =  z*(R02+z*(R03+z*(R04+z*R05)));
	s =  one+z*(S01+z*(S02+z*(S03+z*S04)));
	if(ix < 0x3FF00000) {	/* |x| < 1.00 */
	    return one + z*(-0.25+(r/s));
	} else {
	    u = 0.5*x;
	    return((one+u)*(one-u)+z*(r/s));
	}
}

static const double
u00  = -7.38042951086872317523e-02, /* 0xBFB2E4D6, 0x99CBD01F */
u01  =  1.76666452509181115538e-01, /* 0x3FC69D01, 0x9DE9E3FC */
u02  = -1.38185671945596898896e-02, /* 0xBF8C4CE8, 0xB16CFA97 */
u03  =  3.47453432093683650238e-04, /* 0x3F36C54D, 0x20B29B6B */
u04  = -3.81407053724364161125e-06, /* 0xBECFFEA7, 0x73D25CAD */
u05  =  1.95590137035022920206e-08, /* 0x3E550057, 0x3B4EABD4 */
u06  = -3.98205194132103398453e-11, /* 0xBDC5E43D, 0x693FB3C8 */
v01  =  1.27304834834123699328e-02, /* 0x3F8A1270, 0x91C9C71A */
v02  =  7.60068627350353253702e-05, /* 0x3F13ECBB, 0xF578C6C1 */
v03  =  2.59150851840457805467e-07, /* 0x3E91642D, 0x7FF202FD */
v04  =  4.41110311332675467403e-10; /* 0x3DFE5018, 0x3BD6D9EF */

double
__ieee754_y0(double x)
{
	double z, s,c,ss,cc,u,v;
	int32_t hx,ix,lx;

	EXTRACT_WORDS(hx,lx,x);
        ix = 0x7fffffff&hx;
    /* Y0(NaN) is NaN, y0(-inf) is Nan, y0(inf) is 0  */
	if(ix>=0x7ff00000) return  one/(x+x*x);
        if((ix|lx)==0) return -one/zero;
        if(hx<0) return zero/zero;
        if(ix >= 0x40000000) {  /* |x| >= 2.0 */
        /* y0(x) = sqrt(2/(pi*x))*(p0(x)*sin(x0)+q0(x)*cos(x0))
         * where x0 = x-pi/4
         *      Better formula:
         *              cos(x0) = cos(x)cos(pi/4)+sin(x)sin(pi/4)
         *                      =  1/sqrt(2) * (sin(x) + cos(x))
         *              sin(x0) = sin(x)cos(3pi/4)-cos(x)sin(3pi/4)
         *                      =  1/sqrt(2) * (sin(x) - cos(x))
         * To avoid cancellation, use
         *              sin(x) +- cos(x) = -cos(2x)/(sin(x) -+ cos(x))
         * to compute the worse one.
         */
                s = sin(x);
                c = cos(x);
                ss = s-c;
                cc = s+c;
	/*
	 * j0(x) = 1/sqrt(pi) * (P(0,x)*cc - Q(0,x)*ss) / sqrt(x)
	 * y0(x) = 1/sqrt(pi) * (P(0,x)*ss + Q(0,x)*cc) / sqrt(x)
	 */
                if(ix<0x7fe00000) {  /* make sure x+x not overflow */
                    z = -cos(x+x);
                    if ((s*c)<zero) cc = z/ss;
                    else            ss = z/cc;
                }
                if(ix>0x48000000) z = (invsqrtpi*ss)/sqrt(x);
                else {
                    u = pzero(x); v = qzero(x);
                    z = invsqrtpi*(u*ss+v*cc)/sqrt(x);
                }
                return z;
	}
	if(ix<=0x3e400000) {	/* x < 2**-27 */
	    return(u00 + tpi*__ieee754_log(x));
	}
	z = x*x;
	u = u00+z*(u01+z*(u02+z*(u03+z*(u04+z*(u05+z*u06)))));
	v = one+z*(v01+z*(v02+z*(v03+z*v04)));
	return(u/v + tpi*(__ieee754_j0(x)*__ieee754_log(x)));
}

/* The asymptotic expansions of pzero is
 *	1 - 9/128 s^2 + 11025/98304 s^4 - ...,	where s = 1/x.
 * For x >= 2, We approximate pzero by
 * 	pzero(x) = 1 + (R/S)
 * where  R = pR0 + pR1*s^2 + pR2*s^4 + ... + pR5*s^10
 * 	  S = 1 + pS0*s^2 + ... + pS4*s^10
 * and
 *	| pzero(x)-1-R/S | <= 2  ** ( -60.26)
 */
static const double pR8[6] = { /* for x in [inf, 8]=1/[0,0.125] */
  0.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x00000000, 0x00000000 */
 -7.03124999999900357484e-02, /* 0xBFB1FFFF, 0xFFFFFD32 */
 -8.08167041275349795626e+00, /* 0xC02029D0, 0xB44FA779 */
 -2.57063105679704847262e+02, /* 0xC0701102, 0x7B19E863 */
 -2.48521641009428822144e+03, /* 0xC0A36A6E, 0xCD4DCAFC */
 -5.25304380490729545272e+03, /* 0xC0B4850B, 0x36CC643D */
};
static const double pS8[5] = {
  1.16534364619668181717e+02, /* 0x405D2233, 0x07A96751 */
  3.83374475364121826715e+03, /* 0x40ADF37D, 0x50596938 */
  4.05978572648472545552e+04, /* 0x40E3D2BB, 0x6EB6B05F */
  1.16752972564375915681e+05, /* 0x40FC810F, 0x8F9FA9BD */
  4.76277284146730962675e+04, /* 0x40E74177, 0x4F2C49DC */
};

static const double pR5[6] = { /* for x in [8,4.5454]=1/[0.125,0.22001] */
 -1.14125464691894502584e-11, /* 0xBDA918B1, 0x47E495CC */
 -7.03124940873599280078e-02, /* 0xBFB1FFFF, 0xE69AFBC6 */
 -4.15961064470587782438e+00, /* 0xC010A370, 0xF90C6BBF */
 -6.76747652265167261021e+01, /* 0xC050EB2F, 0x5A7D1783 */
 -3.31231299649172967747e+02, /* 0xC074B3B3, 0x6742CC63 */
 -3.46433388365604912451e+02, /* 0xC075A6EF, 0x28A38BD7 */
};
static const double pS5[5] = {
  6.07539382692300335975e+01, /* 0x404E6081, 0x0C98C5DE */
  1.05125230595704579173e+03, /* 0x40906D02, 0x5C7E2864 */
  5.97897094333855784498e+03, /* 0x40B75AF8, 0x8FBE1D60 */
  9.62544514357774460223e+03, /* 0x40C2CCB8, 0xFA76FA38 */
  2.40605815922939109441e+03, /* 0x40A2CC1D, 0xC70BE864 */
};

static const double pR3[6] = {/* for x in [4.547,2.8571]=1/[0.2199,0.35001] */
 -2.54704601771951915620e-09, /* 0xBE25E103, 0x6FE1AA86 */
 -7.03119616381481654654e-02, /* 0xBFB1FFF6, 0xF7C0E24B */
 -2.40903221549529611423e+00, /* 0xC00345B2, 0xAEA48074 */
 -2.19659774734883086467e+01, /* 0xC035F74A, 0x4CB94E14 */
 -5.80791704701737572236e+01, /* 0xC04D0A22, 0x420A1A45 */
 -3.14479470594888503854e+01, /* 0xC03F72AC, 0xA892D80F */
};
static const double pS3[5] = {
  3.58560338055209726349e+01, /* 0x4041ED92, 0x84077DD3 */
  3.61513983050303863820e+02, /* 0x40769839, 0x464A7C0E */
  1.19360783792111533330e+03, /* 0x4092A66E, 0x6D1061D6 */
  1.12799679856907414432e+03, /* 0x40919FFC, 0xB8C39B7E */
  1.73580930813335754692e+02, /* 0x4065B296, 0xFC379081 */
};

static const double pR2[6] = {/* for x in [2.8570,2]=1/[0.3499,0.5] */
 -8.87534333032526411254e-08, /* 0xBE77D316, 0xE927026D */
 -7.03030995483624743247e-02, /* 0xBFB1FF62, 0x495E1E42 */
 -1.45073846780952986357e+00, /* 0xBFF73639, 0x8A24A843 */
 -7.63569613823527770791e+00, /* 0xC01E8AF3, 0xEDAFA7F3 */
 -1.11931668860356747786e+01, /* 0xC02662E6, 0xC5246303 */
 -3.23364579351335335033e+00, /* 0xC009DE81, 0xAF8FE70F */
};
static const double pS2[5] = {
  2.22202997532088808441e+01, /* 0x40363865, 0x908B5959 */
  1.36206794218215208048e+02, /* 0x4061069E, 0x0EE8878F */
  2.70470278658083486789e+02, /* 0x4070E786, 0x42EA079B */
  1.53875394208320329881e+02, /* 0x40633C03, 0x3AB6FAFF */
  1.46576176948256193810e+01, /* 0x402D50B3, 0x44391809 */
};

static double
pzero(double x)
{
	const double *p,*q;
	double z,r,s;
	int32_t ix;

	p = q = 0;
	GET_HIGH_WORD(ix,x);
	ix &= 0x7fffffff;
	if(ix>=0x40200000)     {p = pR8; q= pS8;}
	else if(ix>=0x40122E8B){p = pR5; q= pS5;}
	else if(ix>=0x4006DB6D){p = pR3; q= pS3;}
	else if(ix>=0x40000000){p = pR2; q= pS2;}
	z = one/(x*x);
	r = p[0]+z*(p[1]+z*(p[2]+z*(p[3]+z*(p[4]+z*p[5]))));
	s = one+z*(q[0]+z*(q[1]+z*(q[2]+z*(q[3]+z*q[4]))));
	return one+ r/s;
}


/* For x >= 8, the asymptotic expansions of qzero is
 *	-1/8 s + 75/1024 s^3 - ..., where s = 1/x.
 * We approximate pzero by
 * 	qzero(x) = s*(-1.25 + (R/S))
 * where  R = qR0 + qR1*s^2 + qR2*s^4 + ... + qR5*s^10
 * 	  S = 1 + qS0*s^2 + ... + qS5*s^12
 * and
 *	| qzero(x)/s +1.25-R/S | <= 2  ** ( -61.22)
 */
static const double qR8[6] = { /* for x in [inf, 8]=1/[0,0.125] */
  0.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x00000000, 0x00000000 */
  7.32421874999935051953e-02, /* 0x3FB2BFFF, 0xFFFFFE2C */
  1.17682064682252693899e+01, /* 0x40278952, 0x5BB334D6 */
  5.57673380256401856059e+02, /* 0x40816D63, 0x15301825 */
  8.85919720756468632317e+03, /* 0x40C14D99, 0x3E18F46D */
  3.70146267776887834771e+04, /* 0x40E212D4, 0x0E901566 */
};
static const double qS8[6] = {
  1.63776026895689824414e+02, /* 0x406478D5, 0x365B39BC */
  8.09834494656449805916e+03, /* 0x40BFA258, 0x4E6B0563 */
  1.42538291419120476348e+05, /* 0x41016652, 0x54D38C3F */
  8.03309257119514397345e+05, /* 0x412883DA, 0x83A52B43 */
  8.40501579819060512818e+05, /* 0x4129A66B, 0x28DE0B3D */
 -3.43899293537866615225e+05, /* 0xC114FD6D, 0x2C9530C5 */
};

static const double qR5[6] = { /* for x in [8,4.5454]=1/[0.125,0.22001] */
  1.84085963594515531381e-11, /* 0x3DB43D8F, 0x29CC8CD9 */
  7.32421766612684765896e-02, /* 0x3FB2BFFF, 0xD172B04C */
  5.83563508962056953777e+00, /* 0x401757B0, 0xB9953DD3 */
  1.35111577286449829671e+02, /* 0x4060E392, 0x0A8788E9 */
  1.02724376596164097464e+03, /* 0x40900CF9, 0x9DC8C481 */
  1.98997785864605384631e+03, /* 0x409F17E9, 0x53C6E3A6 */
};
static const double qS5[6] = {
  8.27766102236537761883e+01, /* 0x4054B1B3, 0xFB5E1543 */
  2.07781416421392987104e+03, /* 0x40A03BA0, 0xDA21C0CE */
  1.88472887785718085070e+04, /* 0x40D267D2, 0x7B591E6D */
  5.67511122894947329769e+04, /* 0x40EBB5E3, 0x97E02372 */
  3.59767538425114471465e+04, /* 0x40E19118, 0x1F7A54A0 */
 -5.35434275601944773371e+03, /* 0xC0B4EA57, 0xBEDBC609 */
};

static const double qR3[6] = {/* for x in [4.547,2.8571]=1/[0.2199,0.35001] */
  4.37741014089738620906e-09, /* 0x3E32CD03, 0x6ADECB82 */
  7.32411180042911447163e-02, /* 0x3FB2BFEE, 0x0E8D0842 */
  3.34423137516170720929e+00, /* 0x400AC0FC, 0x61149CF5 */
  4.26218440745412650017e+01, /* 0x40454F98, 0x962DAEDD */
  1.70808091340565596283e+02, /* 0x406559DB, 0xE25EFD1F */
  1.66733948696651168575e+02, /* 0x4064D77C, 0x81FA21E0 */
};
static const double qS3[6] = {
  4.87588729724587182091e+01, /* 0x40486122, 0xBFE343A6 */
  7.09689221056606015736e+02, /* 0x40862D83, 0x86544EB3 */
  3.70414822620111362994e+03, /* 0x40ACF04B, 0xE44DFC63 */
  6.46042516752568917582e+03, /* 0x40B93C6C, 0xD7C76A28 */
  2.51633368920368957333e+03, /* 0x40A3A8AA, 0xD94FB1C0 */
 -1.49247451836156386662e+02, /* 0xC062A7EB, 0x201CF40F */
};

static const double qR2[6] = {/* for x in [2.8570,2]=1/[0.3499,0.5] */
  1.50444444886983272379e-07, /* 0x3E84313B, 0x54F76BDB */
  7.32234265963079278272e-02, /* 0x3FB2BEC5, 0x3E883E34 */
  1.99819174093815998816e+00, /* 0x3FFFF897, 0xE727779C */
  1.44956029347885735348e+01, /* 0x402CFDBF, 0xAAF96FE5 */
  3.16662317504781540833e+01, /* 0x403FAA8E, 0x29FBDC4A */
  1.62527075710929267416e+01, /* 0x403040B1, 0x71814BB4 */
};
static const double qS2[6] = {
  3.03655848355219184498e+01, /* 0x403E5D96, 0xF7C07AED */
  2.69348118608049844624e+02, /* 0x4070D591, 0xE4D14B40 */
  8.44783757595320139444e+02, /* 0x408A6645, 0x22B3BF22 */
  8.82935845112488550512e+02, /* 0x408B977C, 0x9C5CC214 */
  2.12666388511798828631e+02, /* 0x406A9553, 0x0E001365 */
 -5.31095493882666946917e+00, /* 0xC0153E6A, 0xF8B32931 */
};

static double
qzero(double x)
{
	const double *p,*q;
	double s,r,z;
	int32_t ix;

	p = q = 0;
	GET_HIGH_WORD(ix,x);
	ix &= 0x7fffffff;
	if(ix>=0x40200000)     {p = qR8; q= qS8;}
	else if(ix>=0x40122E8B){p = qR5; q= qS5;}
	else if(ix>=0x4006DB6D){p = qR3; q= qS3;}
	else if(ix>=0x40000000){p = qR2; q= qS2;}
	z = one/(x*x);
	r = p[0]+z*(p[1]+z*(p[2]+z*(p[3]+z*(p[4]+z*p[5]))));
	s = one+z*(q[0]+z*(q[1]+z*(q[2]+z*(q[3]+z*(q[4]+z*q[5])))));
	return (-.125 + r/s)/x;
}