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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / stdlib / qsort.c (download)

Revision 1.23, Fri May 19 19:48:19 2017 UTC (4 months ago) by christos
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: perseant-stdc-iso10646-base, perseant-stdc-iso10646, netbsd-8-base, netbsd-8, HEAD
Changes since 1.22: +26 -12 lines

The BSD qsort() performs tail recursion elimination on the second
side of the array being partitioned to save on stack space.  Greater
savings can be gained by choosing recursion for the smaller side
of the partition and eliminating recursion for the larger side.
This also results in a small but measurable performance gain.
(From OpenBSD)

/*	$NetBSD: qsort.c,v 1.23 2017/05/19 19:48:19 christos Exp $	*/
/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1992, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)qsort.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: qsort.c,v 1.23 2017/05/19 19:48:19 christos Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

static inline char	*med3(char *, char *, char *,
    int (*)(const void *, const void *));
static inline void	 swapfunc(char *, char *, size_t, int);

#define min(a, b)	(a) < (b) ? a : b

/*
 * Qsort routine from Bentley & McIlroy's "Engineering a Sort Function".
 */
#define swapcode(TYPE, parmi, parmj, n) { 		\
	size_t i = (n) / sizeof (TYPE); 		\
	TYPE *pi = (TYPE *)(void *)(parmi); 		\
	TYPE *pj = (TYPE *)(void *)(parmj); 		\
	do { 						\
		TYPE	t = *pi;			\
		*pi++ = *pj;				\
		*pj++ = t;				\
        } while (--i > 0);				\
}

#define SWAPINIT(a, es) swaptype = ((char *)a - (char *)0) % sizeof(long) || \
	es % sizeof(long) ? 2 : es == sizeof(long)? 0 : 1;

static inline void
swapfunc(char *a, char *b, size_t n, int swaptype)
{

	if (swaptype <= 1) 
		swapcode(long, a, b, n)
	else
		swapcode(char, a, b, n)
}

#define swap(a, b)						\
	if (swaptype == 0) {					\
		long t = *(long *)(void *)(a);			\
		*(long *)(void *)(a) = *(long *)(void *)(b);	\
		*(long *)(void *)(b) = t;			\
	} else							\
		swapfunc(a, b, es, swaptype)

#define vecswap(a, b, n) if ((n) > 0) swapfunc((a), (b), (size_t)(n), swaptype)

static inline char *
med3(char *a, char *b, char *c,
    int (*cmp)(const void *, const void *))
{

	return cmp(a, b) < 0 ?
	       (cmp(b, c) < 0 ? b : (cmp(a, c) < 0 ? c : a ))
              :(cmp(b, c) > 0 ? b : (cmp(a, c) < 0 ? a : c ));
}

void
qsort(void *a, size_t n, size_t es,
    int (*cmp)(const void *, const void *))
{
	char *pa, *pb, *pc, *pd, *pl, *pm, *pn;
	size_t d, r, s;
	int swaptype, cmp_result;

	_DIAGASSERT(a != NULL || n == 0 || es == 0);
	_DIAGASSERT(cmp != NULL);

loop:	SWAPINIT(a, es);
	if (n < 7) {
		for (pm = (char *) a + es; pm < (char *) a + n * es; pm += es)
			for (pl = pm; pl > (char *) a && cmp(pl - es, pl) > 0;
			     pl -= es)
				swap(pl, pl - es);
		return;
	}
	pm = (char *) a + (n / 2) * es;
	if (n > 7) {
		pl = (char *) a;
		pn = (char *) a + (n - 1) * es;
		if (n > 40) {
			d = (n / 8) * es;
			pl = med3(pl, pl + d, pl + 2 * d, cmp);
			pm = med3(pm - d, pm, pm + d, cmp);
			pn = med3(pn - 2 * d, pn - d, pn, cmp);
		}
		pm = med3(pl, pm, pn, cmp);
	}
	swap(a, pm);
	pa = pb = (char *) a + es;

	pc = pd = (char *) a + (n - 1) * es;
	for (;;) {
		while (pb <= pc && (cmp_result = cmp(pb, a)) <= 0) {
			if (cmp_result == 0) {
				swap(pa, pb);
				pa += es;
			}
			pb += es;
		}
		while (pb <= pc && (cmp_result = cmp(pc, a)) >= 0) {
			if (cmp_result == 0) {
				swap(pc, pd);
				pd -= es;
			}
			pc -= es;
		}
		if (pb > pc)
			break;
		swap(pb, pc);
		pb += es;
		pc -= es;
	}

	pn = (char *) a + n * es;
	r = min(pa - (char *) a, pb - pa);
	vecswap(a, pb - r, r);
	r = min((size_t)(pd - pc), pn - pd - es);
	vecswap(pb, pn - r, r);
	/*
	 * To save stack space we sort the smaller side of the partition first
	 * using recursion and eliminate tail recursion for the larger side.
	 */
	r = pb - pa;
	s = pd - pc;
	if (r < s) {
		/* Recurse for 1st side, iterate for 2nd side. */
		if (s > es) {
			if (r > es)
				qsort(a, r / es, es, cmp);
			a = pn - s;
			n = s / es;
			goto loop;
		}
	} else {
		/* Recurse for 2nd side, iterate for 1st side. */
		if (r > es) {
			if (s > es)
				qsort(pn - s, s / es, es, cmp);
			n = r / es;
			goto loop;
		}
	}
}