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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / resolv / res_init.c (download)

Revision 1.30, Tue Feb 24 17:56:20 2015 UTC (5 years, 9 months ago) by christos
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20170320, pgoyette-localcount-20170107, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, localcount-20160914, bouyer-socketcan-base
Branch point for: pgoyette-localcount, bouyer-socketcan
Changes since 1.29: +3 -7 lines

belated removal of the advertising clause.

/*	$NetBSD: res_init.c,v 1.30 2015/02/24 17:56:20 christos Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1985, 1989, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1993 by Digital Equipment Corporation.
 * 
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies, and that
 * the name of Digital Equipment Corporation not be used in advertising or
 * publicity pertaining to distribution of the document or software without
 * specific, written prior permission.
 * 
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORP. DISCLAIMS ALL
 * WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.   IN NO EVENT SHALL DIGITAL EQUIPMENT
 * CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR
 * PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS
 * ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004 by Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-1999 by Internet Software Consortium.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
 * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
 * OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
#ifdef notdef
static const char sccsid[] = "@(#)res_init.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/7/93";
static const char rcsid[] = "Id: res_init.c,v 1.26 2008/12/11 09:59:00 marka Exp";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: res_init.c,v 1.30 2015/02/24 17:56:20 christos Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include "port_before.h"

#include "namespace.h"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/event.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <arpa/nameser.h>

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <netdb.h>

#define HAVE_MD5
#include <md5.h>

#ifndef HAVE_MD5
# include "../dst/md5.h"
#else
# ifdef SOLARIS2
#  include <sys/md5.h>
# endif
#endif
#ifndef _MD5_H_
# define _MD5_H_ 1	/*%< make sure we do not include rsaref md5.h file */
#endif

#include "port_after.h"

#if 0
#ifdef __weak_alias
__weak_alias(res_ninit,_res_ninit)
__weak_alias(res_randomid,__res_randomid)
__weak_alias(res_nclose,_res_nclose)
__weak_alias(res_ndestroy,_res_ndestroy)
__weak_alias(res_get_nibblesuffix,__res_get_nibblesuffix)
__weak_alias(res_get_nibblesuffix2,__res_get_nibblesuffix2)
__weak_alias(res_getservers,__res_getservers)
__weak_alias(res_setservers,__res_setservers)
#endif
#endif


/* ensure that sockaddr_in6 and IN6ADDR_ANY_INIT are declared / defined */
#include <resolv.h>

#include "res_private.h"

#define RESOLVSORT
/*% Options.  Should all be left alone. */
#ifndef DEBUG
#define DEBUG
#endif

#ifdef SOLARIS2
#include <sys/systeminfo.h>
#endif

static void res_setoptions(res_state, const char *, const char *);

#ifdef RESOLVSORT
static const char sort_mask[] = "/&";
#define ISSORTMASK(ch) (strchr(sort_mask, ch) != NULL)
static uint32_t net_mask(struct in_addr);
#endif

#if !defined(isascii)	/*%< XXX - could be a function */
# define isascii(c) (!(c & 0200))
#endif

static struct timespec __res_conf_time;
static const struct timespec ts = { 0, 0 };

const char *__res_conf_name = _PATH_RESCONF;

/*
 * Resolver state default settings.
 */

/*%
 * Set up default settings.  If the configuration file exist, the values
 * there will have precedence.  Otherwise, the server address is set to
 * INADDR_ANY and the default domain name comes from the gethostname().
 *
 * An interrim version of this code (BIND 4.9, pre-4.4BSD) used 127.0.0.1
 * rather than INADDR_ANY ("0.0.0.0") as the default name server address
 * since it was noted that INADDR_ANY actually meant ``the first interface
 * you "ifconfig"'d at boot time'' and if this was a SLIP or PPP interface,
 * it had to be "up" in order for you to reach your own name server.  It
 * was later decided that since the recommended practice is to always 
 * install local static routes through 127.0.0.1 for all your network
 * interfaces, that we could solve this problem without a code change.
 *
 * The configuration file should always be used, since it is the only way
 * to specify a default domain.  If you are running a server on your local
 * machine, you should say "nameserver 0.0.0.0" or "nameserver 127.0.0.1"
 * in the configuration file.
 *
 * Return 0 if completes successfully, -1 on error
 */
int
res_ninit(res_state statp) {
	return (__res_vinit(statp, 0));
}

/*% This function has to be reachable by res_data.c but not publically. */
int
__res_vinit(res_state statp, int preinit) {
	register FILE *fp;
	register char *cp, **pp;
	register int n;
	char buf[BUFSIZ];
	int nserv = 0;    /*%< number of nameserver records read from file */
	int haveenv = 0;
	int havesearch = 0;
#ifdef RESOLVSORT
	int nsort = 0;
	char *net;
#endif
	int dots;
	union res_sockaddr_union u[2];
	int maxns = MAXNS;

	RES_SET_H_ERRNO(statp, 0);

	if ((statp->options & RES_INIT) != 0U)
		res_ndestroy(statp);

	if (!preinit) {
		statp->retrans = RES_TIMEOUT;
		statp->retry = RES_DFLRETRY;
		statp->options = RES_DEFAULT;
	}
	statp->_rnd = malloc(16);
	res_rndinit(statp);
	statp->id = res_nrandomid(statp);

	memset(u, 0, sizeof(u));
#ifdef USELOOPBACK
	u[nserv].sin.sin_addr = inet_makeaddr(IN_LOOPBACKNET, 1);
#else
	u[nserv].sin.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
#endif
	u[nserv].sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
	u[nserv].sin.sin_port = htons(NAMESERVER_PORT);
#ifdef HAVE_SA_LEN
	u[nserv].sin.sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
#endif
	nserv++;
#ifdef HAS_INET6_STRUCTS
#ifdef USELOOPBACK
	u[nserv].sin6.sin6_addr = in6addr_loopback;
#else
	u[nserv].sin6.sin6_addr = in6addr_any;
#endif
	u[nserv].sin6.sin6_family = AF_INET6;
	u[nserv].sin6.sin6_port = htons(NAMESERVER_PORT);
#ifdef HAVE_SA_LEN
	u[nserv].sin6.sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
#endif
	nserv++;
#endif
	statp->nscount = 0;
	statp->ndots = 1;
	statp->pfcode = 0;
	statp->_vcsock = -1;
	statp->_flags = 0;
	statp->qhook = NULL;
	statp->rhook = NULL;
	statp->_u._ext.nscount = 0;
	statp->_u._ext.ext = malloc(sizeof(*statp->_u._ext.ext));
	if (statp->_u._ext.ext != NULL) {
	        memset(statp->_u._ext.ext, 0, sizeof(*statp->_u._ext.ext));
		statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[0].sin = statp->nsaddr;
		strcpy(statp->_u._ext.ext->nsuffix, "ip6.arpa");
		strcpy(statp->_u._ext.ext->nsuffix2, "ip6.int");
	} else {
		/*
		 * Historically res_init() rarely, if at all, failed.
		 * Examples and applications exist which do not check
		 * our return code.  Furthermore several applications
		 * simply call us to get the systems domainname.  So
		 * rather than immediately fail here we store the
		 * failure, which is returned later, in h_errno.  And
		 * prevent the collection of 'nameserver' information
		 * by setting maxns to 0.  Thus applications that fail
		 * to check our return code wont be able to make
		 * queries anyhow.
		 */
		RES_SET_H_ERRNO(statp, NETDB_INTERNAL);
		maxns = 0;
	}
#ifdef RESOLVSORT
	statp->nsort = 0;
#endif
	res_setservers(statp, u, nserv);

#ifdef	SOLARIS2
	/*
	 * The old libresolv derived the defaultdomain from NIS/NIS+.
	 * We want to keep this behaviour
	 */
	{
		char buf[sizeof(statp->defdname)], *cp;
		int ret;

		if ((ret = sysinfo(SI_SRPC_DOMAIN, buf, sizeof(buf))) > 0 &&
			(unsigned int)ret <= sizeof(buf)) {
			if (buf[0] == '+')
				buf[0] = '.';
			cp = strchr(buf, '.');
			cp = (cp == NULL) ? buf : (cp + 1);
			(void)strlcpy(statp->defdname, cp,
			    sizeof(statp->defdname));
		}
	}
#endif	/* SOLARIS2 */

	/* Allow user to override the local domain definition */
	if ((cp = getenv("LOCALDOMAIN")) != NULL) {
		(void)strncpy(statp->defdname, cp, sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1);
		statp->defdname[sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1] = '\0';
		haveenv++;

		/*
		 * Set search list to be blank-separated strings
		 * from rest of env value.  Permits users of LOCALDOMAIN
		 * to still have a search list, and anyone to set the
		 * one that they want to use as an individual (even more
		 * important now that the rfc1535 stuff restricts searches)
		 */
		cp = statp->defdname;
		pp = statp->dnsrch;
		*pp++ = cp;
		for (n = 0; *cp && pp < statp->dnsrch + MAXDNSRCH; cp++) {
			if (*cp == '\n')	/*%< silly backwards compat */
				break;
			else if (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t') {
				*cp = 0;
				n = 1;
			} else if (n) {
				*pp++ = cp;
				n = 0;
				havesearch = 1;
			}
		}
		/* null terminate last domain if there are excess */
		while (*cp != '\0' && *cp != ' ' && *cp != '\t' && *cp != '\n')
			cp++;
		*cp = '\0';
		*pp++ = 0;
	}

#define	MATCH(line, name) \
	(!strncmp(line, name, sizeof(name) - 1) && \
	(line[sizeof(name) - 1] == ' ' || \
	 line[sizeof(name) - 1] == '\t'))

	nserv = 0;
	if ((fp = fopen(__res_conf_name, "re")) != NULL) {
	    struct stat st;
	    struct kevent kc;

	    /* read the config file */
	    while (fgets(buf, (int)sizeof(buf), fp) != NULL) {
		/* skip comments */
		if (*buf == ';' || *buf == '#')
			continue;
		/* read default domain name */
		if (MATCH(buf, "domain")) {
		    if (haveenv)	/*%< skip if have from environ */
			    continue;
		    cp = buf + sizeof("domain") - 1;
		    while (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t')
			    cp++;
		    if ((*cp == '\0') || (*cp == '\n'))
			    continue;
		    strncpy(statp->defdname, cp, sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1);
		    statp->defdname[sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1] = '\0';
		    if ((cp = strpbrk(statp->defdname, " \t\n")) != NULL)
			    *cp = '\0';
		    havesearch = 0;
		    continue;
		}
		/* set search list */
		if (MATCH(buf, "search")) {
		    if (haveenv)	/*%< skip if have from environ */
			    continue;
		    cp = buf + sizeof("search") - 1;
		    while (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t')
			    cp++;
		    if ((*cp == '\0') || (*cp == '\n'))
			    continue;
		    strncpy(statp->defdname, cp, sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1);
		    statp->defdname[sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1] = '\0';
		    if ((cp = strchr(statp->defdname, '\n')) != NULL)
			    *cp = '\0';
		    /*
		     * Set search list to be blank-separated strings
		     * on rest of line.
		     */
		    cp = statp->defdname;
		    pp = statp->dnsrch;
		    *pp++ = cp;
		    for (n = 0; *cp && pp < statp->dnsrch + MAXDNSRCH; cp++) {
			    if (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t') {
				    *cp = 0;
				    n = 1;
			    } else if (n) {
				    *pp++ = cp;
				    n = 0;
			    }
		    }
		    /* null terminate last domain if there are excess */
		    while (*cp != '\0' && *cp != ' ' && *cp != '\t')
			    cp++;
		    *cp = '\0';
		    *pp++ = 0;
		    havesearch = 1;
		    continue;
		}
		/* read nameservers to query */
		if (MATCH(buf, "nameserver") && nserv < maxns) {
		    struct addrinfo hints, *ai;
		    char sbuf[NI_MAXSERV];
		    const size_t minsiz =
		        sizeof(statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[0]);

		    cp = buf + sizeof("nameserver") - 1;
		    while (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t')
			cp++;
		    cp[strcspn(cp, ";# \t\n")] = '\0';
		    if ((*cp != '\0') && (*cp != '\n')) {
			memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(hints));
			hints.ai_family = PF_UNSPEC;
			hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM;	/*dummy*/
			hints.ai_flags = AI_NUMERICHOST;
			sprintf(sbuf, "%u", NAMESERVER_PORT);
			if (getaddrinfo(cp, sbuf, &hints, &ai) == 0 &&
			    ai->ai_addrlen <= minsiz) {
			    if (statp->_u._ext.ext != NULL) {
				memcpy(&statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[nserv],
				    ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen);
			    }
			    if (ai->ai_addrlen <=
			        sizeof(statp->nsaddr_list[nserv])) {
				memcpy(&statp->nsaddr_list[nserv],
				    ai->ai_addr, ai->ai_addrlen);
			    } else
				statp->nsaddr_list[nserv].sin_family = 0;
			    freeaddrinfo(ai);
			    nserv++;
			}
		    }
		    continue;
		}
#ifdef RESOLVSORT
		if (MATCH(buf, "sortlist")) {
		    struct in_addr a;

		    cp = buf + sizeof("sortlist") - 1;
		    while (nsort < MAXRESOLVSORT) {
			while (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t')
			    cp++;
			if (*cp == '\0' || *cp == '\n' || *cp == ';')
			    break;
			net = cp;
			while (*cp && !ISSORTMASK(*cp) && *cp != ';' &&
			       isascii(*cp) && !isspace((unsigned char)*cp))
				cp++;
			n = *cp;
			*cp = 0;
			if (inet_aton(net, &a)) {
			    statp->sort_list[nsort].addr = a;
			    if (ISSORTMASK(n)) {
				*cp++ = n;
				net = cp;
				while (*cp && *cp != ';' &&
					isascii(*cp) &&
					!isspace((unsigned char)*cp))
				    cp++;
				n = *cp;
				*cp = 0;
				if (inet_aton(net, &a)) {
				    statp->sort_list[nsort].mask = a.s_addr;
				} else {
				    statp->sort_list[nsort].mask = 
					net_mask(statp->sort_list[nsort].addr);
				}
			    } else {
				statp->sort_list[nsort].mask = 
				    net_mask(statp->sort_list[nsort].addr);
			    }
			    nsort++;
			}
			*cp = n;
		    }
		    continue;
		}
#endif
		if (MATCH(buf, "options")) {
		    res_setoptions(statp, buf + sizeof("options") - 1, "conf");
		    continue;
		}
	    }
	    if (nserv > 0) 
		statp->nscount = nserv;
#ifdef RESOLVSORT
	    statp->nsort = nsort;
#endif
	    statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd = fcntl(fileno(fp), F_DUPFD_CLOEXEC);
	    (void) fclose(fp);
	    if (fstat(statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd, &st) != -1)
		    __res_conf_time = statp->_u._ext.ext->res_conf_time =
			st.st_mtimespec;
	    statp->_u._ext.ext->kq = kqueue1(O_CLOEXEC);
	    EV_SET(&kc, statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd, EVFILT_VNODE,
		EV_ADD|EV_ENABLE|EV_CLEAR, NOTE_DELETE|NOTE_WRITE| NOTE_EXTEND|
		NOTE_ATTRIB|NOTE_LINK|NOTE_RENAME|NOTE_REVOKE, 0, 0);
	    (void)kevent(statp->_u._ext.ext->kq, &kc, 1, NULL, 0, &ts);
	} else {
	    statp->_u._ext.ext->kq = -1;
	    statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd = -1;
	}
/*
 * Last chance to get a nameserver.  This should not normally
 * be necessary
 */
#ifdef NO_RESOLV_CONF
	if(nserv == 0)
		nserv = get_nameservers(statp);
#endif

	if (statp->defdname[0] == 0 &&
	    gethostname(buf, sizeof(statp->defdname) - 1) == 0 &&
	    (cp = strchr(buf, '.')) != NULL)
		strcpy(statp->defdname, cp + 1);

	/* find components of local domain that might be searched */
	if (havesearch == 0) {
		pp = statp->dnsrch;
		*pp++ = statp->defdname;
		*pp = NULL;

		dots = 0;
		for (cp = statp->defdname; *cp; cp++)
			dots += (*cp == '.');

		cp = statp->defdname;
		while (pp < statp->dnsrch + MAXDFLSRCH) {
			if (dots < LOCALDOMAINPARTS)
				break;
			cp = strchr(cp, '.') + 1;    /*%< we know there is one */
			*pp++ = cp;
			dots--;
		}
		*pp = NULL;
#ifdef DEBUG
		if (statp->options & RES_DEBUG) {
			printf(";; res_init()... default dnsrch list:\n");
			for (pp = statp->dnsrch; *pp; pp++)
				printf(";;\t%s\n", *pp);
			printf(";;\t..END..\n");
		}
#endif
	}

	if ((cp = getenv("RES_OPTIONS")) != NULL)
		res_setoptions(statp, cp, "env");
	statp->options |= RES_INIT;
	return (statp->res_h_errno);
}

int
res_check(res_state statp, struct timespec *mtime)
{
	/*
	 * If the times are equal, then we check if there
	 * was a kevent related to resolv.conf and reload.
	 * If the times are not equal, then we don't bother
	 * to check the kevent, because another thread already
	 * did, loaded and changed the time.
	 */
	if (timespeccmp(&statp->_u._ext.ext->res_conf_time,
	    &__res_conf_time, ==)) {
		struct kevent ke;
		if (statp->_u._ext.ext->kq == -1)
			goto out;

		switch (kevent(statp->_u._ext.ext->kq, NULL, 0, &ke, 1, &ts)) {
		case 0:
		case -1:
out:
			if (mtime)
				*mtime = __res_conf_time;
			return 0;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}
	(void)__res_vinit(statp, 0);
	if (mtime)
		*mtime = __res_conf_time;
	return 1;
}

static void
res_setoptions(res_state statp, const char *options, const char *source)
{
	const char *cp = options;
	int i;
	size_t j;
	struct __res_state_ext *ext = statp->_u._ext.ext;

#ifdef DEBUG
	if (statp->options & RES_DEBUG)
		printf(";; res_setoptions(\"%s\", \"%s\")...\n",
		       options, source);
#endif
	while (*cp) {
		/* skip leading and inner runs of spaces */
		while (*cp == ' ' || *cp == '\t')
			cp++;
		/* search for and process individual options */
		if (!strncmp(cp, "ndots:", sizeof("ndots:") - 1)) {
			i = atoi(cp + sizeof("ndots:") - 1);
			if (i <= RES_MAXNDOTS)
				statp->ndots = i;
			else
				statp->ndots = RES_MAXNDOTS;
#ifdef DEBUG
			if (statp->options & RES_DEBUG)
				printf(";;\tndots=%d\n", statp->ndots);
#endif
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "timeout:", sizeof("timeout:") - 1)) {
			i = atoi(cp + sizeof("timeout:") - 1);
			if (i <= RES_MAXRETRANS)
				statp->retrans = i;
			else
				statp->retrans = RES_MAXRETRANS;
#ifdef DEBUG
			if (statp->options & RES_DEBUG)
				printf(";;\ttimeout=%d\n", statp->retrans);
#endif
#ifdef	SOLARIS2
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "retrans:", sizeof("retrans:") - 1)) {
			/*
		 	 * For backward compatibility, 'retrans' is
		 	 * supported as an alias for 'timeout', though
		 	 * without an imposed maximum.
		 	 */
			statp->retrans = atoi(cp + sizeof("retrans:") - 1);
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "retry:", sizeof("retry:") - 1)){
			/*
			 * For backward compatibility, 'retry' is
			 * supported as an alias for 'attempts', though
			 * without an imposed maximum.
			 */
			statp->retry = atoi(cp + sizeof("retry:") - 1);
#endif	/* SOLARIS2 */
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "attempts:", sizeof("attempts:") - 1)){
			i = atoi(cp + sizeof("attempts:") - 1);
			if (i <= RES_MAXRETRY)
				statp->retry = i;
			else
				statp->retry = RES_MAXRETRY;
#ifdef DEBUG
			if (statp->options & RES_DEBUG)
				printf(";;\tattempts=%d\n", statp->retry);
#endif
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "debug", sizeof("debug") - 1)) {
#ifdef DEBUG
			if (!(statp->options & RES_DEBUG)) {
				printf(";; res_setoptions(\"%s\", \"%s\")..\n",
				       options, source);
				statp->options |= RES_DEBUG;
			}
			printf(";;\tdebug\n");
#endif
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "no_tld_query",
				    sizeof("no_tld_query") - 1) ||
			   !strncmp(cp, "no-tld-query",
				    sizeof("no-tld-query") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_NOTLDQUERY;
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "inet6", sizeof("inet6") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_USE_INET6;
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "rotate", sizeof("rotate") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_ROTATE;
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "no-check-names",
				    sizeof("no-check-names") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_NOCHECKNAME;
		} else if (!strncmp(cp, "check-names",
				    sizeof("check-names") - 1)) {
			statp->options &= ~RES_NOCHECKNAME;
		}
#ifdef RES_USE_EDNS0
		else if (!strncmp(cp, "edns0", sizeof("edns0") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_USE_EDNS0;
		}
#endif
		else if (!strncmp(cp, "dname", sizeof("dname") - 1)) {
			statp->options |= RES_USE_DNAME;
		}
		else if (!strncmp(cp, "nibble:", sizeof("nibble:") - 1)) {
			if (ext == NULL)
				goto skip;
			cp += sizeof("nibble:") - 1;
			j = MIN(strcspn(cp, " \t"), sizeof(ext->nsuffix) - 1);
			strncpy(ext->nsuffix, cp, j);
			ext->nsuffix[j] = '\0';
		}
		else if (!strncmp(cp, "nibble2:", sizeof("nibble2:") - 1)) {
			if (ext == NULL)
				goto skip;
			cp += sizeof("nibble2:") - 1;
			j = MIN(strcspn(cp, " \t"), sizeof(ext->nsuffix2) - 1);
			strncpy(ext->nsuffix2, cp, j);
			ext->nsuffix2[j] = '\0';
		}
		else if (!strncmp(cp, "v6revmode:", sizeof("v6revmode:") - 1)) {
			cp += sizeof("v6revmode:") - 1;
			/* "nibble" and "bitstring" used to be valid */
			if (!strncmp(cp, "single", sizeof("single") - 1)) {
				statp->options |= RES_NO_NIBBLE2;
			} else if (!strncmp(cp, "both", sizeof("both") - 1)) {
				statp->options &=
					 ~RES_NO_NIBBLE2;
			}
		}
		else {
			/* XXX - print a warning here? */
		}
   skip:
		/* skip to next run of spaces */
		while (*cp && *cp != ' ' && *cp != '\t')
			cp++;
	}
}

#ifdef RESOLVSORT
/* XXX - should really support CIDR which means explicit masks always. */
static uint32_t
net_mask(struct in_addr in) /*!< XXX - should really use system's version of this  */
{
	register uint32_t i = ntohl(in.s_addr);

	if (IN_CLASSA(i))
		return (htonl(IN_CLASSA_NET));
	else if (IN_CLASSB(i))
		return (htonl(IN_CLASSB_NET));
	return (htonl(IN_CLASSC_NET));
}
#endif

static u_char srnd[16];

void
res_rndinit(res_state statp)
{
	struct timeval now;
	uint32_t u32;
	uint16_t u16;
	u_char *rnd = statp->_rnd == NULL ? srnd : statp->_rnd;

	gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
	u32 = (uint32_t)now.tv_sec;
	memcpy(rnd, &u32, 4);
	u32 = now.tv_usec;
	memcpy(rnd + 4, &u32, 4);
	u32 += (uint32_t)now.tv_sec;
	memcpy(rnd + 8, &u32, 4);
	u16 = getpid();
	memcpy(rnd + 12, &u16, 2);
}

u_int
res_nrandomid(res_state statp)
{
	struct timeval now;
	uint16_t u16;
	MD5_CTX ctx;
	u_char *rnd = statp->_rnd == NULL ? srnd : statp->_rnd;

	gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
	u16 = (uint16_t) (now.tv_sec ^ now.tv_usec);
	memcpy(rnd + 14, &u16, 2);
#ifndef HAVE_MD5
	MD5_Init(&ctx);
	MD5_Update(&ctx, rnd, 16);
	MD5_Final(rnd, &ctx);
#else
	MD5Init(&ctx);
	MD5Update(&ctx, rnd, 16);
	MD5Final(rnd, &ctx);
#endif
	memcpy(&u16, rnd + 14, 2);
	return ((u_int) u16);
}

/*%
 * This routine is for closing the socket if a virtual circuit is used and
 * the program wants to close it.  This provides support for endhostent()
 * which expects to close the socket.
 *
 * This routine is not expected to be user visible.
 */
void
res_nclose(res_state statp)
{
	int ns;

	if (statp->_vcsock >= 0) { 
		(void) close(statp->_vcsock);
		statp->_vcsock = -1;
		statp->_flags &= ~(RES_F_VC | RES_F_CONN);
	}
	for (ns = 0; ns < statp->_u._ext.nscount; ns++) {
		if (statp->_u._ext.nssocks[ns] != -1) {
			(void) close(statp->_u._ext.nssocks[ns]);
			statp->_u._ext.nssocks[ns] = -1;
		}
	}
}

void
res_ndestroy(res_state statp)
{
	res_nclose(statp);
	if (statp->_u._ext.ext != NULL) {
		if (statp->_u._ext.ext->kq != -1)
			(void)close(statp->_u._ext.ext->kq);
		if (statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd != -1)
			(void)close(statp->_u._ext.ext->resfd);
		free(statp->_u._ext.ext);
		statp->_u._ext.ext = NULL;
	}
	if (statp->_rnd != NULL) {
		free(statp->_rnd);
		statp->_rnd = NULL;
	}
	statp->options &= ~RES_INIT;
}

const char *
res_get_nibblesuffix(res_state statp)
{
	if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
		return (statp->_u._ext.ext->nsuffix);
	return ("ip6.arpa");
}

const char *
res_get_nibblesuffix2(res_state statp)
{
	if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
		return (statp->_u._ext.ext->nsuffix2);
	return ("ip6.int");
}

void
res_setservers(res_state statp, const union res_sockaddr_union *set, int cnt)
{
	int i, nserv;
	size_t size;

	/* close open servers */
	res_nclose(statp);

	/* cause rtt times to be forgotten */
	statp->_u._ext.nscount = 0;

	nserv = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < cnt && nserv < MAXNS; i++) {
		switch (set->sin.sin_family) {
		case AF_INET:
			size = sizeof(set->sin);
			if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
				memcpy(&statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[nserv],
					&set->sin, size);
			if (size <= sizeof(statp->nsaddr_list[nserv]))
				memcpy(&statp->nsaddr_list[nserv],
					&set->sin, size);
			else
				statp->nsaddr_list[nserv].sin_family = 0;
			nserv++;
			break;

#ifdef HAS_INET6_STRUCTS
		case AF_INET6:
			size = sizeof(set->sin6);
			if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
				memcpy(&statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[nserv],
					&set->sin6, size);
			if (size <= sizeof(statp->nsaddr_list[nserv]))
				memcpy(&statp->nsaddr_list[nserv],
					&set->sin6, size);
			else
				statp->nsaddr_list[nserv].sin_family = 0;
			nserv++;
			break;
#endif

		default:
			break;
		}
		set++;
	}
	statp->nscount = nserv;
	
}

int
res_getservers(res_state statp, union res_sockaddr_union *set, int cnt)
{
	int i;
	size_t size;
	uint16_t family;

	for (i = 0; i < statp->nscount && i < cnt; i++) {
		if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
			family = statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[i].sin.sin_family;
		else 
			family = statp->nsaddr_list[i].sin_family;

		switch (family) {
		case AF_INET:
			size = sizeof(set->sin);
			if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
				memcpy(&set->sin,
				       &statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[i],
				       size);
			else
				memcpy(&set->sin, &statp->nsaddr_list[i],
				       size);
			break;

#ifdef HAS_INET6_STRUCTS
		case AF_INET6:
			size = sizeof(set->sin6);
			if (statp->_u._ext.ext)
				memcpy(&set->sin6,
				       &statp->_u._ext.ext->nsaddrs[i],
				       size);
			else
				memcpy(&set->sin6, &statp->nsaddr_list[i],
				       size);
			break;
#endif

		default:
			set->sin.sin_family = 0;
			break;
		}
		set++;
	}
	return (statp->nscount);
}

/*! \file */