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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / inet / inet_pton.c (download)

Revision 1.6, Sat Jun 21 20:41:48 2008 UTC (12 years ago) by christos
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: wrstuden-revivesa-base-3, wrstuden-revivesa-base-2, wrstuden-revivesa-base-1, wrstuden-revivesa-base, netbsd-5-base, netbsd-5-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-RC4, netbsd-5-1-RC3, netbsd-5-1-RC2, netbsd-5-1-RC1, netbsd-5-0-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-RC4, netbsd-5-0-RC3, netbsd-5-0-RC2, netbsd-5-0-RC1, netbsd-5-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-1-RELEASE, matt-nb5-pq3-base, matt-nb5-pq3, matt-nb5-mips64-u2-k2-k4-k7-k8-k9, matt-nb5-mips64-u1-k1-k5, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20101231, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20091211, matt-nb5-mips64-k15, matt-nb5-mips64, matt-nb4-mips64-k7-u2a-k9b, matt-mips64-base2, christos-time_t-nbase, christos-time_t-base
Branch point for: netbsd-5-1, netbsd-5-0, netbsd-5, jym-xensuspend, christos-time_t
Changes since 1.5: +3 -3 lines

updates from bind-9-5-0

/*	$NetBSD: inet_pton.c,v 1.6 2008/06/21 20:41:48 christos Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004 by Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
 * Copyright (c) 1996,1999 by Internet Software Consortium.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
 * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
 * OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
#if 0
static const char rcsid[] = "Id: inet_pton.c,v 1.5 2005/07/28 06:51:47 marka Exp";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: inet_pton.c,v 1.6 2008/06/21 20:41:48 christos Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include "port_before.h"

#include "namespace.h"
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <arpa/nameser.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "port_after.h"

#ifdef __weak_alias
__weak_alias(inet_pton,_inet_pton)
#endif

/*%
 * WARNING: Don't even consider trying to compile this on a system where
 * sizeof(int) < 4.  sizeof(int) > 4 is fine; all the world's not a VAX.
 */

static int	inet_pton4(const char *src, u_char *dst, int pton);
static int	inet_pton6(const char *src, u_char *dst);

/* int
 * inet_pton(af, src, dst)
 *	convert from presentation format (which usually means ASCII printable)
 *	to network format (which is usually some kind of binary format).
 * return:
 *	1 if the address was valid for the specified address family
 *	0 if the address wasn't valid (`dst' is untouched in this case)
 *	-1 if some other error occurred (`dst' is untouched in this case, too)
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
int
inet_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst)
{

	_DIAGASSERT(src != NULL);
	_DIAGASSERT(dst != NULL);

	switch (af) {
	case AF_INET:
		return (inet_pton4(src, dst, 1));
	case AF_INET6:
		return (inet_pton6(src, dst));
	default:
		errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
		return (-1);
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

/* int
 * inet_pton4(src, dst, pton)
 *	when last arg is 0: inet_aton(). with hexadecimal, octal and shorthand.
 *	when last arg is 1: inet_pton(). decimal dotted-quad only.
 * return:
 *	1 if `src' is a valid input, else 0.
 * notice:
 *	does not touch `dst' unless it's returning 1.
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
static int
inet_pton4(const char *src, u_char *dst, int pton)
{
	u_int32_t val;
	u_int digit, base;
	int n;
	unsigned char c;
	u_int parts[4];
	register u_int *pp = parts;

	_DIAGASSERT(src != NULL);
	_DIAGASSERT(dst != NULL);

	c = *src;
	for (;;) {
		/*
		 * Collect number up to ``.''.
		 * Values are specified as for C:
		 * 0x=hex, 0=octal, isdigit=decimal.
		 */
		if (!isdigit(c))
			return (0);
		val = 0; base = 10;
		if (c == '0') {
			c = *++src;
			if (c == 'x' || c == 'X')
				base = 16, c = *++src;
			else if (isdigit(c) && c != '9')
				base = 8;
		}
		/* inet_pton() takes decimal only */
		if (pton && base != 10)
			return (0);
		for (;;) {
			if (isdigit(c)) {
				digit = c - '0';
				if (digit >= base)
					break;
				val = (val * base) + digit;
				c = *++src;
			} else if (base == 16 && isxdigit(c)) {
				digit = c + 10 - (islower(c) ? 'a' : 'A');
				if (digit >= 16)
					break;
				val = (val << 4) | digit;
				c = *++src;
			} else
				break;
		}
		if (c == '.') {
			/*
			 * Internet format:
			 *	a.b.c.d
			 *	a.b.c	(with c treated as 16 bits)
			 *	a.b	(with b treated as 24 bits)
			 *	a	(with a treated as 32 bits)
			 */
			if (pp >= parts + 3)
				return (0);
			*pp++ = val;
			c = *++src;
		} else
			break;
	}
	/*
	 * Check for trailing characters.
	 */
	if (c != '\0' && !isspace(c))
		return (0);
	/*
	 * Concoct the address according to
	 * the number of parts specified.
	 */
	n = pp - parts + 1;
	/* inet_pton() takes dotted-quad only.  it does not take shorthand. */
	if (pton && n != 4)
		return (0);
	switch (n) {

	case 0:
		return (0);		/* initial nondigit */

	case 1:				/* a -- 32 bits */
		break;

	case 2:				/* a.b -- 8.24 bits */
		if (parts[0] > 0xff || val > 0xffffff)
			return (0);
		val |= parts[0] << 24;
		break;

	case 3:				/* a.b.c -- 8.8.16 bits */
		if ((parts[0] | parts[1]) > 0xff || val > 0xffff)
			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16);
		break;

	case 4:				/* a.b.c.d -- 8.8.8.8 bits */
		if ((parts[0] | parts[1] | parts[2] | val) > 0xff)
			return (0);
		val |= (parts[0] << 24) | (parts[1] << 16) | (parts[2] << 8);
		break;
	}
	if (dst) {
		val = htonl(val);
		memcpy(dst, &val, NS_INADDRSZ);
	}
	return (1);
}

/* int
 * inet_pton6(src, dst)
 *	convert presentation level address to network order binary form.
 * return:
 *	1 if `src' is a valid [RFC1884 2.2] address, else 0.
 * notice:
 *	(1) does not touch `dst' unless it's returning 1.
 *	(2) :: in a full address is silently ignored.
 * credit:
 *	inspired by Mark Andrews.
 * author:
 *	Paul Vixie, 1996.
 */
static int
inet_pton6(const char *src, u_char *dst)
{
	static const char xdigits_l[] = "0123456789abcdef",
			  xdigits_u[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
	u_char tmp[NS_IN6ADDRSZ], *tp, *endp, *colonp;
	const char *xdigits, *curtok;
	int ch, seen_xdigits;
	u_int val;

	_DIAGASSERT(src != NULL);
	_DIAGASSERT(dst != NULL);

	memset((tp = tmp), '\0', NS_IN6ADDRSZ);
	endp = tp + NS_IN6ADDRSZ;
	colonp = NULL;
	/* Leading :: requires some special handling. */
	if (*src == ':')
		if (*++src != ':')
			return (0);
	curtok = src;
	seen_xdigits = 0;
	val = 0;
	while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
		const char *pch;

		if ((pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_l), ch)) == NULL)
			pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_u), ch);
		if (pch != NULL) {
			val <<= 4;
			val |= (pch - xdigits);
			if (++seen_xdigits > 4)
				return (0);
			continue;
		}
		if (ch == ':') {
			curtok = src;
			if (!seen_xdigits) {
				if (colonp)
					return (0);
				colonp = tp;
				continue;
			} else if (*src == '\0')
				return (0);
			if (tp + NS_INT16SZ > endp)
				return (0);
			*tp++ = (u_char) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
			*tp++ = (u_char) val & 0xff;
			seen_xdigits = 0;
			val = 0;
			continue;
		}
		if (ch == '.' && ((tp + NS_INADDRSZ) <= endp) &&
		    inet_pton4(curtok, tp, 1) > 0) {
			tp += NS_INADDRSZ;
			seen_xdigits = 0;
			break;	/*%< '\\0' was seen by inet_pton4(). */
		}
		return (0);
	}
	if (seen_xdigits) {
		if (tp + NS_INT16SZ > endp)
			return (0);
		*tp++ = (u_char) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
		*tp++ = (u_char) val & 0xff;
	}
	if (colonp != NULL) {
		/*
		 * Since some memmove()'s erroneously fail to handle
		 * overlapping regions, we'll do the shift by hand.
		 */
		const int n = tp - colonp;
		int i;

		if (tp == endp)
			return (0);
		for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
			endp[- i] = colonp[n - i];
			colonp[n - i] = 0;
		}
		tp = endp;
	}
	if (tp != endp)
		return (0);
	memcpy(dst, tmp, NS_IN6ADDRSZ);
	return (1);
}

/*! \file */