[BACK]Return to inet_net.3 CVS log [TXT][DIR] Up to [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / inet

File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / inet / inet_net.3 (download)

Revision 1.5, Fri Jul 20 20:48:59 2012 UTC (7 years, 2 months ago) by wiz
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, prg-localcount2-base3, prg-localcount2-base2, prg-localcount2-base1, prg-localcount2-base, prg-localcount2, phil-wifi-base, phil-wifi-20190609, phil-wifi, pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20170426, pgoyette-localcount-20170320, pgoyette-localcount-20170107, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, pgoyette-localcount, pgoyette-compat-merge-20190127, pgoyette-compat-base, pgoyette-compat-20190127, pgoyette-compat-20190118, pgoyette-compat-1226, pgoyette-compat-1126, pgoyette-compat-1020, pgoyette-compat-0930, pgoyette-compat-0906, pgoyette-compat-0728, pgoyette-compat-0625, pgoyette-compat-0521, pgoyette-compat-0502, pgoyette-compat-0422, pgoyette-compat-0415, pgoyette-compat-0407, pgoyette-compat-0330, pgoyette-compat-0322, pgoyette-compat-0315, pgoyette-compat, perseant-stdc-iso10646-base, perseant-stdc-iso10646, netbsd-9-base, netbsd-9, netbsd-8-base, netbsd-8-1-RELEASE, netbsd-8-1-RC1, netbsd-8-0-RELEASE, netbsd-8-0-RC2, netbsd-8-0-RC1, netbsd-8, netbsd-7-nhusb-base-20170116, netbsd-7-nhusb-base, netbsd-7-nhusb, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RC2, netbsd-7-1-RC1, netbsd-7-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1, netbsd-7-0-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-RC3, netbsd-7-0-RC2, netbsd-7-0-RC1, netbsd-7-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0, netbsd-7, matt-nb8-mediatek-base, matt-nb8-mediatek, localcount-20160914, bouyer-socketcan-base1, bouyer-socketcan-base, bouyer-socketcan, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.4: +3 -3 lines

Whitespace fixes.

.\"	$NetBSD: inet_net.3,v 1.5 2012/07/20 20:48:59 wiz Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 1997 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
.\" by Luke Mewburn.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
.\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
.\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
.\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
.\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
.\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
.\" SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
.\" INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
.\" CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
.\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
.\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.Dd July 20, 2012
.Dt INET_NET 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm inet_net_ntop ,
.Nm inet_net_pton
.Nd Internet network number manipulation routines
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libc
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In sys/socket.h
.In netinet/in.h
.In arpa/inet.h
.Ft char *
.Fn inet_net_ntop "int af" "const void *src" "int bits" "char *dst" "size_t size"
.Ft int
.Fn inet_net_pton "int af" "const char *src" "void *dst" "size_t size"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Fn inet_net_ntop
function converts an Internet network number from network format (usually a
.Vt struct in_addr
or some other binary form, in network byte order) to CIDR presentation format
(suitable for external display purposes).
The
.Fa bits
argument is the number of bits in
.Fa src
that are the network number.
It returns
.Dv NULL
if an error occurs (in which case
.Va errno
will have been set), or it returns a pointer to the destination string.
.Pp
The
.Fn inet_net_pton
function converts a presentation format Internet network number (that is,
printable form as held in a character string) to network format (usually a
.Vt struct in_addr
or some other internal binary representation, in network byte order).
It returns the number of bits (either computed based on the class, or
specified with /CIDR), or \-1 if a failure occurred
(in which case
.Va errno
will have been set).
.Pp
The currently supported values for
.Fa af
are
.Dv AF_INET
and
.Dv AF_INET6 .
The
.Fa size
argument is the size of the result buffer
.Fa dst .
.Sh NETWORK NUMBERS (IP VERSION 4)
Internet network numbers may be specified in one of the following forms:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
a.b.c.d/bits
a.b.c.d
a.b.c
a.b
a
.Ed
.Pp
When four parts are specified, each is interpreted
as a byte of data and assigned, from left to right,
to the four bytes of an Internet network number.
Note that when an Internet network number is viewed as a 32-bit
integer quantity on a system that uses little-endian
byte order (such as the
.Tn Intel 386 , 486 ,
and
.Tn Pentium
processors) the bytes referred to above appear as
.Dq Li d.c.b.a .
That is, little-endian bytes are ordered from right to left.
.Pp
When a three part number is specified, the last
part is interpreted as a 16-bit quantity and placed
in the rightmost two bytes of the Internet network number.
This makes the three part number format convenient
for specifying Class B network numbers as
.Dq Li 128.net.host .
.Pp
When a two part number is supplied, the last part
is interpreted as a 24-bit quantity and placed in
the rightmost three bytes of the Internet network number.
This makes the two part number format convenient
for specifying Class A network numbers as
.Dq Li net.host .
.Pp
When only one part is given, the value is stored
directly in the Internet network number without any byte
rearrangement.
.Pp
All numbers supplied as
.Dq parts
in a
.Ql \&.
notation
may be decimal, octal, or hexadecimal, as specified
in the C language (i.e., a leading 0x or 0X implies
hexadecimal; otherwise, a leading 0 implies octal;
otherwise, the number is interpreted as decimal).
.\"
.\" .Sh NETWORK NUMBERS (IP VERSION 6)
.\" XXX - document this!
.\"
.Sh ERRORS
The
.Fn inet_net_ntop
and
.Fn inet_net_pton
functions may fail with
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EAFNOSUPPORT
The value of
.Fa af
was not
.Dv AF_INET
or
.Dv AF_INET6 .
.It Bq Er EMSGSIZE
The conversion of
.Fa src
overflows
.Fa size
of
.Fa dst .
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn inet_net_ntop
function may fail with
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The
.Fa bits
argument contains an invalid number of bits
for the requested address family.
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn inet_net_pton
function may fail with
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er ENOENT
The
.Fa src
was not a valid Internet network number.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr byteorder 3 ,
.Xr inet 3 ,
.Xr networks 5
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Fn inet_net_ntop
and
.Fn inet_net_pton
functions appeared in BIND 4.9.4 and thence
.Nx 1.3 .
Support for
.Dv AF_INET6
appeared in
.Nx 1.6 .