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Revision 1.5, Fri Jul 20 20:48:59 2012 UTC (8 years, 2 months ago) by wiz
.\" $NetBSD: inet_net.3,v 1.5 2012/07/20 20:48:59 wiz Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1997 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc. .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation .\" by Luke Mewburn. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS .\" ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED .\" TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR .\" PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS .\" BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR .\" CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF .\" SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS .\" INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN .\" CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) .\" ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE .\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .Dd July 20, 2012 .Dt INET_NET 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm inet_net_ntop , .Nm inet_net_pton .Nd Internet network number manipulation routines .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In sys/socket.h .In netinet/in.h .In arpa/inet.h .Ft char * .Fn inet_net_ntop "int af" "const void *src" "int bits" "char *dst" "size_t size" .Ft int .Fn inet_net_pton "int af" "const char *src" "void *dst" "size_t size" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn inet_net_ntop function converts an Internet network number from network format (usually a .Vt struct in_addr or some other binary form, in network byte order) to CIDR presentation format (suitable for external display purposes). The .Fa bits argument is the number of bits in .Fa src that are the network number. It returns .Dv NULL if an error occurs (in which case .Va errno will have been set), or it returns a pointer to the destination string. .Pp The .Fn inet_net_pton function converts a presentation format Internet network number (that is, printable form as held in a character string) to network format (usually a .Vt struct in_addr or some other internal binary representation, in network byte order). It returns the number of bits (either computed based on the class, or specified with /CIDR), or \-1 if a failure occurred (in which case .Va errno will have been set). .Pp The currently supported values for .Fa af are .Dv AF_INET and .Dv AF_INET6 . The .Fa size argument is the size of the result buffer .Fa dst . .Sh NETWORK NUMBERS (IP VERSION 4) Internet network numbers may be specified in one of the following forms: .Bd -literal -offset indent a.b.c.d/bits a.b.c.d a.b.c a.b a .Ed .Pp When four parts are specified, each is interpreted as a byte of data and assigned, from left to right, to the four bytes of an Internet network number. Note that when an Internet network number is viewed as a 32-bit integer quantity on a system that uses little-endian byte order (such as the .Tn Intel 386 , 486 , and .Tn Pentium processors) the bytes referred to above appear as .Dq Li d.c.b.a . That is, little-endian bytes are ordered from right to left. .Pp When a three part number is specified, the last part is interpreted as a 16-bit quantity and placed in the rightmost two bytes of the Internet network number. This makes the three part number format convenient for specifying Class B network numbers as .Dq Li 128.net.host . .Pp When a two part number is supplied, the last part is interpreted as a 24-bit quantity and placed in the rightmost three bytes of the Internet network number. This makes the two part number format convenient for specifying Class A network numbers as .Dq Li net.host . .Pp When only one part is given, the value is stored directly in the Internet network number without any byte rearrangement. .Pp All numbers supplied as .Dq parts in a .Ql \&. notation may be decimal, octal, or hexadecimal, as specified in the C language (i.e., a leading 0x or 0X implies hexadecimal; otherwise, a leading 0 implies octal; otherwise, the number is interpreted as decimal). .\" .\" .Sh NETWORK NUMBERS (IP VERSION 6) .\" XXX - document this! .\" .Sh ERRORS The .Fn inet_net_ntop and .Fn inet_net_pton functions may fail with .Bl -tag -width Er .It Bq Er EAFNOSUPPORT The value of .Fa af was not .Dv AF_INET or .Dv AF_INET6 . .It Bq Er EMSGSIZE The conversion of .Fa src overflows .Fa size of .Fa dst . .El .Pp The .Fn inet_net_ntop function may fail with .Bl -tag -width Er .It Bq Er EINVAL The .Fa bits argument contains an invalid number of bits for the requested address family. .El .Pp The .Fn inet_net_pton function may fail with .Bl -tag -width Er .It Bq Er ENOENT The .Fa src was not a valid Internet network number. .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr byteorder 3 , .Xr inet 3 , .Xr networks 5 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn inet_net_ntop and .Fn inet_net_pton functions appeared in BIND 4.9.4 and thence .Nx 1.3 . Support for .Dv AF_INET6 appeared in .Nx 1.6 .