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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / hash / sha2 / sha2.3 (download)

Revision 1.5, Tue May 26 08:04:12 2009 UTC (11 years, 6 months ago) by joerg
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-tag8, yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, yamt-pagecache, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, prg-localcount2-base3, prg-localcount2-base2, prg-localcount2-base1, prg-localcount2-base, prg-localcount2, pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20170426, pgoyette-localcount-20170320, pgoyette-localcount-20170107, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, pgoyette-localcount, netbsd-8-base, netbsd-8-2-RELEASE, netbsd-8-1-RELEASE, netbsd-8-1-RC1, netbsd-8-0-RELEASE, netbsd-8-0-RC2, netbsd-8-0-RC1, netbsd-8, netbsd-7-nhusb-base-20170116, netbsd-7-nhusb-base, netbsd-7-nhusb, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RC2, netbsd-7-1-RC1, netbsd-7-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1, netbsd-7-0-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-RC3, netbsd-7-0-RC2, netbsd-7-0-RC1, netbsd-7-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0, netbsd-7, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-6-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, matt-premerge-20091211, matt-nb8-mediatek-base, matt-nb8-mediatek, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, localcount-20160914, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-socketcan-base1, bouyer-socketcan-base, bouyer-socketcan, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver
Changes since 1.4: +24 -5 lines

Add SHA224 implementation to libc.
Make libcrypto use the SHA2 implementation of libc.
Bump minor versions of libc and libcrypto.

.\" $NetBSD: sha2.3,v 1.5 2009/05/26 08:04:12 joerg Exp $
.\"	$OpenBSD: sha2.3,v 1.11 2004/06/22 01:57:29 jfb Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2003, 2004 Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>
.\"
.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
.\" purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
.\" copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
.\"
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
.\" WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
.\" MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
.\" ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
.\" WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
.\" ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
.\" OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
.\"
.\" Sponsored in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects
.\" Agency (DARPA) and Air Force Research Laboratory, Air Force
.\" Materiel Command, USAF, under agreement number F39502-99-1-0512.
.\"
.\" See http://www.nist.gov/sha/ for the detailed standard
.\"
.Dd May 20, 2009
.Dt SHA2 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm SHA256_Init ,
.Nm SHA256_Update ,
.Nm SHA256_Pad ,
.Nm SHA256_Final ,
.Nm SHA256_Transform ,
.Nm SHA256_End ,
.Nm SHA256_File ,
.Nm SHA256_FileChunk ,
.Nm SHA256_Data
.Nd calculate the NIST Secure Hash Standard (version 2)
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In sys/types.h
.In sha2.h
.Ft void
.Fn SHA224_Init "SHA224_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA224_Update "SHA224_CTX *context" "const uint8_t *data" "size_t len"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA224_Pad "SHA224_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA224_Final "uint8_t digest[SHA224_DIGEST_LENGTH]" "SHA224_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA224_Transform "uint32_t state[8]" "const uint8_t buffer[SHA224_BLOCK_LENGTH]"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA224_End "SHA224_CTX *context" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA224_File "const char *filename" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA224_FileChunk "const char *filename" "char *buf" "off_t offset" "off_t length"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA224_Data "uint8_t *data" "size_t len" "char *buf"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA256_Init "SHA256_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA256_Update "SHA256_CTX *context" "const uint8_t *data" "size_t len"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA256_Pad "SHA256_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA256_Final "uint8_t digest[SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH]" "SHA256_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA256_Transform "uint32_t state[8]" "const uint8_t buffer[SHA256_BLOCK_LENGTH]"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA256_End "SHA256_CTX *context" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA256_File "const char *filename" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA256_FileChunk "const char *filename" "char *buf" "off_t offset" "off_t length"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA256_Data "uint8_t *data" "size_t len" "char *buf"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA384_Init "SHA384_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA384_Update "SHA384_CTX *context" "const uint8_t *data" "size_t len"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA384_Pad "SHA384_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA384_Final "uint8_t digest[SHA384_DIGEST_LENGTH]" "SHA384_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA384_Transform "uint64_t state[8]" "const uint8_t buffer[SHA384_BLOCK_LENGTH]"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA384_End "SHA384_CTX *context" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA384_File "char *filename" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA384_FileChunk "char *filename" "char *buf" "off_t offset" "off_t length"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA384_Data "uint8_t *data" "size_t len" "char *buf"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA512_Init "SHA512_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA512_Update "SHA512_CTX *context" "const uint8_t *data" "size_t len"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA512_Pad "SHA512_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA512_Final "uint8_t digest[SHA512_DIGEST_LENGTH]" "SHA512_CTX *context"
.Ft void
.Fn SHA512_Transform "uint64_t state[8]" "const uint8_t buffer[SHA512_BLOCK_LENGTH]"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA512_End "SHA512_CTX *context" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA512_File "char *filename" "char *buf"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA512_FileChunk "char *filename" "char *buf" "off_t offset" "off_t length"
.Ft "char *"
.Fn SHA512_Data "uint8_t *data" "size_t len" "char *buf"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The SHA2 functions implement the NIST Secure Hash Standard,
FIPS PUB 180-2.
The SHA2 functions are used to generate a condensed representation of a
message called a message digest, suitable for use as a digital signature.
There are four families of functions, with names corresponding to
the number of bits in the resulting message digest.
The SHA-224 and SHA-256 functions are limited to processing a message of less
than 2^64 bits as input.
The SHA-384 and SHA-512 functions can process a message of at most 2^128 - 1
bits as input.
.Pp
The SHA2 functions are considered to be more secure than the
.Xr sha1 3
functions with which they share a similar interface.
The 224, 256, 384, and 512-bit versions of SHA2 share the same interface.
For brevity, only the 256-bit variants are described below.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_Init
function initializes a SHA256_CTX
.Ar context
for use with
.Fn SHA256_Update ,
and
.Fn SHA256_Final .
The
.Fn SHA256_Update
function adds
.Ar data
of length
.Ar len
to the SHA256_CTX specified by
.Ar context .
.Fn SHA256_Final
is called when all data has been added via
.Fn SHA256_Update
and stores a message digest in the
.Ar digest
parameter.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_Pad
function can be used to apply padding to the message digest as in
.Fn SHA256_Final ,
but the current context can still be used with
.Fn SHA256_Update .
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_Transform
function is used by
.Fn SHA256_Update
to hash 512-bit blocks and forms the core of the algorithm.
Most programs should use the interface provided by
.Fn SHA256_Init ,
.Fn SHA256_Update ,
and
.Fn SHA256_Final
instead of calling
.Fn SHA256_Transform
directly.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_End
function is a front end for
.Fn SHA256_Final
which converts the digest into an
.Tn ASCII
representation of the digest in hexadecimal.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_File
function calculates the digest for a file and returns the result via
.Fn SHA256_End .
If
.Fn SHA256_File
is unable to open the file, a
.Dv NULL
pointer is returned.
.Pp
.Fn SHA256_FileChunk
behaves like
.Fn SHA256_File
but calculates the digest only for that portion of the file starting at
.Fa offset
and continuing for
.Fa length
bytes or until end of file is reached, whichever comes first.
A zero
.Fa length
can be specified to read until end of file.
A negative
.Fa length
or
.Fa offset
will be ignored.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_Data
function
calculates the digest of an arbitrary string and returns the result via
.Fn SHA256_End .
.Pp
For each of the
.Fn SHA256_End ,
.Fn SHA256_File ,
.Fn SHA256_FileChunk ,
and
.Fn SHA256_Data
functions the
.Ar buf
parameter should either be a string large enough to hold the resulting digest
(e.g.,
.Ev SHA224_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH ,
.Ev SHA256_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH ,
.Ev SHA384_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH ,
or
.Ev SHA512_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH ,
depending on the function being used)
or a
.Dv NULL
pointer.
In the latter case, space will be dynamically allocated via
.Xr malloc 3
and should be freed using
.Xr free 3
when it is no longer needed.
.Sh EXAMPLES
The following code fragment will calculate the SHA-256 digest for the string
.Qq abc ,
which is
.Dq 0xba7816bf8f01cfea414140de5dae2223b00361a396177a9cb410ff61f20015ad .
.Bd -literal -offset indent
SHA256_CTX ctx;
uint8_t results[SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH];
char *buf;
int n;

buf = "abc";
n = strlen(buf);
SHA256_Init(\*[Am]ctx);
SHA256_Update(\*[Am]ctx, (uint8_t *)buf, n);
SHA256_Final(results, \*[Am]ctx);

/* Print the digest as one long hex value */
printf("0x");
for (n = 0; n \*[Lt] SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH; n++)
	printf("%02x", results[n]);
putchar('\en');
.Ed
.Pp
Alternately, the helper functions could be used in the following way:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
SHA256_CTX ctx;
uint8_t output[SHA256_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH];
char *buf = "abc";

printf("0x%s\en", SHA256_Data(buf, strlen(buf), output));
.Ed
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr cksum 1 ,
.Xr md4 3 ,
.Xr md5 3 ,
.Xr rmd160 3 ,
.Xr sha1 3
.Rs
.%T Secure Hash Standard
.%O FIPS PUB 180-2
.Re
.Sh HISTORY
The SHA2 functions appeared in
.Ox 3.4
and
.Nx 3.0 .
.Sh AUTHORS
This implementation of the SHA functions was written by Aaron D. Gifford.
.Pp
The
.Fn SHA256_End ,
.Fn SHA256_File ,
.Fn SHA256_FileChunk ,
and
.Fn SHA256_Data
helper functions are derived from code written by Poul-Henning Kamp.
.Sh CAVEATS
This implementation of the Secure Hash Standard has not been validated by
NIST and as such is not in official compliance with the standard.
.Pp
If a message digest is to be copied to a multi-byte type (i.e.:
an array of five 32-bit integers) it will be necessary to
perform byte swapping on little endian machines such as the i386, alpha,
and vax.