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Revision 1.24, Sun Jun 3 21:42:46 2012 UTC (2 years, 6 months ago) by joerg
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.23: +3 -3 lines

Switch device database to cdb(5). Rework ttyname(3) and ttyname_r(3) to
depend on new devname_r(3) as heart. Add /dev/pts magic directly to
devname(3). While it can lead to returning non-existing paths, the
behavior is more consistent that way. Drop caching layer in devname(3),
it doesn't buy anything for the common case of having access to the
database. Teach devname(3) proper fallback behavior of scanning /dev.
Create both old-style and new-style database for now in /etc/rc.d/sysdb.

.\"	$NetBSD: ttyname.3,v 1.24 2012/06/03 21:42:46 joerg Exp $
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.\"     @(#)ttyname.3	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93
.\"
.Dd June 1, 2012
.Dt TTYNAME 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm ttyname ,
.Nm ttyname_r ,
.Nm isatty ,
.Nm ttyslot
.Nd get name of associated terminal (tty) from file descriptor
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libc
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In unistd.h
.Ft char *
.Fn ttyname "int fd"
.Ft int
.Fn ttyname_r "int fd" "char *buf" "size_t len"
.Ft int
.Fn isatty "int fd"
.In stdlib.h
.Ft int
.Fn ttyslot "void"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
These functions operate on the system file descriptors for terminal
type devices.
These descriptors are not related to the standard
.Tn I/O
.Dv FILE
typedef, but refer to the special device files found in
.Pa /dev
and named
.Pa /dev/tty Ns Em xx
and for which an entry exists in the initialization file
.Pa /etc/ttys
(see
.Xr ttys 5 ) ,
or for pseudo-terminal devices created in ptyfs and named
.Pa /dev/pts/ Ns Em n .
.Pp
The
.Fn isatty
function
determines if the file descriptor
.Fa fd
refers to a valid terminal type device.
.Pp
The
.Fn ttyname
function gets the related device name of a file descriptor for
which
.Fn isatty
is true.
The
.Fn ttyname_r
is the reentrant version of the above, and it places the results in
.Fa buf .
If there is not enough space to place the results (indicated by
.Fa len ) ,
then it returns an error.
.Pp
The
.Fn ttyslot
function
fetches the current process' control terminal number from the
.Xr ttys 5
file entry.
If the terminal is a pseudo-terminal, and there is no special entry
in the
.Xr ttys 5
file for it, the slot number returned is 1 + (last slot number) +
minor(tty).
This will return a consistent and unique number for each pseudo-terminal
device without requiring one to enumerate all of them in
.Xr ttys 5 .
.Sh IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
As an optimisation, these functions attempt to obtain information about
all devices from the
.Pa /var/run/dev.cdb
database, if it exists.
If the database exists but is out of date, then these functions
may produce incorrect results.
The database should be updated using the
.Xr dev_mkdb 8
command.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
The
.Fn ttyname
function returns the NUL-terminated name if the device is found and
.Fn isatty
is true; otherwise
a
.Dv NULL
pointer is returned and
.Va errno
is set to indicate the error.
.Pp
The
.Fn ttyname_r
functions returns 0 on success and an error code on failure.
.Pp
The
.Fn isatty
function returns 1 if
.Fa fd
is associated with a terminal device; otherwise it returns 0 and
.Va errno
is set to indicate the error.
.Pp
The
.Fn ttyslot
function
returns the unit number of the device file if found; otherwise
the value zero is returned.
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /etc/ttys -compact
.It Pa /dev/\(**
.It Pa /etc/ttys
.El
.Sh ERRORS
The
.Fn ttyname ,
.Fn ttyname_r ,
and
.Fn isatty
functions will fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EBADF
The
.Fa fd
argument is not a valid file descriptor.
.It Bq Er ENOTTY
The
.Fa fd
argument does not refer to a terminal device.
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn ttyname_r
function will also fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er ENOENT
The terminal device is not found.
This can happen if the device node has been removed after it was opened.
.It Bq Er ERANGE
The buffer provided is not large enough to fit the result.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ioctl 2 ,
.Xr ttys 5 ,
.Xr dev_mkdb 8
.Sh STANDARDS
The
.Fn ttyname
and
.Fn isatty
functions conform to
.St -p1003.1-90 .
.Sh HISTORY
.Fn isatty ,
.Fn ttyname ,
and
.Fn ttyslot
functions appeared in
.At v7 .
.\" Use of the .Pa /var/run/dev.cdb file was added in netBSD 6.0.
.Sh BUGS
The
.Fn ttyname
function leaves its result in an internal static object and returns
a pointer to that object.
Subsequent calls to
.Fn ttyname
will modify the same object.