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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / gen / pthread_atfork.c (download)

Revision 1.9, Tue Mar 20 16:36:05 2012 UTC (2 years, 6 months ago) by matt
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.8: +3 -3 lines

Use C89 definitions.
Remove use of __P

/*	$NetBSD: pthread_atfork.c,v 1.9 2012/03/20 16:36:05 matt Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2002 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
 * by Nathan J. Williams.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
 * BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
__RCSID("$NetBSD: pthread_atfork.c,v 1.9 2012/03/20 16:36:05 matt Exp $");
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */

#include "namespace.h"

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include "reentrant.h"

#ifdef __weak_alias
__weak_alias(pthread_atfork, _pthread_atfork)
__weak_alias(fork, _fork)
#endif /* __weak_alias */

pid_t	__fork(void);	/* XXX */

struct atfork_callback {
	SIMPLEQ_ENTRY(atfork_callback) next;
	void (*fn)(void);
};

/*
 * Hypothetically, we could protect the queues with a rwlock which is
 * write-locked by pthread_atfork() and read-locked by fork(), but
 * since the intended use of the functions is obtaining locks to hold
 * across the fork, forking is going to be serialized anyway.
 */
static struct atfork_callback atfork_builtin;
static mutex_t atfork_lock = MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
SIMPLEQ_HEAD(atfork_callback_q, atfork_callback);

static struct atfork_callback_q prepareq = SIMPLEQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(prepareq);
static struct atfork_callback_q parentq = SIMPLEQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(parentq);
static struct atfork_callback_q childq = SIMPLEQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(childq);

static struct atfork_callback *
af_alloc(void)
{

	if (atfork_builtin.fn == NULL)
		return &atfork_builtin;

	return malloc(sizeof(atfork_builtin));
}

static void
af_free(struct atfork_callback *af)
{

	if (af != &atfork_builtin)
		free(af);
}

int
pthread_atfork(void (*prepare)(void), void (*parent)(void),
    void (*child)(void))
{
	struct atfork_callback *newprepare, *newparent, *newchild;

	newprepare = newparent = newchild = NULL;

	mutex_lock(&atfork_lock);
	if (prepare != NULL) {
		newprepare = af_alloc();
		if (newprepare == NULL) {
			mutex_unlock(&atfork_lock);
			return ENOMEM;
		}
		newprepare->fn = prepare;
	}

	if (parent != NULL) {
		newparent = af_alloc();
		if (newparent == NULL) {
			if (newprepare != NULL)
				af_free(newprepare);
			mutex_unlock(&atfork_lock);
			return ENOMEM;
		}
		newparent->fn = parent;
	}

	if (child != NULL) {
		newchild = af_alloc();
		if (newchild == NULL) {
			if (newprepare != NULL)
				af_free(newprepare);
			if (newparent != NULL)
				af_free(newparent);
			mutex_unlock(&atfork_lock);
			return ENOMEM;
		}
		newchild->fn = child;
	}

	/*
	 * The order in which the functions are called is specified as
	 * LIFO for the prepare handler and FIFO for the others; insert
	 * at the head and tail as appropriate so that SIMPLEQ_FOREACH()
	 * produces the right order.
	 */
	if (prepare)
		SIMPLEQ_INSERT_HEAD(&prepareq, newprepare, next);
	if (parent)
		SIMPLEQ_INSERT_TAIL(&parentq, newparent, next);
	if (child)
		SIMPLEQ_INSERT_TAIL(&childq, newchild, next);
	mutex_unlock(&atfork_lock);

	return 0;
}

pid_t
fork(void)
{
	struct atfork_callback *iter;
	pid_t ret;

	mutex_lock(&atfork_lock);
	SIMPLEQ_FOREACH(iter, &prepareq, next)
		(*iter->fn)();

	ret = __fork();

	if (ret != 0) {
		/*
		 * We are the parent. It doesn't matter here whether
		 * the fork call succeeded or failed.
		 */
		SIMPLEQ_FOREACH(iter, &parentq, next)
			(*iter->fn)();
		mutex_unlock(&atfork_lock);
	} else {
		/* We are the child */
		SIMPLEQ_FOREACH(iter, &childq, next)
			(*iter->fn)();
		/*
		 * Note: We are explicitly *not* unlocking
		 * atfork_lock.  Unlocking atfork_lock is problematic,
		 * because if any threads in the parent blocked on it
		 * between the initial lock and the fork() syscall,
		 * unlocking in the child will try to schedule
		 * threads, and either the internal mutex interlock or
		 * the runqueue spinlock could have been held at the
		 * moment of fork(). Since the other threads do not
		 * exist in this process, the spinlock will never be
		 * unlocked, and we would wedge.
		 * Instead, we reinitialize atfork_lock, since we know
		 * that the state of the atfork lists is consistent here,
		 * and that there are no other threads to be affected by
		 * the forcible cleaning of the queue.
		 * This permits double-forking to work, although
		 * it requires knowing that it's "safe" to initialize
		 * a locked mutex in this context.
		 *
		 * The problem exists for users of this interface,
		 * too, since the intented use of pthread_atfork() is
		 * to acquire locks across the fork call to ensure
		 * that the child sees consistent state. There's not
		 * much that can usefully be done in a child handler,
		 * and conventional wisdom discourages using them, but
		 * they're part of the interface, so here we are...
		 */
		mutex_init(&atfork_lock, NULL);
	}

	return ret;
}