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.\" $NetBSD: posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen.3,v 1.2 2012/03/23 18:08:34 njoly Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2008 Ed Schouten <ed@FreeBSD.org>
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.\" Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
.\" from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology --
.\" Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
.\" Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2004 by the Institute of
.\" Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  In the
.\" event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
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.\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/gen/posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen.3,v 1.2.2.1.4.1 2010/06/14 02:09:06 kensmith Exp $
.\"
.Dd December 20, 2011
.Dt POSIX_SPAWN_FILE_ACTIONS_ADDOPEN 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen ,
.Nm posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2 ,
.Nm posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose
.Nd "add open, dup2 or close action to spawn file actions object"
.Sh LIBRARY
.Lb libc
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In spawn.h
.Ft int
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen "posix_spawn_file_actions_t * file_actions" "int fildes" "const char *restrict path" "int oflag" "mode_t mode"
.Ft int
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2 "posix_spawn_file_actions_t * file_actions" "int fildes" "int newfildes"
.Ft int
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose "posix_spawn_file_actions_t * file_actions" "int fildes"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
These functions add an open, dup2 or close action to a spawn
file actions object.
.Pp
A spawn file actions object is of type
.Vt posix_spawn_file_actions_t
(defined in
.In spawn.h )
and is used to specify a series of actions to be performed by a
.Fn posix_spawn
or
.Fn posix_spawnp
operation in order to arrive at the set of open file descriptors for the
child process given the set of open file descriptors of the parent.
.Pp
A spawn file actions object, when passed to
.Fn posix_spawn
or
.Fn posix_spawnp ,
specify how the set of open file descriptors in the calling
process is transformed into a set of potentially open file descriptors
for the spawned process.
This transformation is as if the specified sequence of actions was
performed exactly once, in the context of the spawned process (prior to
execution of the new process image), in the order in which the actions
were added to the object; additionally, when the new process image is
executed, any file descriptor (from this new set) which has its
.Dv FD_CLOEXEC
flag set is closed (see
.Fn posix_spawn ) .
.Pp
The
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen
function adds an open action to the object referenced by
.Fa file_actions
that causes the file named by
.Fa path
to be opened (as if
.Bd -literal -offset indent
open(path, oflag, mode)
.Ed
.Pp
had been called, and the returned file descriptor, if not
.Fa fildes ,
had been changed to
.Fa fildes )
when a new process is spawned using this file actions object.
If
.Fa fildes
was already an open file descriptor, it is closed before the new
file is opened.
.Pp
The string described by
.Fa path
is copied by the
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen
function.
.Pp
The
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2
function adds a dup2 action to the object referenced by
.Fa file_actions
that causes the file descriptor
.Fa fildes
to be duplicated as
.Fa newfildes
(as if
.Bd -literal -offset indent
dup2(fildes, newfildes)
.Ed
.Pp
had been called) when a new process is spawned using this file actions object.
.Pp
The
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose
function adds a close action to the object referenced by
.Fa file_actions
that causes the file descriptor
.Fa fildes
to be closed (as if
.Bd -literal -offset indent
close(fildes)
.Ed
.Pp
had been called) when a new process is spawned using this file actions
object.
.Sh RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, these functions return zero;
otherwise, an error number is returned to indicate the error.
.Sh ERRORS
These
functions fail if:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The value specified by
.Fa fildes
or
.Fa newfildes
is negative.
.It Bq Er ENOMEM
Insufficient memory exists to add to the spawn file actions object.
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr close 2 ,
.Xr dup2 2 ,
.Xr open 2 ,
.Xr posix_spawn 3 ,
.Xr posix_spawn_file_actions_destroy 3 ,
.Xr posix_spawn_file_actions_init 3 ,
.Xr posix_spawnp 3
.Sh STANDARDS
The
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen ,
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2
and
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose
functions conform to
.St -p1003.1-2001 .
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen ,
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2
and
.Fn posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose
functions first appeared in
.Fx 8.0
and imported for
.Nx 6.0 .
.Sh AUTHORS
.An Ed Schouten Aq ed@FreeBSD.org