[BACK]Return to ftw.3 CVS log [TXT][DIR] Up to [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / gen

File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / gen / ftw.3 (download)

Revision 1.5, Fri Apr 30 04:39:16 2010 UTC (4 years, 6 months ago) by jruoho
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-tag8, yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, yamt-pagecache, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-6-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.4: +7 -2 lines

More obsolete things. These are all already deprecated in NetBSD, but it is
worth noting that also the standard has marked these as legacy.

.\"	$NetBSD: ftw.3,v 1.5 2010/04/30 04:39:16 jruoho Exp $
.\"
.\"	From OpenBSD: ftw.3,v 1.4 2003/10/30 18:52:58 jmc Exp
.\"
.\" Copyright (c) 2003 Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>
.\"
.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
.\" purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
.\" copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
.\"
.\" THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
.\" WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
.\" MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
.\" ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
.\" WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
.\" ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
.\" OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
.\"
.\" Sponsored in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects
.\" Agency (DARPA) and Air Force Research Laboratory, Air Force
.\" Materiel Command, USAF, under agreement number F39502-99-1-0512.
.\"
.Dd April 30, 2010
.Dt FTW 3
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm ftw, nftw
.Nd traverse (walk) a file tree
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.In ftw.h
.Ft int
.Fo ftw
.Fa "const char *path"
.Fa "int (*fn)(const char *, const struct stat *, int)"
.Fa "int maxfds"
.Fc
.Ft int
.Fo nftw
.Fa "const char *path"
.Fa "int (*fn)(const\ char\ *, const\ struct\ stat\ *, int, struct\ FTW\ *)"
.Fa "int maxfds"
.Fa "int flags"
.Fc
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Bf -symbolic
These functions are provided for compatibility with legacy code.
New code should use the
.Xr fts 3
functions.
.Ef
.Pp
The
.Fn ftw
and
.Fn nftw
functions traverse (walk) the directory hierarchy rooted in
.Fa path .
For each object in the hierarchy, these functions call the function
pointed to by
.Fa fn .
The
.Fn ftw
function passes this function a pointer to a NUL-terminated string containing
the name of the object, a pointer to a stat structure corresponding to the
object, and an integer flag.
The
.Fn nftw
function passes the aforementioned arguments plus a pointer to a
.Dv FTW
structure as defined by
.In ftw.h
(shown below):
.Bd -literal
struct FTW {
    int base;	/* offset of basename into pathname */
    int level;	/* directory depth relative to starting point */
};
.Ed
.Pp
Possible values for the flag passed to
.Fa fn
are:
.Bl -tag -width FTW_DNR
.It Dv FTW_F
A regular file.
.It Dv FTW_D
A directory being visited in pre-order.
.It Dv FTW_DNR
A directory which cannot be read.
The directory will not be descended into.
.It Dv FTW_DP
A directory being visited in post-order
.Pq Fn nftw No only .
.It Dv FTW_NS
A file for which no
.Xr stat 2
information was available.
The contents of the stat structure are undefined.
.It Dv FTW_SL
A symbolic link.
.It Dv FTW_SLN
A symbolic link with a non-existent target
.Pq Fn nftw No only .
.El
.Pp
The
.Fn ftw
function traverses the tree in pre-order.
That is, it processes the directory before the directory's contents.
.Pp
The
.Fa maxfds
argument specifies the maximum number of file descriptors
to keep open while traversing the tree.
It has no effect in this implementation.
.Pp
The
.Fn nftw
function has an additional
.Fa flags
argument with the following possible values:
.Bl -tag -width FTW_MOUNT
.It Dv FTW_PHYS
Physical walk, don't follow symbolic links.
.It Dv FTW_MOUNT
The walk will not cross a mount point.
.It FTW_DEPTH
Process directories in post-order.
Contents of a directory are visited before the directory itself.
By default,
.Fn nftw
traverses the tree in pre-order.
.It FTW_CHDIR
Change to a directory before reading it.
By default,
.Fn nftw
will change its starting directory.
The current working directory will be restored to its original value before
.Fn nftw
returns.
.El
.Sh RETURN VALUES
If the tree was traversed successfully, the
.Fn ftw
and
.Fn nftw
functions return 0.
If the function pointed to by
.Fa fn
returns a non-zero value,
.Fn ftw
and
.Fn nftw
will stop processing the tree and return the value from
.Fa fn .
Both functions return \-1 if an error is detected.
.Sh ERRORS
The
.Fn ftw
and
.Fn nftw
functions may fail and set
.Va errno
for any of the errors specified for the library functions
.Xr close 2 ,
.Xr open 2 ,
.Xr stat 2 ,
.Xr malloc 3 ,
.Xr opendir 3 ,
and
.Xr readdir 3 .
If the
.Dv FGTW_CHDIR
flag is set, the
.Fn nftw
function may fail and set
.Va errno
for any of the errors specified for
.Xr chdir 2 .
In addition, either function may fail and set
.Va errno
as follows:
.Bl -tag -width Er
.It Bq Er EINVAL
The
.Fa maxfds
argument is less than 1 or greater than
.Dv OPEN_MAX .
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr chdir 2 ,
.Xr close 2 ,
.Xr open 2 ,
.Xr stat 2 ,
.Xr fts 3 ,
.Xr malloc 3 ,
.Xr opendir 3 ,
.Xr readdir 3
.Sh STANDARDS
The
.Fn ftw
and
.Fn nftw
functions conform to
.St -p1003.1-2001 .
The
.St -p1003.1-2008
revision marked the function
.Fn ftw
as obsolete.
.Sh BUGS
The
.Fa maxfds
argument is currently ignored.