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Revision 1.22, Tue Nov 30 21:03:07 2010 UTC (6 years ago) by jruoho
.\" $NetBSD: fnmatch.3,v 1.22 2010/11/30 21:03:07 jruoho Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1989, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" Guido van Rossum. .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)fnmatch.3 8.3 (Berkeley) 4/28/95 .\" .Dd November 30, 2010 .Dt FNMATCH 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm fnmatch .Nd match filename or pathname using shell glob rules .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In fnmatch.h .Ft int .Fn fnmatch "const char *pattern" "const char *string" "int flags" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn fnmatch function matches patterns according to the globbing rules used by the shell. It checks the string specified by the .Fa string argument to see if it matches the pattern specified by the .Fa pattern argument. .Pp The .Fa flags argument modifies the interpretation of .Fa pattern and .Fa string . The value of .Fa flags is the bitwise inclusive .Tn OR of any of the following constants, which are defined in the include file .Pa fnmatch.h . .Bl -tag -width FNM_LEADING_DIRXX .It Dv FNM_NOESCAPE Normally, every occurrence of a backslash .Pq Ql \e followed by a character in .Fa pattern is replaced by that character. This is done to negate any special meaning for the character. If the .Dv FNM_NOESCAPE flag is set, a backslash character is treated as an ordinary character. .It Dv FNM_PATHNAME Slash characters in .Fa string must be explicitly matched by slashes in .Fa pattern . If this flag is not set, then slashes are treated as regular characters. .It Dv FNM_PERIOD Leading periods in strings match periods in patterns. The definition of ``leading'' is related to the specification of .Dv FNM_PATHNAME . A period is always ``leading'' if it is the first character in .Ar string . Additionally, if .Dv FNM_PATHNAME is set, a period is ``leading'' if it immediately follows a slash. .It Dv FNM_LEADING_DIR Ignore .Dq /* rest after successful .Fa pattern matching. .It Dv FNM_CASEFOLD The pattern is matched in a case-insensitive fashion. .El .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn fnmatch function returns zero if .Fa string matches the pattern specified by .Fa pattern , otherwise, it returns the value .Dv FNM_NOMATCH . .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr sh 1 , .Xr glob 3 , .Xr regex 3 , .Xr glob 7 .Sh STANDARDS The .Fn fnmatch function conforms to .St -p1003.2-92 . The .Dv FNM_CASEFOLD flag is a .Nx extension. .Sh HISTORY The .Fn fnmatch function first appeared in .Bx 4.4 . .Sh BUGS The pattern .Ql * matches the empty string, even if .Dv FNM_PATHNAME is specified.