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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / lib / libc / gdtoa / misc.c (download)

Revision 1.4, Fri Mar 21 23:13:48 2008 UTC (11 years, 10 months ago) by christos
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pf42-baseX, yamt-pf42-base4, yamt-pf42-base3, yamt-pf42-base2, yamt-pf42-base, yamt-pf42, wrstuden-revivesa-base-3, wrstuden-revivesa-base-2, wrstuden-revivesa-base-1, wrstuden-revivesa-base, wrstuden-revivesa, netbsd-5-base, netbsd-5-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-RC1, netbsd-5-2-3-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-2, netbsd-5-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-RC4, netbsd-5-1-RC3, netbsd-5-1-RC2, netbsd-5-1-RC1, netbsd-5-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-1, netbsd-5-0-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-RC4, netbsd-5-0-RC3, netbsd-5-0-RC2, netbsd-5-0-RC1, netbsd-5-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-5-0, netbsd-5, matt-nb5-pq3-base, matt-nb5-pq3, matt-nb5-mips64-u2-k2-k4-k7-k8-k9, matt-nb5-mips64-u1-k1-k5, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20101231, matt-nb5-mips64-premerge-20091211, matt-nb5-mips64-k15, matt-nb5-mips64, matt-nb4-mips64-k7-u2a-k9b, matt-mips64-base2, hpcarm-cleanup-nbase, christos-time_t-nbase, christos-time_t-base, christos-time_t
Changes since 1.3: +33 -3 lines

Don't coredump on out of memory conditions. This solution leaks, but gdtoa
is too complicated to fix. Try printf %99999999999.9999999999f 2

/* $NetBSD: misc.c,v 1.4 2008/03/21 23:13:48 christos Exp $ */

/****************************************************************

The author of this software is David M. Gay.

Copyright (C) 1998, 1999 by Lucent Technologies
All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
copies and that both that the copyright notice and this
permission notice and warranty disclaimer appear in supporting
documentation, and that the name of Lucent or any of its entities
not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
distribution of the software without specific, written prior
permission.

LUCENT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL LUCENT OR ANY OF ITS ENTITIES BE LIABLE FOR ANY
SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER
IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF
THIS SOFTWARE.

****************************************************************/

/* Please send bug reports to David M. Gay (dmg at acm dot org,
 * with " at " changed at "@" and " dot " changed to ".").	*/

#include "gdtoaimp.h"

 static Bigint *freelist[Kmax+1];
#ifndef Omit_Private_Memory
#ifndef PRIVATE_MEM
#define PRIVATE_MEM 2304
#endif
#define PRIVATE_mem ((PRIVATE_MEM+sizeof(double)-1)/sizeof(double))
static double private_mem[PRIVATE_mem], *pmem_next = private_mem;
#endif

 Bigint *
Balloc
#ifdef KR_headers
	(k) int k;
#else
	(int k)
#endif
{
	int x;
	Bigint *rv;
#ifndef Omit_Private_Memory
	unsigned int len;
#endif

	ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
	if ( (rv = freelist[k]) !=0) {
		freelist[k] = rv->next;
		}
	else {
		x = 1 << k;
#ifdef Omit_Private_Memory
		rv = (Bigint *)MALLOC(sizeof(Bigint) + (x-1)*sizeof(ULong));
#else
		len = (sizeof(Bigint) + (x-1)*sizeof(ULong) + sizeof(double) - 1)
			/sizeof(double);
		if (pmem_next - private_mem + len <= PRIVATE_mem) {
			rv = (Bigint*)(void *)pmem_next;
			pmem_next += len;
			}
		else
			rv = (Bigint*)MALLOC(len*sizeof(double));
#endif
		if (rv == NULL)
			return NULL;
		rv->k = k;
		rv->maxwds = x;
		}
	FREE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
	rv->sign = rv->wds = 0;
	return rv;
	}

 void
Bfree
#ifdef KR_headers
	(v) Bigint *v;
#else
	(Bigint *v)
#endif
{
	if (v) {
		ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
		v->next = freelist[v->k];
		freelist[v->k] = v;
		FREE_DTOA_LOCK(0);
		}
	}

 int
lo0bits
#ifdef KR_headers
	(y) ULong *y;
#else
	(ULong *y)
#endif
{
	int k;
	ULong x = *y;

	if (x & 7) {
		if (x & 1)
			return 0;
		if (x & 2) {
			*y = x >> 1;
			return 1;
			}
		*y = x >> 2;
		return 2;
		}
	k = 0;
	if (!(x & 0xffff)) {
		k = 16;
		x >>= 16;
		}
	if (!(x & 0xff)) {
		k += 8;
		x >>= 8;
		}
	if (!(x & 0xf)) {
		k += 4;
		x >>= 4;
		}
	if (!(x & 0x3)) {
		k += 2;
		x >>= 2;
		}
	if (!(x & 1)) {
		k++;
		x >>= 1;
		if (!x)
			return 32;
		}
	*y = x;
	return k;
	}

 Bigint *
multadd
#ifdef KR_headers
	(b, m, a) Bigint *b; int m, a;
#else
	(Bigint *b, int m, int a)	/* multiply by m and add a */
#endif
{
	int i, wds;
#ifdef ULLong
	ULong *x;
	ULLong carry, y;
#else
	ULong carry, *x, y;
#ifdef Pack_32
	ULong xi, z;
#endif
#endif
	Bigint *b1;

	wds = b->wds;
	x = b->x;
	i = 0;
	carry = a;
	do {
#ifdef ULLong
		y = *x * (ULLong)m + carry;
		carry = y >> 32;
		/* LINTED conversion */
		*x++ = y & 0xffffffffUL;
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
		xi = *x;
		y = (xi & 0xffff) * m + carry;
		z = (xi >> 16) * m + (y >> 16);
		carry = z >> 16;
		*x++ = (z << 16) + (y & 0xffff);
#else
		y = *x * m + carry;
		carry = y >> 16;
		*x++ = y & 0xffff;
#endif
#endif
		}
		while(++i < wds);
	if (carry) {
		if (wds >= b->maxwds) {
			b1 = Balloc(b->k+1);
			if (b1 == NULL) {
				Bfree(b);
				return NULL;
				}
			Bcopy(b1, b);
			Bfree(b);
			b = b1;
			}
		/* LINTED conversion */
		b->x[wds++] = carry;
		b->wds = wds;
		}
	return b;
	}

 int
hi0bits_D2A
#ifdef KR_headers
	(x) ULong x;
#else
	(ULong x)
#endif
{
	int k = 0;

	if (!(x & 0xffff0000)) {
		k = 16;
		x <<= 16;
		}
	if (!(x & 0xff000000)) {
		k += 8;
		x <<= 8;
		}
	if (!(x & 0xf0000000)) {
		k += 4;
		x <<= 4;
		}
	if (!(x & 0xc0000000)) {
		k += 2;
		x <<= 2;
		}
	if (!(x & 0x80000000)) {
		k++;
		if (!(x & 0x40000000))
			return 32;
		}
	return k;
	}

 Bigint *
i2b
#ifdef KR_headers
	(i) int i;
#else
	(int i)
#endif
{
	Bigint *b;

	b = Balloc(1);
	if (b == NULL)
		return NULL;
	b->x[0] = i;
	b->wds = 1;
	return b;
	}

 Bigint *
mult
#ifdef KR_headers
	(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
	(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
	Bigint *c;
	int k, wa, wb, wc;
	ULong *x, *xa, *xae, *xb, *xbe, *xc, *xc0;
	ULong y;
#ifdef ULLong
	ULLong carry, z;
#else
	ULong carry, z;
#ifdef Pack_32
	ULong z2;
#endif
#endif

	if (a->wds < b->wds) {
		c = a;
		a = b;
		b = c;
		}
	k = a->k;
	wa = a->wds;
	wb = b->wds;
	wc = wa + wb;
	if (wc > a->maxwds)
		k++;
	c = Balloc(k);
	if (c == NULL)
		return NULL;
	for(x = c->x, xa = x + wc; x < xa; x++)
		*x = 0;
	xa = a->x;
	xae = xa + wa;
	xb = b->x;
	xbe = xb + wb;
	xc0 = c->x;
#ifdef ULLong
	for(; xb < xbe; xc0++) {
		if ( (y = *xb++) !=0) {
			x = xa;
			xc = xc0;
			carry = 0;
			do {
				z = *x++ * (ULLong)y + *xc + carry;
				carry = z >> 32;
				/* LINTED conversion */
				*xc++ = z & 0xffffffffUL;
				}
				while(x < xae);
			/* LINTED conversion */
			*xc = carry;
			}
		}
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
	for(; xb < xbe; xb++, xc0++) {
		if ( (y = *xb & 0xffff) !=0) {
			x = xa;
			xc = xc0;
			carry = 0;
			do {
				z = (*x & 0xffff) * y + (*xc & 0xffff) + carry;
				carry = z >> 16;
				z2 = (*x++ >> 16) * y + (*xc >> 16) + carry;
				carry = z2 >> 16;
				Storeinc(xc, z2, z);
				}
				while(x < xae);
			*xc = carry;
			}
		if ( (y = *xb >> 16) !=0) {
			x = xa;
			xc = xc0;
			carry = 0;
			z2 = *xc;
			do {
				z = (*x & 0xffff) * y + (*xc >> 16) + carry;
				carry = z >> 16;
				Storeinc(xc, z, z2);
				z2 = (*x++ >> 16) * y + (*xc & 0xffff) + carry;
				carry = z2 >> 16;
				}
				while(x < xae);
			*xc = z2;
			}
		}
#else
	for(; xb < xbe; xc0++) {
		if ( (y = *xb++) !=0) {
			x = xa;
			xc = xc0;
			carry = 0;
			do {
				z = *x++ * y + *xc + carry;
				carry = z >> 16;
				*xc++ = z & 0xffff;
				}
				while(x < xae);
			*xc = carry;
			}
		}
#endif
#endif
	for(xc0 = c->x, xc = xc0 + wc; wc > 0 && !*--xc; --wc) ;
	c->wds = wc;
	return c;
	}

 static Bigint *p5s;

 Bigint *
pow5mult
#ifdef KR_headers
	(b, k) Bigint *b; int k;
#else
	(Bigint *b, int k)
#endif
{
	Bigint *b1, *p5, *p51;
	int i;
	static CONST int p05[3] = { 5, 25, 125 };

	if ( (i = k & 3) !=0) {
		b = multadd(b, p05[i-1], 0);
		if (b == NULL)
			return NULL;
		}

	if (!(k = (unsigned int)k >> 2))
		return b;
	if ((p5 = p5s) == 0) {
		/* first time */
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
		ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
		if (!(p5 = p5s)) {
			p5 = p5s = i2b(625);
			if (p5 == NULL)
				return NULL;
			p5->next = 0;
			}
		FREE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
#else
		p5 = p5s = i2b(625);
		if (p5 == NULL)
			return NULL;
		p5->next = 0;
#endif
		}
	for(;;) {
		if (k & 1) {
			b1 = mult(b, p5);
			if (b1 == NULL)
				return NULL;
			b = b1;
			}
		if (!(k = (unsigned int)k >> 1))
			break;
		if ((p51 = p5->next) == 0) {
#ifdef MULTIPLE_THREADS
			ACQUIRE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
			if (!(p51 = p5->next)) {
				p51 = p5->next = mult(p5,p5);
				if (p51 == NULL)
					return NULL;
				p51->next = 0;
				}
			FREE_DTOA_LOCK(1);
#else
			p51 = p5->next = mult(p5,p5);
			if (p51 == NULL)
				return NULL;
			p51->next = 0;
#endif
			}
		p5 = p51;
		}
	return b;
	}

 Bigint *
lshift
#ifdef KR_headers
	(b, k) Bigint *b; int k;
#else
	(Bigint *b, int k)
#endif
{
	int i, k1, n, n1;
	Bigint *b1;
	ULong *x, *x1, *xe, z;

	n = (unsigned int)k >> kshift;
	k1 = b->k;
	n1 = n + b->wds + 1;
	for(i = b->maxwds; n1 > i; i <<= 1)
		k1++;
	b1 = Balloc(k1);
	if (b1 == NULL)
		return NULL;
	x1 = b1->x;
	for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
		*x1++ = 0;
	x = b->x;
	xe = x + b->wds;
	if (k &= kmask) {
#ifdef Pack_32
		k1 = 32 - k;
		z = 0;
		do {
			*x1++ = *x << k | z;
			z = *x++ >> k1;
			}
			while(x < xe);
		if ((*x1 = z) !=0)
			++n1;
#else
		k1 = 16 - k;
		z = 0;
		do {
			*x1++ = *x << k  & 0xffff | z;
			z = *x++ >> k1;
			}
			while(x < xe);
		if (*x1 = z)
			++n1;
#endif
		}
	else do
		*x1++ = *x++;
		while(x < xe);
	b1->wds = n1 - 1;
	Bfree(b);
	return b1;
	}

 int
cmp
#ifdef KR_headers
	(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
	(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
	ULong *xa, *xa0, *xb, *xb0;
	int i, j;

	i = a->wds;
	j = b->wds;
#ifdef DEBUG
	if (i > 1 && !a->x[i-1])
		Bug("cmp called with a->x[a->wds-1] == 0");
	if (j > 1 && !b->x[j-1])
		Bug("cmp called with b->x[b->wds-1] == 0");
#endif
	if (i -= j)
		return i;
	xa0 = a->x;
	xa = xa0 + j;
	xb0 = b->x;
	xb = xb0 + j;
	for(;;) {
		if (*--xa != *--xb)
			return *xa < *xb ? -1 : 1;
		if (xa <= xa0)
			break;
		}
	return 0;
	}

 Bigint *
diff
#ifdef KR_headers
	(a, b) Bigint *a, *b;
#else
	(Bigint *a, Bigint *b)
#endif
{
	Bigint *c;
	int i, wa, wb;
	ULong *xa, *xae, *xb, *xbe, *xc;
#ifdef ULLong
	ULLong borrow, y;
#else
	ULong borrow, y;
#ifdef Pack_32
	ULong z;
#endif
#endif

	i = cmp(a,b);
	if (!i) {
		c = Balloc(0);
		if (c == NULL)
			return NULL;
		c->wds = 1;
		c->x[0] = 0;
		return c;
		}
	if (i < 0) {
		c = a;
		a = b;
		b = c;
		i = 1;
		}
	else
		i = 0;
	c = Balloc(a->k);
	if (c == NULL)
		return NULL;
	c->sign = i;
	wa = a->wds;
	xa = a->x;
	xae = xa + wa;
	wb = b->wds;
	xb = b->x;
	xbe = xb + wb;
	xc = c->x;
	borrow = 0;
#ifdef ULLong
	do {
		y = (ULLong)*xa++ - *xb++ - borrow;
		borrow = y >> 32 & 1UL;
		/* LINTED conversion */
		*xc++ = y & 0xffffffffUL;
		}
		while(xb < xbe);
	while(xa < xae) {
		y = *xa++ - borrow;
		borrow = y >> 32 & 1UL;
		/* LINTED conversion */
		*xc++ = y & 0xffffffffUL;
		}
#else
#ifdef Pack_32
	do {
		y = (*xa & 0xffff) - (*xb & 0xffff) - borrow;
		borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
		z = (*xa++ >> 16) - (*xb++ >> 16) - borrow;
		borrow = (z & 0x10000) >> 16;
		Storeinc(xc, z, y);
		}
		while(xb < xbe);
	while(xa < xae) {
		y = (*xa & 0xffff) - borrow;
		borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
		z = (*xa++ >> 16) - borrow;
		borrow = (z & 0x10000) >> 16;
		Storeinc(xc, z, y);
		}
#else
	do {
		y = *xa++ - *xb++ - borrow;
		borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
		*xc++ = y & 0xffff;
		}
		while(xb < xbe);
	while(xa < xae) {
		y = *xa++ - borrow;
		borrow = (y & 0x10000) >> 16;
		*xc++ = y & 0xffff;
		}
#endif
#endif
	while(!*--xc)
		wa--;
	c->wds = wa;
	return c;
	}

 double
b2d
#ifdef KR_headers
	(a, e) Bigint *a; int *e;
#else
	(Bigint *a, int *e)
#endif
{
	ULong *xa, *xa0, w, y, z;
	int k;
	double d;
#ifdef VAX
	ULong d0, d1;
#else
#define d0 word0(d)
#define d1 word1(d)
#endif

	xa0 = a->x;
	xa = xa0 + a->wds;
	y = *--xa;
#ifdef DEBUG
	if (!y) Bug("zero y in b2d");
#endif
	k = hi0bits(y);
	*e = 32 - k;
#ifdef Pack_32
	if (k < Ebits) {
		d0 = Exp_1 | y >> (Ebits - k);
		w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
		d1 = y << ((32-Ebits) + k) | w >> (Ebits - k);
		goto ret_d;
		}
	z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
	if (k -= Ebits) {
		d0 = Exp_1 | y << k | z >> (32 - k);
		y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
		d1 = z << k | y >> (32 - k);
		}
	else {
		d0 = Exp_1 | y;
		d1 = z;
		}
#else
	if (k < Ebits + 16) {
		z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
		d0 = Exp_1 | y << k - Ebits | z >> Ebits + 16 - k;
		w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
		y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
		d1 = z << k + 16 - Ebits | w << k - Ebits | y >> 16 + Ebits - k;
		goto ret_d;
		}
	z = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
	w = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
	k -= Ebits + 16;
	d0 = Exp_1 | y << k + 16 | z << k | w >> 16 - k;
	y = xa > xa0 ? *--xa : 0;
	d1 = w << k + 16 | y << k;
#endif
 ret_d:
#ifdef VAX
	word0(d) = d0 >> 16 | d0 << 16;
	word1(d) = d1 >> 16 | d1 << 16;
#endif
	return dval(d);
	}
#undef d0
#undef d1

 Bigint *
d2b
#ifdef KR_headers
	(d, e, bits) double d; int *e, *bits;
#else
	(double d, int *e, int *bits)
#endif
{
	Bigint *b;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
	int i;
#endif
	int de, k;
	ULong *x, y, z;
#ifdef VAX
	ULong d0, d1;
	d0 = word0(d) >> 16 | word0(d) << 16;
	d1 = word1(d) >> 16 | word1(d) << 16;
#else
#define d0 word0(d)
#define d1 word1(d)
#endif

#ifdef Pack_32
	b = Balloc(1);
#else
	b = Balloc(2);
#endif
	if (b == NULL)
		return NULL;
	x = b->x;

	z = d0 & Frac_mask;
	d0 &= 0x7fffffff;	/* clear sign bit, which we ignore */
#ifdef Sudden_Underflow
	de = (int)(d0 >> Exp_shift);
#ifndef IBM
	z |= Exp_msk11;
#endif
#else
	if ( (de = (int)(d0 >> Exp_shift)) !=0)
		z |= Exp_msk1;
#endif
#ifdef Pack_32
	if ( (y = d1) !=0) {
		if ( (k = lo0bits(&y)) !=0) {
			x[0] = y | z << (32 - k);
			z >>= k;
			}
		else
			x[0] = y;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
		i =
#endif
		     b->wds = (x[1] = z) !=0 ? 2 : 1;
		}
	else {
#ifdef DEBUG
		if (!z)
			Bug("Zero passed to d2b");
#endif
		k = lo0bits(&z);
		x[0] = z;
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
		i =
#endif
		    b->wds = 1;
		k += 32;
		}
#else
	if ( (y = d1) !=0) {
		if ( (k = lo0bits(&y)) !=0)
			if (k >= 16) {
				x[0] = y | z << 32 - k & 0xffff;
				x[1] = z >> k - 16 & 0xffff;
				x[2] = z >> k;
				i = 2;
				}
			else {
				x[0] = y & 0xffff;
				x[1] = y >> 16 | z << 16 - k & 0xffff;
				x[2] = z >> k & 0xffff;
				x[3] = z >> k+16;
				i = 3;
				}
		else {
			x[0] = y & 0xffff;
			x[1] = y >> 16;
			x[2] = z & 0xffff;
			x[3] = z >> 16;
			i = 3;
			}
		}
	else {
#ifdef DEBUG
		if (!z)
			Bug("Zero passed to d2b");
#endif
		k = lo0bits(&z);
		if (k >= 16) {
			x[0] = z;
			i = 0;
			}
		else {
			x[0] = z & 0xffff;
			x[1] = z >> 16;
			i = 1;
			}
		k += 32;
		}
	while(!x[i])
		--i;
	b->wds = i + 1;
#endif
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
	if (de) {
#endif
#ifdef IBM
		*e = (de - Bias - (P-1) << 2) + k;
		*bits = 4*P + 8 - k - hi0bits(word0(d) & Frac_mask);
#else
		*e = de - Bias - (P-1) + k;
		*bits = P - k;
#endif
#ifndef Sudden_Underflow
		}
	else {
		*e = de - Bias - (P-1) + 1 + k;
#ifdef Pack_32
		*bits = 32*i - hi0bits(x[i-1]);
#else
		*bits = (i+2)*16 - hi0bits(x[i]);
#endif
		}
#endif
	return b;
	}
#undef d0
#undef d1

 CONST double
#ifdef IEEE_Arith
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32, 1e64, 1e128, 1e256 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32, 1e-64, 1e-128, 1e-256
		};
#else
#ifdef IBM
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32, 1e64 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32, 1e-64 };
#else
bigtens[] = { 1e16, 1e32 };
CONST double tinytens[] = { 1e-16, 1e-32 };
#endif
#endif

 CONST double
tens[] = {
		1e0, 1e1, 1e2, 1e3, 1e4, 1e5, 1e6, 1e7, 1e8, 1e9,
		1e10, 1e11, 1e12, 1e13, 1e14, 1e15, 1e16, 1e17, 1e18, 1e19,
		1e20, 1e21, 1e22
#ifdef VAX
		, 1e23, 1e24
#endif
		};

 char *
#ifdef KR_headers
strcp_D2A(a, b) char *a; char *b;
#else
strcp_D2A(char *a, CONST char *b)
#endif
{
	while((*a = *b++))
		a++;
	return a;
	}

#ifdef NO_STRING_H

 Char *
#ifdef KR_headers
memcpy_D2A(a, b, len) Char *a; Char *b; size_t len;
#else
memcpy_D2A(void *a1, void *b1, size_t len)
#endif
{
	char *a = (char*)a1, *ae = a + len;
	char *b = (char*)b1, *a0 = a;
	while(a < ae)
		*a++ = *b++;
	return a0;
	}

#endif /* NO_STRING_H */