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Annotation of src/include/stdio.h, Revision 1.14

1.14    ! cgd         1: /*     $NetBSD$        */
        !             2:
1.1       cgd         3: /*-
                      4:  * Copyright (c) 1990 The Regents of the University of California.
                      5:  * All rights reserved.
                      6:  *
                      7:  * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
                      8:  * Chris Torek.
                      9:  *
                     10:  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
                     11:  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
                     12:  * are met:
                     13:  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
                     14:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
                     15:  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
                     16:  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
                     17:  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
                     18:  * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
                     19:  *    must display the following acknowledgement:
                     20:  *     This product includes software developed by the University of
                     21:  *     California, Berkeley and its contributors.
                     22:  * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
                     23:  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
                     24:  *    without specific prior written permission.
                     25:  *
                     26:  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
                     27:  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
                     28:  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
                     29:  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
                     30:  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
                     31:  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
                     32:  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
                     33:  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
                     34:  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
                     35:  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
                     36:  * SUCH DAMAGE.
                     37:  *
1.14    ! cgd        38:  *     @(#)stdio.h     5.17 (Berkeley) 6/3/91
1.1       cgd        39:  */
                     40:
                     41: #ifndef        _STDIO_H_
                     42: #define        _STDIO_H_
                     43:
1.11      cgd        44: #if !defined(_ANSI_SOURCE) && !defined(__STRICT_ANSI_)
                     45: #include <sys/types.h>
                     46: #endif
                     47:
1.1       cgd        48: #include <sys/cdefs.h>
                     49:
                     50: #include <machine/ansi.h>
1.12      cgd        51: #ifdef _BSD_SIZE_T_
                     52: typedef        _BSD_SIZE_T_    size_t;
                     53: #undef _BSD_SIZE_T_
1.1       cgd        54: #endif
                     55:
                     56: #ifndef NULL
                     57: #define        NULL    0
                     58: #endif
                     59:
1.11      cgd        60: /*
                     61:  * This is fairly grotesque, but pure ANSI code must not inspect the
                     62:  * innards of an fpos_t anyway.  The library internally uses off_t,
                     63:  * which we assume is exactly as big as eight chars.
                     64:  */
                     65: #if !defined(_ANSI_SOURCE) && !defined(__STRICT_ANSI__)
                     66: typedef off_t fpos_t;
                     67: #else
                     68: typedef struct __sfpos {
                     69:        long long _pos;                 /* XXX must be the same as off_t */
                     70: } fpos_t;
                     71: #endif
1.1       cgd        72:
                     73: #define        _FSTDIO                 /* Define for new stdio with functions. */
                     74:
                     75: /*
                     76:  * NB: to fit things in six character monocase externals, the stdio
                     77:  * code uses the prefix `__s' for stdio objects, typically followed
                     78:  * by a three-character attempt at a mnemonic.
                     79:  */
                     80:
                     81: /* stdio buffers */
                     82: struct __sbuf {
                     83:        unsigned char *_base;
                     84:        int     _size;
                     85: };
                     86:
                     87: /*
                     88:  * stdio state variables.
                     89:  *
                     90:  * The following always hold:
                     91:  *
                     92:  *     if (_flags&(__SLBF|__SWR)) == (__SLBF|__SWR),
                     93:  *             _lbfsize is -_bf._size, else _lbfsize is 0
                     94:  *     if _flags&__SRD, _w is 0
                     95:  *     if _flags&__SWR, _r is 0
                     96:  *
                     97:  * This ensures that the getc and putc macros (or inline functions) never
                     98:  * try to write or read from a file that is in `read' or `write' mode.
                     99:  * (Moreover, they can, and do, automatically switch from read mode to
                    100:  * write mode, and back, on "r+" and "w+" files.)
                    101:  *
                    102:  * _lbfsize is used only to make the inline line-buffered output stream
                    103:  * code as compact as possible.
                    104:  *
                    105:  * _ub, _up, and _ur are used when ungetc() pushes back more characters
                    106:  * than fit in the current _bf, or when ungetc() pushes back a character
                    107:  * that does not match the previous one in _bf.  When this happens,
                    108:  * _ub._base becomes non-nil (i.e., a stream has ungetc() data iff
                    109:  * _ub._base!=NULL) and _up and _ur save the current values of _p and _r.
                    110:  */
                    111: typedef        struct __sFILE {
                    112:        unsigned char *_p;      /* current position in (some) buffer */
                    113:        int     _r;             /* read space left for getc() */
                    114:        int     _w;             /* write space left for putc() */
                    115:        short   _flags;         /* flags, below; this FILE is free if 0 */
                    116:        short   _file;          /* fileno, if Unix descriptor, else -1 */
                    117:        struct  __sbuf _bf;     /* the buffer (at least 1 byte, if !NULL) */
                    118:        int     _lbfsize;       /* 0 or -_bf._size, for inline putc */
                    119:
                    120:        /* operations */
                    121:        void    *_cookie;       /* cookie passed to io functions */
                    122:        int     (*_close) __P((void *));
                    123:        int     (*_read)  __P((void *, char *, int));
                    124:        fpos_t  (*_seek)  __P((void *, fpos_t, int));
                    125:        int     (*_write) __P((void *, const char *, int));
                    126:
                    127:        /* separate buffer for long sequences of ungetc() */
                    128:        struct  __sbuf _ub;     /* ungetc buffer */
                    129:        unsigned char *_up;     /* saved _p when _p is doing ungetc data */
                    130:        int     _ur;            /* saved _r when _r is counting ungetc data */
                    131:
                    132:        /* tricks to meet minimum requirements even when malloc() fails */
                    133:        unsigned char _ubuf[3]; /* guarantee an ungetc() buffer */
                    134:        unsigned char _nbuf[1]; /* guarantee a getc() buffer */
                    135:
1.10      cgd       136:        /* separate buffer for fgetln() when line crosses buffer boundary */
                    137:        struct  __sbuf _lb;     /* buffer for fgetln() */
1.1       cgd       138:
                    139:        /* Unix stdio files get aligned to block boundaries on fseek() */
                    140:        int     _blksize;       /* stat.st_blksize (may be != _bf._size) */
1.11      cgd       141:        fpos_t  _offset;        /* current lseek offset */
1.1       cgd       142: } FILE;
                    143:
                    144: __BEGIN_DECLS
                    145: extern FILE __sF[];
                    146: __END_DECLS
                    147:
                    148: #define        __SLBF  0x0001          /* line buffered */
                    149: #define        __SNBF  0x0002          /* unbuffered */
                    150: #define        __SRD   0x0004          /* OK to read */
                    151: #define        __SWR   0x0008          /* OK to write */
                    152:        /* RD and WR are never simultaneously asserted */
                    153: #define        __SRW   0x0010          /* open for reading & writing */
                    154: #define        __SEOF  0x0020          /* found EOF */
                    155: #define        __SERR  0x0040          /* found error */
                    156: #define        __SMBF  0x0080          /* _buf is from malloc */
                    157: #define        __SAPP  0x0100          /* fdopen()ed in append mode */
                    158: #define        __SSTR  0x0200          /* this is an sprintf/snprintf string */
                    159: #define        __SOPT  0x0400          /* do fseek() optimisation */
                    160: #define        __SNPT  0x0800          /* do not do fseek() optimisation */
                    161: #define        __SOFF  0x1000          /* set iff _offset is in fact correct */
1.10      cgd       162: #define        __SMOD  0x2000          /* true => fgetln modified _p text */
1.1       cgd       163:
                    164: /*
                    165:  * The following three definitions are for ANSI C, which took them
                    166:  * from System V, which brilliantly took internal interface macros and
                    167:  * made them official arguments to setvbuf(), without renaming them.
                    168:  * Hence, these ugly _IOxxx names are *supposed* to appear in user code.
                    169:  *
                    170:  * Although numbered as their counterparts above, the implementation
                    171:  * does not rely on this.
                    172:  */
                    173: #define        _IOFBF  0               /* setvbuf should set fully buffered */
                    174: #define        _IOLBF  1               /* setvbuf should set line buffered */
                    175: #define        _IONBF  2               /* setvbuf should set unbuffered */
                    176:
                    177: #define        BUFSIZ  1024            /* size of buffer used by setbuf */
                    178: #define        EOF     (-1)
                    179:
                    180: /*
                    181:  * FOPEN_MAX is a minimum maximum, and should be the number of descriptors
                    182:  * that the kernel can provide without allocation of a resource that can
                    183:  * fail without the process sleeping.  Do not use this for anything.
                    184:  */
                    185: #define        FOPEN_MAX       20      /* must be <= OPEN_MAX <sys/syslimits.h> */
                    186: #define        FILENAME_MAX    1024    /* must be <= PATH_MAX <sys/syslimits.h> */
                    187:
                    188: /* System V/ANSI C; this is the wrong way to do this, do *not* use these. */
                    189: #ifndef _ANSI_SOURCE
                    190: #define        P_tmpdir        "/var/tmp/"
                    191: #endif
                    192: #define        L_tmpnam        1024    /* XXX must be == PATH_MAX */
                    193: #define        TMP_MAX         308915776
                    194:
                    195: #ifndef SEEK_SET
                    196: #define        SEEK_SET        0       /* set file offset to offset */
                    197: #endif
                    198: #ifndef SEEK_CUR
                    199: #define        SEEK_CUR        1       /* set file offset to current plus offset */
                    200: #endif
                    201: #ifndef SEEK_END
                    202: #define        SEEK_END        2       /* set file offset to EOF plus offset */
                    203: #endif
                    204:
                    205: #define        stdin   (&__sF[0])
                    206: #define        stdout  (&__sF[1])
                    207: #define        stderr  (&__sF[2])
                    208:
                    209: /*
                    210:  * Functions defined in ANSI C standard.
                    211:  */
                    212: __BEGIN_DECLS
                    213: void    clearerr __P((FILE *));
                    214: int     fclose __P((FILE *));
                    215: int     feof __P((FILE *));
                    216: int     ferror __P((FILE *));
                    217: int     fflush __P((FILE *));
                    218: int     fgetc __P((FILE *));
                    219: int     fgetpos __P((FILE *, fpos_t *));
                    220: char   *fgets __P((char *, size_t, FILE *));
                    221: FILE   *fopen __P((const char *, const char *));
                    222: int     fprintf __P((FILE *, const char *, ...));
                    223: int     fputc __P((int, FILE *));
                    224: int     fputs __P((const char *, FILE *));
1.5       jtc       225: size_t  fread __P((void *, size_t, size_t, FILE *));
1.1       cgd       226: FILE   *freopen __P((const char *, const char *, FILE *));
                    227: int     fscanf __P((FILE *, const char *, ...));
                    228: int     fseek __P((FILE *, long, int));
                    229: int     fsetpos __P((FILE *, const fpos_t *));
                    230: long    ftell __P((const FILE *));
1.5       jtc       231: size_t  fwrite __P((const void *, size_t, size_t, FILE *));
1.1       cgd       232: int     getc __P((FILE *));
                    233: int     getchar __P((void));
                    234: char   *gets __P((char *));
                    235: #if !defined(_ANSI_SOURCE) && !defined(_POSIX_SOURCE)
                    236: extern int sys_nerr;                   /* perror(3) external variables */
1.9       mycroft   237: extern const char *const sys_errlist[];
1.1       cgd       238: #endif
                    239: void    perror __P((const char *));
                    240: int     printf __P((const char *, ...));
                    241: int     putc __P((int, FILE *));
                    242: int     putchar __P((int));
                    243: int     puts __P((const char *));
                    244: int     remove __P((const char *));
                    245: int     rename  __P((const char *, const char *));
                    246: void    rewind __P((FILE *));
                    247: int     scanf __P((const char *, ...));
                    248: void    setbuf __P((FILE *, char *));
                    249: int     setvbuf __P((FILE *, char *, int, size_t));
                    250: int     sprintf __P((char *, const char *, ...));
1.4       cgd       251: int     sscanf __P((const char *, const char *, ...));
1.1       cgd       252: FILE   *tmpfile __P((void));
                    253: char   *tmpnam __P((char *));
                    254: int     ungetc __P((int, FILE *));
1.13      cgd       255: int     vfprintf __P((FILE *, const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_));
                    256: int     vprintf __P((const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_));
                    257: int     vsprintf __P((char *, const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_));
1.1       cgd       258: __END_DECLS
                    259:
                    260: /*
                    261:  * Functions defined in POSIX 1003.1.
                    262:  */
                    263: #ifndef _ANSI_SOURCE
                    264: #define        L_ctermid       1024    /* size for ctermid(); PATH_MAX */
1.7       jtc       265: #define L_cuserid      9       /* size for cuserid(); UT_NAMESIZE + 1 */
1.1       cgd       266:
                    267: __BEGIN_DECLS
                    268: char   *ctermid __P((char *));
1.7       jtc       269: char   *cuserid __P((char *));
1.1       cgd       270: FILE   *fdopen __P((int, const char *));
                    271: int     fileno __P((FILE *));
                    272: __END_DECLS
                    273: #endif /* not ANSI */
                    274:
                    275: /*
                    276:  * Routines that are purely local.
                    277:  */
                    278: #if !defined (_ANSI_SOURCE) && !defined(_POSIX_SOURCE)
                    279: __BEGIN_DECLS
1.10      cgd       280: char   *fgetln __P((FILE *, size_t *));
1.1       cgd       281: int     fpurge __P((FILE *));
                    282: int     getw __P((FILE *));
                    283: int     pclose __P((FILE *));
                    284: FILE   *popen __P((const char *, const char *));
                    285: int     putw __P((int, FILE *));
                    286: void    setbuffer __P((FILE *, char *, int));
                    287: int     setlinebuf __P((FILE *));
                    288: char   *tempnam __P((const char *, const char *));
1.8       jtc       289: int     snprintf __P((char *, size_t, const char *, ...))
                    290:                __attribute__((format (printf, 3, 4)));
1.13      cgd       291: int     vsnprintf __P((char *, size_t, const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_))
1.8       jtc       292:                __attribute__((format (printf, 3, 0)));
1.13      cgd       293: int     vscanf __P((const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_))
1.8       jtc       294:                __attribute__((format (scanf, 1, 0)));
1.13      cgd       295: int     vsscanf __P((const char *, const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_))
1.8       jtc       296:                __attribute__((format (scanf, 2, 0)));
1.1       cgd       297: __END_DECLS
                    298:
                    299: /*
                    300:  * This is a #define because the function is used internally and
                    301:  * (unlike vfscanf) the name __svfscanf is guaranteed not to collide
                    302:  * with a user function when _ANSI_SOURCE or _POSIX_SOURCE is defined.
                    303:  */
                    304: #define         vfscanf        __svfscanf
                    305:
                    306: /*
                    307:  * Stdio function-access interface.
                    308:  */
                    309: __BEGIN_DECLS
                    310: FILE   *funopen __P((const void *,
                    311:                int (*)(void *, char *, int),
                    312:                int (*)(void *, const char *, int),
                    313:                fpos_t (*)(void *, fpos_t, int),
                    314:                int (*)(void *)));
                    315: __END_DECLS
                    316: #define        fropen(cookie, fn) funopen(cookie, fn, 0, 0, 0)
                    317: #define        fwopen(cookie, fn) funopen(cookie, 0, fn, 0, 0)
                    318: #endif /* !_ANSI_SOURCE && !_POSIX_SOURCE */
                    319:
                    320: /*
                    321:  * Functions internal to the implementation.
                    322:  */
                    323: __BEGIN_DECLS
                    324: int    __srget __P((FILE *));
1.13      cgd       325: int    __svfscanf __P((FILE *, const char *, _BSD_VA_LIST_));
1.1       cgd       326: int    __swbuf __P((int, FILE *));
                    327: __END_DECLS
                    328:
                    329: /*
                    330:  * The __sfoo macros are here so that we can
                    331:  * define function versions in the C library.
                    332:  */
                    333: #define        __sgetc(p) (--(p)->_r < 0 ? __srget(p) : (int)(*(p)->_p++))
                    334: #if defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__STDC__)
1.2       sef       335: static __inline int __sputc(int _c, FILE *_p) {
1.1       cgd       336:        if (--_p->_w >= 0 || (_p->_w >= _p->_lbfsize && (char)_c != '\n'))
                    337:                return (*_p->_p++ = _c);
                    338:        else
                    339:                return (__swbuf(_c, _p));
                    340: }
                    341: #else
                    342: /*
                    343:  * This has been tuned to generate reasonable code on the vax using pcc.
                    344:  */
                    345: #define        __sputc(c, p) \
                    346:        (--(p)->_w < 0 ? \
                    347:                (p)->_w >= (p)->_lbfsize ? \
                    348:                        (*(p)->_p = (c)), *(p)->_p != '\n' ? \
                    349:                                (int)*(p)->_p++ : \
                    350:                                __swbuf('\n', p) : \
                    351:                        __swbuf((int)(c), p) : \
                    352:                (*(p)->_p = (c), (int)*(p)->_p++))
                    353: #endif
                    354:
                    355: #define        __sfeof(p)      (((p)->_flags & __SEOF) != 0)
                    356: #define        __sferror(p)    (((p)->_flags & __SERR) != 0)
                    357: #define        __sclearerr(p)  ((void)((p)->_flags &= ~(__SERR|__SEOF)))
                    358: #define        __sfileno(p)    ((p)->_file)
                    359:
                    360: #define        feof(p)         __sfeof(p)
                    361: #define        ferror(p)       __sferror(p)
                    362: #define        clearerr(p)     __sclearerr(p)
                    363:
                    364: #ifndef _ANSI_SOURCE
                    365: #define        fileno(p)       __sfileno(p)
                    366: #endif
                    367:
                    368: #ifndef lint
                    369: #define        getc(fp)        __sgetc(fp)
                    370: #define putc(x, fp)    __sputc(x, fp)
                    371: #endif /* lint */
                    372:
                    373: #define        getchar()       getc(stdin)
                    374: #define        putchar(x)      putc(x, stdout)
                    375: #endif /* _STDIO_H_ */

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