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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / bin / pax / file_subs.c (download)

Revision 1.62, Tue Apr 7 19:52:35 2009 UTC (11 years, 6 months ago) by perry
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-tag8, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-6-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, matt-premerge-20091211, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, khorben-n900, jym-xensuspend-nbase, jym-xensuspend-base, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver
Branch point for: yamt-pagecache, tls-maxphys
Changes since 1.61: +4 -10 lines

Fixes from christos for pr-41167

XXX -X is still broken, but that wasn't part of this PR.

/*	$NetBSD: file_subs.c,v 1.62 2009/04/07 19:52:35 perry Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1992 Keith Muller.
 * Copyright (c) 1992, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Keith Muller of the University of California, San Diego.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#if HAVE_NBTOOL_CONFIG_H
#include "nbtool_config.h"
#endif

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#if !defined(lint)
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)file_subs.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 5/31/93";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: file_subs.c,v 1.62 2009/04/07 19:52:35 perry Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "pax.h"
#include "extern.h"
#include "options.h"

char *xtmp_name;

static int
mk_link(char *,struct stat *,char *, int);

static int warn_broken;

/*
 * routines that deal with file operations such as: creating, removing;
 * and setting access modes, uid/gid and times of files
 */
#define SET_BITS		(S_ISUID | S_ISGID)
#define FILE_BITS		(S_IRWXU | S_IRWXG | S_IRWXO)
#define A_BITS			(FILE_BITS | SET_BITS | S_ISVTX)

/*
 * The S_ISVTX (sticky bit) can be set by non-superuser on directories
 * but not other kinds of files.
 */
#define FILEBITS(dir)		((dir) ? (FILE_BITS | S_ISVTX) : FILE_BITS)
#define SETBITS(dir)		((dir) ? SET_BITS : (SET_BITS | S_ISVTX))

static mode_t
apply_umask(mode_t mode)
{
	static mode_t cached_umask;
	static int cached_umask_valid;

	if (!cached_umask_valid) {
		cached_umask = umask(0);
		umask(cached_umask);
		cached_umask_valid = 1;
	}

	return mode & ~cached_umask;
}

/*
 * file_creat()
 *	Create and open a file.
 * Return:
 *	file descriptor or -1 for failure
 */

int
file_creat(ARCHD *arcn, int write_to_hardlink)
{
	int fd = -1;
	int oerrno;

	/*
	 * Some horribly busted tar implementations, have directory nodes
	 * that end in a /, but they mark as files. Compensate for that
	 * by not creating a directory node at this point, but a file node,
	 * and not creating the temp file.
	 */
	if (arcn->nlen != 0 && arcn->name[arcn->nlen - 1] == '/') {
		if (!warn_broken) {
			tty_warn(0, "Archive was created with a broken tar;"
			    " file `%s' is a directory, but marked as plain.",
			    arcn->name);
			warn_broken = 1;
		}
		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * In "cpio" archives it's usually the last record of a set of
	 * hardlinks which includes the contents of the file. We cannot
	 * use a tempory file in that case because we couldn't link it
	 * with the existing other hardlinks after restoring the contents
	 * to it. And it's also useless to create the hardlink under a
	 * temporary name because the other hardlinks would have partial
	 * contents while restoring.
	 */
	if (write_to_hardlink)
		return (open(arcn->name, O_TRUNC | O_EXCL | O_RDWR, 0));
	
	/*
	 * Create a temporary file name so that the file doesn't have partial
	 * contents while restoring.
	 */
	arcn->tmp_name = malloc(arcn->nlen + 8);
	if (arcn->tmp_name == NULL) {
		syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot malloc %d bytes", arcn->nlen + 8);
		return -1;
	}
	if (xtmp_name != NULL)
		abort();
	xtmp_name = arcn->tmp_name;

	for (;;) {
		/*
		 * try to create the temporary file we use to restore the
		 * contents info.  if this fails, keep checking all the nodes
		 * in the path until chk_path() finds that it cannot fix
		 * anything further.  if that happens we just give up.
		 */
		(void)snprintf(arcn->tmp_name, arcn->nlen + 8, "%s.XXXXXX",
		    arcn->name);
		fd = mkstemp(arcn->tmp_name);
		if (fd >= 0)
			break;
		oerrno = errno;
		if (nodirs || chk_path(arcn->name,arcn->sb.st_uid,arcn->sb.st_gid) < 0) {
			(void)fflush(listf);
			syswarn(1, oerrno, "Cannot create %s", arcn->tmp_name);
			xtmp_name = NULL;
			free(arcn->tmp_name);
			arcn->tmp_name = NULL;
			return -1;
		}
	}
	return fd;
}

/*
 * file_close()
 *	Close file descriptor to a file just created by pax. Sets modes,
 *	ownership and times as required.
 * Return:
 *	0 for success, -1 for failure
 */

void
file_close(ARCHD *arcn, int fd)
{
	char *tmp_name;
	int res;

	if (fd < 0)
		return;

	tmp_name = (arcn->tmp_name != NULL) ? arcn->tmp_name : arcn->name;

	if (close(fd) < 0)
		syswarn(0, errno, "Cannot close file descriptor on %s",
		    tmp_name);

	/*
	 * set owner/groups first as this may strip off mode bits we want
	 * then set file permission modes. Then set file access and
	 * modification times.
	 */
	if (pids)
		res = set_ids(tmp_name, arcn->sb.st_uid, arcn->sb.st_gid);
	else
		res = 0;

	/*
	 * IMPORTANT SECURITY NOTE:
	 * if not preserving mode or we cannot set uid/gid, then PROHIBIT
	 * set uid/gid bits but restore the file modes (since mkstemp doesn't).
	 */
	if (!pmode || res)
		arcn->sb.st_mode &= ~SETBITS(0);
	if (pmode)
		set_pmode(tmp_name, arcn->sb.st_mode);
	else
		set_pmode(tmp_name,
		    apply_umask((arcn->sb.st_mode & FILEBITS(0))));
	if (patime || pmtime)
		set_ftime(tmp_name, arcn->sb.st_mtime,
		    arcn->sb.st_atime, 0, 0);

	/* Did we write directly to the target file? */
	if (arcn->tmp_name == NULL)
		return;

	/*
	 * Finally, now the temp file is fully instantiated rename it to
	 * the desired file name.
	 */
	if (rename(tmp_name, arcn->name) < 0) {
		syswarn(0, errno, "Cannot rename %s to %s",
		    tmp_name, arcn->name);
		(void)unlink(tmp_name);
	}

#if HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_FLAGS
	if (pfflags && arcn->type != PAX_SLK)
		set_chflags(arcn->name, arcn->sb.st_flags);
#endif

	free(arcn->tmp_name);
	arcn->tmp_name = NULL;
	xtmp_name = NULL;
}

/*
 * lnk_creat()
 *	Create a hard link to arcn->ln_name from arcn->name. arcn->ln_name
 *	must exist;
 * Return:
 *	0 if ok, -1 otherwise
 */

int
lnk_creat(ARCHD *arcn, int *payload)
{
	struct stat sb;

	/*
	 * Check if this hardlink carries the "payload". In "cpio" archives
	 * it's usually the last record of a set of hardlinks which includes
	 * the contents of the file.
	 *
	 */
	*payload = S_ISREG(arcn->sb.st_mode) &&
	    (arcn->sb.st_size > 0) && (arcn->sb.st_size <= arcn->skip);

	/*
	 * We may be running as root, so we have to be sure that link target
	 * is not a directory, so we lstat and check. XXX: This is still racy.
	 */
	if (lstat(arcn->ln_name, &sb) != -1 && S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode)) {
		tty_warn(1, "A hard link to the directory %s is not allowed",
		    arcn->ln_name);
		return -1;
	}

	return mk_link(arcn->ln_name, &sb, arcn->name, 0);
}

/*
 * cross_lnk()
 *	Create a hard link to arcn->org_name from arcn->name. Only used in copy
 *	with the -l flag. No warning or error if this does not succeed (we will
 *	then just create the file)
 * Return:
 *	1 if copy() should try to create this file node
 *	0 if cross_lnk() ok, -1 for fatal flaw (like linking to self).
 */

int
cross_lnk(ARCHD *arcn)
{
	/*
	 * try to make a link to original file (-l flag in copy mode). make
	 * sure we do not try to link to directories in case we are running as
	 * root (and it might succeed).
	 */
	if (arcn->type == PAX_DIR)
		return 1;
	return mk_link(arcn->org_name, &(arcn->sb), arcn->name, 1);
}

/*
 * chk_same()
 *	In copy mode if we are not trying to make hard links between the src
 *	and destinations, make sure we are not going to overwrite ourselves by
 *	accident. This slows things down a little, but we have to protect all
 *	those people who make typing errors.
 * Return:
 *	1 the target does not exist, go ahead and copy
 *	0 skip it file exists (-k) or may be the same as source file
 */

int
chk_same(ARCHD *arcn)
{
	struct stat sb;

	/*
	 * if file does not exist, return. if file exists and -k, skip it
	 * quietly
	 */
	if (lstat(arcn->name, &sb) < 0)
		return 1;
	if (kflag)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * better make sure the user does not have src == dest by mistake
	 */
	if ((arcn->sb.st_dev == sb.st_dev) && (arcn->sb.st_ino == sb.st_ino)) {
		tty_warn(1, "Unable to copy %s, file would overwrite itself",
		    arcn->name);
		return 0;
	}
	return 1;
}

/*
 * mk_link()
 *	try to make a hard link between two files. if ign set, we do not
 *	complain.
 * Return:
 *	0 if successful (or we are done with this file but no error, such as
 *	finding the from file exists and the user has set -k).
 *	1 when ign was set to indicates we could not make the link but we
 *	should try to copy/extract the file as that might work (and is an
 *	allowed option). -1 an error occurred.
 */

static int
mk_link(char *to, struct stat *to_sb, char *from, int ign)
{
	struct stat sb;
	int oerrno;

	/*
	 * if from file exists, it has to be unlinked to make the link. If the
	 * file exists and -k is set, skip it quietly
	 */
	if (lstat(from, &sb) == 0) {
		if (kflag)
			return 0;

		/*
		 * make sure it is not the same file, protect the user
		 */
		if ((to_sb->st_dev==sb.st_dev)&&(to_sb->st_ino == sb.st_ino)) {
			tty_warn(1, "Cannot link file %s to itself", to);
			return -1;
		}

		/*
		 * try to get rid of the file, based on the type
		 */
		if (S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode) && strcmp(from, ".") != 0) {
			if (rmdir(from) < 0) {
				syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot remove %s", from);
				return -1;
			}
		} else if (unlink(from) < 0) {
			if (!ign) {
				syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot remove %s", from);
				return -1;
			}
			return 1;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * from file is gone (or did not exist), try to make the hard link.
	 * if it fails, check the path and try it again (if chk_path() says to
	 * try again)
	 */
	for (;;) {
		if (link(to, from) == 0)
			break;
		oerrno = errno;
		if (chk_path(from, to_sb->st_uid, to_sb->st_gid) == 0)
			continue;
		if (!ign) {
			syswarn(1, oerrno, "Cannot link to %s from %s", to,
			    from);
			return -1;
		}
		return 1;
	}

	/*
	 * all right the link was made
	 */
	return 0;
}

/*
 * node_creat()
 *	create an entry in the file system (other than a file or hard link).
 *	If successful, sets uid/gid modes and times as required.
 * Return:
 *	0 if ok, -1 otherwise
 */

int
node_creat(ARCHD *arcn)
{
	int res;
	int ign = 0;
	int oerrno;
	int pass = 0;
	mode_t file_mode;
	struct stat sb;
	char target[MAXPATHLEN];
	char *nm = arcn->name;
	int len;

	/*
	 * create node based on type, if that fails try to unlink the node and
	 * try again. finally check the path and try again. As noted in the
	 * file and link creation routines, this method seems to exhibit the
	 * best performance in general use workloads.
	 */
	file_mode = arcn->sb.st_mode & FILEBITS(arcn->type == PAX_DIR);

	for (;;) {
		switch (arcn->type) {
		case PAX_DIR:
			/*
			 * If -h (or -L) was given in tar-mode, follow the
			 * potential symlink chain before trying to create the
			 * directory.
			 */
			if (strcmp(NM_TAR, argv0) == 0 && Lflag) {
				while (lstat(nm, &sb) == 0 &&
				    S_ISLNK(sb.st_mode)) {
					len = readlink(nm, target,
					    sizeof target - 1);
					if (len == -1) {
						syswarn(0, errno,
						   "cannot follow symlink %s "
						   "in chain for %s",
						    nm, arcn->name);
						res = -1;
						goto badlink;
					}
					target[len] = '\0';
					nm = target;
				}
			}
			res = domkdir(nm, file_mode);
badlink:
			if (ign)
				res = 0;
			break;
		case PAX_CHR:
			file_mode |= S_IFCHR;
			res = mknod(nm, file_mode, arcn->sb.st_rdev);
			break;
		case PAX_BLK:
			file_mode |= S_IFBLK;
			res = mknod(nm, file_mode, arcn->sb.st_rdev);
			break;
		case PAX_FIF:
			res = mkfifo(nm, file_mode);
			break;
		case PAX_SCK:
			/*
			 * Skip sockets, operation has no meaning under BSD
			 */
			tty_warn(0,
			    "%s skipped. Sockets cannot be copied or extracted",
			    nm);
			return (-1);
		case PAX_SLK:
			res = symlink(arcn->ln_name, nm);
			break;
		case PAX_CTG:
		case PAX_HLK:
		case PAX_HRG:
		case PAX_REG:
		default:
			/*
			 * we should never get here
			 */
			tty_warn(0, "%s has an unknown file type, skipping",
			    nm);
			return (-1);
		}

		/*
		 * if we were able to create the node break out of the loop,
		 * otherwise try to unlink the node and try again. if that
		 * fails check the full path and try a final time.
		 */
		if (res == 0)
			break;

		/*
		 * we failed to make the node
		 */
		oerrno = errno;
		switch (pass++) {
		case 0:
			if ((ign = unlnk_exist(nm, arcn->type)) < 0)
				return (-1);
			continue;

		case 1:
			if (nodirs ||
			    chk_path(nm, arcn->sb.st_uid,
			    arcn->sb.st_gid) < 0) {
				syswarn(1, oerrno, "Cannot create %s", nm);
				return (-1);
			}
			continue;
		}

		/*
		 * it must be a file that exists but we can't create or
		 * remove, but we must avoid the infinite loop.
		 */
		break;
	}

	/*
	 * we were able to create the node. set uid/gid, modes and times
	 */
	if (pids)
		res = set_ids(nm, arcn->sb.st_uid, arcn->sb.st_gid);
	else
		res = 0;

	/*
	 * IMPORTANT SECURITY NOTE:
	 * if not preserving mode or we cannot set uid/gid, then PROHIBIT any
	 * set uid/gid bits
	 */
	if (!pmode || res)
		arcn->sb.st_mode &= ~SETBITS(arcn->type == PAX_DIR);
	if (pmode)
		set_pmode(arcn->name, arcn->sb.st_mode);

	if (arcn->type == PAX_DIR && strcmp(NM_CPIO, argv0) != 0) {
		/*
		 * Dirs must be processed again at end of extract to set times
		 * and modes to agree with those stored in the archive. However
		 * to allow extract to continue, we may have to also set owner
		 * rights. This allows nodes in the archive that are children
		 * of this directory to be extracted without failure. Both time
		 * and modes will be fixed after the entire archive is read and
		 * before pax exits.
		 */
		if (access(nm, R_OK | W_OK | X_OK) < 0) {
			if (lstat(nm, &sb) < 0) {
				syswarn(0, errno,"Cannot access %s (stat)",
				    arcn->name);
				set_pmode(nm,file_mode | S_IRWXU);
			} else {
				/*
				 * We have to add rights to the dir, so we make
				 * sure to restore the mode. The mode must be
				 * restored AS CREATED and not as stored if
				 * pmode is not set.
				 */
				set_pmode(nm, ((sb.st_mode &
				    FILEBITS(arcn->type == PAX_DIR)) |
				    S_IRWXU));
				if (!pmode)
					arcn->sb.st_mode = sb.st_mode;
			}

			/*
			 * we have to force the mode to what was set here,
			 * since we changed it from the default as created.
			 */
			add_dir(nm, arcn->nlen, &(arcn->sb), 1);
		} else if (pmode || patime || pmtime)
			add_dir(nm, arcn->nlen, &(arcn->sb), 0);
	}

	if (patime || pmtime)
		set_ftime(arcn->name, arcn->sb.st_mtime,
		    arcn->sb.st_atime, 0, (arcn->type == PAX_SLK) ? 1 : 0);

#if HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_FLAGS
	if (pfflags && arcn->type != PAX_SLK)
		set_chflags(arcn->name, arcn->sb.st_flags);
#endif
	return 0;
}

/*
 * unlnk_exist()
 *	Remove node from file system with the specified name. We pass the type
 *	of the node that is going to replace it. When we try to create a
 *	directory and find that it already exists, we allow processing to
 *	continue as proper modes etc will always be set for it later on.
 * Return:
 *	0 is ok to proceed, no file with the specified name exists
 *	-1 we were unable to remove the node, or we should not remove it (-k)
 *	1 we found a directory and we were going to create a directory.
 */

int
unlnk_exist(char *name, int type)
{
	struct stat sb;

	/*
	 * the file does not exist, or -k we are done
	 */
	if (lstat(name, &sb) < 0)
		return 0;
	if (kflag)
		return -1;

	if (S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode)) {
		/*
		 * try to remove a directory, if it fails and we were going to
		 * create a directory anyway, tell the caller (return a 1).
		 *
		 * don't try to remove the directory if the name is "."
		 * otherwise later file/directory creation fails.
		 */
		if (strcmp(name, ".") == 0)
			return 1;
		if (rmdir(name) < 0) {
			if (type == PAX_DIR)
				return 1;
			syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot remove directory %s", name);
			return -1;
		}
		return 0;
	}

	/*
	 * try to get rid of all non-directory type nodes
	 */
	if (unlink(name) < 0) {
		(void)fflush(listf);
		syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot unlink %s", name);
		return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * chk_path()
 *	We were trying to create some kind of node in the file system and it
 *	failed. chk_path() makes sure the path up to the node exists and is
 *	writable. When we have to create a directory that is missing along the
 *	path somewhere, the directory we create will be set to the same
 *	uid/gid as the file has (when uid and gid are being preserved).
 *	NOTE: this routine is a real performance loss. It is only used as a
 *	last resort when trying to create entries in the file system.
 * Return:
 *	-1 when it could find nothing it is allowed to fix.
 *	0 otherwise
 */

int
chk_path(char *name, uid_t st_uid, gid_t st_gid)
{
	char *spt = name;
	struct stat sb;
	int retval = -1;

	/*
	 * watch out for paths with nodes stored directly in / (e.g. /bozo)
	 */
	if (*spt == '/')
		++spt;

	for(;;) {
		/*
		 * work forward from the first / and check each part of
		 * the path
		 */
		spt = strchr(spt, '/');
		if (spt == NULL)
			break;
		*spt = '\0';

		/*
		 * if it exists we assume it is a directory, it is not within
		 * the spec (at least it seems to read that way) to alter the
		 * file system for nodes NOT EXPLICITLY stored on the archive.
		 * If that assumption is changed, you would test the node here
		 * and figure out how to get rid of it (probably like some
		 * recursive unlink()) or fix up the directory permissions if
		 * required (do an access()).
		 */
		if (lstat(name, &sb) == 0) {
			*(spt++) = '/';
			continue;
		}

		/*
		 * the path fails at this point, see if we can create the
		 * needed directory and continue on
		 */
		if (domkdir(name, S_IRWXU | S_IRWXG | S_IRWXO) == -1) {
			*spt = '/';
			retval = -1;
			break;
		}

		/*
		 * we were able to create the directory. We will tell the
		 * caller that we found something to fix, and it is ok to try
		 * and create the node again.
		 */
		retval = 0;
		if (pids)
			(void)set_ids(name, st_uid, st_gid);

		/*
		 * make sure the user doesn't have some strange umask that
		 * causes this newly created directory to be unusable. We fix
		 * the modes and restore them back to the creation default at
		 * the end of pax
		 */
		if ((access(name, R_OK | W_OK | X_OK) < 0) &&
		    (lstat(name, &sb) == 0)) {
			set_pmode(name, ((sb.st_mode & FILEBITS(0)) |
			    S_IRWXU));
			add_dir(name, spt - name, &sb, 1);
		}
		*(spt++) = '/';
		continue;
	}
	/*
	 * We perform one final check here, because if someone else
	 * created the directory in parallel with us, we might return
	 * the wrong error code, even if the directory exists now.
	 */
	if (retval == -1 && stat(name, &sb) == 0 && S_ISDIR(sb.st_mode))
		retval = 0;
	return retval;
}

/*
 * set_ftime()
 *	Set the access time and modification time for a named file. If frc
 *	is non-zero we force these times to be set even if the user did not
 *	request access and/or modification time preservation (this is also
 *	used by -t to reset access times).
 *	When ign is zero, only those times the user has asked for are set, the
 *	other ones are left alone. We do not assume the un-documented feature
 *	of many utimes() implementations that consider a 0 time value as a do
 *	not set request.
 *
 *	Unfortunately, there are systems where lutimes() is present but does
 *	not work on some filesystem types, which cannot be detected at
 * 	compile time.  This requires passing down symlink knowledge into
 *	this function to obtain correct operation.  Linux with XFS is one
 * 	example of such a system.
 */

void
set_ftime(char *fnm, time_t mtime, time_t atime, int frc, int slk)
{
	struct timeval tv[2];
	struct stat sb;

	tv[0].tv_sec = (long)atime;
	tv[0].tv_usec = 0;
	tv[1].tv_sec = (long)mtime;
	tv[1].tv_usec = 0;
	if (!frc && (!patime || !pmtime)) {
		/*
		 * if we are not forcing, only set those times the user wants
		 * set. We get the current values of the times if we need them.
		 */
		if (lstat(fnm, &sb) == 0) {
#if BSD4_4 && !HAVE_NBTOOL_CONFIG_H
			if (!patime)
				TIMESPEC_TO_TIMEVAL(&tv[0], &sb.st_atimespec);
			if (!pmtime)
				TIMESPEC_TO_TIMEVAL(&tv[1], &sb.st_mtimespec);
#else
			if (!patime)
				tv[0].tv_sec = sb.st_atime;
			if (!pmtime)
				tv[1].tv_sec = sb.st_mtime;
#endif
		} else
			syswarn(0, errno, "Cannot obtain file stats %s", fnm);
	}

	/*
	 * set the times
	 */
#if HAVE_LUTIMES
	if (lutimes(fnm, tv) == 0)
		return;
	if (errno != ENOSYS)	/* XXX linux: lutimes is per-FS */
		goto bad;
#endif
	if (slk)
		return;
	if (utimes(fnm, tv) == -1)
		goto bad;
	return;
bad:
	syswarn(1, errno, "Access/modification time set failed on: %s", fnm);
}

/*
 * set_ids()
 *	set the uid and gid of a file system node
 * Return:
 *	0 when set, -1 on failure
 */

int
set_ids(char *fnm, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
{
	if (geteuid() == 0)
		if (lchown(fnm, uid, gid)) {
			(void)fflush(listf);
			syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot set file uid/gid of %s",
			    fnm);
			return -1;
		}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * set_pmode()
 *	Set file access mode
 */

void
set_pmode(char *fnm, mode_t mode)
{
	mode &= A_BITS;
	if (lchmod(fnm, mode)) {
		(void)fflush(listf);
		syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot set permissions on %s", fnm);
	}
	return;
}

/*
 * set_chflags()
 *	Set 4.4BSD file flags
 */
void
set_chflags(char *fnm, u_int32_t flags)
{
	
#if 0
	if (chflags(fnm, flags) < 0 && errno != EOPNOTSUPP)
		syswarn(1, errno, "Cannot set file flags on %s", fnm);
#endif
	return;
}

/*
 * file_write()
 *	Write/copy a file (during copy or archive extract). This routine knows
 *	how to copy files with lseek holes in it. (Which are read as file
 *	blocks containing all 0's but do not have any file blocks associated
 *	with the data). Typical examples of these are files created by dbm
 *	variants (.pag files). While the file size of these files are huge, the
 *	actual storage is quite small (the files are sparse). The problem is
 *	the holes read as all zeros so are probably stored on the archive that
 *	way (there is no way to determine if the file block is really a hole,
 *	we only know that a file block of all zero's can be a hole).
 *	At this writing, no major archive format knows how to archive files
 *	with holes. However, on extraction (or during copy, -rw) we have to
 *	deal with these files. Without detecting the holes, the files can
 *	consume a lot of file space if just written to disk. This replacement
 *	for write when passed the basic allocation size of a file system block,
 *	uses lseek whenever it detects the input data is all 0 within that
 *	file block. In more detail, the strategy is as follows:
 *	While the input is all zero keep doing an lseek. Keep track of when we
 *	pass over file block boundaries. Only write when we hit a non zero
 *	input. once we have written a file block, we continue to write it to
 *	the end (we stop looking at the input). When we reach the start of the
 *	next file block, start checking for zero blocks again. Working on file
 *	block boundaries significantly reduces the overhead when copying files
 *	that are NOT very sparse. This overhead (when compared to a write) is
 *	almost below the measurement resolution on many systems. Without it,
 *	files with holes cannot be safely copied. It does has a side effect as
 *	it can put holes into files that did not have them before, but that is
 *	not a problem since the file contents are unchanged (in fact it saves
 *	file space). (Except on paging files for diskless clients. But since we
 *	cannot determine one of those file from here, we ignore them). If this
 *	ever ends up on a system where CTG files are supported and the holes
 *	are not desired, just do a conditional test in those routines that
 *	call file_write() and have it call write() instead. BEFORE CLOSING THE
 *	FILE, make sure to call file_flush() when the last write finishes with
 *	an empty block. A lot of file systems will not create an lseek hole at
 *	the end. In this case we drop a single 0 at the end to force the
 *	trailing 0's in the file.
 *	---Parameters---
 *	rem: how many bytes left in this file system block
 *	isempt: have we written to the file block yet (is it empty)
 *	sz: basic file block allocation size
 *	cnt: number of bytes on this write
 *	str: buffer to write
 * Return:
 *	number of bytes written, -1 on write (or lseek) error.
 */

int
file_write(int fd, char *str, int cnt, int *rem, int *isempt, int sz,
	char *name)
{
	char *pt;
	char *end;
	int wcnt;
	char *st = str;
	char **strp;
	size_t *lenp;

	/*
	 * while we have data to process
	 */
	while (cnt) {
		if (!*rem) {
			/*
			 * We are now at the start of file system block again
			 * (or what we think one is...). start looking for
			 * empty blocks again
			 */
			*isempt = 1;
			*rem = sz;
		}

		/*
		 * only examine up to the end of the current file block or
		 * remaining characters to write, whatever is smaller
		 */
		wcnt = MIN(cnt, *rem);
		cnt -= wcnt;
		*rem -= wcnt;
		if (*isempt) {
			/*
			 * have not written to this block yet, so we keep
			 * looking for zero's
			 */
			pt = st;
			end = st + wcnt;

			/*
			 * look for a zero filled buffer
			 */
			while ((pt < end) && (*pt == '\0'))
				++pt;

			if (pt == end) {
				/*
				 * skip, buf is empty so far
				 */
				if (fd > -1 &&
				    lseek(fd, (off_t)wcnt, SEEK_CUR) < 0) {
					syswarn(1, errno, "File seek on %s",
					    name);
					return -1;
				}
				st = pt;
				continue;
			}
			/*
			 * drat, the buf is not zero filled
			 */
			*isempt = 0;
		}

		/*
		 * have non-zero data in this file system block, have to write
		 */
		switch (fd) {
		case -PAX_GLF:
			strp = &gnu_name_string;
			lenp = &gnu_name_length;
			break;
		case -PAX_GLL:
			strp = &gnu_link_string;
			lenp = &gnu_link_length;
			break;
		default:
			strp = NULL;
			lenp = NULL;
			break;
		}
		if (strp) {
			char *nstr = *strp ? realloc(*strp, *lenp + wcnt + 1) :
				malloc(wcnt + 1);
			if (nstr == NULL) {
				tty_warn(1, "Out of memory");
				return -1;
			}
			(void)strlcpy(&nstr[*lenp], st, wcnt + 1);
			*strp = nstr;
			*lenp += wcnt;
		} else if (xwrite(fd, st, wcnt) != wcnt) {
			syswarn(1, errno, "Failed write to file %s", name);
			return -1;
		}
		st += wcnt;
	}
	return st - str;
}

/*
 * file_flush()
 *	when the last file block in a file is zero, many file systems will not
 *	let us create a hole at the end. To get the last block with zeros, we
 *	write the last BYTE with a zero (back up one byte and write a zero).
 */

void
file_flush(int fd, char *fname, int isempt)
{
	static char blnk[] = "\0";

	/*
	 * silly test, but make sure we are only called when the last block is
	 * filled with all zeros.
	 */
	if (!isempt)
		return;

	/*
	 * move back one byte and write a zero
	 */
	if (lseek(fd, (off_t)-1, SEEK_CUR) < 0) {
		syswarn(1, errno, "Failed seek on file %s", fname);
		return;
	}

	if (write_with_restart(fd, blnk, 1) < 0)
		syswarn(1, errno, "Failed write to file %s", fname);
	return;
}

/*
 * rdfile_close()
 *	close a file we have been reading (to copy or archive). If we have to
 *	reset access time (tflag) do so (the times are stored in arcn).
 */

void
rdfile_close(ARCHD *arcn, int *fd)
{
	/*
	 * make sure the file is open
	 */
	if (*fd < 0)
		return;

	(void)close(*fd);
	*fd = -1;
	if (!tflag)
		return;

	/*
	 * user wants last access time reset
	 */
	set_ftime(arcn->org_name, arcn->sb.st_mtime, arcn->sb.st_atime, 1, 0);
	return;
}

/*
 * set_crc()
 *	read a file to calculate its crc. This is a real drag. Archive formats
 *	that have this, end up reading the file twice (we have to write the
 *	header WITH the crc before writing the file contents. Oh well...
 * Return:
 *	0 if was able to calculate the crc, -1 otherwise
 */

int
set_crc(ARCHD *arcn, int fd)
{
	int i;
	int res;
	off_t cpcnt = 0L;
	u_long size;
	unsigned long crc = 0L;
	char tbuf[FILEBLK];
	struct stat sb;

	if (fd < 0) {
		/*
		 * hmm, no fd, should never happen. well no crc then.
		 */
		arcn->crc = 0L;
		return 0;
	}

	if ((size = (u_long)arcn->sb.st_blksize) > (u_long)sizeof(tbuf))
		size = (u_long)sizeof(tbuf);

	/*
	 * read all the bytes we think that there are in the file. If the user
	 * is trying to archive an active file, forget this file.
	 */
	for(;;) {
		if ((res = read(fd, tbuf, size)) <= 0)
			break;
		cpcnt += res;
		for (i = 0; i < res; ++i)
			crc += (tbuf[i] & 0xff);
	}

	/*
	 * safety check. we want to avoid archiving files that are active as
	 * they can create inconsistent archive copies.
	 */
	if (cpcnt != arcn->sb.st_size)
		tty_warn(1, "File changed size %s", arcn->org_name);
	else if (fstat(fd, &sb) < 0)
		syswarn(1, errno, "Failed stat on %s", arcn->org_name);
	else if (arcn->sb.st_mtime != sb.st_mtime)
		tty_warn(1, "File %s was modified during read", arcn->org_name);
	else if (lseek(fd, (off_t)0L, SEEK_SET) < 0)
		syswarn(1, errno, "File rewind failed on: %s", arcn->org_name);
	else {
		arcn->crc = crc;
		return 0;
	}
	return -1;
}