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File: [cvs.NetBSD.org] / src / bin / dd / position.c (download)

Revision 1.18, Mon Nov 22 21:04:28 2010 UTC (8 years, 10 months ago) by pooka
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: yamt-pagecache-tag8, yamt-pagecache-base9, yamt-pagecache-base8, yamt-pagecache-base7, yamt-pagecache-base6, yamt-pagecache-base5, yamt-pagecache-base4, yamt-pagecache-base3, yamt-pagecache-base2, yamt-pagecache-base, yamt-pagecache, tls-maxphys-base, tls-maxphys, tls-earlyentropy-base, tls-earlyentropy, riastradh-xf86-video-intel-2-7-1-pre-2-21-15, riastradh-drm2-base3, riastradh-drm2-base2, riastradh-drm2-base1, riastradh-drm2-base, riastradh-drm2, prg-localcount2-base3, prg-localcount2-base2, prg-localcount2-base1, prg-localcount2-base, prg-localcount2, phil-wifi-base, phil-wifi-20190609, phil-wifi, pgoyette-localcount-base, pgoyette-localcount-20170426, pgoyette-localcount-20170320, pgoyette-localcount-20170107, pgoyette-localcount-20161104, pgoyette-localcount-20160806, pgoyette-localcount-20160726, pgoyette-localcount, pgoyette-compat-merge-20190127, pgoyette-compat-base, pgoyette-compat-20190127, pgoyette-compat-20190118, pgoyette-compat-1226, pgoyette-compat-1126, pgoyette-compat-1020, pgoyette-compat-0930, pgoyette-compat-0906, pgoyette-compat-0728, pgoyette-compat-0625, pgoyette-compat-0521, pgoyette-compat-0502, pgoyette-compat-0422, pgoyette-compat-0415, pgoyette-compat-0407, pgoyette-compat-0330, pgoyette-compat-0322, pgoyette-compat-0315, pgoyette-compat, perseant-stdc-iso10646-base, perseant-stdc-iso10646, netbsd-9-base, netbsd-9, netbsd-8-base, netbsd-8-1-RELEASE, netbsd-8-1-RC1, netbsd-8-0-RELEASE, netbsd-8-0-RC2, netbsd-8-0-RC1, netbsd-8, netbsd-7-nhusb-base-20170116, netbsd-7-nhusb-base, netbsd-7-nhusb, netbsd-7-base, netbsd-7-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-RC2, netbsd-7-1-RC1, netbsd-7-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-1, netbsd-7-0-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-RC3, netbsd-7-0-RC2, netbsd-7-0-RC1, netbsd-7-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-7-0, netbsd-7, netbsd-6-base, netbsd-6-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-RC4, netbsd-6-1-RC3, netbsd-6-1-RC2, netbsd-6-1-RC1, netbsd-6-1-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-1, netbsd-6-0-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-RC2, netbsd-6-0-RC1, netbsd-6-0-6-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-5-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-4-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-3-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-2-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0-1-RELEASE, netbsd-6-0, netbsd-6, matt-nb8-mediatek-base, matt-nb8-mediatek, matt-nb6-plus-nbase, matt-nb6-plus-base, matt-nb6-plus, matt-mips64-premerge-20101231, localcount-20160914, khorben-n900, cherry-xenmp-base, cherry-xenmp, bouyer-socketcan-base1, bouyer-socketcan-base, bouyer-socketcan, bouyer-quota2-nbase, bouyer-quota2-base, bouyer-quota2, agc-symver-base, agc-symver, HEAD
Changes since 1.17: +10 -9 lines

Add two new operands: "rif" and "rof".  They operate exactly like
"if" and "of" with the exception that the communicate with a rump
kernel instead of the host kernel.

For example, to write stdout to /tmp/file.txt in a rump kernel namespace:
	dd rof=/tmp/file.txt

copy /file1 to /file2 inside a rump kernel:
	dd rif=/file1 rof=/file2

copy a snippet from /dev/rmd0d on the rump kernel to the host fs:
	dd rif=/dev/rmd0d of=save seek=1000 count=3

Eat that, usermode OS.

(I'll document the operands one I have some manpage to refer to
for rump client use).

/*	$NetBSD: position.c,v 1.18 2010/11/22 21:04:28 pooka Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1991, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Keith Muller of the University of California, San Diego and Lance
 * Visser of Convex Computer Corporation.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/cdefs.h>
#ifndef lint
#if 0
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)position.c	8.3 (Berkeley) 4/2/94";
#else
__RCSID("$NetBSD: position.c,v 1.18 2010/11/22 21:04:28 pooka Exp $");
#endif
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mtio.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "dd.h"
#include "extern.h"

/*
 * Position input/output data streams before starting the copy.  Device type
 * dependent.  Seekable devices use lseek, and the rest position by reading.
 * Seeking past the end of file can cause null blocks to be written to the
 * output.
 */
void
pos_in(void)
{
	int bcnt, cnt, nr, warned;

	/* If not a pipe or tape device, try to seek on it. */
	if (!(in.flags & (ISPIPE|ISTAPE))) {
		if (ddop_lseek(in, in.fd,
		    (off_t)in.offset * (off_t)in.dbsz, SEEK_CUR) == -1) {
			err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", in.name);
			/* NOTREACHED */
		}
		return;
		/* NOTREACHED */
	}

	/*
	 * Read the data.  If a pipe, read until satisfy the number of bytes
	 * being skipped.  No differentiation for reading complete and partial
	 * blocks for other devices.
	 */
	for (bcnt = in.dbsz, cnt = in.offset, warned = 0; cnt;) {
		if ((nr = ddop_read(in, in.fd, in.db, bcnt)) > 0) {
			if (in.flags & ISPIPE) {
				if (!(bcnt -= nr)) {
					bcnt = in.dbsz;
					--cnt;
				}
			} else
				--cnt;
			continue;
		}

		if (nr == 0) {
			if (files_cnt > 1) {
				--files_cnt;
				continue;
			}
			errx(EXIT_FAILURE, "skip reached end of input");
			/* NOTREACHED */
		}

		/*
		 * Input error -- either EOF with no more files, or I/O error.
		 * If noerror not set die.  POSIX requires that the warning
		 * message be followed by an I/O display.
		 */
		if (ddflags & C_NOERROR) {
			if (!warned) {

				warn("%s", in.name);
				warned = 1;
				summary();
			}
			continue;
		}
		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", in.name);
		/* NOTREACHED */
	}
}

void
pos_out(void)
{
	struct mtop t_op;
	int n;
	uint64_t cnt;

	/*
	 * If not a tape, try seeking on the file.  Seeking on a pipe is
	 * going to fail, but don't protect the user -- they shouldn't
	 * have specified the seek operand.
	 */
	if (!(out.flags & ISTAPE)) {
		if (ddop_lseek(out, out.fd,
		    (off_t)out.offset * (off_t)out.dbsz, SEEK_SET) == -1)
			err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", out.name);
			/* NOTREACHED */
		return;
	}

	/* If no read access, try using mtio. */
	if (out.flags & NOREAD) {
		t_op.mt_op = MTFSR;
		t_op.mt_count = out.offset;

		if (ddop_ioctl(out, out.fd, MTIOCTOP, &t_op) < 0)
			err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", out.name);
			/* NOTREACHED */
		return;
	}

	/* Read it. */
	for (cnt = 0; cnt < out.offset; ++cnt) {
		if ((n = ddop_read(out, out.fd, out.db, out.dbsz)) > 0)
			continue;

		if (n < 0)
			err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", out.name);
			/* NOTREACHED */

		/*
		 * If reach EOF, fill with NUL characters; first, back up over
		 * the EOF mark.  Note, cnt has not yet been incremented, so
		 * the EOF read does not count as a seek'd block.
		 */
		t_op.mt_op = MTBSR;
		t_op.mt_count = 1;
		if (ddop_ioctl(out, out.fd, MTIOCTOP, &t_op) == -1)
			err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", out.name);
			/* NOTREACHED */

		while (cnt++ < out.offset)
			if ((uint64_t)(n = bwrite(&out,
			    out.db, out.dbsz)) != out.dbsz)
				err(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s", out.name);
				/* NOTREACHED */
		break;
	}
}