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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.44

1.44    ! tv          1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.43 2001/10/29 01:53:56 mason Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
                      3: This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build
                      4: process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.
                      5:
                      6: For a more detailed description see Makefile.
                      7:
                      8: Recent changes:
                      9: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.43      mason      10:
1.44    ! tv         11: 20011029:
        !            12:        The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or
        !            13:        see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build
        !            14:        procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN
        !            15:        build process, are intended in the long run to replace this
        !            16:        manual update log.
        !            17:
        !            18:        Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the
        !            19:        BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes
        !            20:        UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of
        !            21:        by the new build system.
1.42      perry      22:
                     23: 20011028:
                     24:        src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle
                     25:        symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that
                     26:        prevented this was corrected.
                     27:
                     28:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall
                     29:        Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work
                     30:        for you.
1.40      lukem      31:
                     32: 20011006:
                     33:        /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of
                     34:        absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't
                     35:        understand the format.
                     36:
                     37:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree
1.39      jmc        38:
                     39: 20011004:
                     40:        Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating
                     41:        is suggested before running a snapshot build
1.36      tv         42:
1.35      thorpej    43: 20010915:
                     44:        The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed
                     45:        a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend
                     46:        files that still reference this file.
                     47:
                     48:        Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected
                     49:        directories.
1.31      enami      50:
                     51: 20010803:
                     52:        grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it
                     53:        requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before
                     54:        building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow
                     55:        the instruction described in 20010726 entry.
1.30      enami      56:
                     57: 20010803:
1.41      wiz        58:        (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like
                     59:         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the
                     60:        kernel successfuly, you need to build and install new gas
                     61:        (gnu/usr.bin/gas.new), or (temporarily) comment out
                     62:        "options I686_CPU" from your kernel configuration until you
                     63:        rebuilt your userland (and got a new gas).
1.29      bjh21      64:
                     65: 20010731:
                     66:        Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before
                     67:        this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer
                     68:        bootloaders.
1.27      assar      69:
                     70: 20010726:
                     71:        Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to
1.28      assar      72:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                     73:
                     74:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                     75:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.25      thorpej    76:
                     77: 20010718:
                     78:        Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this
                     79:        was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means
                     80:        make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the
                     81:        timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").
                     82:
                     83:        The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV
                     84:        if you have a stale dependency.
                     85:
                     86:        Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so
                     87:        before starting your build.
1.26      thorpej    88:
                     89: 20010628:
                     90:        A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug
                     91:        in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable
                     92:        bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.
1.21      jmc        93:
                     94: 20010226:
1.22      jmc        95:        Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds
1.21      jmc        96:        will break as mtree aborts early.
                     97:
                     98:        To work around add by hand:
                     99:
                    100:        named:*:14:
                    101:
1.22      jmc       102:        to /etc/group and add:
                    103:
                    104:        named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin
                    105:
                    106:        to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).
                    107:
                    108:        Now a make build should progress.
1.18      jmc       109:
                    110: 20010219:
                    111:        get/setprogname() added. Any hostprog's that may use this will need
1.20      jmc       112:         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.
1.18      jmc       113:
                    114:         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff
1.19      cgd       115:                        usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to
                    116:                          CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)
1.20      jmc       117:                        usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if
                    118:                          building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.
1.15      christos  119:
                    120: 20010204:
                    121:        prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in
                    122:        particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc
                    123:        needs to be installed before make build.
1.10      christos  124:
                    125: 20010114:
                    126:        introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to
                    127:        bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing
1.23      tron      128:        anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed
1.10      christos  129:        with make build.
1.9       sommerfe  130:
                    131: 20010101:
                    132:        bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused
                    133:        afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.
1.8       sommerfe  134:
                    135: 20001230:
                    136:        New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.
                    137:        If you get make errors,
                    138:                (cd share/mk; make install)
                    139:        Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.
1.6       ad        140:
                    141: 20001019:
1.7       ad        142:        The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the
1.6       ad        143:        major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev
                    144:        directory.
1.1       abs       145:
1.4       itojun    146: 20000929:
                    147:        The following make directives are obsoleted.
                    148:        MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA
                    149:        By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be
1.16      wiz       150:        built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build
1.4       itojun    151:        additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.
1.1       abs       152:
                    153:
                    154: Hints for a more successful build:
                    155: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.2       mrg       156:     Build a new kernel first:
                    157:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
                    158:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
                    159:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs       160:     Use object directories:
                    161:        This helps to keep stale object
                    162:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                    163:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                    164:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                    165:           same source tree for multiple machines.
                    166:           To use object directories:
                    167:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2       mrg       168:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
                    169:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs       170:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2       mrg       171:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
                    172:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs       173:     Build to a DESTDIR:
                    174:        This helps to keep old
                    175:           installed files (especially libraries) from interfering
                    176:           with the new build.
                    177:           To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment
1.2       mrg       178:           variable before running make build.  It should be set to
                    179:           the pathname of an initially empty directory.
1.1       abs       180:           Problems: you might need to update critical utilities
                    181:                without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed
                    182:                from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                    183:                (See critical utils, below)
                    184:     Build often:
                    185:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                    186:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
                    187:        date functionality.
                    188:
                    189: What to do if things don't work:
                    190: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    191: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                    192: should be done.
                    193:     1) make includes
                    194:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                    195:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                    196:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                    197:
                    198: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                    199: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    200: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                    201: something like the following:
                    202:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                    203:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                    204:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                    205:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                    206:        make cleandir
                    207:        rm ...all obj directories...
                    208:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                    209:        make obj
                    210:        make depend && make
                    211:
                    212: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                    213: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    214: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2       mrg       215: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
                    216: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
                    217: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs       218:
                    219: ---cut here---
                    220: #!/bin/sh
                    221: . /etc/mk.conf
                    222:
                    223: if [ -z $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    224:     BSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
                    225: fi
                    226: if [ \! -d $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    227:     echo Unable to find sources
                    228:     exit 1
                    229: fi
                    230: find $BSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
                    231:
                    232: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    233:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                    234: fi
                    235: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    236:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                    237: fi
                    238:
                    239: cd $BSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
                    240:
                    241: ---cut here---
                    242:
                    243: Critical utilities:
                    244: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    245:        gnu/usr.bin/egcs
1.3       itojun    246:        usr.bin/compile_et
1.1       abs       247:        usr.bin/make
                    248:        usr.bin/yacc
                    249:        usr.bin/lex
1.11      lukem     250:        usr.bin/xlint
1.2       mrg       251:        usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       252:
1.34      simonb    253: Other problems and possible solutions:
1.1       abs       254: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    255: Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.
                    256: Fix:   Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs
                    257:
                    258: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
1.17      erh       259: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make:
                    260:        cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
                    261:         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
                    262:        cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
                    263:
1.1       abs       264: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    265:        cd share/mk && make install
1.2       mrg       266:
                    267: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
                    268: Fix:   Rebuild usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       269:
                    270: Symptom:
                    271: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    272:
                    273: Symptom:
                    274: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    275:
                    276: Symptom:
                    277: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a
1.4       itojun    278:
                    279: Symptom:Obsolete intermediate files are used during compilation
                    280: Fix:   Try the following sequence of commands in the directory in question.
                    281:        make cleandir; rm `make print-objdir`; make cleandir; make obj
                    282:        (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
                    283:        may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
1.5       wiz       284:
                    285: Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
                    286: Fix:   Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
1.12      itojun    287:
                    288: Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
                    289: Fix:   Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
1.13      dogcow    290:
                    291: Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13'
                    292: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
                    293:
1.19      cgd       294: Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.
                    295: Fix:   Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
1.13      dogcow    296:
1.19      cgd       297: Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
                    298: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
1.24      abs       299:
                    300: Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
                    301: Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint

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