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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.2

1.2     ! mrg         1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.1 2000/08/17 20:17:43 abs Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
                      3: This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build
                      4: process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.
                      5:
                      6: For a more detailed description see Makefile.
                      7:
                      8: Recent changes:
                      9: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                     10:
                     11: 20000623:
                     12:        MKCRYPTO and friends added to share/mk/bsd.own.mk.
                     13:        'cd share/mk ; make install' needed before make build.
                     14:
                     15:
                     16: Hints for a more successful build:
                     17: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.2     ! mrg        18:     Build a new kernel first:
        !            19:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
        !            20:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
        !            21:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs        22:     Use object directories:
                     23:        This helps to keep stale object
                     24:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                     25:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                     26:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                     27:           same source tree for multiple machines.
                     28:           To use object directories:
                     29:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2     ! mrg        30:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
        !            31:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs        32:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2     ! mrg        33:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
        !            34:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs        35:     Build to a DESTDIR:
                     36:        This helps to keep old
                     37:           installed files (especially libraries) from interfering
                     38:           with the new build.
                     39:           To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment
1.2     ! mrg        40:           variable before running make build.  It should be set to
        !            41:           the pathname of an initially empty directory.
1.1       abs        42:           Problems: you might need to update critical utilities
                     43:                without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed
                     44:                from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                     45:                (See critical utils, below)
                     46:     Build often:
                     47:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                     48:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
                     49:        date functionality.
                     50:
                     51: What to do if things don't work:
                     52: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                     53: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                     54: should be done.
                     55:     1) make includes
                     56:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                     57:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                     58:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                     59:
                     60: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                     61: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                     62: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                     63: something like the following:
                     64:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                     65:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                     66:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                     67:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                     68:        make cleandir
                     69:        rm ...all obj directories...
                     70:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                     71:        make obj
                     72:        make depend && make
                     73:
                     74: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                     75: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                     76: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2     ! mrg        77: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
        !            78: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
        !            79: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs        80:
                     81: ---cut here---
                     82: #!/bin/sh
                     83: . /etc/mk.conf
                     84:
                     85: if [ -z $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                     86:     BSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
                     87: fi
                     88: if [ \! -d $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                     89:     echo Unable to find sources
                     90:     exit 1
                     91: fi
                     92: find $BSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
                     93:
                     94: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                     95:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                     96: fi
                     97: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                     98:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                     99: fi
                    100:
                    101: cd $BSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
                    102:
                    103: ---cut here---
                    104:
                    105: Critical utilities:
                    106: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    107:        gnu/usr.bin/egcs
                    108:        usr.bin/make
                    109:        usr.bin/yacc
                    110:        usr.bin/lex
1.2     ! mrg       111:        usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       112:        crypto-*/usr.bin/compile_et
                    113:        crypto-*/usr.bin/make_cmds
                    114:
                    115: Other problems and possibly solutions:
                    116: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    117: Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.
                    118: Fix:   Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs
                    119:
                    120: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
                    121: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    122:        cd share/mk && make install
                    123: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make
1.2     ! mrg       124:
        !           125: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
        !           126: Fix:   Rebuild usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       127:
                    128: Symptom:
                    129: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    130:
                    131: Symptom:
                    132: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    133:
                    134: Symptom:
                    135: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a

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