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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.199

1.199   ! dholland    1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.198 2009/07/09 07:31:54 mrg Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
1.123     jmc         3: This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
                      4: changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
                      5: what to do if something doesn't work.
1.1       abs         6:
1.123     jmc         7: For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
                      8: using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
                      9:
                     10: Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
                     11: build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
                     12: working around specific problems with build.sh.
                     13:
                     14: See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
1.1       abs        15:
                     16: Recent changes:
                     17: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.138     lukem      18:
1.198     mrg        19: 20090709:
                     20:        Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
                     21:        without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
                     22:
1.197     mrg        23: 20090616:
                     24:        Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
                     25:        src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
                     26:        work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
                     27:        subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
                     28:        be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
                     29:
1.195     perry      30: 20090501:
                     31:        Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
                     32:        can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
                     33:        who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
                     34:        note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
                     35:        failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
                     36:        objects and start again.
                     37:
1.194     mrg        38: 20090325:
                     39:        The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
                     40:        cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
                     41:
1.192     skrll      42: 20090126:
1.193     skrll      43:        The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You need to
                     44:        'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory to avoid using
1.192     skrll      45:        the old assembly stub.
                     46:
1.191     joerg      47: 20090202:
                     48:        pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
                     49:        detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
                     50:        ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
                     51:
1.184     christos   52: 20090110:
                     53:        time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
                     54:        1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
1.188     christos   55:           This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
                     56:           conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
1.184     christos   57:        2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
                     58:           before installing.
                     59:        3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
1.187     dholland   60:           your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
1.184     christos   61:           are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
                     62:           and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
                     63:           libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
                     64:           the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
                     65:        4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
1.189     hubertf    66:           rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
                     67:           Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
                     68:           that depend on it.
1.186     christos   69:        5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
                     70:           will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
1.190     apb        71:        6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
                     72:           lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
                     73:           for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
                     74:           upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
                     75:           boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
                     76:           newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
                     77:           files manually.
                     78:        7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
                     79:           accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
                     80:           removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
                     81:           /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
                     82:           the file.
1.196     dholland   83:        8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
                     84:           disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
                     85:           using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
                     86:           rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
1.185     jmcneill   87:
1.183     pgoyette   88: 20081219:
                     89:        config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
                     90:        swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
                     91:        (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
                     92:        config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
                     93:        kernels.
                     94:
1.181     cube       95: 20081205:
                     96:        If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
                     97:        /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
                     98:        set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
1.178     lukem      99:
1.179     tsutsui   100: 20081122:
1.182     tsutsui   101:        On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
1.180     wiz       102:        file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
                    103:        Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
1.179     tsutsui   104:        following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
                    105:
                    106:        - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
                    107:
                    108:        - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
1.180     wiz       109:          for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
1.179     tsutsui   110:
1.180     wiz       111:        If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
                    112:        the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
                    113:        file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
1.179     tsutsui   114:
1.178     lukem     115: 20080827:
                    116:        If you built and installed a libc from sources between
                    117:        2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
                    118:        which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
                    119:        Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
1.180     wiz       120:        needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
1.178     lukem     121:          $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
                    122:
1.177     christos  123: 20080813:
                    124:        MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
                    125:        about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
                    126:
1.175     simonb    127: 20080731:
                    128:        WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
                    129:        time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
                    130:        and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
                    131:        don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
1.176     simonb    132:        especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
                    133:        also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
                    134:        can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
1.175     simonb    135:
1.174     lukem     136: 20080721:
                    137:        Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
                    138:        isn't defined.
                    139:
1.173     freza     140: 20080531:
                    141:        The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
                    142:        from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
                    143:        utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
                    144:        won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
                    145:
                    146:          $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
                    147:          $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
                    148:          $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
                    149:
                    150:        leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
                    151:
1.172     lukem     152: 20080503:
                    153:        The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
                    154:
1.171     he        155: 20080521:
                    156:        For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
                    157:        succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
                    158:        ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
                    159:        problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
                    160:        If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
                    161:        remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
                    162:
1.174     lukem     163: 20080303:
                    164:        Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
                    165:
1.170     christos  166: 20080126:
                    167:        The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
                    168:        stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
                    169:        'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
                    170:        avoid using the old assembly stub.
                    171:
1.168     joerg     172: 20071209:
                    173:        The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
                    174:        get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
1.169     wiz       175:        configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
1.168     joerg     176:
1.166     xtraeme   177: 20071115:
                    178:        The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
                    179:        argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
                    180:        anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
                    181:        rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
1.167     wiz       182:        configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
1.166     xtraeme   183:
1.165     jmmv      184: 20071028:
                    185:        The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
                    186:        You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
                    187:        to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
                    188:        now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
                    189:        entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
                    190:        for more details.
                    191:
1.164     gdt       192: 20070913:
                    193:        A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
                    194:        enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
                    195:        problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
                    196:        implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
                    197:        could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
                    198:        normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
                    199:        sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
                    200:        and userland are from after 20070913.
                    201:
1.163     joerg     202: 20070703:
1.199   ! dholland  203:        nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
        !           204:        calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
        !           205:        down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
        !           206:        re-installation of tools.
1.163     joerg     207:
1.161     dsl       208: 20070422:
                    209:        The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
                    210:        has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
                    211:        to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
                    212:        root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
1.167     wiz       213:        root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
1.161     dsl       214:        start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
                    215:        that has such links.
                    216:        This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
                    217:        the emulated root.
                    218:
1.160     jmcneill  219: 20070412:
                    220:        The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
                    221:        instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
                    222:        example.
                    223:
1.159     gdt       224: 20070319:
                    225:         src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
                    226:         on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
                    227:         updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
                    228:        cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
                    229:        rebuild of object files that might have been built
                    230:        incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
                    231:        src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
                    232:
1.158     dbj       233: 20070210:
                    234:         src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
                    235:           find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                    236:               | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
                    237:         will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
                    238:
1.157     apb       239: 20070209:
                    240:         The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
                    241:         was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
                    242:         kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
                    243:         library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
                    244:         an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
                    245:         (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
                    246:         the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
                    247:         continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
                    248:        is the only threaded application in the base system.
                    249:
1.154     he        250: 20061214:
                    251:        Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
                    252:        from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
                    253:        will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                    254:                tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                    255:                bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
1.156     he        256:                usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                    257:                as the installation images in distrib/
1.154     he        258:        in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
                    259:        file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
                    260:
1.152     christos  261: 20061108:
                    262:        The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
                    263:        changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
                    264:        does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
                    265:        make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
                    266:
1.151     rpaulo    267: 20061009:
                    268:        The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
                    269:        available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
                    270:
1.150     bjh21     271: 20060814:
                    272:        The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
                    273:        withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
                    274:        kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
                    275:        few years should cope.
                    276:
1.149     christos  277: 20060703:
                    278:        MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
                    279:        if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
                    280:        to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
                    281:
1.148     dogcow    282: 20060627:
                    283:        socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
                    284:        For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
                    285:        your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
                    286:        errors will result.
                    287:
1.1       abs       288: Hints for a more successful build:
                    289: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.123     jmc       290:     Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
1.132     jmmv      291:        This will automatically build the tools in the
1.123     jmc       292:           correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
                    293:           new build products from interfering with the running
                    294:           system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
                    295:           other advice in this file.
1.2       mrg       296:     Build a new kernel first:
                    297:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
                    298:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
                    299:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs       300:     Use object directories:
                    301:        This helps to keep stale object
                    302:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                    303:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                    304:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                    305:           same source tree for multiple machines.
1.123     jmc       306:           To use object directories with build.sh:
                    307:            a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
                    308:           To use object directories without using build.sh:
1.1       abs       309:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2       mrg       310:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
                    311:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs       312:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2       mrg       313:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
                    314:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs       315:     Build to a DESTDIR:
1.123     jmc       316:        This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
                    317:           from interfering with the new build.
                    318:           To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
                    319:           To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
                    320:           environment variable before running make build.  It should be
                    321:           set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
                    322:           Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                    323:                update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                    324:                nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                    325:                (See critical utils, below.)
1.1       abs       326:     Build often:
                    327:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                    328:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
1.123     jmc       329:        date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
                    330:        this problem.
1.1       abs       331:
                    332: What to do if things don't work:
                    333: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    334: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                    335: should be done.
                    336:     1) make includes
                    337:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                    338:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                    339:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                    340:
                    341: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                    342: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    343: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                    344: something like the following:
                    345:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                    346:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                    347:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                    348:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                    349:        make cleandir
                    350:        rm ...all obj directories...
                    351:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                    352:        make obj
                    353:        make depend && make
                    354:
                    355: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                    356: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    357: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2       mrg       358: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
                    359: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
                    360: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs       361:
                    362: ---cut here---
                    363: #!/bin/sh
                    364: . /etc/mk.conf
                    365:
1.58      lukem     366: if [ -z $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    367:     NETBSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
1.1       abs       368: fi
1.58      lukem     369: if [ \! -d $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
1.1       abs       370:     echo Unable to find sources
                    371:     exit 1
                    372: fi
1.58      lukem     373: find $NETBSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
1.1       abs       374:
                    375: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    376:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                    377: fi
                    378: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    379:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                    380: fi
                    381:
1.58      lukem     382: cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
1.1       abs       383:
                    384: ---cut here---
                    385:
                    386: Critical utilities:
                    387: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.3       itojun    388:        usr.bin/compile_et
1.1       abs       389:        usr.bin/make
                    390:        usr.bin/yacc
                    391:        usr.bin/lex
1.11      lukem     392:        usr.bin/xlint
1.142     drochner  393:        usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       394:
1.34      simonb    395: Other problems and possible solutions:
1.1       abs       396: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    397: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
1.17      erh       398: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make:
                    399:        cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
1.111     simonb    400:        Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
1.17      erh       401:        cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
                    402:
1.1       abs       403: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    404:        cd share/mk && make install
1.2       mrg       405:
                    406: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
1.142     drochner  407: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       408:
                    409: Symptom:
                    410: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    411:
                    412: Symptom:
                    413: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    414:
                    415: Symptom:
                    416: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a
1.4       itojun    417:
                    418: Symptom:Obsolete intermediate files are used during compilation
                    419: Fix:   Try the following sequence of commands in the directory in question.
                    420:        make cleandir; rm `make print-objdir`; make cleandir; make obj
                    421:        (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
                    422:        may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
1.5       wiz       423:
                    424: Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
                    425: Fix:   Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
1.12      itojun    426:
                    427: Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
                    428: Fix:   Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
1.13      dogcow    429:
1.86      kleink    430: Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
1.13      dogcow    431: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
                    432:
1.142     drochner  433: Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
1.19      cgd       434: Fix:   Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
1.13      dogcow    435:
1.19      cgd       436: Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
                    437: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
1.24      abs       438:
                    439: Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
                    440: Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint

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