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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.196

1.196   ! dholland    1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.195 2009/05/01 23:08:25 perry Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
1.123     jmc         3: This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
                      4: changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
                      5: what to do if something doesn't work.
1.1       abs         6:
1.123     jmc         7: For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
                      8: using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
                      9:
                     10: Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
                     11: build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
                     12: working around specific problems with build.sh.
                     13:
                     14: See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
1.1       abs        15:
                     16: Recent changes:
                     17: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.138     lukem      18:
1.195     perry      19: 20090501:
                     20:        Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
                     21:        can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
                     22:        who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
                     23:        note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
                     24:        failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
                     25:        objects and start again.
                     26:
1.194     mrg        27: 20090325:
                     28:        The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
                     29:        cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
                     30:
1.192     skrll      31: 20090126:
1.193     skrll      32:        The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You need to
                     33:        'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory to avoid using
1.192     skrll      34:        the old assembly stub.
                     35:
1.191     joerg      36: 20090202:
                     37:        pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
                     38:        detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
                     39:        ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
                     40:
1.184     christos   41: 20090110:
                     42:        time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
                     43:        1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
1.188     christos   44:           This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
                     45:           conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
1.184     christos   46:        2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
                     47:           before installing.
                     48:        3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
1.187     dholland   49:           your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
1.184     christos   50:           are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
                     51:           and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
                     52:           libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
                     53:           the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
                     54:        4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
1.189     hubertf    55:           rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
                     56:           Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
                     57:           that depend on it.
1.186     christos   58:        5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
                     59:           will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
1.190     apb        60:        6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
                     61:           lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
                     62:           for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
                     63:           upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
                     64:           boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
                     65:           newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
                     66:           files manually.
                     67:        7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
                     68:           accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
                     69:           removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
                     70:           /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
                     71:           the file.
1.196   ! dholland   72:        8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
        !            73:           disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
        !            74:           using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
        !            75:           rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
1.185     jmcneill   76:
1.183     pgoyette   77: 20081219:
                     78:        config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
                     79:        swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
                     80:        (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
                     81:        config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
                     82:        kernels.
                     83:
1.181     cube       84: 20081205:
                     85:        If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
                     86:        /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
                     87:        set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
1.178     lukem      88:
1.179     tsutsui    89: 20081122:
1.182     tsutsui    90:        On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
1.180     wiz        91:        file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
                     92:        Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
1.179     tsutsui    93:        following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
                     94:
                     95:        - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
                     96:
                     97:        - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
1.180     wiz        98:          for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
1.179     tsutsui    99:
1.180     wiz       100:        If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
                    101:        the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
                    102:        file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
1.179     tsutsui   103:
1.178     lukem     104: 20080827:
                    105:        If you built and installed a libc from sources between
                    106:        2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
                    107:        which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
                    108:        Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
1.180     wiz       109:        needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
1.178     lukem     110:          $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
                    111:
1.177     christos  112: 20080813:
                    113:        MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
                    114:        about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
                    115:
1.175     simonb    116: 20080731:
                    117:        WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
                    118:        time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
                    119:        and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
                    120:        don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
1.176     simonb    121:        especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
                    122:        also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
                    123:        can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
1.175     simonb    124:
1.174     lukem     125: 20080721:
                    126:        Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
                    127:        isn't defined.
                    128:
1.173     freza     129: 20080531:
                    130:        The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
                    131:        from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
                    132:        utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
                    133:        won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
                    134:
                    135:          $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
                    136:          $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
                    137:          $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
                    138:
                    139:        leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
                    140:
1.172     lukem     141: 20080503:
                    142:        The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
                    143:
1.171     he        144: 20080521:
                    145:        For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
                    146:        succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
                    147:        ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
                    148:        problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
                    149:        If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
                    150:        remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
                    151:
1.174     lukem     152: 20080303:
                    153:        Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
                    154:
1.170     christos  155: 20080126:
                    156:        The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
                    157:        stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
                    158:        'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
                    159:        avoid using the old assembly stub.
                    160:
1.168     joerg     161: 20071209:
                    162:        The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
                    163:        get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
1.169     wiz       164:        configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
1.168     joerg     165:
1.166     xtraeme   166: 20071115:
                    167:        The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
                    168:        argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
                    169:        anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
                    170:        rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
1.167     wiz       171:        configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
1.166     xtraeme   172:
1.165     jmmv      173: 20071028:
                    174:        The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
                    175:        You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
                    176:        to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
                    177:        now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
                    178:        entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
                    179:        for more details.
                    180:
1.164     gdt       181: 20070913:
                    182:        A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
                    183:        enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
                    184:        problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
                    185:        implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
                    186:        could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
                    187:        normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
                    188:        sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
                    189:        and userland are from after 20070913.
                    190:
1.163     joerg     191: 20070703:
                    192:        nbinstall has been renamed as it calls the target specific and
                    193:        the logic to pass down STRIP from mk been removed.  This forces
                    194:        a re-installation of tools.
                    195:
1.161     dsl       196: 20070422:
                    197:        The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
                    198:        has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
                    199:        to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
                    200:        root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
1.167     wiz       201:        root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
1.161     dsl       202:        start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
                    203:        that has such links.
                    204:        This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
                    205:        the emulated root.
                    206:
1.160     jmcneill  207: 20070412:
                    208:        The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
                    209:        instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
                    210:        example.
                    211:
1.159     gdt       212: 20070319:
                    213:         src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
                    214:         on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
                    215:         updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
                    216:        cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
                    217:        rebuild of object files that might have been built
                    218:        incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
                    219:        src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
                    220:
1.158     dbj       221: 20070210:
                    222:         src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
                    223:           find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                    224:               | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
                    225:         will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
                    226:
1.157     apb       227: 20070209:
                    228:         The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
                    229:         was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
                    230:         kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
                    231:         library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
                    232:         an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
                    233:         (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
                    234:         the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
                    235:         continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
                    236:        is the only threaded application in the base system.
                    237:
1.154     he        238: 20061214:
                    239:        Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
                    240:        from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
                    241:        will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                    242:                tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                    243:                bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
1.156     he        244:                usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                    245:                as the installation images in distrib/
1.154     he        246:        in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
                    247:        file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
                    248:
1.152     christos  249: 20061108:
                    250:        The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
                    251:        changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
                    252:        does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
                    253:        make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
                    254:
1.151     rpaulo    255: 20061009:
                    256:        The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
                    257:        available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
                    258:
1.150     bjh21     259: 20060814:
                    260:        The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
                    261:        withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
                    262:        kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
                    263:        few years should cope.
                    264:
1.149     christos  265: 20060703:
                    266:        MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
                    267:        if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
                    268:        to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
                    269:
1.148     dogcow    270: 20060627:
                    271:        socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
                    272:        For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
                    273:        your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
                    274:        errors will result.
                    275:
1.1       abs       276: Hints for a more successful build:
                    277: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.123     jmc       278:     Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
1.132     jmmv      279:        This will automatically build the tools in the
1.123     jmc       280:           correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
                    281:           new build products from interfering with the running
                    282:           system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
                    283:           other advice in this file.
1.2       mrg       284:     Build a new kernel first:
                    285:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
                    286:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
                    287:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs       288:     Use object directories:
                    289:        This helps to keep stale object
                    290:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                    291:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                    292:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                    293:           same source tree for multiple machines.
1.123     jmc       294:           To use object directories with build.sh:
                    295:            a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
                    296:           To use object directories without using build.sh:
1.1       abs       297:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2       mrg       298:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
                    299:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs       300:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2       mrg       301:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
                    302:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs       303:     Build to a DESTDIR:
1.123     jmc       304:        This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
                    305:           from interfering with the new build.
                    306:           To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
                    307:           To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
                    308:           environment variable before running make build.  It should be
                    309:           set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
                    310:           Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                    311:                update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                    312:                nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                    313:                (See critical utils, below.)
1.1       abs       314:     Build often:
                    315:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                    316:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
1.123     jmc       317:        date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
                    318:        this problem.
1.1       abs       319:
                    320: What to do if things don't work:
                    321: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    322: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                    323: should be done.
                    324:     1) make includes
                    325:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                    326:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                    327:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                    328:
                    329: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                    330: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    331: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                    332: something like the following:
                    333:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                    334:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                    335:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                    336:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                    337:        make cleandir
                    338:        rm ...all obj directories...
                    339:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                    340:        make obj
                    341:        make depend && make
                    342:
                    343: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                    344: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    345: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2       mrg       346: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
                    347: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
                    348: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs       349:
                    350: ---cut here---
                    351: #!/bin/sh
                    352: . /etc/mk.conf
                    353:
1.58      lukem     354: if [ -z $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    355:     NETBSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
1.1       abs       356: fi
1.58      lukem     357: if [ \! -d $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
1.1       abs       358:     echo Unable to find sources
                    359:     exit 1
                    360: fi
1.58      lukem     361: find $NETBSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
1.1       abs       362:
                    363: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    364:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                    365: fi
                    366: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    367:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                    368: fi
                    369:
1.58      lukem     370: cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
1.1       abs       371:
                    372: ---cut here---
                    373:
                    374: Critical utilities:
                    375: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.3       itojun    376:        usr.bin/compile_et
1.1       abs       377:        usr.bin/make
                    378:        usr.bin/yacc
                    379:        usr.bin/lex
1.11      lukem     380:        usr.bin/xlint
1.142     drochner  381:        usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       382:
1.34      simonb    383: Other problems and possible solutions:
1.1       abs       384: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    385: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
1.17      erh       386: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make:
                    387:        cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
1.111     simonb    388:        Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
1.17      erh       389:        cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
                    390:
1.1       abs       391: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    392:        cd share/mk && make install
1.2       mrg       393:
                    394: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
1.142     drochner  395: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       396:
                    397: Symptom:
                    398: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    399:
                    400: Symptom:
                    401: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    402:
                    403: Symptom:
                    404: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a
1.4       itojun    405:
                    406: Symptom:Obsolete intermediate files are used during compilation
                    407: Fix:   Try the following sequence of commands in the directory in question.
                    408:        make cleandir; rm `make print-objdir`; make cleandir; make obj
                    409:        (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
                    410:        may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
1.5       wiz       411:
                    412: Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
                    413: Fix:   Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
1.12      itojun    414:
                    415: Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
                    416: Fix:   Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
1.13      dogcow    417:
1.86      kleink    418: Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
1.13      dogcow    419: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
                    420:
1.142     drochner  421: Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
1.19      cgd       422: Fix:   Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
1.13      dogcow    423:
1.19      cgd       424: Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
                    425: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
1.24      abs       426:
                    427: Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
                    428: Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint

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