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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.154

1.154   ! he          1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.153 2006/12/14 02:11:52 reed Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
1.123     jmc         3: This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
                      4: changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
                      5: what to do if something doesn't work.
1.1       abs         6:
1.123     jmc         7: For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
                      8: using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
                      9:
                     10: Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
                     11: build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
                     12: working around specific problems with build.sh.
                     13:
                     14: See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
1.1       abs        15:
                     16: Recent changes:
                     17: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.138     lukem      18:
1.154   ! he         19: 20061214:
        !            20:        Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
        !            21:        from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
        !            22:        will need to do a "make cleandir" in
        !            23:                tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
        !            24:                bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
        !            25:                usr.bin/xinstall/, and libexec/ftpd/
        !            26:        in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
        !            27:        file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
        !            28:
1.152     christos   29: 20061108:
                     30:        The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
                     31:        changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
                     32:        does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
                     33:        make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
                     34:
1.151     rpaulo     35: 20061009:
                     36:        The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
                     37:        available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
                     38:
1.150     bjh21      39: 20060814:
                     40:        The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
                     41:        withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
                     42:        kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
                     43:        few years should cope.
                     44:
1.149     christos   45: 20060703:
                     46:        MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
                     47:        if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
                     48:        to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
                     49:
1.148     dogcow     50: 20060627:
                     51:        socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
                     52:        For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
                     53:        your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
                     54:        errors will result.
                     55:
1.146     pavel      56: 20060526:
1.147     christos   57:        The kernel linker scripts for i386 and xen
                     58:        (sys/arch/i386/conf/kern.ldscript*) were changed to set the
1.146     pavel      59:        load address correctly, for the benefit of MULTIBOOT boot loaders
                     60:        (like Grub). If you use a linker (ld) older than from 2006/04/17, it
1.147     christos   61:        will be unable to link the kernel because of a bug and ld will fail
                     62:        with an error like:
                     63:            ../../../../arch/i386/conf/kern.ldscript:45 \
                     64:                non constant expression for load base
                     65:        You need to update at least src/gnu/dist/binutils/ld and recompile
                     66:        and install the linker. If using the build.sh script, the easiest
                     67:        way is with a "build.sh tools" command, with any other options
                     68:        that you use normally. When using build.sh, the linker binary is
                     69:        installed as ${TOOLDIR}/bin/i386--netbsdelf-ld.
                     70:
1.145     martin     71: 20060131:
                     72:        the protocol between the sparc64 bootloader (ofwboot) and
                     73:        the kernel was changed. Before installing a new kernel,
                     74:        you need to update ofwboot. After a full build, just copy
                     75:        /usr/mdec/ofwboot to /, or do a rebuild of
                     76:        src/sys/arch/sparc/stand/ofwboot and install the result to /.
                     77:
1.144     yamt       78: 20050917:
                     79:        arch/*/conf/std.* was changed to include conf/std, which
                     80:        contains MI options previously enabled by default.
                     81:        If you have kernel config files which doesn't include
                     82:        arch/*/conf/std.*, you need to edit them to include conf/std
                     83:        to get the previous configuration.
                     84:
1.143     lukem      85: 20050830:
                     86:        named.conf was moved from /etc/namedb to /etc.
                     87:        postinstall(8) migrates this during interactive use.
                     88:        Users of MKUPDATE=yes will need to manually rectify
                     89:        this in their DESTDIR.
                     90:
1.142     drochner   91: 20050825:
                     92:        Some data structures in sys/device.h, related to interface
                     93:        attributes and locator names, were changed. config(1) was
                     94:        modified to emit the new data structures.
                     95:        Thus usr.bin/config must be updated (and run on the kernel
                     96:        configuration file) before a new kernel can be built.
                     97:
1.139     christos   98: 20050531:
1.141     augustss   99:        genassym.sh(8) was moved to genassym(1). You need to either build
                    100:        tools first or install the version of genassym from /usr/bin before
1.139     christos  101:        you can build a kernel again.
                    102:
1.140     yamt      103: 20050520:
                    104:        Because a kernfs bug which xentools relies on was fixed,
                    105:        xentools up to xentools20-2.0.3nb4 won't work with new kernel.
                    106:
1.138     lukem     107: 20050417:
                    108:        postinstall(8) was moved from /etc to /usr/sbin and made part
                    109:        of the "base" set, to make it easier to invoke after an
                    110:        upgrade.
                    111:
1.136     cube      112: 20050325:
                    113:        pcppi(4) was separated in two devices, adding attimer(4).  Be sure
                    114:        to add a config line for an attimer(4) device in your kernel
                    115:        configuration, or you won't be able to set the pitch of the beep
1.137     cube      116:        with wsconsctl.  Depending on the default value for the pitch, you
                    117:        might even not hear any more beep.  Also, it is advised to attach both
                    118:        devices the same way (i.e., both on isa or both on acpi) or the
                    119:        pcppi(4) device may fail to find the attimer(4) one.
1.136     cube      120:
1.135     jmc       121: 20050211:
                    122:        Fixes to tools/Makefile.gnuhost may cause UPDATE=1 builds in
                    123:        some of the cross tools to fail if they use configure. Some configure's
                    124:        cache the environment passed in and notice the new environment is
                    125:        different and abort. Doing a clean in tools/ should be enough to
                    126:        make a build continue.
                    127:
1.134     christos  128: 20050109:
                    129:        Since su is using pam by default now, make sure that you have
                    130:        /etc/pam.d populated (postinstall will do that automatically
                    131:        for you). Otherwise su will fail open (i.e. will not require
                    132:        a password).
                    133:
1.133     christos  134: 20041229:
                    135:        Make had a path resolution bug that manifested itself as not
                    136:        being able to install openpam.3. This bug has been fixed, but
                    137:        you might need to rebuild make manually first to get through
                    138:        the build.
                    139:
1.130     christos  140: 20041201:
                    141:        Userland programs have been changed to use /dev/bpf instead of
                    142:        /dev/bpfX. You need to create that device by installing a new
1.131     wiz       143:        MAKEDEV and running it, or mv /dev/bpf0 /dev/bpf && rm /dev/bpf[0-9]*
1.99      mrg       144:
1.129     jmc       145: 20041006:
                    146:
                    147:        A bug was introduced into /bin/sh (var.c rev 1.35) which causes
                    148:        variables to not export correctly to subshells in all cases. This
                    149:        will cause builds to break if that version of /bin/sh is installed
                    150:        on the system. The proper version of /bin/sh can be verified with:
                    151:
                    152:         ident /bin/sh | grep var
                    153:
                    154:        Any /bin/sh w. version 1.35 will not work and needs to be updated
                    155:        before attempting a build.
                    156:
1.127     christos  157: 20041001:
                    158:        The ipfilter kernel sources moved from sys/netinet to
                    159:        dist/sys/ipf/netinet. Due to the move some Makefile
                    160:        dependencies are now dangling requiring a make cleandir
1.128     he        161:        before they work again (kdump, ktruss, rescue, ipf, and
                    162:        ftp-proxy are the victims).
1.127     christos  163:
1.125     atatat    164: 20040715:
                    165:        The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine
                    166:        if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the
                    167:        contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the
                    168:        owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes
                    169:        to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes
                    170:        are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.
                    171:
                    172:        Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.
                    173:
                    174:        If you are only using sendmail by default and only for
                    175:        local delivery, it is important that you also update your
                    176:        sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the
                    177:        loopback interface.
                    178:
                    179: 20040715:
                    180:        The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386
                    181:        kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version
                    182:        of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.
                    183:
1.124     jmc       184: 20040621:
                    185:        Due to the recent rototill of tools/compat it's crucial one starts
                    186:        from a clean objdir under tools/*.
                    187:
                    188:        This is mostly due to generated files (yacc and lex sources) needing
1.125     atatat    189:        to be generated with new rules from bsd.hostprog.mk.
1.124     jmc       190:
                    191:        The safest course is to rm -rf all objects under tools before building.
                    192:
1.121     lukem     193: 20040516:
                    194:        The end-user modifiable X11 configuration has been moved
                    195:        from /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/<dir> to /etc/X11/<dir>.
                    196:        Ensure that src and xsrc is up to date, and run
                    197:        "make cleandir" in src/x11 before your next build.
                    198:
1.126     lukem     199:        postinstall currently doesn't migrate the files from
                    200:        /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/* to /etc/X11/* although it does
                    201:        detect that this needs to occur, so you'll have to
                    202:        manually move these files yourself.
                    203:
1.119     atatat    204: 20040426:
                    205:        Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has
                    206:        been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects
                    207:        consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as
                    208:        the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to
                    209:        be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so
                    210:        the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary
                    211:        built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24
                    212:        will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after
                    213:        2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh
                    214:        does not work, make sure that your revision of
1.120     atatat    215:        src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the
                    216:        do the following:
1.119     atatat    217:
1.120     atatat    218:        cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)
                    219:        make USETOOLS=no includes
                    220:        cd lib/libc
                    221:        make USETOOLS=no dependall install
                    222:        cd ../../sbin/sysctl
1.119     atatat    223:        make USETOOLS=no dependall install
                    224:
1.122     itojun    225:        If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to
                    226:        identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for
                    227:        "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,
                    228:        make sure to follow the above steps.
                    229:
1.118     dbj       230: 20040425:
                    231:        The ffs superblock issues listed below under 20040109 and 20030402
                    232:        are now automatically addressed by the /etc/rc.d/fixsb script or by
                    233:        sysinst when it checks a a filesystem. The manual fsck_ffs -b16 -c4
                    234:        invocation mentioned below will continue to work and is now
                    235:        automated by those scripts.  Note that under certain circumstances,
                    236:        affected filesystems upgraded to a -current kernel first before
                    237:        upgrading their userland with the fixsb and fsck_ffs fixes may
                    238:        encounter a 'freeing free inode' panic when writing to the affected
                    239:        filesystem, so it is a good idea to repair the filesystem as soon as
                    240:        possible.  For more details on the fixsb script, see pr install/25138.
                    241:
1.115     christos  242: 20040418:
1.121     lukem     243:        statfs(2) and friends have been replaced with statvfs(2). Before
1.115     christos  244:        installing a newly build userland make sure that you are running
                    245:        a newly built kernel with COMPAT_20 set. In addition your libc
                    246:        build might not work (undefined SYS_statfs symbol) because make
                    247:        clean does not know how to remove files it does not know about
1.116     christos  248:        anymore. Manually remove all generated .S sources and objects
                    249:        from the libc build directory.
1.115     christos  250:
1.114     jmc       251: 20040326:
                    252:        The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds
1.117     jmc       253:        has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencoded file in CVS
1.114     jmc       254:        and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk
                    255:        to build it.
                    256:
                    257:        This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when
                    258:        building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.
                    259:
1.113     dan       260: 20040318:
                    261:        A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without
                    262:        provision of backwards compatibility, after several public
                    263:        notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher
                    264:        ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and
                    265:        recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See
                    266:        (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)
                    267:
1.108     bjh21     268: 20040313:
                    269:        On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and
                    270:        the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files
                    271:        will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf
                    272:        for examples.
                    273:
1.106     bjh21     274: 20040125:
                    275:        On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer
                    276:        needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration
                    277:        files.
1.105     bjh21     278:
1.102     dbj       279: 20040109:
                    280:        Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been
                    281:        added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled
                    282:        when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current
                    283:        since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal
1.110     dbj       284:        superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have
1.111     simonb    285:        an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4
1.109     dbj       286:        to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has
1.111     simonb    287:        been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.
                    288:        See the following discussion for more information:
1.112     keihan    289:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/current-users/2004/01/11/0022.html
1.102     dbj       290:
1.99      mrg       291: 20031203:
1.100     keihan    292:        New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.
1.99      mrg       293:        It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that
                    294:        the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.
1.98      wiz       295:
                    296: 20031111:
                    297:        A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is
                    298:                cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --
1.97      lukem     299:
                    300: 20031008:
                    301:        /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.
                    302:        It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that
                    303:        the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.
1.96      christos  304:
1.109     dbj       305: 20031007:
1.153     reed      306:        A sign extension bug was fixed which set all the high bits
1.111     simonb    307:        of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only
                    308:        affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.
1.109     dbj       309:        A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which
1.111     simonb    310:        should fix this problem, and a warning message was added
                    311:        to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See
                    312:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html
1.109     dbj       313:
1.96      christos  314: 20030906:
                    315:        With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline
                    316:        code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running
                    317:        kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.
1.94      christos  318:
                    319: 20030801:
1.95      wiz       320:        With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.
1.94      christos  321:        rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \
1.95      wiz       322:        /usr/lib/libdes* before building.
1.92      wiz       323:
                    324: 20030703:
                    325:        Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to
                    326:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    327:
                    328:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    329:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.90      wiz       330:
                    331: 20030630:
1.101     junyoung  332:        Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do
1.91      wiz       333:                cd share/mk && make install
1.90      wiz       334:                cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff
                    335:                make MKMAN=no dependall install
                    336:        (untested).
1.89      christos  337:
                    338: 20030516:
                    339:        Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines
                    340:        were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when
                    341:        mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already
                    342:        been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks
                    343:        export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,
                    344:        make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export
                    345:        file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.
                    346:        a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.
1.87      bjh21     347:
                    348: 20030402:
                    349:        The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6
                    350:        fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch
                    351:        with the first alternate, because they compare too many
                    352:        fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade
                    353:        your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.
                    354:        None of this signals actual filesystem damage.
1.85      atatat    355:
                    356: 20030324:
                    357:        sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is
                    358:        now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"
                    359:        mode for most common activities, there is a new config
                    360:        file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.
                    361:        The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf
                    362:        is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail
                    363:        configuration file is also strongly advised.
                    364:
                    365:        See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in
                    366:        the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more
                    367:        information.
1.82      wiz       368:
                    369: 20030117:
                    370:        Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to
                    371:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    372:
                    373:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    374:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.81      lukem     375:
                    376: 20021223:
                    377:        The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading
                    378:        "${DESTDIR}" from path names.
                    379:        This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.
                    380:        For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and
                    381:        update tools/mtree, before running make build.
1.88      itojun    382:
                    383: 20021219:
                    384:        CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details
                    385:        if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.
                    386:
1.93      salo      387:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html
1.80      lukem     388:
                    389: 20021219:
                    390:        install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an
                    391:        alternate location to look up users & groups (instead
                    392:        of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).
                    393:
                    394:        The build system was modified to take advantage of
                    395:        this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you
1.83      kei       396:        use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and
1.80      lukem     397:        reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.
1.78      lukem     398:
                    399: 20021130:
                    400:        fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.
                    401:        If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes
                    402:        and rebuild libc:
                    403:                make includes
                    404:                make do-lib-libc
                    405:        If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"
                    406:        before rebuilding the tools.
1.77      lukem     407:
                    408: 20021126:
                    409:        The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,
                    410:        including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.
                    411:        All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into
                    412:        /usr/include.
1.76      thorpej   413:
                    414: 20021121:
                    415:        The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o
                    416:        (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were
                    417:        split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.
                    418:        This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the
                    419:        new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding
                    420:        libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new
                    421:        required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to
                    422:        do this.
                    423:
                    424:        An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries
                    425:        which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that
1.153     reed      426:        their global constructors/destructors will not be invoked.
1.75      thorpej   427:
                    428: 20021121:
                    429:        A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been
                    430:        corrected.
                    431:
                    432:        NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by
                    433:        default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking
                    434:        objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the
1.79      wiz       435:        compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"
1.75      thorpej   436:        to the assembler.
                    437:
                    438:        Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider
                    439:        old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be
                    440:        incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.
                    441:
                    442:        The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile
                    443:        a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program
                    444:        against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"
                    445:        markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES
                    446:        WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.
                    447:
                    448:        The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of
                    449:        the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for
1.79      wiz       450:        system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are
1.93      salo      451:        generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you
1.75      thorpej   452:        have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled
                    453:        if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.
                    454:
                    455:        If you have questions about this matter, please contact
1.93      salo      456:        port-arm@NetBSD.org.
1.73      provos    457:
                    458: 20021011:
                    459:        Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.
                    460:        Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace
1.79      wiz       461:        to be rebuilt.
1.72      thorpej   462:
                    463: 20021010:
                    464:        The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register
                    465:        dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users
                    466:        must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new
                    467:        kernel.
1.70      thorpej   468:
                    469: 20021009:
                    470:        A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),
                    471:        which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users
1.71      wiz       472:        must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new
1.70      thorpej   473:        kernel.
1.69      thorpej   474:
                    475: 20021003:
                    476:        Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration
                    477:        framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config
                    478:        before building a new kernel.
1.74      jschauma  479:
                    480: 20021001:
                    481:        The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users
                    482:        will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration
                    483:        file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need
                    484:        ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?
                    485:        options         MULTIPROCESSOR
                    486:        options         COM_MPLOCK
1.68      lukem     487:
                    488: 20020922:
                    489:        MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that
                    490:        certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared
                    491:        linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin
                    492:        and /sbin are dynamically linked.
                    493:        If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that
                    494:        you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,
                    495:        with:
                    496:                make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so
1.67      lukem     497:
                    498: 20020917:
                    499:        USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:
                    500:            -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which
                    501:                there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,
                    502:                x86_64).
                    503:            -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the
1.79      wiz       504:                root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This
1.67      lukem     505:                enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING
                    506:                platforms.
1.66      gehenna   507:
                    508: 20020906:
                    509:        gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and
1.79      wiz       510:        reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.
1.65      lukem     511:
                    512: 20020822:
                    513:        Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)
                    514:        are now provided in /rescue.
                    515:
                    516:        To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter
                    517:        what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built
                    518:        from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).
                    519:
                    520: 20020820:
                    521:        crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program
                    522:        is statically linked.
                    523:
                    524:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch
1.84      grant     525:
                    526: 20020605:
                    527:        smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.
                    528:
                    529:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    530:
                    531:        smmsp:*:17:
                    532:
                    533:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    534:
                    535:        smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin
1.61      itojun    536:
                    537: 20020515:
                    538:        sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd
1.153     reed      539:        will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivilegeSeparation=yes)
1.61      itojun    540:
                    541:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    542:
                    543:        sshd:*:16:
                    544:
                    545:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    546:
1.63      enami     547:        sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin
1.61      itojun    548:
1.79      wiz       549:        Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of
                    550:        the build process).
1.60      sommerfe  551:
                    552: 20020426:
                    553:        NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.
1.59      lukem     554:
                    555: 20020426:
                    556:        etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for
                    557:        configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of
                    558:        the problems identified.
                    559:        This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's
                    560:        configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).
1.56      lukem     561:
                    562: 20020320:
1.79      wiz       563:        <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.
                    564:        Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.
1.56      lukem     565:
1.55      itojun    566: 20020319:
1.79      wiz       567:        Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len
                    568:        on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold
1.55      itojun    569:        newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.
                    570:
1.54      itojun    571: 20020311:
                    572:        ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware
                    573:        if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs
                    574:        to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).
                    575:
                    576: 20020223:
1.53      matt      577:        Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas
                    578:        so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all
                    579:        the VAX assembly files.
                    580:
1.50      itojun    581: 20020118:
                    582:        ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds
                    583:        will break as mtree aborts early.
                    584:
                    585:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    586:
                    587:        ntpd:*:15:
                    588:
                    589:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    590:
                    591:        ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin
                    592:
1.49      jmc       593: 20011207:
                    594:        If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting
                    595:        reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native
                    596:        toolchain has some broken C++ bits.
                    597:
                    598:        To fix:
                    599:
                    600:        Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)
                    601:        Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)
                    602:
                    603:        gnu/lib/libgcc
1.51      pooka     604:        gnu/lib/libstdc++
1.49      jmc       605:
                    606:        After this a snapshot will be able to be built.
                    607:
1.47      jmc       608: 20011201:
                    609:        In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If
                    610:        you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this
1.52      wiz       611:        point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating
1.47      jmc       612:        point is broken.
                    613:
                    614:        To build:
                    615:
                    616:        remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc
                    617:        remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links
1.48      jmc       618:        against the new libgcc.a)
1.47      jmc       619:
1.46      thorpej   620: 20011128:
                    621:        Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in
                    622:        the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are
                    623:        required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure
                    624:        to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting
                    625:        to build a new kernel.
                    626:
1.45      yamt      627: 20011030:
                    628:        libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)
                    629:        before building libc.
1.43      mason     630:
1.44      tv        631: 20011029:
                    632:        The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or
                    633:        see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build
                    634:        procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN
                    635:        build process, are intended in the long run to replace this
                    636:        manual update log.
                    637:
                    638:        Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the
                    639:        BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes
                    640:        UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of
                    641:        by the new build system.
1.42      perry     642:
                    643: 20011028:
                    644:        src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle
                    645:        symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that
                    646:        prevented this was corrected.
                    647:
                    648:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall
                    649:        Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work
                    650:        for you.
1.40      lukem     651:
                    652: 20011006:
                    653:        /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of
                    654:        absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't
                    655:        understand the format.
                    656:
                    657:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree
1.39      jmc       658:
                    659: 20011004:
                    660:        Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating
                    661:        is suggested before running a snapshot build
1.36      tv        662:
1.35      thorpej   663: 20010915:
                    664:        The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed
                    665:        a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend
                    666:        files that still reference this file.
                    667:
                    668:        Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected
                    669:        directories.
1.31      enami     670:
                    671: 20010803:
                    672:        grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it
                    673:        requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before
                    674:        building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow
                    675:        the instruction described in 20010726 entry.
1.30      enami     676:
1.64      sommerfe  677: 20010803:
1.41      wiz       678:        (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like
1.111     simonb    679:        `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the
1.64      sommerfe  680:        kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,
                    681:        (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"
                    682:        from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.
                    683:        See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.
                    684:        [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]
1.29      bjh21     685:
                    686: 20010731:
                    687:        Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before
                    688:        this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer
                    689:        bootloaders.
1.27      assar     690:
                    691: 20010726:
                    692:        Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to
1.28      assar     693:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    694:
                    695:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    696:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.25      thorpej   697:
                    698: 20010718:
                    699:        Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this
                    700:        was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means
                    701:        make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the
                    702:        timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").
                    703:
                    704:        The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV
                    705:        if you have a stale dependency.
                    706:
                    707:        Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so
                    708:        before starting your build.
1.26      thorpej   709:
                    710: 20010628:
                    711:        A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug
                    712:        in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable
                    713:        bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.
1.21      jmc       714:
                    715: 20010226:
1.22      jmc       716:        Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds
1.21      jmc       717:        will break as mtree aborts early.
                    718:
                    719:        To work around add by hand:
                    720:
                    721:        named:*:14:
                    722:
1.22      jmc       723:        to /etc/group and add:
                    724:
                    725:        named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin
                    726:
                    727:        to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).
                    728:
                    729:        Now a make build should progress.
1.18      jmc       730:
                    731: 20010219:
1.52      wiz       732:        get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need
1.111     simonb    733:        to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.
1.18      jmc       734:
1.111     simonb    735:        Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff
1.19      cgd       736:                        usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to
                    737:                          CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)
1.20      jmc       738:                        usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if
1.111     simonb    739:                          building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.
1.15      christos  740:
                    741: 20010204:
                    742:        prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in
                    743:        particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc
                    744:        needs to be installed before make build.
1.10      christos  745:
                    746: 20010114:
                    747:        introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to
                    748:        bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing
1.23      tron      749:        anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed
1.10      christos  750:        with make build.
1.9       sommerfe  751:
                    752: 20010101:
                    753:        bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused
                    754:        afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.
1.8       sommerfe  755:
                    756: 20001230:
                    757:        New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.
                    758:        If you get make errors,
                    759:                (cd share/mk; make install)
                    760:        Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.
1.6       ad        761:
                    762: 20001019:
1.7       ad        763:        The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the
1.6       ad        764:        major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev
                    765:        directory.
1.1       abs       766:
1.4       itojun    767: 20000929:
                    768:        The following make directives are obsoleted.
                    769:        MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA
                    770:        By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be
1.16      wiz       771:        built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build
1.4       itojun    772:        additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.
1.1       abs       773:
                    774:
                    775: Hints for a more successful build:
                    776: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.123     jmc       777:     Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
1.132     jmmv      778:        This will automatically build the tools in the
1.123     jmc       779:           correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
                    780:           new build products from interfering with the running
                    781:           system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
                    782:           other advice in this file.
1.2       mrg       783:     Build a new kernel first:
                    784:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
                    785:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
                    786:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs       787:     Use object directories:
                    788:        This helps to keep stale object
                    789:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                    790:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                    791:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                    792:           same source tree for multiple machines.
1.123     jmc       793:           To use object directories with build.sh:
                    794:            a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
                    795:           To use object directories without using build.sh:
1.1       abs       796:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2       mrg       797:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
                    798:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs       799:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2       mrg       800:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
                    801:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs       802:     Build to a DESTDIR:
1.123     jmc       803:        This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
                    804:           from interfering with the new build.
                    805:           To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
                    806:           To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
                    807:           environment variable before running make build.  It should be
                    808:           set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
                    809:           Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                    810:                update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                    811:                nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                    812:                (See critical utils, below.)
1.1       abs       813:     Build often:
                    814:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                    815:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
1.123     jmc       816:        date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
                    817:        this problem.
1.1       abs       818:
                    819: What to do if things don't work:
                    820: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    821: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                    822: should be done.
                    823:     1) make includes
                    824:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                    825:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                    826:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                    827:
                    828: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                    829: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    830: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                    831: something like the following:
                    832:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                    833:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                    834:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                    835:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                    836:        make cleandir
                    837:        rm ...all obj directories...
                    838:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                    839:        make obj
                    840:        make depend && make
                    841:
                    842: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                    843: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    844: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2       mrg       845: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
                    846: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
                    847: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs       848:
                    849: ---cut here---
                    850: #!/bin/sh
                    851: . /etc/mk.conf
                    852:
1.58      lukem     853: if [ -z $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    854:     NETBSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
1.1       abs       855: fi
1.58      lukem     856: if [ \! -d $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
1.1       abs       857:     echo Unable to find sources
                    858:     exit 1
                    859: fi
1.58      lukem     860: find $NETBSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
1.1       abs       861:
                    862: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    863:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                    864: fi
                    865: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    866:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                    867: fi
                    868:
1.58      lukem     869: cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
1.1       abs       870:
                    871: ---cut here---
                    872:
                    873: Critical utilities:
                    874: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.3       itojun    875:        usr.bin/compile_et
1.1       abs       876:        usr.bin/make
                    877:        usr.bin/yacc
                    878:        usr.bin/lex
1.11      lukem     879:        usr.bin/xlint
1.142     drochner  880:        usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       881:
1.34      simonb    882: Other problems and possible solutions:
1.1       abs       883: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    884: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
1.17      erh       885: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make:
                    886:        cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
1.111     simonb    887:        Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
1.17      erh       888:        cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
                    889:
1.1       abs       890: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    891:        cd share/mk && make install
1.2       mrg       892:
                    893: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
1.142     drochner  894: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/config
1.1       abs       895:
                    896: Symptom:
                    897: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    898:
                    899: Symptom:
                    900: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    901:
                    902: Symptom:
                    903: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a
1.4       itojun    904:
                    905: Symptom:Obsolete intermediate files are used during compilation
                    906: Fix:   Try the following sequence of commands in the directory in question.
                    907:        make cleandir; rm `make print-objdir`; make cleandir; make obj
                    908:        (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
                    909:        may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
1.5       wiz       910:
                    911: Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
                    912: Fix:   Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
1.12      itojun    913:
                    914: Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
                    915: Fix:   Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
1.13      dogcow    916:
1.86      kleink    917: Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
1.13      dogcow    918: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
                    919:
1.142     drochner  920: Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
1.19      cgd       921: Fix:   Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
1.13      dogcow    922:
1.19      cgd       923: Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
                    924: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
1.24      abs       925:
                    926: Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
                    927: Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint

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