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Annotation of src/UPDATING, Revision 1.139

1.139   ! christos    1: $NetBSD: UPDATING,v 1.138 2005/04/17 23:12:40 lukem Exp $
1.1       abs         2:
1.123     jmc         3: This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
                      4: changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
                      5: what to do if something doesn't work.
1.1       abs         6:
1.123     jmc         7: For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
                      8: using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
                      9:
                     10: Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
                     11: build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
                     12: working around specific problems with build.sh.
                     13:
                     14: See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
1.1       abs        15:
                     16: Recent changes:
                     17: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.138     lukem      18:
1.139   ! christos   19: 20050531:
        !            20:        genassym.sh(8) was moved to genassym(8). You need to either build
        !            21:        tools first or install the version of genassym from /usr/sbin before
        !            22:        you can build a kernel again.
        !            23:
1.138     lukem      24: 20050417:
                     25:        postinstall(8) was moved from /etc to /usr/sbin and made part
                     26:        of the "base" set, to make it easier to invoke after an
                     27:        upgrade.
                     28:
1.136     cube       29: 20050325:
                     30:        pcppi(4) was separated in two devices, adding attimer(4).  Be sure
                     31:        to add a config line for an attimer(4) device in your kernel
                     32:        configuration, or you won't be able to set the pitch of the beep
1.137     cube       33:        with wsconsctl.  Depending on the default value for the pitch, you
                     34:        might even not hear any more beep.  Also, it is advised to attach both
                     35:        devices the same way (i.e., both on isa or both on acpi) or the
                     36:        pcppi(4) device may fail to find the attimer(4) one.
1.136     cube       37:
1.135     jmc        38: 20050211:
                     39:        Fixes to tools/Makefile.gnuhost may cause UPDATE=1 builds in
                     40:        some of the cross tools to fail if they use configure. Some configure's
                     41:        cache the environment passed in and notice the new environment is
                     42:        different and abort. Doing a clean in tools/ should be enough to
                     43:        make a build continue.
                     44:
1.134     christos   45: 20050109:
                     46:        Since su is using pam by default now, make sure that you have
                     47:        /etc/pam.d populated (postinstall will do that automatically
                     48:        for you). Otherwise su will fail open (i.e. will not require
                     49:        a password).
                     50:
1.133     christos   51: 20041229:
                     52:        Make had a path resolution bug that manifested itself as not
                     53:        being able to install openpam.3. This bug has been fixed, but
                     54:        you might need to rebuild make manually first to get through
                     55:        the build.
                     56:
1.130     christos   57: 20041201:
                     58:        Userland programs have been changed to use /dev/bpf instead of
                     59:        /dev/bpfX. You need to create that device by installing a new
1.131     wiz        60:        MAKEDEV and running it, or mv /dev/bpf0 /dev/bpf && rm /dev/bpf[0-9]*
1.99      mrg        61:
1.129     jmc        62: 20041006:
                     63:
                     64:        A bug was introduced into /bin/sh (var.c rev 1.35) which causes
                     65:        variables to not export correctly to subshells in all cases. This
                     66:        will cause builds to break if that version of /bin/sh is installed
                     67:        on the system. The proper version of /bin/sh can be verified with:
                     68:
                     69:         ident /bin/sh | grep var
                     70:
                     71:        Any /bin/sh w. version 1.35 will not work and needs to be updated
                     72:        before attempting a build.
                     73:
1.127     christos   74: 20041001:
                     75:        The ipfilter kernel sources moved from sys/netinet to
                     76:        dist/sys/ipf/netinet. Due to the move some Makefile
                     77:        dependencies are now dangling requiring a make cleandir
1.128     he         78:        before they work again (kdump, ktruss, rescue, ipf, and
                     79:        ftp-proxy are the victims).
1.127     christos   80:
1.125     atatat     81: 20040715:
                     82:        The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine
                     83:        if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the
                     84:        contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the
                     85:        owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes
                     86:        to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes
                     87:        are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.
                     88:
                     89:        Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.
                     90:
                     91:        If you are only using sendmail by default and only for
                     92:        local delivery, it is important that you also update your
                     93:        sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the
                     94:        loopback interface.
                     95:
                     96: 20040715:
                     97:        The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386
                     98:        kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version
                     99:        of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.
                    100:
1.124     jmc       101: 20040621:
                    102:        Due to the recent rototill of tools/compat it's crucial one starts
                    103:        from a clean objdir under tools/*.
                    104:
                    105:        This is mostly due to generated files (yacc and lex sources) needing
1.125     atatat    106:        to be generated with new rules from bsd.hostprog.mk.
1.124     jmc       107:
                    108:        The safest course is to rm -rf all objects under tools before building.
                    109:
1.121     lukem     110: 20040516:
                    111:        The end-user modifiable X11 configuration has been moved
                    112:        from /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/<dir> to /etc/X11/<dir>.
                    113:        Ensure that src and xsrc is up to date, and run
                    114:        "make cleandir" in src/x11 before your next build.
                    115:
1.126     lukem     116:        postinstall currently doesn't migrate the files from
                    117:        /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/* to /etc/X11/* although it does
                    118:        detect that this needs to occur, so you'll have to
                    119:        manually move these files yourself.
                    120:
1.119     atatat    121: 20040426:
                    122:        Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has
                    123:        been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects
                    124:        consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as
                    125:        the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to
                    126:        be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so
                    127:        the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary
                    128:        built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24
                    129:        will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after
                    130:        2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh
                    131:        does not work, make sure that your revision of
1.120     atatat    132:        src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the
                    133:        do the following:
1.119     atatat    134:
1.120     atatat    135:        cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)
                    136:        make USETOOLS=no includes
                    137:        cd lib/libc
                    138:        make USETOOLS=no dependall install
                    139:        cd ../../sbin/sysctl
1.119     atatat    140:        make USETOOLS=no dependall install
                    141:
1.122     itojun    142:        If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to
                    143:        identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for
                    144:        "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,
                    145:        make sure to follow the above steps.
                    146:
1.118     dbj       147: 20040425:
                    148:        The ffs superblock issues listed below under 20040109 and 20030402
                    149:        are now automatically addressed by the /etc/rc.d/fixsb script or by
                    150:        sysinst when it checks a a filesystem. The manual fsck_ffs -b16 -c4
                    151:        invocation mentioned below will continue to work and is now
                    152:        automated by those scripts.  Note that under certain circumstances,
                    153:        affected filesystems upgraded to a -current kernel first before
                    154:        upgrading their userland with the fixsb and fsck_ffs fixes may
                    155:        encounter a 'freeing free inode' panic when writing to the affected
                    156:        filesystem, so it is a good idea to repair the filesystem as soon as
                    157:        possible.  For more details on the fixsb script, see pr install/25138.
                    158:
1.115     christos  159: 20040418:
1.121     lukem     160:        statfs(2) and friends have been replaced with statvfs(2). Before
1.115     christos  161:        installing a newly build userland make sure that you are running
                    162:        a newly built kernel with COMPAT_20 set. In addition your libc
                    163:        build might not work (undefined SYS_statfs symbol) because make
                    164:        clean does not know how to remove files it does not know about
1.116     christos  165:        anymore. Manually remove all generated .S sources and objects
                    166:        from the libc build directory.
1.115     christos  167:
1.114     jmc       168: 20040326:
                    169:        The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds
1.117     jmc       170:        has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencoded file in CVS
1.114     jmc       171:        and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk
                    172:        to build it.
                    173:
                    174:        This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when
                    175:        building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.
                    176:
1.113     dan       177: 20040318:
                    178:        A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without
                    179:        provision of backwards compatibility, after several public
                    180:        notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher
                    181:        ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and
                    182:        recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See
                    183:        (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)
                    184:
1.108     bjh21     185: 20040313:
                    186:        On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and
                    187:        the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files
                    188:        will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf
                    189:        for examples.
                    190:
1.106     bjh21     191: 20040125:
                    192:        On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer
                    193:        needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration
                    194:        files.
1.105     bjh21     195:
1.102     dbj       196: 20040109:
                    197:        Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been
                    198:        added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled
                    199:        when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current
                    200:        since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal
1.110     dbj       201:        superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have
1.111     simonb    202:        an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4
1.109     dbj       203:        to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has
1.111     simonb    204:        been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.
                    205:        See the following discussion for more information:
1.112     keihan    206:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/current-users/2004/01/11/0022.html
1.102     dbj       207:
1.99      mrg       208: 20031203:
1.100     keihan    209:        New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.
1.99      mrg       210:        It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that
                    211:        the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.
1.98      wiz       212:
                    213: 20031111:
                    214:        A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is
                    215:                cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --
1.97      lukem     216:
                    217: 20031008:
                    218:        /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.
                    219:        It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that
                    220:        the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.
1.96      christos  221:
1.109     dbj       222: 20031007:
1.111     simonb    223:        A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits
                    224:        of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only
                    225:        affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.
1.109     dbj       226:        A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which
1.111     simonb    227:        should fix this problem, and a warning message was added
                    228:        to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See
                    229:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html
1.109     dbj       230:
1.96      christos  231: 20030906:
                    232:        With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline
                    233:        code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running
                    234:        kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.
1.94      christos  235:
                    236: 20030801:
1.95      wiz       237:        With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.
1.94      christos  238:        rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \
1.95      wiz       239:        /usr/lib/libdes* before building.
1.92      wiz       240:
                    241: 20030703:
                    242:        Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to
                    243:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    244:
                    245:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    246:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.90      wiz       247:
                    248: 20030630:
1.101     junyoung  249:        Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do
1.91      wiz       250:                cd share/mk && make install
1.90      wiz       251:                cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff
                    252:                make MKMAN=no dependall install
                    253:        (untested).
1.89      christos  254:
                    255: 20030516:
                    256:        Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines
                    257:        were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when
                    258:        mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already
                    259:        been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks
                    260:        export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,
                    261:        make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export
                    262:        file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.
                    263:        a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.
1.87      bjh21     264:
                    265: 20030402:
                    266:        The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6
                    267:        fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch
                    268:        with the first alternate, because they compare too many
                    269:        fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade
                    270:        your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.
                    271:        None of this signals actual filesystem damage.
1.85      atatat    272:
                    273: 20030324:
                    274:        sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is
                    275:        now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"
                    276:        mode for most common activities, there is a new config
                    277:        file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.
                    278:        The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf
                    279:        is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail
                    280:        configuration file is also strongly advised.
                    281:
                    282:        See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in
                    283:        the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more
                    284:        information.
1.82      wiz       285:
                    286: 20030117:
                    287:        Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to
                    288:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    289:
                    290:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    291:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.81      lukem     292:
                    293: 20021223:
                    294:        The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading
                    295:        "${DESTDIR}" from path names.
                    296:        This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.
                    297:        For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and
                    298:        update tools/mtree, before running make build.
1.88      itojun    299:
                    300: 20021219:
                    301:        CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details
                    302:        if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.
                    303:
1.93      salo      304:        http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html
1.80      lukem     305:
                    306: 20021219:
                    307:        install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an
                    308:        alternate location to look up users & groups (instead
                    309:        of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).
                    310:
                    311:        The build system was modified to take advantage of
                    312:        this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you
1.83      kei       313:        use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and
1.80      lukem     314:        reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.
1.78      lukem     315:
                    316: 20021130:
                    317:        fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.
                    318:        If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes
                    319:        and rebuild libc:
                    320:                make includes
                    321:                make do-lib-libc
                    322:        If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"
                    323:        before rebuilding the tools.
1.77      lukem     324:
                    325: 20021126:
                    326:        The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,
                    327:        including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.
                    328:        All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into
                    329:        /usr/include.
1.76      thorpej   330:
                    331: 20021121:
                    332:        The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o
                    333:        (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were
                    334:        split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.
                    335:        This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the
                    336:        new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding
                    337:        libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new
                    338:        required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to
                    339:        do this.
                    340:
                    341:        An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries
                    342:        which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that
                    343:        their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.
1.75      thorpej   344:
                    345: 20021121:
                    346:        A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been
                    347:        corrected.
                    348:
                    349:        NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by
                    350:        default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking
                    351:        objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the
1.79      wiz       352:        compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"
1.75      thorpej   353:        to the assembler.
                    354:
                    355:        Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider
                    356:        old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be
                    357:        incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.
                    358:
                    359:        The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile
                    360:        a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program
                    361:        against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"
                    362:        markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES
                    363:        WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.
                    364:
                    365:        The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of
                    366:        the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for
1.79      wiz       367:        system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are
1.93      salo      368:        generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you
1.75      thorpej   369:        have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled
                    370:        if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.
                    371:
                    372:        If you have questions about this matter, please contact
1.93      salo      373:        port-arm@NetBSD.org.
1.73      provos    374:
                    375: 20021011:
                    376:        Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.
                    377:        Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace
1.79      wiz       378:        to be rebuilt.
1.72      thorpej   379:
                    380: 20021010:
                    381:        The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register
                    382:        dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users
                    383:        must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new
                    384:        kernel.
1.70      thorpej   385:
                    386: 20021009:
                    387:        A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),
                    388:        which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users
1.71      wiz       389:        must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new
1.70      thorpej   390:        kernel.
1.69      thorpej   391:
                    392: 20021003:
                    393:        Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration
                    394:        framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config
                    395:        before building a new kernel.
1.74      jschauma  396:
                    397: 20021001:
                    398:        The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users
                    399:        will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration
                    400:        file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need
                    401:        ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?
                    402:        options         MULTIPROCESSOR
                    403:        options         COM_MPLOCK
1.68      lukem     404:
                    405: 20020922:
                    406:        MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that
                    407:        certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared
                    408:        linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin
                    409:        and /sbin are dynamically linked.
                    410:        If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that
                    411:        you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,
                    412:        with:
                    413:                make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so
1.67      lukem     414:
                    415: 20020917:
                    416:        USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:
                    417:            -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which
                    418:                there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,
                    419:                x86_64).
                    420:            -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the
1.79      wiz       421:                root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This
1.67      lukem     422:                enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING
                    423:                platforms.
1.66      gehenna   424:
                    425: 20020906:
                    426:        gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and
1.79      wiz       427:        reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.
1.65      lukem     428:
                    429: 20020822:
                    430:        Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)
                    431:        are now provided in /rescue.
                    432:
                    433:        To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter
                    434:        what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built
                    435:        from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).
                    436:
                    437: 20020820:
                    438:        crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program
                    439:        is statically linked.
                    440:
                    441:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch
1.84      grant     442:
                    443: 20020605:
                    444:        smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.
                    445:
                    446:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    447:
                    448:        smmsp:*:17:
                    449:
                    450:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    451:
                    452:        smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin
1.61      itojun    453:
                    454: 20020515:
                    455:        sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd
                    456:        will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)
                    457:
                    458:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    459:
                    460:        sshd:*:16:
                    461:
                    462:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    463:
1.63      enami     464:        sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin
1.61      itojun    465:
1.79      wiz       466:        Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of
                    467:        the build process).
1.60      sommerfe  468:
                    469: 20020426:
                    470:        NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.
1.59      lukem     471:
                    472: 20020426:
                    473:        etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for
                    474:        configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of
                    475:        the problems identified.
                    476:        This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's
                    477:        configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).
1.56      lukem     478:
                    479: 20020320:
1.79      wiz       480:        <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.
                    481:        Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.
1.56      lukem     482:
1.55      itojun    483: 20020319:
1.79      wiz       484:        Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len
                    485:        on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold
1.55      itojun    486:        newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.
                    487:
1.54      itojun    488: 20020311:
                    489:        ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware
                    490:        if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs
                    491:        to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).
                    492:
                    493: 20020223:
1.53      matt      494:        Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas
                    495:        so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all
                    496:        the VAX assembly files.
                    497:
1.50      itojun    498: 20020118:
                    499:        ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds
                    500:        will break as mtree aborts early.
                    501:
                    502:        Add the following into /etc/group:
                    503:
                    504:        ntpd:*:15:
                    505:
                    506:        and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):
                    507:
                    508:        ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin
                    509:
1.49      jmc       510: 20011207:
                    511:        If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting
                    512:        reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native
                    513:        toolchain has some broken C++ bits.
                    514:
                    515:        To fix:
                    516:
                    517:        Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)
                    518:        Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)
                    519:
                    520:        gnu/lib/libgcc
1.51      pooka     521:        gnu/lib/libstdc++
1.49      jmc       522:
                    523:        After this a snapshot will be able to be built.
                    524:
1.47      jmc       525: 20011201:
                    526:        In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If
                    527:        you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this
1.52      wiz       528:        point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating
1.47      jmc       529:        point is broken.
                    530:
                    531:        To build:
                    532:
                    533:        remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc
                    534:        remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links
1.48      jmc       535:        against the new libgcc.a)
1.47      jmc       536:
1.46      thorpej   537: 20011128:
                    538:        Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in
                    539:        the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are
                    540:        required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure
                    541:        to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting
                    542:        to build a new kernel.
                    543:
1.45      yamt      544: 20011030:
                    545:        libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)
                    546:        before building libc.
1.43      mason     547:
1.44      tv        548: 20011029:
                    549:        The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or
                    550:        see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build
                    551:        procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN
                    552:        build process, are intended in the long run to replace this
                    553:        manual update log.
                    554:
                    555:        Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the
                    556:        BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes
                    557:        UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of
                    558:        by the new build system.
1.42      perry     559:
                    560: 20011028:
                    561:        src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle
                    562:        symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that
                    563:        prevented this was corrected.
                    564:
                    565:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall
                    566:        Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work
                    567:        for you.
1.40      lukem     568:
                    569: 20011006:
                    570:        /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of
                    571:        absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't
                    572:        understand the format.
                    573:
                    574:        Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree
1.39      jmc       575:
                    576: 20011004:
                    577:        Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating
                    578:        is suggested before running a snapshot build
1.36      tv        579:
1.35      thorpej   580: 20010915:
                    581:        The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed
                    582:        a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend
                    583:        files that still reference this file.
                    584:
                    585:        Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected
                    586:        directories.
1.31      enami     587:
                    588: 20010803:
                    589:        grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it
                    590:        requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before
                    591:        building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow
                    592:        the instruction described in 20010726 entry.
1.30      enami     593:
1.64      sommerfe  594: 20010803:
1.41      wiz       595:        (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like
1.111     simonb    596:        `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the
1.64      sommerfe  597:        kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,
                    598:        (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"
                    599:        from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.
                    600:        See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.
                    601:        [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]
1.29      bjh21     602:
                    603: 20010731:
                    604:        Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before
                    605:        this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer
                    606:        bootloaders.
1.27      assar     607:
                    608: 20010726:
                    609:        Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to
1.28      assar     610:        build the included texinfo files, do:
                    611:
                    612:        cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo
                    613:        make MKINFO=no dependall install
1.25      thorpej   614:
                    615: 20010718:
                    616:        Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this
                    617:        was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means
                    618:        make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the
                    619:        timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").
                    620:
                    621:        The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV
                    622:        if you have a stale dependency.
                    623:
                    624:        Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so
                    625:        before starting your build.
1.26      thorpej   626:
                    627: 20010628:
                    628:        A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug
                    629:        in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable
                    630:        bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.
1.21      jmc       631:
                    632: 20010226:
1.22      jmc       633:        Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds
1.21      jmc       634:        will break as mtree aborts early.
                    635:
                    636:        To work around add by hand:
                    637:
                    638:        named:*:14:
                    639:
1.22      jmc       640:        to /etc/group and add:
                    641:
                    642:        named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin
                    643:
                    644:        to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).
                    645:
                    646:        Now a make build should progress.
1.18      jmc       647:
                    648: 20010219:
1.52      wiz       649:        get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need
1.111     simonb    650:        to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.
1.18      jmc       651:
1.111     simonb    652:        Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff
1.19      cgd       653:                        usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to
                    654:                          CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)
1.20      jmc       655:                        usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if
1.111     simonb    656:                          building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.
1.15      christos  657:
                    658: 20010204:
                    659:        prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in
                    660:        particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc
                    661:        needs to be installed before make build.
1.10      christos  662:
                    663: 20010114:
                    664:        introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to
                    665:        bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing
1.23      tron      666:        anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed
1.10      christos  667:        with make build.
1.9       sommerfe  668:
                    669: 20010101:
                    670:        bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused
                    671:        afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.
1.8       sommerfe  672:
                    673: 20001230:
                    674:        New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.
                    675:        If you get make errors,
                    676:                (cd share/mk; make install)
                    677:        Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.
1.6       ad        678:
                    679: 20001019:
1.7       ad        680:        The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the
1.6       ad        681:        major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev
                    682:        directory.
1.1       abs       683:
1.4       itojun    684: 20000929:
                    685:        The following make directives are obsoleted.
                    686:        MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA
                    687:        By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be
1.16      wiz       688:        built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build
1.4       itojun    689:        additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.
1.1       abs       690:
                    691:
                    692: Hints for a more successful build:
                    693: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
1.123     jmc       694:     Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
1.132     jmmv      695:        This will automatically build the tools in the
1.123     jmc       696:           correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
                    697:           new build products from interfering with the running
                    698:           system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
                    699:           other advice in this file.
1.2       mrg       700:     Build a new kernel first:
                    701:        This makes sure that any new system calls or features
                    702:           expected by the new userland will be present.  This
                    703:           helps to avoid critical errors when upgrading.
1.1       abs       704:     Use object directories:
                    705:        This helps to keep stale object
                    706:           files from polluting the build if a Makefile "forgets"
                    707:           about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
                    708:           a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
                    709:           same source tree for multiple machines.
1.123     jmc       710:           To use object directories with build.sh:
                    711:            a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
                    712:           To use object directories without using build.sh:
1.1       abs       713:            a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
1.2       mrg       714:            b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
                    715:            c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
1.1       abs       716:            d) cd /usr/src ; make build
1.2       mrg       717:           Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
                    718:           in obj.$MACHINE directory.
1.1       abs       719:     Build to a DESTDIR:
1.123     jmc       720:        This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
                    721:           from interfering with the new build.
                    722:           To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
                    723:           To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
                    724:           environment variable before running make build.  It should be
                    725:           set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
                    726:           Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                    727:                update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                    728:                nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                    729:                (See critical utils, below.)
1.1       abs       730:     Build often:
                    731:        This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
                    732:        on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
1.123     jmc       733:        date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
                    734:        this problem.
1.1       abs       735:
                    736: What to do if things don't work:
                    737: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    738: When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly
                    739: should be done.
                    740:     1) make includes
                    741:        This should be done automatically by make build.
                    742:     2)  cd share/mk && make install
                    743:        Again, automatically done by make build.
                    744:
                    745: Failsafe rebuild of a small part of the tree:
                    746: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    747: To make sure you rebuild something correctly you want to do
                    748: something like the following:
                    749:     1)  Make sure the includes and .mk files are up to date.
                    750:     2)  Make sure any program used to build the particular
                    751:        utility is up to date.  (yacc, lex, etc...)
                    752:     3)  cd ...path/to/util...
                    753:        make cleandir
                    754:        rm ...all obj directories...
                    755:        make cleandir                   # yes, again
                    756:        make obj
                    757:        make depend && make
                    758:
                    759: Failsafe rebuild of the entire tree:
                    760: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    761: If you really want to make sure the source tree is clean and
1.2       mrg       762: ready for a build try the following.  Note that sourcing /etc/mk.conf
                    763: (a make(1) Makefile) in this manner is not right, and will not work
                    764: for anyone who uses any make(1) features in /etc/mk.conf.
1.1       abs       765:
                    766: ---cut here---
                    767: #!/bin/sh
                    768: . /etc/mk.conf
                    769:
1.58      lukem     770: if [ -z $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
                    771:     NETBSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
1.1       abs       772: fi
1.58      lukem     773: if [ \! -d $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
1.1       abs       774:     echo Unable to find sources
                    775:     exit 1
                    776: fi
1.58      lukem     777: find $NETBSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
1.1       abs       778:
                    779: if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    780:     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
                    781: fi
                    782: if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
                    783:     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
                    784: fi
                    785:
1.58      lukem     786: cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
1.1       abs       787:
                    788: ---cut here---
                    789:
                    790: Critical utilities:
                    791: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    792:        gnu/usr.bin/egcs
1.3       itojun    793:        usr.bin/compile_et
1.1       abs       794:        usr.bin/make
                    795:        usr.bin/yacc
                    796:        usr.bin/lex
1.11      lukem     797:        usr.bin/xlint
1.2       mrg       798:        usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       799:
1.34      simonb    800: Other problems and possible solutions:
1.1       abs       801: ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                    802: Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.
                    803: Fix:   Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs
                    804:
                    805: Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
1.17      erh       806: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/make:
                    807:        cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
1.111     simonb    808:        Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
1.17      erh       809:        cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
                    810:
1.1       abs       811: Fix:   Make sure .mk files are up to date.
                    812:        cd share/mk && make install
1.2       mrg       813:
                    814: Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
                    815: Fix:   Rebuild usr.sbin/config
1.1       abs       816:
                    817: Symptom:
                    818: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
                    819:
                    820: Symptom:
                    821: Fix:   Rebuild usr.bin/lex
                    822:
                    823: Symptom:
                    824: Fix:   rm /usr/lib/libbfd.a
1.4       itojun    825:
                    826: Symptom:Obsolete intermediate files are used during compilation
                    827: Fix:   Try the following sequence of commands in the directory in question.
                    828:        make cleandir; rm `make print-objdir`; make cleandir; make obj
                    829:        (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
                    830:        may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
1.5       wiz       831:
                    832: Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
                    833: Fix:   Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
1.12      itojun    834:
                    835: Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
                    836: Fix:   Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
1.13      dogcow    837:
1.86      kleink    838: Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
1.13      dogcow    839: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
                    840:
1.19      cgd       841: Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.
                    842: Fix:   Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
1.13      dogcow    843:
1.19      cgd       844: Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
                    845: Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
1.24      abs       846:
                    847: Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
                    848: Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint

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