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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.89 and 1.208

version 1.89, 2003/05/16 14:19:49 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20030516:  20100204:
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines          The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already          from the system when upgrading.
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,          and destination directories.
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export  
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.  20091101:
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.          After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
           target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
 20030402:          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6          src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch  
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many  20091001:
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade          On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.  
 20030324:          An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is          symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"          it is in, and retry your build.
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config  
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.  20090718:
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf          libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         configuration file is also strongly advised.          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
           (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in  
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more  20090709:
         information.          Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
           without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to  20090616:
         build the included texinfo files, do:          Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
           src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
           be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading  20090501:
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
           failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
 20021219:          objects and start again.
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details  
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.  20090325:
           The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
         http://mail-index.netbsd.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
 20021219:  20090126:
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an          The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead          need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  20090202:
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
 20021130:  20090110:
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         and rebuild libc:             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
                 make includes             conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
                 make do-lib-libc          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"             before installing.
         before rebuilding the tools.          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
              your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
 20021126:             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         /usr/include.          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
              rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
 20021121:             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o             that depend on it.
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.             will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new             for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to             upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
         do this.             boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
              newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries             files manually.
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that          7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.             accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
              removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
 20021121:             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been             the file.
         corrected.          8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
              disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking             rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  20081219:
         to the assembler.          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
           swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          kernels.
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile  20081205:
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
         markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         generally available on releng.netbsd.org.  Any packages you          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled  
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         port-arm@netbsd.org.            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
 20021011:          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         to be rebuilt.  
 20021010:          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         kernel.          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
             $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  20080813:
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
 20021003:          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration          been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config          for -current.
         before building a new kernel.  
           Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
 20021001:          libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users          be recompiled.
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need          One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         options         COM_MPLOCK            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
 20020922:  20080731:
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         with:          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so  
 20020917:          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:          isn't defined.
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which  
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  20080531:
                 x86_64).          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
             $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
 20020906:            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
           leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  20080503:
         are now provided in /rescue.          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  20080521:
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
           ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
 20020820:          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         is statically linked.          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  20080303:
           Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.  20080126:
           The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         Add the following into /etc/group:          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
         smmsp:*:17:          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  20071209:
           The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  20071115:
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         Add the following into /etc/group:          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
           rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         sshd:*:16:          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  20071028:
           The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
           to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         the build process).          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
           for more details.
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  20070913:
           A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
 20020426:          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of          implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         the problems identified.          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
           and userland are from after 20070913.
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  20070703:
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.          nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
 20020319:          down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len          re-installation of tools.
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  20070422:
           The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
 20020311:          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
 20020223:          that has such links.
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all          the emulated root.
         the VAX assembly files.  
 20020118:          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
         will break as mtree aborts early.          example.
         Add the following into /etc/group:  20070319:
           src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         ntpd:*:15:          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
           updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
           rebuild of object files that might have been built
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
           src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  20070210:
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                 | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         To fix:          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  20070209:
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
         gnu/lib/libgcc          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
         gnu/lib/libstdc++          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
           an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
           the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
 20011201:          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If          is the only threaded application in the base system.
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  20061214:
         point is broken.          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
           from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         To build:          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                   tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         against the new libgcc.a)                  as the installation images in distrib/
           in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
 20011128:          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  20061108:
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         to build a new kernel.          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
           make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  20061009:
         before building libc.          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
           available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  20060814:
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN          withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         manual update log.          few years should cope.
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  20060703:
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of          if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         by the new build system.          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
 20011028:  20060627:
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         prevented this was corrected.          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
           errors will result.
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 457  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 345  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 465  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 355  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 536  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:          Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
         cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin          cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
 Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.  Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 576  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 585  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 473  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.1.89  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.208

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