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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.86 and 1.208

version 1.86, 2003/04/10 08:12:29 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20030324:  20100204:
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is          The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config          from the system when upgrading.
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf          and destination directories.
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail  
         configuration file is also strongly advised.  20091101:
           After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in          target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
         information.          src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
 20030117:  20091001:
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to          On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
         build the included texinfo files, do:          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  20091001:
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
           symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
 20021223:          it is in, and retry your build.
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading  
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.  20090718:
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.          libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
           (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an  20090709:
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead          Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).          without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  20090616:
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
           subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
 20021130:          be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  20090501:
         and rebuild libc:          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
                 make includes          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
                 make do-lib-libc          who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"          note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
         before rebuilding the tools.          failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
           objects and start again.
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,  20090325:
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.          The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
 20021121:          The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o          need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.  
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  20090202:
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
         do this.  
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
              conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
 20021121:          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been             before installing.
         corrected.          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
              your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         to the assembler.          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
              rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be             that depend on it.
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"             for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
         markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES             upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.             boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
              newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of             files manually.
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for          7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are             accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
         generally available on releng.netbsd.org.  Any packages you             removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.             the file.
           8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact             disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
         port-arm@netbsd.org.             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
              rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  20081219:
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         to be rebuilt.          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
           (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
 20021010:          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register          kernels.
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  20081205:
         kernel.          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
           /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
 20021009:          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  20081122:
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         kernel.          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
           Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
 20021003:          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         before building a new kernel.  
           - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
 20021001:            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users  
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  20080827:
           If you built and installed a libc from sources between
 20020922:          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that  
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  20080813:
         with:          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
 20020917:  20080802:
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which          been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,          for -current.
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the          Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING          be recompiled.
           One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
 20020822:  20080731:
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         are now provided in /rescue.          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
           and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
           can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  20080721:
         is statically linked.          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
           isn't defined.
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
 20020605:          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
           utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         Add the following into /etc/group:          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         smmsp:*:17:            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
 20020515:  20080503:
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)  
         Add the following into /etc/group:          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
           succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         sshd:*:16:          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
           problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
           remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         the build process).  
 20020426:          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
 20020426:          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  20071209:
         the problems identified.          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
 20020320:  20071115:
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.          argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
           anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
 20020319:          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  20071028:
           The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
 20020311:          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
           for more details.
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  20070913:
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         the VAX assembly files.          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
           problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
 20020118:          implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         will break as mtree aborts early.          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
           sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
         Add the following into /etc/group:          and userland are from after 20070913.
         ntpd:*:15:  20070703:
           nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
           down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin          re-installation of tools.
 20011207:  20070422:
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
           root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         To fix:          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)          that has such links.
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
           the emulated root.
         gnu/lib/libstdc++  20070412:
           The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  20070319:
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         point is broken.          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
           cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         To build:          rebuild of object files that might have been built
           incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  20070210:
           src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
 20011128:            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  20070209:
         to build a new kernel.          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
 20011030:          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         before building libc.          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
           (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
 20011029:          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build          is the only threaded application in the base system.
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  20061214:
         manual update log.          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
           from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         by the new build system.                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                   as the installation images in distrib/
 20011028:          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  20061108:
           The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
         for you.          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
 20011006:  20061009:
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
 20011004:          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating          few years should cope.
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
 20010915:          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed          if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         directories.          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
           your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
 20010803:          errors will result.
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 433  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 345  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 441  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 355  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 512  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:          Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
         cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin          cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
 Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.  Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 552  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 561  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 473  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.1.86  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.208

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