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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.82 and 1.208

version 1.82, 2003/01/17 22:58:53 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
   
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
   
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
   
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
   
 20030117:  20100204:
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to          The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         build the included texinfo files, do:          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
           from the system when upgrading.
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          and destination directories.
   
 20021223:  20091101:
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading          After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.          target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.  
   20091001:
 20021219:          On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead  
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  20091001:
           An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
         The build system was modified to take advantage of          symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          it is in, and retry your build.
         use USE_TOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and  
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.  20090718:
           libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
 20021130:          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes          (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         and rebuild libc:  
                 make includes  20090709:
                 make do-lib-libc          Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"          without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         before rebuilding the tools.  
   20090616:
 20021126:          Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,          src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.          work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into          subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
         /usr/include.          be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
   
 20021121:  20090501:
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.          who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the          note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding          failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          objects and start again.
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to  
         do this.  20090325:
           The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that  
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.  20090126:
           The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
 20021121:          need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         corrected.  
   20090202:
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking          detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  
         to the assembler.  20090110:
           time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.             conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
           2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile             before installing.
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
         markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
              libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are             rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
         generally available on releng.netbsd.org.  Any packages you             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled             that depend on it.
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         port-arm@netbsd.org.             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
              for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
 20021011:             upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.             boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace             newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         to be rebuilt.             files manually.
           7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
 20021010:             accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register             removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new             the file.
         kernel.          8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
              disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
 20021009:             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),             rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  20081219:
         kernel.          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
           swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
 20021003:          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config          kernels.
         before building a new kernel.  
   20081205:
 20021001:          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  20081122:
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         options         COM_MPLOCK          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
           Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
 20020922:          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  
         with:          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
           file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
 20020917:  
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:  20080827:
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
                 x86_64).          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
                 platforms.  
   20080813:
 20020906:          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
   20080802:
 20020822:          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)          been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
         are now provided in /rescue.          for -current.
   
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter          Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).          be recompiled.
   
 20020820:          One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
             $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
   20080731:
 20020515:          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
           don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         Add the following into /etc/group:          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
           also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         sshd:*:16:          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
   
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  20080721:
           Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin          isn't defined.
   
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  20080531:
         the build process).          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
           from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
 20020426:          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
   
 20020426:            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
   20080503:
 20020320:          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  20080521:
           For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
 20020319:          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
           remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
 20020311:  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  20080303:
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
   20080126:
 20020223:          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all          'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
         the VAX assembly files.          avoid using the old assembly stub.
   
 20020118:  20071209:
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         will break as mtree aborts early.          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
   20071115:
         ntpd:*:15:          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
           rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
   
 20011207:  20071028:
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
           now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         To fix:          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
           for more details.
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  20070913:
           A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         gnu/lib/libgcc          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         gnu/lib/libstdc++          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
           normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
 20011201:          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If          and userland are from after 20070913.
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  20070703:
         point is broken.          nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
         To build:          down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
           re-installation of tools.
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  20070422:
         against the new libgcc.a)          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
           has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
 20011128:          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure          start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting          that has such links.
         to build a new kernel.          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
           the emulated root.
 20011030:  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  20070412:
         before building libc.          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
           instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
 20011029:          example.
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  20070319:
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         manual update log.          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
           cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the          rebuild of object files that might have been built
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         by the new build system.  
   20070210:
 20011028:          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         prevented this was corrected.          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  20070209:
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
         for you.          was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
           kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
 20011006:          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
         understand the format.          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
           continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree          is the only threaded application in the base system.
   
 20011004:  20061214:
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
         is suggested before running a snapshot build          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
           will need to do a "make cleandir" in
 20010915:                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         files that still reference this file.                  as the installation images in distrib/
           in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         directories.  
   20061108:
 20010803:          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
   20061009:
 20010803:          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  20060814:
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.          withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]          few years should cope.
   
 20010731:  20060703:
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer          if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         bootloaders.          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
   
 20010726:  20060627:
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         build the included texinfo files, do:          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
           your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          errors will result.
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
   
 20010718:  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
   
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
   
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
   
 20010628:  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
   
 20010226:  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
   
         To work around add by hand:  
   
         named:*:14:  
   
         to /etc/group and add:  
   
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
   
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
   
         Now a make build should progress.  
   
 20010219:  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
   
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
   
 20010204:  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
   
 20010114:  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
   
 20010101:  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
   
 20001230:  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
   
 20001019:  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         directory.  
   
 20000929:  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
   
   
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 409  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 345  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 417  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 355  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
   
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 488  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
   
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
   
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
   
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:          Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
         cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin          cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
   
 Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.  Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
   
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
   
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 528  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
   
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
   
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
 Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale  Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
   
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
   
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
   
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

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  Added in v.1.208

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