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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.129 and 1.208

version 1.129, 2004/10/12 04:03:20 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
Line 16  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
Line 16  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20041006:  20100204:
           The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         A bug was introduced into /bin/sh (var.c rev 1.35) which causes          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
         variables to not export correctly to subshells in all cases. This          from the system when upgrading.
         will cause builds to break if that version of /bin/sh is installed          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         on the system. The proper version of /bin/sh can be verified with:          and destination directories.
         ident /bin/sh | grep var  20091101:
           After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
         Any /bin/sh w. version 1.35 will not work and needs to be updated          target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
         before attempting a build.          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
           src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
         The ipfilter kernel sources moved from sys/netinet to  20091001:
         dist/sys/ipf/netinet. Due to the move some Makefile          On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
         dependencies are now dangling requiring a make cleandir          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         before they work again (kdump, ktruss, rescue, ipf, and  
         ftp-proxy are the victims).  20091001:
           An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
 20040715:          symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
         The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine          it is in, and retry your build.
         if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the  
         contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the  20090718:
         owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes          libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
         to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
           (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.  
         If you are only using sendmail by default and only for          Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
         local delivery, it is important that you also update your          without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the  
         loopback interface.  20090616:
           Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
 20040715:          src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386          work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
         kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version          subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
         of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.          be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
 20040621:  20090501:
         Due to the recent rototill of tools/compat it's crucial one starts          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
         from a clean objdir under tools/*.          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
           who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
         This is mostly due to generated files (yacc and lex sources) needing          note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
         to be generated with new rules from bsd.hostprog.mk.          failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
           objects and start again.
         The safest course is to rm -rf all objects under tools before building.  
 20040516:          The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
         The end-user modifiable X11 configuration has been moved          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
         from /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/<dir> to /etc/X11/<dir>.  
         Ensure that src and xsrc is up to date, and run  20090126:
         "make cleandir" in src/x11 before your next build.          The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
           need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
         postinstall currently doesn't migrate the files from          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/* to /etc/X11/* although it does  
         detect that this needs to occur, so you'll have to  20090202:
         manually move these files yourself.          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
           detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
 20040426:          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
         Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has  
         been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects  20090110:
         consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
         the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary             conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
         built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after             before installing.
         2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
         does not work, make sure that your revision of             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
         src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         do the following:             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
              libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         make USETOOLS=no includes          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         cd lib/libc             rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
         cd ../../sbin/sysctl             that depend on it.
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
         "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,             for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
         make sure to follow the above steps.             upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
              boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
 20040425:             newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         The ffs superblock issues listed below under 20040109 and 20030402             files manually.
         are now automatically addressed by the /etc/rc.d/fixsb script or by          7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
         sysinst when it checks a a filesystem. The manual fsck_ffs -b16 -c4             accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
         invocation mentioned below will continue to work and is now             removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
         automated by those scripts.  Note that under certain circumstances,             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         affected filesystems upgraded to a -current kernel first before             the file.
         upgrading their userland with the fixsb and fsck_ffs fixes may          8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
         encounter a 'freeing free inode' panic when writing to the affected             disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
         filesystem, so it is a good idea to repair the filesystem as soon as             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
         possible.  For more details on the fixsb script, see pr install/25138.             rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
 20040418:  20081219:
         statfs(2) and friends have been replaced with statvfs(2). Before          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         installing a newly build userland make sure that you are running          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
         a newly built kernel with COMPAT_20 set. In addition your libc          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         build might not work (undefined SYS_statfs symbol) because make          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         clean does not know how to remove files it does not know about          kernels.
         anymore. Manually remove all generated .S sources and objects  
         from the libc build directory.  20081205:
           If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
 20040326:          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencoded file in CVS  
         and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk  20081122:
         to build it.          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
           file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
 20040318:          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without  
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and  
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
           file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and  20080827:
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         for examples.          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
           Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
 20040125:          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration  
         files.  20080813:
           MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
 20040109:          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been  
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled  20080802:
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal          been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have          for -current.
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4  
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has          Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.          libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
         See the following discussion for more information:          be recompiled.
           One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
 20031111:          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
           don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
 20031008:          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
 20031007:          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits          isn't defined.
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only  
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.  20080531:
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
 20030906:            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.  
           leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.  20080503:
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.  
 20030703:          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         build the included texinfo files, do:          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
           problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
 20030630:  20080303:
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
                 cd share/mk && make install  
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff  20080126:
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         (untested).          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
 20030516:          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines  
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when  20071209:
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export  
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.  20071115:
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
 20030402:          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many  
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade  20071028:
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
           to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
 20030324:          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"          for more details.
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config  
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.  20070913:
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         configuration file is also strongly advised.          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
         information.          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
           and userland are from after 20070913.
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to  20070703:
         build the included texinfo files, do:          nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          re-installation of tools.
 20021223:  20070422:
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
 20021219:          that has such links.
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.          the emulated root.
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html  20070412:
           The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
 20021219:          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an          example.
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead  
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  20070319:
           src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         The build system was modified to take advantage of          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          rebuild of object files that might have been built
           incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
 20021130:          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  20070210:
         and rebuild libc:          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
                 make includes            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                 make do-lib-libc                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         before rebuilding the tools.  
 20021126:          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,          was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         /usr/include.          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
           (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
 20021121:          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were          is the only threaded application in the base system.
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.  
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  20061214:
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
         do this.                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                   bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that                  as the installation images in distrib/
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
           file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  20061108:
         corrected.          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
           changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  20061009:
         to the assembler.          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
           available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider  
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be  20060814:
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          few years should cope.
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"  
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for  
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are  20060627:
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
           errors will result.
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register  
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  
         before building a new kernel.  
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users  
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.  
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that  
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so  
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:  
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which  
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the  
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This  
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING  
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and  
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  
         are now provided in /rescue.  
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built  
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).  
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin  
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len  
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
         To fix:  
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
         To build:  
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
     Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":      Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
         This will will automatically build the tools in the          This will automatically build the tools in the
            correct order, and it will keep the tools and the             correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
            new build products from interfering with the running             new build products from interfering with the running
            system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the             system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
Line 746  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
Line 769  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
Line 446  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 786  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 795  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 473  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.1.129  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.208

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