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version, 2004/07/23 08:45:42 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20040715:  20100204:
         The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine          The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
         contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the          from the system when upgrading.
         owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes          and destination directories.
         are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.  
         Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.          After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
           target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
         If you are only using sendmail by default and only for          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
         local delivery, it is important that you also update your          src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
         sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the  
         loopback interface.  20091001:
           On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
 20040715:          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386  
         kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version  20091001:
         of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.          An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
           symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
 20040326:          it is in, and retry your build.
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds  20090718:
         has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencode file in CVS          libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
         and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         to build it.          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
           (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when  
         building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.  20090709:
           Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
 20040318:          without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without  
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public  20090616:
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher          Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and          src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See          work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)          subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
           be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and  20090501:
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
         for examples.          who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
           note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
 20040125:          failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer          objects and start again.
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration  
         files.  20090325:
           The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
 20040109:          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been  
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled  20090126:
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current          The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal          need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4  
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has  20090202:
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
         See the following discussion for more information:          detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/current-users/2004/01/11/0022.html          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
 20031203:  20090110:
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
              conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
 20031111:          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is             before installing.
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
              your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
 20031008:             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
           4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
 20031007:             rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only             that depend on it.
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which             will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html             for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
              upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
 20030906:             boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline             newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running             files manually.
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.          7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
              accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
 20030801:             removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \             the file.
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.          8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
              disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
 20030703:             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to             rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
           (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
 20030630:          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do          kernels.
                 cd share/mk && make install  
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff  20081205:
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         (untested).          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
           set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines  20081122:
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export  
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.  
           - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
 20030402:            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6  
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.  
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.  20080827:
           If you built and installed a libc from sources between
 20030324:          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf  
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail  20080813:
         configuration file is also strongly advised.          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
           about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in  
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more  20080802:
         information.          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
           been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
 20030117:          for -current.
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:          Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
           libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          be recompiled.
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
           One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.  
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and  20080731:
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
           time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
 20021219:          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
           also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
 20021219:  20080721:
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead          isn't defined.
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  
         The build system was modified to take advantage of          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
 20021130:            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         and rebuild libc:  
                 make includes          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
                 make do-lib-libc  
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"  20080503:
         before rebuilding the tools.          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
 20021126:  20080521:
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
         /usr/include.          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
           If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
 20021121:          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o  
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were  20080303:
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding  20080126:
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
         do this.          'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
           avoid using the old assembly stub.
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries  
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that  20071209:
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
           get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
 20021121:          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  
         corrected.  20071115:
           The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by          argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         to the assembler.  
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
           now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          for more details.
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"  
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
           enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for          implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.          and userland are from after 20070913.
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  20070703:
         port-arm@NetBSD.org.          nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
 20021011:          down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.          re-installation of tools.
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  20070422:
           The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
 20021010:          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
         kernel.          start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
           that has such links.
 20021009:          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),          the emulated root.
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  20070412:
         kernel.          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
           instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
 20021003:          example.
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  20070319:
         before building a new kernel.          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
           on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
 20021001:          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration          rebuild of object files that might have been built
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  20070210:
           src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
 20020922:            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.  20070209:
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,          was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
         with:          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
           an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
 20020917:          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,          is the only threaded application in the base system.
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the  20061214:
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
                 platforms.          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                   tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
 20020906:                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.                  as the installation images in distrib/
           in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
 20020822:          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  
         are now provided in /rescue.  20061108:
           The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
 20020820:  20061009:
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
         is statically linked.          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  20060814:
           The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
 20020605:          withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
           few years should cope.
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         smmsp:*:17:          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin  20060627:
           socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
 20020515:          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)          errors will result.
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len  
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
         To fix:  
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
         To build:  
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 565  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 345  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 573  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 355  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 644  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
Line 667  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
Line 446  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 684  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 693  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 473  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.208

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