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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.113 and 1.208

version 1.113, 2004/03/18 11:03:57 version 1.208, 2010/02/04 22:25:21
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20040318:  20100204:
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without          The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public          but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher          from the system when upgrading.
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and          As such, you will need to remove them from your object
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See          and destination directories.
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)  
 20040313:          After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and          target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files          'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf          src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
         for examples.  
 20040125:          On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer          before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration  
         files.  20091001:
           An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
 20040109:          symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been          it is in, and retry your build.
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled  
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current  20090718:
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal          libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have          point for index(). Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4          may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has          (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.  
         See the following discussion for more information:  20090709:
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/current-users/2004/01/11/0022.html          Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
           without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.  20090616:
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.          src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
           work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
 20031111:          subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is          be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --  
 20031008:          Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.          can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          who fail to clean out their tools objects properly. If you
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.          note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
           failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
 20031007:          objects and start again.
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits  
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only  20090325:
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.          The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which          cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added  
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See  20090126:
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html          The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type. You
           need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
 20030906:          to avoid using the old assembly stub.
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline  
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running  20090202:
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.          pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
           detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
 20030801:          ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.  
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \  20090110:
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
           1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
 20030703:             This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to             conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
         build the included texinfo files, do:          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
              before installing.
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
         make MKINFO=no dependall install             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
              are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
 20030630:             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
                 cd share/mk && make install             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install             rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
         (untested).             Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
              that depend on it.
 20030516:          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines             will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already             lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks             for utmp. You are better off removing the old files after
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,             upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export             boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.             newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.             files manually.
           7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
 20030402:             accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6             removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch             /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many             the file.
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade          8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.             disk will break or need attention. Most notably: if you are
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.             using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
              rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is  20081219:
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail          kernels.
         configuration file is also strongly advised.  
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
         information.          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
 20030117:  20081122:
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         build the included texinfo files, do:          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
           Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
           - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.  
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
           file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details  20080827:
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
           2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
           Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
 20021219:          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead  
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  20080813:
           MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
         The build system was modified to take advantage of          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you  
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and  20080802:
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
           been fixed. Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
 20021130:          for -current.
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes          Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
         and rebuild libc:          libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
                 make includes          be recompiled.
                 make do-lib-libc  
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"          One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
         before rebuilding the tools.  
             $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
 20021126:            $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,  
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.  20080731:
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         /usr/include.          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
           and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
 20021121:          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding  20080721:
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to          isn't defined.
         do this.  
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
           won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         corrected.            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by  
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  20080503:
         to the assembler.          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider  20080521:
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
           ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
           Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of  
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for  20080126:
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled          'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  20071209:
         port-arm@NetBSD.org.          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
           get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
 20021011:          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  20071115:
         to be rebuilt.          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
 20021010:          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         kernel.  20071028:
           The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
 20021009:          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
         kernel.          for more details.
 20021003:  20070913:
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         before building a new kernel.          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
 20021001:          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need          and userland are from after 20070913.
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  20070703:
         options         COM_MPLOCK          nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install. It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
 20020922:          down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that          re-installation of tools.
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  20070422:
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         with:          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
 20020917:          that has such links.
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which          the emulated root.
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  
                 x86_64).  20070412:
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING          example.
 20020906:          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
           cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
 20020822:          rebuild of object files that might have been built
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
         are now provided in /rescue.          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  20070210:
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                 | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
 20020820:          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.  20070209:
           The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch          was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
           kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
 20020605:          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
           (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
         Add the following into /etc/group:          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
           continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         smmsp:*:17:          is the only threaded application in the base system.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  20061214:
           Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
           will need to do a "make cleandir" in
 20020515:                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                   as the installation images in distrib/
         Add the following into /etc/group:          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
           file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
           changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
           make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  20061009:
           The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
 20020426:          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
 20020426:          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for          withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         the problems identified.          few years should cope.
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  20060703:
           MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
 20020320:          if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
 20020319:          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.          errors will result.
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
         To fix:  
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
         To build:  
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 535  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 345  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 543  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 355  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 614  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 427  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
Line 637  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
Line 446  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 654  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 463  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 663  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 473  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.1.113  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.208

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