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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.84 and 1.187

version 1.84, 2003/02/06 04:37:59 version 1.187, 2009/01/11 03:32:44
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
   
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
   
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
   
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
   
 20030117:  20090110:
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         build the included texinfo files, do:          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
           2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo             before installing.
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
              your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
 20021223:             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.             you'll need to bump them and rebuild them.
           5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
 20021219:             will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files have been versioned, and there is
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead             a heuristic for utmp. You are better off removing the
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).             old files after upgrading.
   
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  20081219:
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
           config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
 20021130:          kernels.
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  20081205:
         and rebuild libc:          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
                 make includes          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
                 make do-lib-libc          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"  
         before rebuilding the tools.  20081122:
           On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
 20021126:          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into  
         /usr/include.          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
   
 20021121:          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were  
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new  
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to  20080827:
         do this.          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
           2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
             $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
 20021121:  
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  20080813:
         corrected.          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
           about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by  
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking  20080731:
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         to the assembler.          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
           don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
   
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile  20080721:
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"          isn't defined.
         markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES  
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.  20080531:
           The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         generally available on releng.netbsd.org.  Any packages you  
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  
         port-arm@netbsd.org.          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
   
 20021011:  20080503:
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  20080521:
           For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
 20021010:          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         kernel.          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
   
 20021009:  20080303:
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  20080126:
         kernel.          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
           stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
 20021003:          'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  
         before building a new kernel.  20071209:
           The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
 20021001:          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  20071115:
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR          argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         options         COM_MPLOCK          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
           rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
 20020922:          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  20071028:
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         with:          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so          for more details.
   
 20020917:  20070913:
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
                 x86_64).          implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
                 platforms.          and userland are from after 20070913.
   
 20020906:  20070703:
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and          nbinstall has been renamed as it calls the target specific and
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.          the logic to pass down STRIP from mk been removed.  This forces
           a re-installation of tools.
 20020822:  
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  20070422:
         are now provided in /rescue.          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
           has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
 20020820:          that has such links.
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
         is statically linked.          the emulated root.
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  20070412:
           The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
 20020605:          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.          example.
   
         Add the following into /etc/group:  20070319:
           src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         smmsp:*:17:          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
           updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
           rebuild of object files that might have been built
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
           src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
 20020515:  
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  20070210:
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
             find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         Add the following into /etc/group:                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
           will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         sshd:*:16:  
   20070209:
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
           library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
         the build process).          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
           the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
 20020426:          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.          is the only threaded application in the base system.
   
 20020426:  20061214:
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         the problems identified.          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
                   usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
 20020320:                  as the installation images in distrib/
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
   
 20020319:  20061108:
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.          does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
           make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
 20020311:  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  20061009:
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
   
 20020223:  20060814:
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all          withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
         the VAX assembly files.          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
           few years should cope.
 20020118:  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  20060703:
         will break as mtree aborts early.          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         Add the following into /etc/group:          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
   
         ntpd:*:15:  20060627:
           socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
           your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin          errors will result.
   
 20011207:  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
   
         To fix:  
   
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
   
         gnu/lib/libgcc  
         gnu/lib/libstdc++  
   
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
   
 20011201:  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
   
         To build:  
   
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
   
 20011128:  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
   
 20011030:  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
   
 20011029:  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
   
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
   
 20011028:  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
   
 20011006:  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
   
 20011004:  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
   
 20010915:  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
   
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         directories.  
   
 20010803:  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
   
 20010803:  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
   
 20010731:  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         bootloaders.  
   
 20010726:  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
   
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
   
 20010718:  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
   
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
   
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
   
 20010628:  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
   
 20010226:  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
   
         To work around add by hand:  
   
         named:*:14:  
   
         to /etc/group and add:  
   
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
   
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
   
         Now a make build should progress.  
   
 20010219:  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
   
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
   
 20010204:  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
   
 20010114:  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
   
 20010101:  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
   
 20001230:  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
   
 20001019:  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         directory.  
   
 20000929:  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
   
   
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 420  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 252  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 428  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 262  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
   
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 499  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 334  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
   
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
   
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
   
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:          Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
         cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin          cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
   
 Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.  Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
   
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
   
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 545  Fix: Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
Line 376  Fix: Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
 Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale  Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
   
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
   
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
   
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

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Removed from v.1.84  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.187

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