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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.31 and 1.187

version 1.31, 2001/08/03 14:47:17 version 1.187, 2009/01/11 03:32:44
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20010803:  20090110:
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.             before installing.
           3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
 20010803:             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like fxsave which             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         old gas doesn't understand.  To build the kernel successfuly, you             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         need to build and install new gas (gnu/usr.bin/gas.new).             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
              the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
 20010731:          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before             you'll need to bump them and rebuild them.
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
         bootloaders.             will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
           6. The utmpx/wtmpx files have been versioned, and there is
 20010726:             a heuristic for utmp. You are better off removing the
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to             old files after upgrading.
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
           (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
 20010718:          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  20081205:
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
           set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  20081122:
           On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         before starting your build.          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
           following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
           - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
 20010226:          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
           the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
           2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         named:*:14:          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
           Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         to /etc/group and add:          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
             $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).          MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
           about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         Now a make build should progress.  
 20010219:          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprog's that may use this will need          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
           don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  20080721:
           Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
 20010204:          isn't defined.
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  20080531:
         needs to be installed before make build.          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
           from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
 20010114:          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         with make build.            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
 20001230:          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  20080521:
                 (cd share/mk; make install)          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
           ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
 20001019:          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
 20000929:          Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.          'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
           avoid using the old assembly stub.
         MKCRYPTO and friends added to share/mk/bsd.own.mk.  20071209:
         'cd share/mk ; make install' needed before make build.          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
           get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
           The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
           anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
           rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
           The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
           You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
           to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
           now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
           entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
           for more details.
           A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
           enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
           problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
           could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
           normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
           sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
           and userland are from after 20070913.
           nbinstall has been renamed as it calls the target specific and
           the logic to pass down STRIP from mk been removed.  This forces
           a re-installation of tools.
           The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
           has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
           to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
           root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
           root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
           that has such links.
           This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
           the emulated root.
           The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
           instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
           src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
           on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
           updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
           cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
           rebuild of object files that might have been built
           incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
           src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
           src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
             find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                 | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
           will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
           The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
           kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
           library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
           an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
           (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
           the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
           continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
           is the only threaded application in the base system.
           Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
           from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
           will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                   tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                   bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
                   usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                   as the installation images in distrib/
           in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
           file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
           The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
           changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
           does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
           make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
           The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
           available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
           The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
           kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
           few years should cope.
           MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
           to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
           socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
           For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
           your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
           errors will result.
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 127  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 252  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 135  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 262  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 184  for anyone who uses any make(1) features
Line 312  for anyone who uses any make(1) features
 #!/bin/sh  #!/bin/sh
 . /etc/mk.conf  . /etc/mk.conf
 if [ -z $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then  if [ -z $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
     BSDSRCDIR=/usr/src      NETBSDSRCDIR=/usr/src
 fi  fi
 if [ \! -d $BSDSRCDIR ] ; then  if [ \! -d $NETBSDSRCDIR ] ; then
     echo Unable to find sources      echo Unable to find sources
     exit 1      exit 1
 fi  fi
 find $BSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;  find $NETBSDSRCDIR -name \*.o -o -name obj.\* -o -name obj -exec rm \{\} \;
 if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then  if [ -z $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
     BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj      BSDOBJDIR=/usr/obj
Line 200  if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
Line 328  if [ -d $BSDOBJDIR ] ; then
     rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR      rm -rf $BSDOBJDIR
 fi  fi
 cd $BSDSRCDIR && make cleandir  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 ---cut here---  ---cut here---
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possibly solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
         Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:          Or, a failsafe method if that doesn't work:
         cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin          cd usr.bin/make && cc *.c */*.c -I . -o make && mv make /usr/bin
 Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.  Fix:    Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 252  Fix: Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
Line 376  Fix: Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
 Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale  Fix:    Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Removed from v.1.31  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.187

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