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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.147 and 1.187

version 1.147, 2006/06/02 19:08:00 version 1.187, 2009/01/11 03:32:44
Line 16  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
Line 16  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20060526:  20090110:
         The kernel linker scripts for i386 and xen          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         (sys/arch/i386/conf/kern.ldscript*) were changed to set the          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         load address correctly, for the benefit of MULTIBOOT boot loaders          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         (like Grub). If you use a linker (ld) older than from 2006/04/17, it             before installing.
         will be unable to link the kernel because of a bug and ld will fail          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
         with an error like:             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
             ../../../../arch/i386/conf/kern.ldscript:45 \             are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
                 non constant expression for load base             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
         You need to update at least src/gnu/dist/binutils/ld and recompile             libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         and install the linker. If using the build.sh script, the easiest             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         way is with a "build.sh tools" command, with any other options          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         that you use normally. When using build.sh, the linker binary is             you'll need to bump them and rebuild them.
         installed as ${TOOLDIR}/bin/i386--netbsdelf-ld.          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
 20060131:          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files have been versioned, and there is
         the protocol between the sparc64 bootloader (ofwboot) and             a heuristic for utmp. You are better off removing the
         the kernel was changed. Before installing a new kernel,             old files after upgrading.
         you need to update ofwboot. After a full build, just copy  
         /usr/mdec/ofwboot to /, or do a rebuild of  20081219:
         src/sys/arch/sparc/stand/ofwboot and install the result to /.          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
           swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
 20050917:          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         arch/*/conf/std.* was changed to include conf/std, which          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         contains MI options previously enabled by default.          kernels.
         If you have kernel config files which doesn't include  
         arch/*/conf/std.*, you need to edit them to include conf/std  20081205:
         to get the previous configuration.          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
           /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
 20050830:          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         named.conf was moved from /etc/namedb to /etc.  
         postinstall(8) migrates this during interactive use.  20081122:
         Users of MKUPDATE=yes will need to manually rectify          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
         this in their DESTDIR.          file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
           Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
 20050825:          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         Some data structures in sys/device.h, related to interface  
         attributes and locator names, were changed. config(1) was          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         modified to emit the new data structures.  
         Thus usr.bin/config must be updated (and run on the kernel          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
         configuration file) before a new kernel can be built.            for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
 20050531:          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         genassym.sh(8) was moved to genassym(1). You need to either build          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         tools first or install the version of genassym from /usr/bin before          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
         you can build a kernel again.  
 20050520:          If you built and installed a libc from sources between
         Because a kernfs bug which xentools relies on was fixed,          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         xentools up to xentools20-2.0.3nb4 won't work with new kernel.          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
           Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
 20050417:          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
         postinstall(8) was moved from /etc to /usr/sbin and made part            $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         of the "base" set, to make it easier to invoke after an  
         upgrade.  20080813:
           MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
 20050325:          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         pcppi(4) was separated in two devices, adding attimer(4).  Be sure  
         to add a config line for an attimer(4) device in your kernel  20080731:
         configuration, or you won't be able to set the pitch of the beep          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         with wsconsctl.  Depending on the default value for the pitch, you          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         might even not hear any more beep.  Also, it is advised to attach both          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
         devices the same way (i.e., both on isa or both on acpi) or the          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
         pcppi(4) device may fail to find the attimer(4) one.          especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
           also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
 20050211:          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
         Fixes to tools/Makefile.gnuhost may cause UPDATE=1 builds in  
         some of the cross tools to fail if they use configure. Some configure's  20080721:
         cache the environment passed in and notice the new environment is          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
         different and abort. Doing a clean in tools/ should be enough to          isn't defined.
         make a build continue.  
 20050109:          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         Since su is using pam by default now, make sure that you have          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
         /etc/pam.d populated (postinstall will do that automatically          utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
         for you). Otherwise su will fail open (i.e. will not require          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         a password).  
             $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
 20041229:            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         Make had a path resolution bug that manifested itself as not            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         being able to install openpam.3. This bug has been fixed, but  
         you might need to rebuild make manually first to get through          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         the build.  
 20041201:          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         Userland programs have been changed to use /dev/bpf instead of  
         /dev/bpfX. You need to create that device by installing a new  20080521:
         MAKEDEV and running it, or mv /dev/bpf0 /dev/bpf && rm /dev/bpf[0-9]*          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
           succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
 20041006:          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
           problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
         A bug was introduced into /bin/sh (var.c rev 1.35) which causes          If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
         variables to not export correctly to subshells in all cases. This          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
         will cause builds to break if that version of /bin/sh is installed  
         on the system. The proper version of /bin/sh can be verified with:  20080303:
           Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
         ident /bin/sh | grep var  
         Any /bin/sh w. version 1.35 will not work and needs to be updated          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         before attempting a build.          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
 20041001:          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         The ipfilter kernel sources moved from sys/netinet to  
         dist/sys/ipf/netinet. Due to the move some Makefile  20071209:
         dependencies are now dangling requiring a make cleandir          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         before they work again (kdump, ktruss, rescue, ipf, and          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
         ftp-proxy are the victims).          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
 20040715:  20071115:
         The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine          The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
         if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the          argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
         owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.  
         Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
           You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         If you are only using sendmail by default and only for          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
         local delivery, it is important that you also update your          now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
         sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
         loopback interface.          for more details.
 20040715:  20070913:
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
         of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.          problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
 20040621:          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
         Due to the recent rototill of tools/compat it's crucial one starts          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
         from a clean objdir under tools/*.          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
           and userland are from after 20070913.
         This is mostly due to generated files (yacc and lex sources) needing  
         to be generated with new rules from bsd.hostprog.mk.  20070703:
           nbinstall has been renamed as it calls the target specific and
         The safest course is to rm -rf all objects under tools before building.          the logic to pass down STRIP from mk been removed.  This forces
           a re-installation of tools.
         The end-user modifiable X11 configuration has been moved  20070422:
         from /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/<dir> to /etc/X11/<dir>.          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
         Ensure that src and xsrc is up to date, and run          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         "make cleandir" in src/x11 before your next build.          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
           root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
         postinstall currently doesn't migrate the files from          root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
         /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/* to /etc/X11/* although it does          start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
         detect that this needs to occur, so you'll have to          that has such links.
         manually move these files yourself.          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
           the emulated root.
         Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has  20070412:
         been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
         consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as          instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
         the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to          example.
         be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so  
         the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary  20070319:
         built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         does not work, make sure that your revision of          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the          rebuild of object files that might have been built
         do the following:          incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
           src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)  
         make USETOOLS=no includes  20070210:
         cd lib/libc          src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         cd ../../sbin/sysctl                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
         If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to  20070209:
         identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
         "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,          was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
         make sure to follow the above steps.          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
           library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
 20040425:          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
         The ffs superblock issues listed below under 20040109 and 20030402          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
         are now automatically addressed by the /etc/rc.d/fixsb script or by          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
         sysinst when it checks a a filesystem. The manual fsck_ffs -b16 -c4          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
         invocation mentioned below will continue to work and is now          is the only threaded application in the base system.
         automated by those scripts.  Note that under certain circumstances,  
         affected filesystems upgraded to a -current kernel first before  20061214:
         upgrading their userland with the fixsb and fsck_ffs fixes may          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
         encounter a 'freeing free inode' panic when writing to the affected          from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         filesystem, so it is a good idea to repair the filesystem as soon as          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
         possible.  For more details on the fixsb script, see pr install/25138.                  tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                   bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
 20040418:                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         statfs(2) and friends have been replaced with statvfs(2). Before                  as the installation images in distrib/
         installing a newly build userland make sure that you are running          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
         a newly built kernel with COMPAT_20 set. In addition your libc          file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         build might not work (undefined SYS_statfs symbol) because make  
         clean does not know how to remove files it does not know about  20061108:
         anymore. Manually remove all generated .S sources and objects          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         from the libc build directory.          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
           does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
 20040326:          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds  
         has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencoded file in CVS  20061009:
         and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
         to build it.          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
         This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when  20060814:
         building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
 20040318:          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without          few years should cope.
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public  
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher  20060703:
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See          if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
 20040313:  20060627:
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         for examples.          errors will result.
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer  
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration  
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been  
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled  
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current  
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal  
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have  
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4  
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has  
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.  
         See the following discussion for more information:  
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.  
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that  
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is  
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --  
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.  
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that  
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits  
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only  
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.  
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which  
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added  
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See  
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline  
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running  
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.  
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.  
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \  
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do  
                 cd share/mk && make install  
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff  
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install  
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines  
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when  
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already  
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks  
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,  
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export  
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.  
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.  
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6  
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch  
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many  
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade  
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.  
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.  
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is  
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"  
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config  
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.  
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf  
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail  
         configuration file is also strongly advised.  
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in  
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading  
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.  
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.  
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and  
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.  
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details  
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.  
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an  
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead  
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you  
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and  
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.  
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  
         and rebuild libc:  
                 make includes  
                 make do-lib-libc  
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"  
         before rebuilding the tools.  
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,  
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.  
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into  
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o  
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were  
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.  
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding  
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new  
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to  
         do this.  
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries  
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that  
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.  
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by  
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking  
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  
         to the assembler.  
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider  
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be  
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.  
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile  
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program  
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"  
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of  
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for  
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are  
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you  
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled  
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.  
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register  
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  
         before building a new kernel.  
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users  
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.  
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that  
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so  
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:  
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which  
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the  
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This  
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING  
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and  
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  
         are now provided in /rescue.  
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built  
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).  
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin  
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len  
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
         To fix:  
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
         To build:  
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

Removed from v.1.147  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.187

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