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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version 1.114.2.2 and 1.187

version 1.114.2.2, 2004/08/03 22:32:12 version 1.187, 2009/01/11 03:32:44
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 $NetBSD$  $NetBSD$
   
 This file is intended to be a brief introduction to the build  This file (UPDATING) is intended to be a brief reference to recent
 process and a reference on what to do if something doesn't work.  changes that might cause problems in the build process, and a guide for
   what to do if something doesn't work.
   
   For a more detailed description of the recommended way to build NetBSD
   using build.sh, see the BUILDING file.
   
   Note that much of the advice in this UPDATING file was written before
   build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
   working around specific problems with build.sh.
   
 For a more detailed description see Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
   
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
   
 20040715:  20090110:
         The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine          time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities. To upgrade:
         if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the          1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it. Build and install.
         contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the          2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
         owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes             before installing.
         to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes          3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
         are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.             your build breaks in the middle, don't despair. Make sure headers
              are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
         Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.             and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
              libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them. Once
         If you are only using sendmail by default and only for             the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
         local delivery, it is important that you also update your          4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
         sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the             you'll need to bump them and rebuild them.
         loopback interface.          5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
 20040715:          6. The utmpx/wtmpx files have been versioned, and there is
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386             a heuristic for utmp. You are better off removing the
         kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version             old files after upgrading.
         of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.  
   20081219:
 20040426:          config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
         Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has          swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
         been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects          (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
         consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as          config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
         the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to          kernels.
         be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so  
         the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary  20081205:
         built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24          If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
         will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after          /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
         2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh          set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
         does not work, make sure that your revision of  
         src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the  20081122:
         do the following:          On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
           file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
         cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)          Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
         make USETOOLS=no includes          following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
         cd lib/libc  
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
         cd ../../sbin/sysctl  
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
             for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
         If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to  
         identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for          If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
         "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,          the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
         make sure to follow the above steps.          file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
   
 20040326:  20080827:
           If you built and installed a libc from sources between
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds          2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
         has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencode file in CVS          which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
         and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk          Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
         to build it.          needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
             $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
         This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when  
         building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.  20080813:
           MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
 20040318:          about .go files. You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without  
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public  20080731:
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher          WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and          time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See          and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)          don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
           especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
 20040313:          also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and          can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files  
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf  20080721:
         for examples.          Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
           isn't defined.
 20040125:  
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer  20080531:
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration          The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
         files.          from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129. The drvctl(8)
           utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
 20040109:          won't work correctly. The following sequence of commands:
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been  
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled            $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal            $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have  
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4          leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has  
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.  20080503:
         See the following discussion for more information:          The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/current-users/2004/01/11/0022.html  
   20080521:
 20031203:          For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.          succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.          problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
           If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
 20031111:          remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is  
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --  20080303:
           Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
 20031008:  
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.  20080126:
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that          The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.          stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub. You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
 20031007:          avoid using the old assembly stub.
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits  
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only  20071209:
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.          The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments. If you
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which          get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See  
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/tech-kern/2003/10/07/0005.html  20071115:
           The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
 20030906:          argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline          anymore. The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running          rather than the EC address port. Please update your kernel
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.          configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
   
 20030801:  20071028:
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.          The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \          You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.          to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
           now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
 20030703:          entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to          for more details.
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
   20070913:
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo          A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
           problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
 20030630:          implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do          could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
                 cd share/mk && make install          normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff          sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install          and userland are from after 20070913.
         (untested).  
   20070703:
 20030516:          nbinstall has been renamed as it calls the target specific and
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines          the logic to pass down STRIP from mk been removed.  This forces
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when          a re-installation of tools.
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already  
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks  20070422:
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,          The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export          has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.          to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.          root. One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
           root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
 20030402:          start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6          that has such links.
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch          This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many          the emulated root.
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade  
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.  20070412:
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.          The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed. Use macekbc
           instead. See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
 20030324:          example.
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is  
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"  20070319:
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config          src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.          on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf          updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail          cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
         configuration file is also strongly advised.          rebuild of object files that might have been built
           incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in          src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more  
         information.  20070210:
           src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
 20030117:            find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to                | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
         build the included texinfo files, do:          will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
   
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  20070209:
         make MKINFO=no dependall install          The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
 20021223:          kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading          library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.          an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.          (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and          the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.          continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
           is the only threaded application in the base system.
 20021219:  
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details  20061214:
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.          Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
           from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
         http://mail-index.NetBSD.org/netbsd-announce/2002/12/19/0000.html          will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                   tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
 20021219:                  bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an                  usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead                  as the installation images in distrib/
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).          in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
           file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you  20061108:
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and          The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.          changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
           does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared. You'll need to
 20021130:          make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  20061009:
         and rebuild libc:          The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
                 make includes          available. Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
                 make do-lib-libc  
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"  20060814:
         before rebuilding the tools.          The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
 20021126:          kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,          few years should cope.
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.  
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into  20060703:
         /usr/include.          MPACPI is no more. We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel. The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
 20021121:          to ACPI_SCANPCI. Thanks to work from fvdl.
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o  
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were  20060627:
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.          socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the          For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding          your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new          errors will result.
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to  
         do this.  
   
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries  
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that  
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.  
   
 20021121:  
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  
         corrected.  
   
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by  
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking  
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  
         to the assembler.  
   
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider  
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be  
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.  
   
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile  
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program  
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"  
         markings.  ALL OF YOUR EXISTING BINARIES AND SHARED LIBRARIES  
         WILL CONTINUE TO WORK PROPERLY.  
   
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of  
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for  
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are  
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you  
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled  
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.  
   
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  
         port-arm@NetBSD.org.  
   
 20021011:  
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  
   
 20021010:  
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register  
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         kernel.  
   
 20021009:  
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         kernel.  
   
 20021003:  
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  
         before building a new kernel.  
   
 20021001:  
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users  
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  
   
 20020922:  
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.  
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that  
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  
         with:  
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so  
   
 20020917:  
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:  
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which  
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  
                 x86_64).  
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the  
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This  
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING  
                 platforms.  
   
 20020906:  
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and  
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
   
 20020822:  
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  
         are now provided in /rescue.  
   
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built  
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).  
   
 20020820:  
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.  
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
   
 20020605:  
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.  
   
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
   
         smmsp:*:17:  
   
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
   
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin  
   
 20020515:  
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)  
   
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
   
         sshd:*:16:  
   
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
   
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
   
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  
   
 20020426:  
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
   
 20020426:  
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
   
 20020320:  
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
   
 20020319:  
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len  
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  
   
 20020311:  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
   
 20020223:  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
   
 20020118:  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
   
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
   
         ntpd:*:15:  
   
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
   
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
   
 20011207:  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
   
         To fix:  
   
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
   
         gnu/lib/libgcc  
         gnu/lib/libstdc++  
   
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
   
 20011201:  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
   
         To build:  
   
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
   
 20011128:  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
   
 20011030:  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
   
 20011029:  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
   
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
   
 20011028:  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
   
 20011006:  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
   
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
   
 20011004:  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
   
 20010915:  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
   
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         directories.  
   
 20010803:  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
   
 20010803:  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
   
 20010731:  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         bootloaders.  
   
 20010726:  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
   
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
   
 20010718:  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
   
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
   
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
   
 20010628:  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
   
 20010226:  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
   
         To work around add by hand:  
   
         named:*:14:  
   
         to /etc/group and add:  
   
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
   
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
   
         Now a make build should progress.  
   
 20010219:  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
   
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
   
 20010204:  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
   
 20010114:  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
   
 20010101:  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
   
 20001230:  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
   
 20001019:  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         directory.  
   
 20000929:  
         The following make directives are obsoleted.  
         MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA  
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be  
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build  
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
   
   
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
       Use build.sh, but do not use its "expert mode":
           This will automatically build the tools in the
              correct order, and it will keep the tools and the
              new build products from interfering with the running
              system.  This will allow you to ignore most of the
              other advice in this file.
     Build a new kernel first:      Build a new kernel first:
         This makes sure that any new system calls or features          This makes sure that any new system calls or features
            expected by the new userland will be present.  This             expected by the new userland will be present.  This
Line 591  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 252  Hints for a more successful build:
            about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after             about one.  It also makes it easier to clean up after
            a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the             a build.  It's also necessary if you want to use the
            same source tree for multiple machines.             same source tree for multiple machines.
            To use object directories:             To use object directories with build.sh:
               a) invoke build.sh with the "-M" or "-O" options.
              To use object directories without using build.sh:
             a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir              a) cd /usr/src ; make cleandir
             b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              b) Add "OBJMACHINE=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
             c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf              c) Add "MKOBJDIRS=yes" to /etc/mk.conf
Line 599  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 262  Hints for a more successful build:
            Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create             Note that running "make obj" in a directory will create
            in obj.$MACHINE directory.             in obj.$MACHINE directory.
     Build to a DESTDIR:      Build to a DESTDIR:
         This helps to keep old          This helps to keep old installed files (especially libraries)
            installed files (especially libraries) from interfering             from interfering with the new build.
            with the new build.             To build to a DESTDIR with build.sh, use the "-D" option.
            To build to a DESTDIR, set the DESTDIR environment             To build to a DESTDIR without using build.sh, set the DESTDIR
            variable before running make build.  It should be set to             environment variable before running make build.  It should be
            the pathname of an initially empty directory.             set to the pathname of an initially empty directory.
            Problems: you might need to update critical utilities             Problems: if you do not use build.sh, you might need to
                 without using DESTDIR since nothing is executed                  update critical utilities without using DESTDIR since
                 from what is installed in DESTDIR.                  nothing is executed from what is installed in DESTDIR.
                 (See critical utils, below)                  (See critical utils, below.)
     Build often:      Build often:
         This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke          This keeps critical utilities current enough to not choke
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
           this problem.
   
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 670  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 334  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
   
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
   
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
   
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
Line 693  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
Line 353  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
   
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
   
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 719  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 379  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
   
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
   
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'

Legend:
Removed from v.1.114.2.2  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.187

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