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Diff for /src/UPDATING between version and 1.264

version, 2005/04/20 11:40:16 version 1.264, 2016/01/25 09:24:29
Line 11  Note that much of the advice in this UPD
Line 11  Note that much of the advice in this UPD
 build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for  build.sh existed.  Nevertheless, the advice here may be useful for
 working around specific problems with build.sh.  working around specific problems with build.sh.
   Sections are marked with "^^^^^".  After the section on "Recent changes"
   are several sections containing more general information.
 See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.  See also: BUILDING, build.sh, Makefile.
 Recent changes:  Recent changes:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 20050417:  20160125:
         postinstall(8) was moved from /etc to /usr/sbin and made part          Dtrace has been enabled by default on some architectures.
         of the "base" set, to make it easier to invoke after an          When doing an update build, make sure to clean the etc/mtree
         upgrade.          object directory before starting the build - otherwise the
           needed directories in destdir will not be created.
 20050211:          An easy way to do this is:
         Fixes to tools/Makefile.gnuhost may cause UPDATE=1 builds in             cd src/etc/mtree && $TOOLDIR/bin/nbmake-$arch cleandir
         some of the cross tools to fail if they use configure. Some configure's  
         cache the environment passed in and notice the new environment is  20150818:
         different and abort. Doing a clean in tools/ should be enough to          New acpica requires "make cleandir" in src/external/bsd/acpica
         make a build continue.          again.
 20050109:  20150413:
         Since su is using pam by default now, make sure that you have          New acpica requires "make cleandir" and reinstalling yacc
         /etc/pam.d populated (postinstall will do that automatically          in /usr/src/external/bsd/byacc and /usr/src/tools/yacc and
         for you). Otherwise su will fail open (i.e. will not require          also "make cleandir" in /usr/src/external/bsd/acpica.
         a password).  
 20041229:          Lint changes require a full rebuild of the tool, so make
         Make had a path resolution bug that manifested itself as not          sure to build without -u option to build.sh, or manually
         being able to install openpam.3. This bug has been fixed, but          do a make cleandir in src/tools/lint1 and
         you might need to rebuild make manually first to get through          src/usr.bin/xlint.
         the build.  
 20041201:          Improvements to openssl for arm mean that update builds of
         Userland programs have been changed to use /dev/bpf instead of          the openssl libraries will fail. A make cleandir in
         /dev/bpfX. You need to create that device by installing a new          external/bsd/openssl/lib is needed
         MAKEDEV and running it, or mv /dev/bpf0 /dev/bpf && rm /dev/bpf[0-9]*  
 20041006:          A mishap during the import of pppd may cause your corruption
           in your cvs directory if you happened to do a cvs update
         A bug was introduced into /bin/sh (var.c rev 1.35) which causes          during a short period of time. To fix, just remove the
         variables to not export correctly to subshells in all cases. This          directory src/external/bsd/ppp/dist/pppd completely
         will cause builds to break if that version of /bin/sh is installed          and let cvs restore it on next update.
         on the system. The proper version of /bin/sh can be verified with:  
         ident /bin/sh | grep var          The src/external/mit/lua/src directory was accidentally created
           and then deleted in the CVS repository.  If you get errors like
         Any /bin/sh w. version 1.35 will not work and needs to be updated  
         before attempting a build.          cvs [update aborted]: cannot open directory
           /cvsroot/src/external/mit/lua/src: No such file or directory
         The ipfilter kernel sources moved from sys/netinet to          then delete your local copy of that directory tree and try again.
         dist/sys/ipf/netinet. Due to the move some Makefile  
         dependencies are now dangling requiring a make cleandir  20140530:
         before they work again (kdump, ktruss, rescue, ipf, and          ARM eABI switched to DWARF based exception handling. This requires
         ftp-proxy are the victims).          rebuilding all C++ code. It is strongly advised to do a clean build.
 20040715:  20140131:
         The rc.d/sendmail script now uses a heuristic to determine          The new compiler_rt/libc integration moved a few things. It is strongly
         if sendmail should be started at boot time.  It checks the          advised to do a clean build. At least lib/libc, the compat version(s)
         contents of /etc/mailer.conf, /etc/mail/submit.cf, and the          of libc, libkern, rump and the kernels need to be cleaned.
         owner and mode of the sendmail binary to see if any changes  
         to the mail infrastructure have been made.  If no changes  20131227:
         are detected, it will start an SMTP listener.          1. The new ntpd runs in a restricted mode to prevent amplification
              attacks. If you need ntpdc to work you need to explicitly enable
         Setting sendmail=NO in /etc/rc.conf will override this.             mode7 in your config file. Make sure you put the necessary restrict
              statements to avoid being exposed.
         If you are only using sendmail by default and only for          2. strncat has moved from lib/libc to common/lib/libc; you might need
         local delivery, it is important that you also update your             to make clean in libc
         sendmail.cf so that the SMTP listener only listens on the  
         loopback interface.  20131129:
           The GMP sources were updated, and builds will likely fail without
 20040715:          cleaning their build trees for both tools and in-tree, like below.
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386  
         kernel builds has been changed again.  The latest version  20131128:
         of bsd.files.mk is no longer required.          The MPC and MPFR sources were updated, and builds may require their
           tools and in-tree directories cleaned for successful updates.
         Due to the recent rototill of tools/compat it's crucial one starts  20130605:
         from a clean objdir under tools/*.          The kernel option FAST_IPSEC no longer exists, it's been renamed
           to IPSEC (and the older IPSEC version removed).
         This is mostly due to generated files (yacc and lex sources) needing  
         to be generated with new rules from bsd.hostprog.mk.  20130605:
           Previous freetype installations eroneously installed private
         The safest course is to rm -rf all objects under tools before building.          header files. If you are building against a non-empty $DESTDIR,
           please remove ${DESTDIR}//usr/X11R7/include/freetype2/freetype/.
         The end-user modifiable X11 configuration has been moved  20130531:
         from /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/<dir> to /etc/X11/<dir>.          The xdm update may cause build failure due to xdm.man being
         Ensure that src and xsrc is up to date, and run          in the obj tree.  Make sure to ensure any like this:
         "make cleandir" in src/x11 before your next build.                  nbmake: nbmake: don't know how to make xdm.man. Stop
           is fixed by deleting the xdm.man in the obj tree.
         postinstall currently doesn't migrate the files from  
         /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/* to /etc/X11/* although it does  20130530:
         detect that this needs to occur, so you'll have to          Updates of many xsrc packages will leave old .pc files around.
         manually move these files yourself.          Best to clean out the xsrc objdir entirely before rebuilds.
 20040426:  20130301:
         Support for the original dynamic sysctl node structure has          The removal of netiso requires manual removal of /usr/include/netiso
         been removed in favor of the newer layout.  This affects          prior to the build and make cleandir in /usr/src/usr.bin/{ktruss,kdump}
         consumers of the create and delete interface, as well as  
         the dynamic discovery mechanism.  This is believed only to  20120726:
         be the sysctl(8) binary itself, at this point in time, so          The update of OpenSSL requires cleaning both the OpenSSL build
         the only effect of this should be that a sysctl binary          directory and DESTDIR.  *Even non-update builds require cleaning
         built from sources dated between 2003/12/04 and 2004/03/24          DESTDIR.* Builds done without taking these steps may fail, or in
         will not work on a kernel built from sources dated after          some cases may succeed and install broken OpenSSL libraries that
         2004/04/25.  If you need a new sysctl binary but build.sh          cause third-party software to link incorrectly and/or crash.
         does not work, make sure that your revision of  
         src/sys/sys/sysctl.h is 1.112 (or later), and then the  20120507:
         do the following:          The database schema for makemandb was changed.  You will
           need to update the database using 'makemandb -f' or wait
         cd /usr/src (or wherever your source tree is)          for the next weekly run to fix it.
         make USETOOLS=no includes  
         cd lib/libc  20120319:
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          sys/conf/Makefile.kern.inc has been modified to adjust the
         cd ../../sbin/sysctl          size of db_symtab automatically.  You need to update dbsym in
         make USETOOLS=no dependall install          your $TOOLDIR to build kernels with options SYMTAB_SPACE.  If
           you don't want this behavior, add AUTO_SYMTAB_SPACE=no to your
         If you are using older sysctl binary, GNU autoconf would fail to          mk.conf.
         identify your machine architecture, and tries to build binary for  
         "unknown-unknown-netbsd20F" or something like that.  if that happens,  20120216:
         make sure to follow the above steps.          Default for MKCATPAGES changed to NO.  Update builds will fail
           unless DESTDIR is cleaned manually.  If you built between 20120207
 20040425:          and 20120216, daily and weekly could have created an unreadable
         The ffs superblock issues listed below under 20040109 and 20030402          /var/db/man.db index for apropos.  Running makemandb -f or
         are now automatically addressed by the /etc/rc.d/fixsb script or by          the next run of weekly will fix it.
         sysinst when it checks a a filesystem. The manual fsck_ffs -b16 -c4  
         invocation mentioned below will continue to work and is now  20111227:
         automated by those scripts.  Note that under certain circumstances,          If you built between 20111225 and 20111227 you need to remove
         affected filesystems upgraded to a -current kernel first before          /usr/lib/libpam.so.4* and /usr/lib/security/*.so.4, since the
         upgrading their userland with the fixsb and fsck_ffs fixes may          bump has been reverted.
         encounter a 'freeing free inode' panic when writing to the affected  
         filesystem, so it is a good idea to repair the filesystem as soon as  20111125:
         possible.  For more details on the fixsb script, see pr install/25138.          The "rnd" pseudodevice has been added to sys/conf/std, which
           means it should no longer be explicitly listed in kernel
 20040418:          configuration files.  The line "pseudo-device rnd" should be
         statfs(2) and friends have been replaced with statvfs(2). Before          removed from any custom kernel config files users may have.
         installing a newly build userland make sure that you are running  
         a newly built kernel with COMPAT_20 set. In addition your libc  20111119:
         build might not work (undefined SYS_statfs symbol) because make          A problem with the datastructures used by the rndctl(8)
         clean does not know how to remove files it does not know about          utility (pointers in datastructures in an array, making 32->64
         anymore. Manually remove all generated .S sources and objects          bit compatibility very painful) has been fixed in a
         from the libc build directory.          non-backwards-compatible way.  If you replace your kernel,
           replace your rndctl executable too.
         The method by which athhal-elf.o gets pulled into i386 kernel builds  20111001:
         has been changed. The file is now stored as a uuencoded file in CVS          the prop_*_send_syscall() functions from proplib(3) have been
         and the generated Makefile will use the new .uue rules from bsd.file.mk          changed and their new version is not backward compatible with the old
         to build it.          one.  So ensure that all consumers of these functions (currently:
           quota2 code and its tests) are updated together with the new lib.
         This means you must have the latest bsd.files.mk installed when  
         building a kernel without USETOOLS=yes.  20110817:
           sparc has been changed to use GCC 4.5.3, so any objdir or
 20040318:          DESTDIR for them should be deleted before updating.
         A bug in the cgd(4) blowfish code was corrected, without  
         provision of backwards compatibility, after several public  20110806:
         notices over several months. Users of cgd with blowfish cipher          i386 and amd64 have been changed to use GCC 4.5.3, so any
         ONLY must dump their data before updating their kernels, and          objdir or DESTDIR for them should be deleted before updating.
         recreate cgd's and restore data using the new kernel. See  
         (recent message to current-users, URL when mail-index has updated)  20110805:
           The update to GCC 4.5.3 requires a non-trivial portion of
 20040313:          the tree to be cleaned.  Best to delete both objdir and
         On acorn32, the opms and qms drivers have been withdrawn, and          DESTDIR before running this update.  So far, only the
         the old wsqms driver is now called qms.  Kernel config files          sparc64, mips and powerpc platforms have changed.
         will need updating.  See the ones in sys/arch/acorn32/conf  
         for examples.  20110803:
           The layout of external/public-domain/xz has changed.  To do an
 20040125:          update build you will have to remove the contents of the OBJDIR
         On acorn32, the beep and sysbeep devices are no longer          for external/public-domain/xz/bin by hand as the xz entry there
         needed, and will need to be deleted from kernel configuration          is now a directory.
 20040109:          The configuration of src/tools/gcc has changed.  To do an
         Compatibility for old ffs superblock layouts has been          update build you have to clean both tools/binutils and
         added, and the restrictive fsck checks have been reenabled          tools/gcc by hand.
         when using those layouts.  If you have been using -current  
         since 20030402, you may find that fsck again signals fatal  20110328:
         superblock mismatches.  To repair, make sure you have          Building the Xorg binary was moved into a subdirectory to fix
         an updated fsck_ffs and then you can use fsck_ffs -b 16 -c 4          ordering issues with "make all".  It may be necessary to remove
         to complete the filesystem upgrade.  A message has          the OBJDIR for external/mit/xorg/server/xorg-server/hw/xfree86
         been added to the kernel which should detect this problem.          if your update build fails, as the "Xorg" entry there is now a
         See the following discussion for more information:  
         New binutils builds may fail due to old dependencies.  
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that  
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
         A newer mkdep is needed.  Error noting that is  
                 cc: Ambiguous abbreviation --  
         /usr/include/sys/disklabel_mbr.h was removed.  
         It's necessary to "make cleandir" to ensure that  
         the dependencies will be rebuilt correctly.  
         A sign exension bug was fixed which set all the high bits  
         of our newly expanded ffs fs_flags.  This should only  
         affect users who installed or upgraded in September of 2003.  
         A small utility program was posted to tech-kern which  
         should fix this problem, and a warning message was added  
         to the kernel which should discover and warn about it.  See  
         With the addition of siginfo support the old signal trampoline  
         code has been deprecated to COMPAT_16. Make sure that your running  
         kernel has COMPAT_16 enabled before building userland.  
         With the new openssl, there is some header and library shuffling.  
         rm -f /usr/include/des.h /usr/include/kerberosIV/* /lib/libdes* \  
         /usr/lib/libdes* before building.  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.6.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Groff was updated to 1.19; it's probably necessary to do  
                 cd share/mk && make install  
                 cd src/gnu/usr.bin/groff  
                 make MKMAN=no dependall install  
         Due to bugs in the export handling code, invalid export lines  
         were accepted before and caused the kernel to panic when  
         mountd got restarted because it freed memory that had already  
         been freed. This has been fixed and the kernel checks  
         export addresses very strictly. If you upgrade your kernel,  
         make sure you also upgrade mountd, because if your export  
         file contains lines with an old inet4 address syntax (i.e.  
         a.b.c or a.b or a), they will get rejected by the new kernel.  
         The superblock layout for FFS was changed.  If you have 1.6  
         fsck binaries, they will signal a fatal superblock mismatch  
         with the first alternate, because they compare too many  
         fields (even ones that aren't useful).  If possible, upgrade  
         your fsck_ffs binary before using a new kernel.  
         None of this signals actual filesystem damage.  
         sendmail version 8.12.8 was imported.  Since sendmail is  
         now setgid to the smmsp group, and runs in "collection"  
         mode for most common activities, there is a new config  
         file called submit.cf that needs to live in /etc/mail.  
         The generic submit.cf sample in /usr/share/sendmail/cf  
         is named netbsd-msp.cf.  Upgrading your regular sendmail  
         configuration file is also strongly advised.  
         See the section named "MESSAGE SUBMISSION PROGRAM" in  
         the updated /usr/share/sendmail/README file for more  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.3.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         The METALOG format changed slightly, to remove the leading  
         "${DESTDIR}" from path names.  
         This only affects people building with UNPRIVED.  
         For complete safety, remove the DESTDIR entirely and  
         update tools/mtree, before running make build.  
         CVS repository layout was changed.  See the following for details  
         if you are using (anonymous) cvs to update your tree.  
         install(1) had a '-N dbdir' option added, to specify an  
         alternate location to look up users & groups (instead  
         of the host system passwd(5) and group(5) databases).  
         The build system was modified to take advantage of  
         this option (using ${NETBSDSRCDIR}/etc), so if you  
         use USETOOLS==no, you may have to rebuild and  
         reinstall usr.bin/xinstall first.  
         fparseln(3) moved from libutil to libc.  
         If building to DESTDIR=/, reinstall the includes  
         and rebuild libc:  
                 make includes  
                 make do-lib-libc  
         If using build.sh, "cd tools/compat && make clean"  
         before rebuilding the tools.  
         The mk.conf(5) variable SYS_INCLUDE has been deprecated,  
         including the optional "SYS_INCLUDE=symlinks" support.  
         All header files, including <sys/*.h> are copied into  
         The C run-time support files crtbegin.o and crtend.o  
         (and their companions crtbeginS.o and crtendS.o) were  
         split up, with new crti.o and crtn.o files resulting.  
         This means that libtool needs to be rebuilt once the  
         new libraries are installed.  The process of rebuilding  
         libtool will cause it to automatically notice the new  
         required files, but it *must* be rebuilt in order to  
         do this.  
         An out-of-date libtool will result in shared libraries  
         which lack _init() and _fini() routines, which means that  
         their global contructors/destructors will not be invoked.  
         A bug related to how ARM ELF objects were tagged has been  
         NetBSD ARM ELF uses the soft-VFP floating point model by  
         default.  However, the assembler lacked support for marking  
         objects as using the VFP floating point format, and the  
         compiler was not properly passing the flag indicating "soft-VFP"  
         to the assembler.  
         Unfortunately, this means that the linker will now consider  
         old (i.e. not marked "softvfp") NetBSD ARM ELF objects to be  
         incompatible with new (properly marked) objects.  
         The problem will only manifest itself if you attempt to compile  
         a new program using the fixed toolchain, and link that program  
         against old libraries which do not have the proper "softvfp"  
         The only work-around for the problem is to recompile all of  
         the libraries on the system.  The easiest way to do this for  
         system libraries is to install a binary snapshot; they are  
         generally available on releng.NetBSD.org.  Any packages you  
         have installed which supply libraries will have to be recompiled  
         if you wish to link new programs against those libraries.  
         If you have questions about this matter, please contact  
         Systrace has been improved to support privilege elevation.  
         Updating the kernel requires the userland part of systrace  
         to be rebuilt.  
         The config(8) grammar was changed to allow options to register  
         dependencies on attributes, as well as other options.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         A new attribute dependency syntax was introduced to config(8),  
         which is now used by the SCSI configuration description.  Users  
         must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config before building a new  
         Several changes have been made to the autoconfiguration  
         framework.  Users must update and reinstall usr.sbin/config  
         before building a new kernel.  
         The i386mp branch has been merged.  To compile a kernel, users  
         will need to add the option 'cpu* at mainbus?' to their configuration  
         file.  Multiprocessor kernels will need  
         ioapic*         at mainbus? apid ?  
         options         MULTIPROCESSOR  
         options         COM_MPLOCK  
         MKDYNAMICROOT=yes enabled by default, which means that  
         certain shared libraries are installed into /lib, the shared  
         linker is installed into /libexec, and all programs in /bin  
         and /sbin are dynamically linked.  
         If you do not use "make build", you should ensure that  
         you have the libraries and shared linker in the new locations,  
                 make do-lib-csu do-lib-libc do-lib do-gnu-lib do-ld.elf_so  
         USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN has been replaced with:  
             -   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING -- set to "yes" on platforms for which  
                 there is no working in-tree toolchain (hppa, ns32k, sh5,  
             -   EXTERNAL_TOOLCHAIN -- if defined by the user, points to the  
                 root of an external toolchain (e.g. /usr/local/gnu).  This  
                 enables the cross-build framework even for TOOLCHAIN_MISSING  
         gehenna-devsw has been merged into the trunk. Need to update and  
         reinstall usr.sbin/config before building the kernel.  
         Crunched rescue tools (contents of /bin and /sbin, plus others)  
         are now provided in /rescue.  
         To ensure that these are built statically linked (no matter  
         what the setting of LDSTATIC is), use a crunchgen(1) built  
         from sources newer than 20020820 (see the next entry).  
         crunchgen(1) changed to ensure that the generated program  
         is statically linked.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/crunch  
         smmsp user/group has been added for sendmail.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         smmsp:*:17:17::0:0:Sendmail Message Submission Program:/nonexistent:/sbin/nologin  
         sshd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in, or sshd  
         will not let you log in (with default, or UsePrivlegeSeparation=yes)  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         sshd:*:16:16::0:0:& pseudo-user:/var/chroot/sshd:/sbin/nologin  
         Also /var/chroot/sshd directory needs to be present (digged as part of  
         the build process).  
         NBUILDJOBS obsoleted in favor of just using -j.  
         etc/postinstall added, which performs various checks for  
         configuration file updates and changes, and can fix most of  
         the problems identified.  
         This should make it much easier to upgrade a system's  
         configuration from earlier systems (as far back as NetBSD 1.5).  
         <bsd.lib.mk> needs a new install(1) for its "-a cmd" support.  
         Build and install at usr.bin/xinstall before the build.  
         Raw IPv6 socket now makes strict checking for sa_family and sa_len  
         on send(2) operation.  Be sure to have sbin/rtsol and usr.sbin/rtsold  
         newer than November 2001 when you upgrade the kernel.  
         ssh configuration files were moved from /etc to /etc/ssh.  Beware  
         if you restart your machine from remote.  Note that sshd.conf needs  
         to be changed (due to the use of "/etc" inside).  
         Users of the VAX port will need to rebuild and install gas  
         so it deal with the now present register prefix used in all  
         the VAX assembly files.  
         ntpd user/group has been added.  Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         Add the following into /etc/group:  
         and the following to /etc/master.passwd (via vipw):  
         ntpd:*:15:15::0:0:Ntpd pseudo-user:/var/chroot/ntpd:/sbin/nologin  
         If you're attempting to build a snapshot on sparc64 and are getting  
         reloc errors from the toolchain groff binary this means your native  
         toolchain has some broken C++ bits.  
         To fix:  
         Build a new toolchain (i.e. build.sh -t)  
         Use the new toolchain to build and install natively (i.e. /usr/lib)  
         After this a snapshot will be able to be built.  
         In order for a sparc64 build to work you must have a working awk. If  
         you've built and installed a system with the new toolchain up to this  
         point you do not have a working awk as its ability to do floating  
         point is broken.  
         To build:  
         remake and install gnu/lib/libgcc  
         remake and install gnu/usr.bin/gawk into /usr/bin (make sure it links  
         against the new libgcc.a)  
         Kernel config information was changed to use defflag in  
         the various "files" files.  Bug fixes to config(8) are  
         required in order for this to work properly.  Make sure  
         to build and install in usr.sbin/config before attempting  
         to build a new kernel.  
         libc/locale/wcstod.c now needs new lint(1). Update lint(1)  
         before building libc.  
         The new document BUILDING.mdoc (view with nroff | more, or  
         see pre-generated .txt and .html versions) describes the build  
         procedure in great detail.  BUILDING, and the USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN  
         build process, are intended in the long run to replace this  
         manual update log.  
         Users building a USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN system should read the  
         BUILDING document for caveats.  Generally, BUILDING supersedes  
         UPDATING for these systems, as tool updating is taken care of  
         by the new build system.  
         src/etc/Makefile now needs install to be able to handle  
         symlinks that point to nowhere. A bug in install that  
         prevented this was corrected.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.bin/xinstall  
         Better Solution: Use the new toolchain and it will just work  
         for you.  
         /etc/mtree/NetBSD.dist has been updated to take advantage of  
         absolute path support added to mtree(8). Older mtree(8)s don't  
         understand the format.  
         Solution: update and reinstall usr.sbin/mtree  
         Crunchgen has been updated to work via reach-over makefiles. Updating  
         is suggested before running a snapshot build  
         The new "ubcperf" code committed by Chuck Silvers removed  
         a header file, uvm/uvm_vnode.h.  There may be stale .depend  
         files that still reference this file.  
         Solution: "make cleandir && make dependall" in affected  
         grep.info is now built from grep.texi using makeinfo.  Since it  
         requires makeinfo v4.0, you need to install new texinfo before  
         building gnu/usr.bin/grep.  To install new texinfo, please follow  
         the instruction described in 20010726 entry.  
         (i386 only): i386 kernel now uses new instructions like  
         `fxsave' which old gas doesn't understand.  To build the  
         kernel successfully, you need to build and install a new toolchain,  
         (i.e., build.sh -t) or  (temporarily) comment out "options I686_CPU"  
         from your kernel configuration until you rebuild your userland.  
         See 20011029 above and BUILDING file in this directory for more information.  
         [updated 20020630 since i386 gas moved when USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN enabled]  
         Bootloader update on ELF platforms.  DDB in kernels from before  
         this will be unable to read symbol tables provided by newer  
         Texinfo was updated to 4.0.  To avoid failures when trying to  
         build the included texinfo files, do:  
         cd src/gnu/usr.bin/texinfo  
         make MKINFO=no dependall install  
         Enabled correct .init/.fini processing in crt0.  The way this  
         was done was to change a -I directive to cc(1), which means  
         make(1) will have a stale dependency (it will be checking the  
         timestamp on the wrong "dot_init.h").  
         The symptom you will see is that new programs die with SIGSEGV  
         if you have a stale dependency.  
         Solution: "make cleandir" in both lib/csu and libexec/ld.elf_so  
         before starting your build.  
         A construct was added to uvm_page.h that uncovered a bug  
         in lint(1).  If you get a warning/error about a non-portable  
         bitfield, update your lint(1) before proceeding.  
         Added named user/group to system. Need to hand add this in or builds  
         will break as mtree aborts early.  
         To work around add by hand:  
         to /etc/group and add:  
         named:*:14:14::0:0:Named pseudo-user:/var/named:/sbin/nologin  
         to master.passwd (use vipw for instance if doing by hand).  
         Now a make build should progress.  
         get/setprogname() added. Any hostprogs that may use this will need  
         to be bootstrapped manually until the host system is current.  
         Known problems: sys/arch/macppc/stand/fixcoff  
                         usr.sbin/config (adding -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP to  
                           CFLAGS and rebuilding should work)  
                         usr.sbin/mdsetimage - Build a static copy if  
                           building a snapshot before fully bootstrapped.  
         prepare the code to compile with stricter gcc flags. in  
         particular start eliminating redundant declarations. Yacc  
         needs to be installed before make build.  
         introduce .if commands(target) in make(1). You need to  
         bring everything up-to-date first, then without installing  
         anything make and install in usr.bin/make, then proceed  
         with make build.  
         bsd.subdir.mk committed 20001230 had a bug which caused  
         afterinstall targets to run too soon; update again.  
         New share/mk files needed to support .WAIT in SUBDIR variables.  
         If you get make errors,  
                 (cd share/mk; make install)  
         Also, PRINTOBJDIR has changed and is now used more heavily.  
         The `ca' device driver has been replaced by `ld'; although the  
         major and minor numbers haven't changed, you should update your /dev  
         directory.          directory.
 20000929:  20110121:
         The following make directives are obsoleted.          Assembler files no longer use -traditional-cpp.  This can break
         MKCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RSA NOCRYPTO_RC5 NOCRYPTO_IDEA          the build of individual parts of the tree.  This is handled
         By default, RSA is built into libcrypto.  IDEA and RC5 will not be          correctly by build.sh.  Manual builds have to update /usr/share/mk
         built into libcrypto.  By using MKCRYPTO_{RC5,IDEA}, you can build          and re-run config(1) for any kernel configurations as needed.
         additional library libcrypto_{idea,rc5}.  
           The tcpdump(8) program was changed to drop privileges and chroot(2)
           by default.  It may be necessary to manually update passwd(5) and
           group(5) in order to make the program work with existing setups.
           The latest changes to setenv(3) dissallow setting environment
           variables with names that contain '='.  Revision 1.18 of env.c
           assumed that this was allowed.  Installing a new libc with an
           old copy of /usr/bin/env causes env x=1 printenv | grep x= to
           break which affects the autoconf tests for dependency finding,
           so building gcc will end up printing:
               checking dependency style of gcc... none
               configure: error: no usable dependency style found
           Fix it by rebuilding and re-installing env.
           Recent Xorg updates in xsrc/external/mit/ may cause various build
           or run-time problems.  Delete your entire DESTDIR and OBJDIR if you
           have any build problems with xsrc, or problems with mismatched
           versions between xorg-server and drivers.
           The update of ATF to 0.9 causes old tests written in shell to fail
           unless they are rebuilt.  If you are building with MKUPDATE=yes,
           you need to clean the src/external/bsd/atf/tests/ and the src/tests/
           trees by hand.
           Recent Xorg updates in xsrc/external/mit/ will cause various build
           problems.  Delete your entire DESTDIR and OBJDIR if you have any
           build problems with xsrc.
           private section of <ctype.h> was splitted, and now mklocale(1)
           include ctype_local.h, so you have to make cleandir in tools/mklocale.
           The location of the xkb compiled descriptions has changed.  Please
           remove usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled from your $DESTDIR.
           The shared objects file extension has been changed from .so to
           .pico, in order to avoid conflicts with shared libraries names
           libXX.so.  All now stale regular .so files can be removed from
           your object directories.
           The termcap database has been removed from the sources,
           but has not been marked obsolete so it is not removed
           from the system when upgrading.
           As such, you will need to remove them from your object
           and destination directories.
           After updating, it may be necessary to make the 'cleandir'
           target in src/tools/yacc/ and in src/usr.bin/yacc/ before a
           'build.sh -u tools' or 'build.sh -u distribution'.  Ditto
           src/tools/lex/ and src/usr.bin/lex/.
           On amd64 you must rebuild tools (to get the new binutils)
           before building a kernel, or the build fails on cpufunc.S.
           An error will create a ./usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/compiled/xkb
           symlink, failing the build.  Delete the link, and the subdir
           it is in, and retry your build.
           libc build changed so that strchr() provides the extra entry
           point for index().  Update build of libc.a (and libc_pic.a)
           may fail because the archive contains the unwanted index.o.
           (Similarly for strrchr() and rindex().)
           Native Xorg was upgraded again.  Builds will probably fail again
           without a clean objdir, at least for src/external/mit/xorg.
           Native Xorg was upgraded.  Builds will need a clean objdir for
           src/external/mit/xorg.  Upgrading a system from sets will not
           work properly yet as the /usr/X11R7/lib/X11/xkb/symbols/pc
           subdirectory has been changed into a file, and this needs to
           be manually "rm -r"'ed before installing xbase.tgz.
           Several new functions were added to string.h/libc, and this
           can cause autoconf problems during the tool build for people
           who fail to clean out their tools objects properly.  If you
           note messages about stpcpy, stpncpy or strnlen accompanying a
           failure during the tool build, clean out all your tools
           objects and start again.
           The i386 port was switched to i486 default toolchain.  This requires
           cleaning your src/tools directory and $TOOLDIR and rebuilding them.
           The __posix_fadvise50 system call changed assembly stub type.  You
           need to 'rm -f __posix_fadvise50.*' in the libc build directory
           to avoid using the old assembly stub.
           pkg_install now depends on the pkgdb cache for automatic conflict
           detection.  It is recommented to rebuild the cache with
           ``pkg_admin rebuild''.
           time_t and dev_t have been bumped to 64 bit quantities.  To upgrade:
           1. Make sure your kernel has COMPAT_50 in it.  Build and install.
              This is needed even in the MODULAR kernel because there is
              conditionally compiled code in rtsock.c.
           2. make sure build.sh completes and the binaries in a chroot work
              before installing.
           3. If you don't use build.sh and you build directly to root, and
              your build breaks in the middle, don't despair.  Make sure headers
              are installed properly, and start building libraries first libc
              and libutil, install them and then continue building all the
              libraries in src/lib and src/gnu/lib and install them.  Once
              the new libraries are installed, you can restart the build.
           4. If you compile packages and you notice link time warnings,
              rebuild the required packages to update their shared libraries.
              Any package you rebuild will require rebuilding all the packages
              that depend on it.
           5. Next time you run pwd_mkdb with the new binary, the file
              will be upgraded and it will not be backwards compatible.
           6. The utmpx/wtmpx files (/var/run/utmpx and /var/log/wtmpx, see
              lastlogx(5)) have been versioned, and there is a heuristic
              for utmp.  You are better off removing the old files after
              upgrading.  The automated clearing of /var/run during
              boot, and the automated rotating of files in /var/log by
              newsyslog(8), may mean that you do not have to remove the
              files manually.
           7. The optional accounting file (/var/account/acct, see
              accton(8)) has not been versioned, and will need to be
              removed.  The automatic rotation of the accounting file by
              /etc/daily limits the bad consequences of failure to remove
              the file.
           8. Application software that writes time_t to binary files on
              disk will break or need attention.  Most notably: if you are
              using PostgreSQL < 8.4, you need to dump your databases,
              rebuild PostgreSQL with the new time_t, then restore.
           config(1) has been updated, and one of the files it creates -
           swapnetbsd.o - has changed format.  You need to rebuild config
           (done automatically by build.sh) and then you need to rerun
           config on all kernel configuration files before rebuilding those
           If you build with MKX11=no, you should remove /etc/rc.d/xdm and
           /etc/rc.d/xfs from DESTDIR because those files were moved to the xetc
           set and will appear as extra files for MKX11=no update builds.
           On i386, various kernel options(4) in GENERIC including
           file systems have been disabled and moved into kernel modules.
           Before trying a new GENERIC kernel, you have to prepare the
           following files as well as a new GENERIC kernel:
           - build and install kernel modules from src/sys/modules
           - install the latest bootloader, which will load a module
             for the file system from which the kernel is loaded automatically
           If you have to load your kernel from a file system which is not of
           the same type as the root file system, you have to load the necessary
           file system module manually on the boot prompt or in the boot.cfg file.
           If you built and installed a libc from sources between
           2008/08/20 and 2008/08/26 you got a broken strtouq(3)
           which results in false errors reported by lint(1).
           Since this breaks the libc build itself, manual help is
           needed -- lint must be disabled temporarily, e.g.:
             $ (cd lib/libc && make MKLINT=no dependall install)
           MKDEBUG build was broken because the .depend files did not know
           about .go files.  You need to remove all .depend files and rebuild.
           A regression in binary compatibility for pthread_mutex_t has
           been fixed.  Unfortunately, the price is breaking compatibility
           for -current.
           Threaded programs (using libpthread) and C++ programs (using
           libstdc++) compiled after 20070907 and before 20080802 need to
           be recompiled.
           One way to find affected pkgsrc packages:
             $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libpthread /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
             $ grep REQUIRES=/usr/lib/libstdc++ /var/db/pkg/*/+BUILD_INFO
           WAPBL (metadata journaling support) has been added, but at this
           time isn't backwards compatible with pre-WAPBL aware kernels
           and userland (fsck_ffs in particular).  Please make sure you
           don't use a journaled filesystem with an older kernel/userland,
           especially an uncleanly mounted journaled filesystem.  WAPBL
           also requires the super block to be in the UFS2 format.  You
           can use fsck_ffs -c 4 to update the superblock format.
           Assembler warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0 and $NOGCCERROR
           isn't defined.
           The ioctl number of DRVSUSPENDDEV command on /dev/drvctl changed
           from 125 (conflicted with DRVCTLCOMMAND) to 129.  The drvctl(8)
           utility needs to be rebuilt and reinstalled as older binaries
           won't work correctly.  The following sequence of commands:
             $ (cd sys/sys/ && nbmake-$arch includes)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch clean)
             $ (cd sbin/drvctl/ && nbmake-$arch all)
           leaves new drvctl utility in sbin/drvctl build directory.
           The <bsd.lib.mk> variable MKPRIVATELIB was renamed to LIBISPRIVATE.
           For a while, unprivileged UPDATE builds would fail to
           succeed at the checkflist stage, complaining that
           ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>/ did not exist.  A fix for this
           problem was committed to share/mk/bsd.kmodule.mk, revision 1.9.
           If you already hit this problem, update the .mk file,
           remove ${DESTDIR}/stand/<arch>, and re-run the build.
           Linker warnings are now fatal if $WARNS>0.
           The posix_fadvise system call has been changed from an assembly
           stub, to a c file that calls an assembly stub.  You need to
           'rm -f posix_fadvise.* .depend' in the libc build directory to
           avoid using the old assembly stub.
           The acpiec(4) driver has been split into two attachments.  If you
           get ACPI errors before the attachment, please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
           The it(4) driver has been renamed to itesio(4) and the old port
           argument specified in the kernel configuration file is not valid
           anymore.  The itesio(4) driver now uses the Super I/O address port
           rather than the EC address port.  Please update your kernel
           configuration file appropriately or see GENERIC for more details.
           The pccons(4) driver has been removed from the NetBSD/shark port.
           You need to update any custom kernel configuration file you have
           to remove any references to pccons (which includes removing the
           now useless XSERVER option) and replace them with the correct
           entries for the wscons driver.  See the GENERIC configuration file
           for more details.
           A latent bug in dhclient/dhcpd that caused it to be unable to
           enumerate interfaces was fixed.  The bug began to cause
           problems after 20070911 when the kernel's SIOCGIFCONF
           implementation was repaired.  From 20070529 to 20070911 racoon
           could not enumerate interfaces.  (These are noted because
           normal kernel/userspace version matching hygiene is not
           sufficient to avoid this problem.)  Ensure that both kernel
           and userland are from after 20070913.
           nbinstall has been renamed ${MACHINE_GNU_ARCH}-install.  It
           calls the target-specific strip program, and the logic to pass
           down STRIP from make has been removed.  This requires a
           re-installation of tools.
           The way OS emulations lookup filenames inside the emulation root
           has been changed.  Rather than modify the pathname (and copy back
           to userspace) namei() and lookup() directly check the emulation
           root.  One side effect is that absolute symlinks inside the emulated
           root file system will be relative to that file system - unless they
           start /../ this is useful when the emulated root is a real install
           that has such links.
           This might affect symlinks that have been added to reference outside
           the emulated root.
           The pckbc driver on sgimips IP32 has been removed.  Use macekbc
           instead.  See the GENERIC32_IP3x kernel configuration for an
           src/lib/libc/Makefile revision 1.129 broke libc and ld.elf_so
           on many platforms due to incorrect flags settings.  If you
           updated and built after about 20070315, do "nbmake-$arch
           cleandir" in src/lib/libc and src/libexec/ld.elf_so to force a
           rebuild of object files that might have been built
           incorrectly, and ensure that you have at least
           src/lib/libc/Makefile 1.130.
           src/sys/sys/{sa.h,savar.h} were removed.
             find ${OBJDIR} \( -name .depend -o -name '*.d' \) -print \
                 | xargs egrep -l '/sa.h|/savar.h' | xargs rm
           will allow dependencies on those files to get get rebuilt
           The threading model was changed when the newlock2 branch
           was merged to NetBSD-current.  If you boot with a new
           kernel (version 4.99.10), then you also need a new pthread
           library (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.7).  If you boot with
           an old kernel, then you need the old pthread library
           (/usr/lib/libpthread.so.0.6).  Provided you keep the kernel and
           the pthread library in sync, old threaded applications should
           continue to work with an old or new kernel.  Note that named(8)
           is the only threaded application in the base system.
           Following the move of string_to_flags() and flags_to_string()
           from the bin/ls/ sources to libutil, users doing UPDATE builds
           will need to do a "make cleandir" in
                   tools/mtree/, tools/makefs/, tools/binstall/, tools/pax/,
                   bin/pax/, bin/ls/, usr.sbin/mtree/, usr.sbin/makefs/,
                   usr.bin/xinstall/, libexec/ftpd/, rescue/, as well
                   as the installation images in distrib/
           in order to excise stale references to the old stat_flags.h header
           file in the ls sources -- stat_flags.h has been removed.
           The configure script used in the src/tools/gcc compiler has been
           changed to indicate that our libc has ssp support built-in and
           does not depend on -lssp and -lssp-nonshared.  You'll need to
           make clean in src/tools/gcc first to rebuild the compiler.
           The sysctl variables net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.newreno are no longer
           available.  Use net.inet{,6}.tcp{,6}.congctl.selected instead.
           The vt, vidcconsole, kbd, and rpckbd drivers on acorn32 have been
           withdrawn.  Use vidcvideo and pckbd instead.  See the GENERIC
           kernel configuration for an example.  X servers from the last
           few years should cope.
           MPACPI is no more.  We always configure PCI interrupts using ACPI
           if we have an ACPI kernel.  The option MPACPI_SCANPCI has been renamed
           to ACPI_SCANPCI.  Thanks to work from fvdl.
           socket(2) has changed, and its system call has been versioned.
           For userlands with the old version of socket(2), make sure that
           your kernel has 'options COMPAT_30' set, or else 'bad system call'
           errors will result.
 Hints for a more successful build:  Hints for a more successful build:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Line 718  Hints for a more successful build:
Line 600  Hints for a more successful build:
         on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to          on any other part of the source tree that depends on up to
         date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have          date functionality.  If you use build.sh, you should not have
         this problem.          this problem.
 What to do if things don't work:  What to do if things don't work:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 When things don't work there is usually a few things that commonly  When things don't work there are usually a few things that commonly
 should be done.  should be done.
     1)  make includes      1)  make includes
         This should be done automatically by make build.          This should be done automatically by make build.
Line 775  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
Line 657  cd $NETBSDSRCDIR && make cleandir
 Critical utilities:  Critical utilities:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
         usr.bin/compile_et          usr.bin/compile_et
         usr.bin/make          usr.bin/make
         usr.bin/yacc          usr.bin/yacc
         usr.bin/lex          usr.bin/lex
         usr.bin/xlint          usr.bin/xlint
         usr.sbin/config          usr.bin/config
 Other problems and possible solutions:  Other problems and possible solutions:
 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
 Symptom:Unreasonable compiler errors.  
 Fix:    Rebuild gnu/usr.bin/egcs  
 Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.  Symptom:Complaints involving a Makefile.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/make:
         cd usr.bin/make && make && make install          cd usr.bin/make && make && make install
Line 798  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
Line 676  Fix: Make sure .mk files are up to date.
         cd share/mk && make install          cd share/mk && make install
 Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.  Symptom:Kernel `config' fails to configure any kernel, including GENERIC.
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.sbin/config  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/config
 Symptom:  Symptom:
 Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc  Fix:    Rebuild usr.bin/yacc
Line 815  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
Line 693  Fix: Try the following sequence of comma
         (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files          (If you built the tree without "make obj" in the past, obsolete files
         may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)          may remain.  The command tries to clean everything up)
 Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type  Symptom:.../sysinst/run.c:xx: warning: initialization from incompatible
           pointer type
 Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc  Fix:    Rebuild and install usr.bin/menuc
 Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype  Symptom:mklocale not found during build in share/locale/ctype
Line 824  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
Line 703  Fix: Build and install usr.bin/mklocale
 Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'  Symptom:undefined reference to `__assert13' or `__unsetenv13'
 Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:usr.sbin/config fails to build.  Symptom:usr.bin/config fails to build.
 Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.  Fix:    Try building with -DMAKE_BOOTSTRAP added to CFLAGS in Makefile.
 Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'  Symptom:undefined reference to `getprogname' or `setprogname'
Line 832  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
Line 711  Fix:    Rebuild and install lib/libc
 Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option  Symptom:lint does not understand the '-X' option
 Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint  Fix:    May need to build & install libs with NOLINT=1 before rebuilding lint
   Symptom:Update build fails in src/tools/gcc complaining that a variable
           (e.g. CPPFLAGS) has changed since the previous run.
   Fix:    Run "nbmake-${ARCH} clean" in src/tools/gcc or do a clean build.
   Symptom:cvs [update aborted]: cannot open directory /cvsroot/src/...:
           No such file or directory.
   Cause:  If a directory is created by mistake, then it is sometimes
           deleted from the CVS repository using administrative commands
           that bypass the normal cvs access controls.  If your cvs working tree
           contains references to a directory that has been deleted on the
           server in this way, then "cvs update" reports this error.
   Fix:    Recursively delete the affected directory from your working tree
           and try the update again.

Removed from v.  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.264

CVSweb <webmaster@jp.NetBSD.org>