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Diff for /src/BUILDING between version 1.8 and 1.81

version 1.8, 2002/03/05 01:15:51 version 1.81, 2008/11/15 11:27:50
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 BUILDING(8)             NetBSD System Manager's Manual             BUILDING(8)  BUILDING(8)             NetBSD System Manager's Manual             BUILDING(8)
   
 NAME  NAME
      BUILDING - Procedure for building NetBSD from source code.       BUILDING -- Procedure for building NetBSD from source code.
   
 STATUS  
      This document is a work-in-progress.  As such, the information described  
      here may not match the reality of the build system as of this writing.  
      Once this document is completely in sync with reality, this paragraph  
      will be removed.  
   
      Discrepancies between this documentation and the current reality of im-  
      plementation are noted specially, as with the note below:  
   
      Note: This document applies only to platforms which use the new toolchain  
      as indicated by the default setting of USE_NEW_TOOLCHAIN in <bsd.own.mk>.  
      Platforms which have not yet been switched to the new toolchain should  
      continue building traditionally, using the notes specified in the file  
      UPDATING.  
   
 REQUIREMENTS  REQUIREMENTS
      NetBSD is designed to be buildable on most POSIX-compliant host systems.       NetBSD is designed to be buildable on most POSIX-compliant host systems.
Line 28  REQUIREMENTS
Line 13  REQUIREMENTS
      host system to create a build toolchain for the target architecture.  The       host system to create a build toolchain for the target architecture.  The
      host system must have at least C and C++ compilers in order to create the       host system must have at least C and C++ compilers in order to create the
      toolchain (make is not required); all other tools are created as part of       toolchain (make is not required); all other tools are created as part of
      the NetBSD build process.       the NetBSD build process.  (See the environment variables section below
        if you need to override or manually select your compilers.)
            Note: A couple host toolchain components are not yet available in  
            the tools directory.  Also, some tools use non-POSIX, non-ANSI C  
            extensions and need to be standardized.  As a result, cross-compil-  
            ing from systems other than NetBSD is not currently supported.  
   
 FILES  FILES
    Source tree layout     Source tree layout
        doc/BUILDING.mdoc
      BUILDING.mdoc  This document (in -mdoc troff format; the original copy).                      This document (in -mdoc troff format; the original copy).
   
      BUILDING       This document (in plaintext).       BUILDING       This document (in plaintext).
   
      Makefile       The main Makefile for NetBSD; should only be run for na-       tools/compat/README
                     tive builds with an appropriately up-to-date version of                      Special notes for cross-hosting a NetBSD build on non-
                       NetBSD platforms.
   
        Makefile       The main Makefile for NetBSD; should only be run for
                       native builds with an appropriately up-to-date version of
                     NetBSD make(1).  (For building from out-of-date systems or                      NetBSD make(1).  (For building from out-of-date systems or
                     on a non-native host, see the build.sh shell script.)                      on a non-native host, see the build.sh shell script.)
   
Line 61  FILES
Line 46  FILES
                     Sources imported verbatim from third parties, without man-                      Sources imported verbatim from third parties, without man-
                     gling the existing build structure.  Other source trees in                      gling the existing build structure.  Other source trees in
                     bin through usr.sbin use the NetBSD make(1) ``reachover''                      bin through usr.sbin use the NetBSD make(1) ``reachover''
                     Makefile semantics when building these programs for a na-                      Makefile semantics when building these programs for a
                     tive host.                      native host.
   
      distrib/, etc/       distrib/, etc/
                     Sources for items used when making a full release snap-                      Sources for items used when making a full release snap-
                     shot, such as files installed in /etc on the destination                      shot, such as files installed in DESTDIR/etc on the desti-
                     system, boot media, and release notes.                      nation system, boot media, and release notes.
   
      regress/       Regression test harness.  Can be cross-compiled, but only       tests/, regress/
                     run natively.                      Regression test harness.  Can be cross-compiled, but only
                       run natively.  tests/ uses the atf(7) test framework;
                       regress/ contains older tests that have not yet been
                       migrated to atf(7).
   
      sys/           NetBSD kernel sources.       sys/           NetBSD kernel sources.
   
Line 83  FILES
Line 71  FILES
                     any of these directories are missing, they will be skipped                      any of these directories are missing, they will be skipped
                     during the build.                      during the build.
   
        x11/           ``Reachover'' build structure for X11R6; the source is in
                       X11SRCDIR.
   
    Build tree layout     Build tree layout
      The NetBSD build tree is described in hier(7), and the release layout is       The NetBSD build tree is described in hier(7), and the release layout is
      described in release(7).       described in release(7).
Line 91  CONFIGURATION
Line 82  CONFIGURATION
    Environment variables     Environment variables
      Several environment variables control the behaviour of NetBSD builds.       Several environment variables control the behaviour of NetBSD builds.
   
      MACHINE           Machine type.       HOST_SH           Path name to a POSIX-compliant shell.  If this is not
                          set explicitly, then the default is set using heuris-
                          tics dependent on the host platform, or from the shell
                          under which build.sh is executed (if that can be deter-
                          mined), or using the first copy of sh found in PATH.
                          If the host system's /bin/sh is not POSIX-compliant, we
                          suggest that you build using commands like
   
                                HOST_SH=/path/to/working/shell
                                export HOST_SH
                                ${HOST_SH} build.sh [options]
   
      MACHINE_ARCH      Machine architecture.       HOST_CC           Path name to C compiler used to create the toolchain.
   
        HOST_CXX          Path name to C++ compiler used to create the toolchain.
   
        MACHINE           Machine type, e.g., ``macppc''.
   
        MACHINE_ARCH      Machine architecture, e.g., ``powerpc''.
   
      MAKE              Path name to invoke make(1) as.       MAKE              Path name to invoke make(1) as.
   
      MAKEFLAGS         Flags to invoke make(1) with.       MAKEFLAGS         Flags to invoke make(1) with.
   
      MAKEOBJDIR        Directory to use as the .OBJDIR for the current direc-       MAKEOBJDIR        Directory to use as the .OBJDIR for the current direc-
                        tory.  Used only if MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX is not defined.                         tory.  The value is subjected to variable expansion by
                        MAKEOBJDIR can only be provided in the environment.                         make(1).  Typical usage is to set this variable to a
                          value involving the use of `${.CURDIR:S...}' or
                          `${.CURDIR:C...}', to derive the value of .OBJDIR from
                          the value of .CURDIR.  Used only if MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX is
                          not defined.  MAKEOBJDIR can be provided only in the
                          environment or via the -O flag of build.sh; it cannot
                          usefully be set inside a Makefile.
   
      MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX  Top level directory of the object directory tree.  If       MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX  Top level directory of the object directory tree.  If
                        this is defined, ${MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX}/${.CURDIR} is used                         specified, must be an absolute path.  If this is
                        as the .OBJDIR for the current directory.  The current                         defined, ${MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX}/${.CURDIR} is used as the
                        directory may be read only.  MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX can only                         .OBJDIR for the current directory.  The current direc-
                        be provided in the environment.                         tory may be read only.  MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX can be pro-
                          vided only in the environment or via the -M flag of
                          build.sh; it cannot usefully be set inside a Makefile.
   
    "make" variables     "make" variables
      Several variables control the behavior of NetBSD builds.  Unless other-       Several variables control the behavior of NetBSD builds.  Unless other-
      wise specified, these variables may be set in either the process environ-       wise specified, these variables may be set in either the process environ-
      ment or the make(1) configuration file specified by MAKECONF.       ment or the make(1) configuration file specified by MAKECONF.
   
        BUILDID     Identifier for the build.  The identifier will be appended to
                    object directory names, and can be consulted in the make(1)
                    configuration file in order to set additional build parame-
                    ters, such as compiler flags.
   
        BUILDSEED   GCC uses random numbers when compiling C++ code.  This vari-
                    able seeds the gcc random number generator using the -fran-
                    dom-seed flag with this value.  By default, it is set to
                    NetBSD-(majorversion).  Using a fixed value causes C++ bina-
                    ries to be the same when built from the same sources.  Addi-
                    tional information is available in the GCC documentation of
                    -frandom-seed.
   
      DESTDIR     Directory to contain the built NetBSD system.  If set, spe-       DESTDIR     Directory to contain the built NetBSD system.  If set, spe-
                  cial options are passed to the compilation tools to prevent                   cial options are passed to the compilation tools to prevent
                  their default use of the host system's /usr/include,                   their default use of the host system's /usr/include,
                  /usr/lib, and so forth.  This pathname should not end with a                   /usr/lib, and so forth.  This pathname must be an absolute
                  slash (/) character (for installation into the system's root                   path, and should not end with a slash (/) character.  (For
                  directory, set DESTDIR to an empty string).  The directory                   installation into the system's root directory, set DESTDIR to
                  must reside on a file system which supports long file names                   an empty string, not to ``/'').  The directory must reside on
                  and hard links.                   a file system which supports long file names and hard links.
   
                  Default: Empty string if USETOOLS is ``yes''; unset other-                   Default: Empty string if USETOOLS is ``yes''; unset other-
                  wise.                   wise.
   
                    Note: build.sh will provide a default of destdir.MACHINE (in
                    the top-level .OBJDIR) unless run in `expert' mode.
   
      MAKECONF    The name of the make(1) configuration file.  Only settable in       MAKECONF    The name of the make(1) configuration file.  Only settable in
                  the process environment.                   the process environment.
   
                  Default: ``/etc/mk.conf''                   Default: ``/etc/mk.conf''
   
        MAKEVERBOSE
                    Level of verbosity of status messages.  Supported values:
   
                    0    No descriptive messages or commands executed by make(1)
                         are shown.
   
                    1    Brief messages are shown describing what is being done,
                         but the actual commands executed by make(1) are not dis-
                         played.
   
                    2    Descriptive messages are shown as above (prefixed with a
                         `#'), and ordinary commands performed by make(1) are
                         displayed.
   
                    3    In addition to the above, all commands performed by
                         make(1) are displayed, even if they would ordinarily
                         have been hidden through use of the ``@'' prefix in the
                         relevant makefile.
   
                    4    In addition to the above, commands executed by make(1)
                         are traced through use of the sh(1) ``-x'' flag.
   
                    Default: 2
   
      M