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Diff for /src/BUILDING between version 1.39 and 1.62.4.2

version 1.39, 2003/07/18 16:30:49 version 1.62.4.2, 2008/01/09 01:19:18
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 BUILDING(8)             NetBSD System Manager's Manual             BUILDING(8)  BUILDING(8)             NetBSD System Manager's Manual             BUILDING(8)
   
 NAME  NAME
      BUILDING - Procedure for building NetBSD from source code.       BUILDING -- Procedure for building NetBSD from source code.
   
 STATUS  
      This document is a work-in-progress.  As such, the information described  
      here may not match the reality of the build system as of this writing.  
      Once this document is completely in sync with reality, this paragraph  
      will be removed.  
   
      Discrepancies between this documentation and the current reality of im-  
      plementation are noted specially, as with the note below:  
   
      Note: This document applies only to platforms which use the new toolchain  
      as indicated by the default setting of TOOLCHAIN_MISSING in <bsd.own.mk>.  
      Platforms which have not yet been switched to the new toolchain should  
      continue building traditionally, using the notes specified in the file  
      UPDATING.  
   
 REQUIREMENTS  REQUIREMENTS
      NetBSD is designed to be buildable on most POSIX-compliant host systems.       NetBSD is designed to be buildable on most POSIX-compliant host systems.
Line 28  REQUIREMENTS
Line 13  REQUIREMENTS
      host system to create a build toolchain for the target architecture.  The       host system to create a build toolchain for the target architecture.  The
      host system must have at least C and C++ compilers in order to create the       host system must have at least C and C++ compilers in order to create the
      toolchain (make is not required); all other tools are created as part of       toolchain (make is not required); all other tools are created as part of
      the NetBSD build process.       the NetBSD build process.  (See the environment variables section below
        if you need to override or manually select your compilers.)
            Note: A couple of host toolchain components are not yet available  
            in the tools directory.  Also, some tools use non-POSIX, non-ANSI C  
            extensions and need to be standardized.  As a result, cross-compil-  
            ing from systems other than NetBSD is not currently supported.  
   
 FILES  FILES
    Source tree layout     Source tree layout
Line 42  FILES
Line 23  FILES
   
      BUILDING       This document (in plaintext).       BUILDING       This document (in plaintext).
   
      Makefile       The main Makefile for NetBSD; should only be run for na-       tools/compat/README
                     tive builds with an appropriately up-to-date version of                      Special notes for cross-hosting a NetBSD build on non-
                       NetBSD platforms.
   
        Makefile       The main Makefile for NetBSD; should only be run for
                       native builds with an appropriately up-to-date version of
                     NetBSD make(1).  (For building from out-of-date systems or                      NetBSD make(1).  (For building from out-of-date systems or
                     on a non-native host, see the build.sh shell script.)                      on a non-native host, see the build.sh shell script.)
   
Line 61  FILES
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                     Sources imported verbatim from third parties, without man-                      Sources imported verbatim from third parties, without man-
                     gling the existing build structure.  Other source trees in                      gling the existing build structure.  Other source trees in
                     bin through usr.sbin use the NetBSD make(1) ``reachover''                      bin through usr.sbin use the NetBSD make(1) ``reachover''
                     Makefile semantics when building these programs for a na-                      Makefile semantics when building these programs for a
                     tive host.                      native host.
   
      distrib/, etc/       distrib/, etc/
                     Sources for items used when making a full release snap-                      Sources for items used when making a full release snap-
Line 83  FILES
Line 68  FILES
                     any of these directories are missing, they will be skipped                      any of these directories are missing, they will be skipped
                     during the build.                      during the build.
   
        x11/           ``Reachover'' build structure for X11R6; the source is in
                       X11SRCDIR.
   
    Build tree layout     Build tree layout
      The NetBSD build tree is described in hier(7), and the release layout is       The NetBSD build tree is described in hier(7), and the release layout is
      described in release(7).       described in release(7).
Line 91  CONFIGURATION
Line 79  CONFIGURATION
    Environment variables     Environment variables
      Several environment variables control the behaviour of NetBSD builds.       Several environment variables control the behaviour of NetBSD builds.
   
        HOST_SH           Path name to a POSIX-compliant shell.  If this is not
                          set explicitly, then the default is set using heuris-
                          tics dependent on the host platform, or from the shell
                          under which build.sh is executed (if that can be deter-
                          mined), or using the first copy of sh found in PATH.
                          If the host system's /bin/sh is not POSIX-compliant, we
                          suggest that you build using commands like
   
                                HOST_SH=/path/to/working/shell
                                export HOST_SH
                                ${HOST_SH} build.sh [options]
   
        HOST_CC           Path name to C compiler used to create the toolchain.
   
        HOST_CXX          Path name to C++ compiler used to create the toolchain.
   
      MACHINE           Machine type.       MACHINE           Machine type.
   
      MACHINE_ARCH      Machine architecture.       MACHINE_ARCH      Machine architecture.
Line 100  CONFIGURATION
Line 104  CONFIGURATION
      MAKEFLAGS         Flags to invoke make(1) with.       MAKEFLAGS         Flags to invoke make(1) with.
   
      MAKEOBJDIR        Directory to use as the .OBJDIR for the current direc-       MAKEOBJDIR        Directory to use as the .OBJDIR for the current direc-
                        tory.  Used only if MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX is not defined.                         tory.  The value is subjected to variable expansion by
                          make(1).  Used only if MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX is not defined.
                        MAKEOBJDIR can only be provided in the environment or                         MAKEOBJDIR can only be provided in the environment or
                        via the -M flag of build.sh.                         via the -O flag of build.sh.
   
      MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX  Top level directory of the object directory tree.  If       MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX  Top level directory of the object directory tree.  If
                        this is defined, ${MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX}/${.CURDIR} is used                         specified, must be an absolute path.  If this is
                        as the .OBJDIR for the current directory.  The current                         defined, ${MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX}/${.CURDIR} is used as the
                        directory may be read only.  MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX can only                         .OBJDIR for the current directory.  The current direc-
                        be provided in the environment or via the -M flag of                         tory may be read only.  MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX can only be
                          provided in the environment or via the -M flag of
                        build.sh.                         build.sh.
   
    "make" variables     "make" variables
Line 124  CONFIGURATION
Line 130  CONFIGURATION
      DESTDIR     Directory to contain the built NetBSD system.  If set, spe-       DESTDIR     Directory to contain the built NetBSD system.  If set, spe-
                  cial options are passed to the compilation tools to prevent                   cial options are passed to the compilation tools to prevent
                  their default use of the host system's /usr/include,                   their default use of the host system's /usr/include,
                  /usr/lib, and so forth.  This pathname should not end with a                   /usr/lib, and so forth.  This pathname must be an absolute
                  slash (/) character (for installation into the system's root                   path, and should not end with a slash (/) character.  (For
                  directory, set DESTDIR to an empty string).  The directory                   installation into the system's root directory, set DESTDIR to
                  must reside on a file system which supports long file names                   an empty string, not to ``/'').  The directory must reside on
                  and hard links.                   a file system which supports long file names and hard links.
   
                  Default: Empty string if USETOOLS is ``yes''; unset other-                   Default: Empty string if USETOOLS is ``yes''; unset other-
                  wise.                   wise.
Line 141  CONFIGURATION
Line 147  CONFIGURATION
   
                  Default: ``/etc/mk.conf''                   Default: ``/etc/mk.conf''
   
        MAKEVERBOSE
                    Level of verbosity of status messages.  Supported values:
   
                    0    No descriptive messages are shown.
   
                    1    Descriptive messages are shown.
   
                    2    Descriptive messages (prefixed with a `#') and command
                         output is not suppressed.
   
                    Default: 2
   
      MKCATPAGES  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether prefor-       MKCATPAGES  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether prefor-
                  matted plaintext manual pages will be created during a build.                   matted plaintext manual pages will be created during a build.
   
Line 149  CONFIGURATION
Line 167  CONFIGURATION
      MKCRYPTO    Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether crypto-       MKCRYPTO    Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether crypto-
                  graphic code will be included in a build; provided for the                   graphic code will be included in a build; provided for the
                  benefit of countries that do not allow strong cryptography.                   benefit of countries that do not allow strong cryptography.
                  Will not affect use of the standard low-security password en-                   Will not affect use of the standard low-security password
                  cryption system, crypt(3).                   encryption system, crypt(3).
   
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
      MKDOC       Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether system       MKDOC       Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether system
                  documentation destined for DESTDIR/usr/share/doc will be in-                   documentation destined for DESTDIR/usr/share/doc will be
                  stalled during a build.                   installed during a build.
   
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
Line 190  CONFIGURATION
Line 208  CONFIGURATION
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
      MKNLS       Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether Native       MKNLS       Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether Native
                  Language System locale zone files will be compiled and in-                   Language System locale zone files will be compiled and
                  stalled during a build.                   installed during a build.
   
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
Line 212  CONFIGURATION
Line 230  CONFIGURATION
   
      MKPICINSTALL       MKPICINSTALL
                  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether the ar(1)                   Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether the ar(1)
                  format libraries (lib*_pic.a), used to generate shared li-                   format libraries (lib*_pic.a), used to generate shared
                  braries, are installed during a build.                   libraries, are installed during a build.
   
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
Line 226  CONFIGURATION
Line 244  CONFIGURATION
                  code.                   code.
   
      MKSHARE     Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether files       MKSHARE     Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether files
                  destined to reside in DESTDIR/usr/share will be built and in-                   destined to reside in DESTDIR/usr/share will be built and
                  stalled during a build.  If set to ``no'', then all of                   installed during a build.  If set to ``no'', then all of
                  MKCATPAGES, MKDOC, MKINFO, MKMAN, and MKNLS will be set to                   MKCATPAGES, MKDOC, MKINFO, MKMAN, and MKNLS will be set to
                  ``no'' unconditionally.                   ``no'' unconditionally.
   
                  Default: ``yes''                   Default: ``yes''
   
      MKUNPRIVED  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether an un-       MKTTINTERP  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  For X builds, decides if
                  privileged install will occur.  The user, group, permissions,                   the TrueType bytecode interpreter is turned on.  See
                  and file flags, will not be set on the installed item; in-                   http://www.freetype.org/patents.html for details.
                  stead the information will be appended to a file called  
                  METALOG in DESTDIR.  The contents of METALOG is used during  
                  the generation of the distribution tar files to ensure that  
                  the appropriate file ownership is stored.  
   
                  Default: ``no''                   Default: ``no''
   
      MKUPDATE    Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether all in-       MKUNPRIVED  Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether an
                  stall operations intended to write to DESTDIR will compare                   unprivileged install will occur.  The user, group, permis-
                    sions, and file flags, will not be set on the installed
                    items; instead the information will be appended to a file
                    called METALOG in DESTDIR.  The contents of METALOG are used
                    during the generation of the distribution tar files to ensure
                    that the appropriate file ownership is stored.
   
                    Default: ``no''
   
        MKUPDATE    Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether all
                    install operations intended to write to DESTDIR will compare
                  file timestamps before installing, and skip the install phase                   file timestamps before installing, and skip the install phase
                  if the destination files are up-to-date.  This also has im-                   if the destination files are up-to-date.  This also has
                  plications on full builds (see next subsection).                   implications on full builds (see next subsection).
   
                  Default: ``no''                   Default: ``no''
   
      TOOLDIR     Directory to hold the host tools, once built.  This directory       MKX11       Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether X11R6 is
                  should be unique to a given host system and NetBSD source                   built from X11SRCDIR.
                  tree.  (However, multiple targets may share the same TOOLDIR;  
                  the target-dependent files have unique names.)  If unset, a                   Default: ``no''
                  default based on the uname(1) information of the host plat-  
                  form will be created in the .OBJDIR of src.       TOOLDIR     Directory to hold the host tools, once built.  If specified,
                    must be an absolute path.  This directory should be unique to
                    a given host system and NetBSD source tree.  (However, multi-
                    ple targets may share the same TOOLDIR; the target-dependent
                    files have unique names.)  If unset, a default based on the
                    uname(1) information of the host platform will be created in
                    the .OBJDIR of src.
   
                  Default: Unset.                   Default: Unset.
   
Line 280  CONFIGURATION
Line 310  CONFIGURATION
   
                  Default: ``yes'' if building all or part of a whole NetBSD                   Default: ``yes'' if building all or part of a whole NetBSD
                  source tree (detected automatically); ``no'' otherwise (to                   source tree (detected automatically); ``no'' otherwise (to
                  preserve traditional semantics of the <bsd.*.mk> make(1) in-                   preserve traditional semantics of the <bsd.*.mk> make(1)
                  clude files).                   include files).
   
        X11SRCDIR   Directory containing the X11R6 source.  If specified, must be
                    an absolute path.  The main X11R6 source is found in
                    X11SRCDIR/xfree/xc.
   
                    Default: ``/usr/xsrc''
   
    "make" variables for full builds     "make" variables for full builds
      These variables only affect the top level ``Makefile'' and do not affect       These variables only affect the top level ``Makefile'' and do not affect
      manually building subtrees of the NetBSD source code.       manually building subtrees of the NetBSD source code.
   
      INSTALLWORLDDIR  Location for the ``make installworld'' target to install       INSTALLWORLDDIR  Location for the ``make installworld'' target to install
                       to.                        to.  If specified, must be an absolute path.
   
                       Default: ``/''                        Default: ``/''
   
      MKOBJDIRS        Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether ob-       MKOBJDIRS        Can be set to ``yes'' or ``no''.  Indicates whether
                       ject directories will be created automatically (via a                        object directories will be created automatically (via a
                       ``make obj'' pass) at the start of a build.                        ``make obj'' pass) at the start of a build.
   
                       Default: ``no''                        Default: ``no''
Line 327  CONFIGURATION
Line 363  CONFIGURATION
   
      NOINCLUDES       If set, avoids the ``make includes'' phase of a full       NOINCLUDES       If set, avoids the ``make includes'' phase of a full
                       build.  This has the effect of preventing make(1) from                        build.  This has the effect of preventing make(1) from
                       thinking that some programs are out-of-date simply be-                        thinking that some programs are out-of-date simply
                       cause the system include files have changed.  However,                        because the system include files have changed.  However,
                       this option should not be used when updating the entire                        this option should not be used when updating the entire
                       NetBSD source tree arbitrarily; it is suggested to use                        NetBSD source tree arbitrarily; it is suggested to use
                       MKUPDATE=yes in that case.                        MKUPDATE=yes in that case.
Line 337  CONFIGURATION
Line 373  CONFIGURATION
   
      RELEASEDIR       If set, specifies the directory to which a release(7)       RELEASEDIR       If set, specifies the directory to which a release(7)
                       layout will be written at the end of a ``make release''.                        layout will be written at the end of a ``make release''.
                         If specified, must be an absolute path.
   
                       Default: Unset.                        Default: Unset.
   
Line 345  CONFIGURATION
Line 382  CONFIGURATION
   
 BUILDING  BUILDING
    "make" command line options     "make" command line options
      This is only a summary of options available to make(1); only the options       This is not a summary of all the options available to make(1); only the
      used most frequently with NetBSD builds are listed here.       options used most frequently with NetBSD builds are listed here.
   
      -j njob    Run up to njob make(1) subjobs in parallel.  Makefiles should       -j njob    Run up to njob make(1) subjobs in parallel.  Makefiles should
                 use .WAIT or have explicit dependancies as necessary to en-                  use .WAIT or have explicit dependencies as necessary to
                 force build ordering.  If you see build failures with -j,                  enforce build ordering.  If you see build failures with -j,
                 please save complete build logs so the failures can be ana-                  please save complete build logs so the failures can be ana-
                 lyzed.                  lyzed.
   
Line 364  BUILDING
Line 401  BUILDING
                 actually execute them.  This will still cause recursion to                  actually execute them.  This will still cause recursion to
                 take place.                  take place.
   
      -v var     Print make(1)'s idea of the value of var.  Does not build any       -V var     Print make(1)'s idea of the value of var.  Does not build any
                 targets.                  targets.
   
      var=value  Set the variable var to value, overriding any setting speci-       var=value  Set the variable var to value, overriding any setting speci-
Line 381  BUILDING
Line 418  BUILDING
   
      clean      Remove program and library object code files.       clean      Remove program and library object code files.
   
      cleandir   Same as clean, but also remove preformatted documentation, de-       cleandir   Same as clean, but also remove preformatted documentation,
                 pendency files generated by ``make depend'', and any other                  dependency files generated by ``make depend'', and any other
                 files known to be created at build time.  ``make distclean''                  files known to be created at build time.
                 may be used as a synonym, for familiarity with a similar well-  
                 known convention.  
   
      depend     Create dependency files (.depend) containing more detailed in-       depend     Create dependency files (.depend) containing more detailed
                 formation about the dependencies of source code on header                  information about the dependencies of source code on header
                 files.  Allows programs to be recompiled automatically when a                  files.  Allows programs to be recompiled automatically when a
                 dependency changes.                  dependency changes.
   
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                 This improves cache locality of the build since both passes                  This improves cache locality of the build since both passes
                 read the source files in their entirety.                  read the source files in their entirety.
   
      includes   Build and install system header files.  Typically needed be-       distclean  Synonym for cleandir.
                 fore any system libraries or programs can be built.  
        includes   Build and install system header files.  Typically needed
                   before any system libraries or programs can be built.
   
      install    Install programs, libraries, and documentation into DESTDIR.       install    Install programs, libraries, and documentation into DESTDIR.
                 Few files will be installed to DESTDIR/dev, DESTDIR/etc,                  Few files will be installed to DESTDIR/dev, DESTDIR/etc,
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      installworld  Install the distribution from DESTDIR to INSTALLWORLDDIR       installworld  Install the distribution from DESTDIR to INSTALLWORLDDIR
                    (which defaults to the root directory).  Ensures that                     (which defaults to the root directory).  Ensures that
                    INSTALLWORLDDIR is the not root directory if cross compil-                     INSTALLWORLDDIR is not the root directory if cross compil-
                    ing.                     ing.
   
                    Note: It is highly recommended that you upgrade your kernel                     The INSTALLSETS environment variable may be set to a list
                    and reboot before performing this operation.                     of distribution sets to be installed.  By default, all sets
                      except ``etc'' and ``xetc'' are installed (so most files in
                      INSTALLWORLDDIR/etc will not be installed or modified).
   
                      Note: Before performing this operation with
                      INSTALLWORLDDIR=/, it is highly recommended that you
                      upgrade your kernel and reboot.  After performing this
                      operation, it is recommended that you use etcupdate(8) to
                      update files in INSTALLWORLDDIR/etc and that you use
                      postinstall(8) to check for inconsistencies (and possibly
                      to fix them).
   
      sets          Create distribution sets from DESTDIR into       sets          Create distribution sets from DESTDIR into
                    RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/binary/sets.  Should be run after ``make                     RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/binary/sets.  Should be run after ``make
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      sourcesets    Create source sets of the source tree into       sourcesets    Create source sets of the source tree into
                    RELEASEDIR/source/sets.                     RELEASEDIR/source/sets.
   
      release       Do a ``make distribution'', build kernels, distribution me-       syspkgs       Create syspkgs from DESTDIR into
                    dia, and install sets (this as per ``make sets''), and then                     RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/binary/syspkgs.  Should be run after
                    package the system into a standard release layout as de-                     ``make distribution'' (as ``make build'' does not install
                    scribed by release(7).  This requires that RELEASEDIR be                     all of the required files).
   
        release       Do a ``make distribution'', build kernels, distribution
                      media, and install sets (this as per ``make sets''), and
                      then package the system into a standard release layout as
                      described by release(7).  This requires that RELEASEDIR be
                    set (see above).                     set (see above).
   
        iso-image     Create a NetBSD installation CD-ROM image in the
                      RELEASEDIR/iso directory.  The CD-ROM file system will have
                      a layout as described in release(7).
   
                      For most machine types, the CD-ROM will be bootable, and
                      will automatically run the sysinst(8) menu-based installa-
                      tion program, which can be used to install or upgrade a
                      NetBSD system.  Bootable CD-ROMs also contain tools that
                      may be useful in repairing a damaged NetBSD installation.
   
                      Before ``make iso-image'' is attempted, RELEASEDIR must be
                      populated by ``make release'' or equivalent.
   
                      Note that other, smaller, CD-ROM images may be created in
                      the RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/installation/cdrom directory by
                      ``make release''.  These smaller images usually contain the
                      same tools as the larger images in RELEASEDIR/iso, but do
                      not contain additional content such as the distribution
                      sets.
   
                      Note that the mac68k port still uses an older method of
                      creating CD-ROM images.  This requires the mkisofs(1) util-
                      ity, which is not part of NetBSD, but which can be
                      installed from pkgsrc/sysutils/cdrtools.
   
        iso-image-source
                      Create a NetBSD installation CD-ROM image in the
                      RELEASEDIR/iso directory.  The CD-ROM file system will have
                      a layout as described in release(7).  It will have top
                      level directories for the machine type and source.
   
                      For most machine types, the CD-ROM will be bootable, and
                      will automatically run the sysinst(8) menu-based installa-
                      tion program, which can be used to install or upgrade a
                      NetBSD system.  Bootable CD-ROMs also contain tools that
                      may be useful in repairing a damaged NetBSD installation.
   
                      Before ``make iso-image-source'' is attempted, RELEASEDIR
                      must be populated by ``make sourcesets release'' or equiva-
                      lent.
   
                      Note that other, smaller, CD-ROM images may be created in
                      the RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/installation/cdrom directory by
                      ``make release''.  These smaller images usually contain the
                      same tools as the larger images in RELEASEDIR/iso, but do
                      not contain additional content such as the distribution
                      sets.
   
                      Note that the mac68k port still uses an older method of
                      creating CD-ROM images.  This requires the mkisofs(1) util-
                      ity, which is not part of NetBSD, but which can be
                      installed from pkgsrc/sysutils/cdrtools.
   
      regression-tests       regression-tests
                    Can only be run after building the regression tests in the                     Can only be run after building the regression tests in the
                    directory ``regress''.  Runs the compiled regression tests                     directory ``regress''.  Runs the compiled regression tests
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      The following operations are supported by build.sh:       The following operations are supported by build.sh:
   
      build         Build the system as per ``make build''.  This option im-       build         Build the system as per ``make build''.  This option
                    plies the obj and tools operations.                     implies the obj and tools operations.
   
      distribution  Build a full distribution as per ``make distribution''.       distribution  Build a full distribution as per ``make distribution''.
                    This option implies the build operation.                     This option implies the build operation.
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      tools         Build and install the host tools from src/tools.       tools         Build and install the host tools from src/tools.
   
      install=idir  Install the contents of DESTDIR to idir, using ``make       install=idir  Install the contents of DESTDIR to idir, using ``make
                    installworld''.                     installworld''.  Note that files that are part of the
                      ``etc'' or ``xetc'' sets will not be installed.
   
      kernel=kconf  Build a new kernel.  The kconf argument is the name of a       kernel=kconf  Build a new kernel.  The kconf argument is the name of a
                    configuration file suitable for use by config(8).  If kconf                     configuration file suitable for use by config(1).  If kconf
                    does not contain any `/' characters, the configuration file                     does not contain any `/' characters, the configuration file
                    is expected to be found in the KERNCONFDIR directory, which                     is expected to be found in the KERNCONFDIR directory, which
                    is typically sys/arch/MACHINE/conf.  The new kernel will be                     is typically sys/arch/MACHINE/conf.  The new kernel will be
Line 507  BUILDING
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      releasekernel=kconf       releasekernel=kconf
                    Install a gzip(1)ed copy of the kernel built by                     Install a gzip(1)ed copy of the kernel built by
                    kernel=kconf into RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/binary/kernel, usually                     kernel=kconf into RELEASEDIR/MACHINE/binary/kernel, usually
                    as netbsd-kconf.gz, although the ``netbsd'' prefix is de-                     as netbsd-kconf.gz, although the ``netbsd'' prefix is
                    termined from the ``config'' directives in kconf.                     determined from the ``config'' directives in kconf.
   
      sets          Perform ``make sets''.       sets          Perform ``make sets''.
   
      sourcesets    Perform ``make sourcesets''.       sourcesets    Perform ``make sourcesets''.
   
      The following command line options alter the behaviour of the above oper-       syspkgs       Perform ``make syspkgs''.
      ations: The following command line options alter the behaviour of the  
      build.sh operations described above:       iso-image     Perform ``make iso-image''.
   
        iso-image-source
                      Perform ``make iso-image-source''.
   
        The following command line options alter the behaviour of the build.sh
        operations described above:
   
      -a arch   Set the value of MACHINE_ARCH to arch.       -a arch   Set the value of MACHINE_ARCH to arch.
   
      -B buildid       -B buildid
                Set the value of BUILDID to buildid.  This will also append the                 Set the value of BUILDID to buildid.  This will also append the
                build idenfitier to the name of the ``make'' wrapper script so                 build identifier to the name of the ``make'' wrapper script so
                that the resulting name is of the form                 that the resulting name is of the form
                ``nbmake-MACHINE-BUILDID''.                 ``nbmake-MACHINE-BUILDID''.
   
      -D dest   Set the value of DESTDIR to dest.       -C cdextras
                  Set the value of CDEXTRA to cdextras which is a space-separated
                  list of files or directories which will be added in order to
                  the CD-ROM image when used in conjunction with ``iso-image'' or
                  ``iso-image-source''.  Files will be added to the root of the
                  CD-ROM image, whereas directories will be copied recursively.
                  If relative paths are specified, they will be converted to
                  absolute paths before being used.
   
        -D dest   Set the value of DESTDIR to dest.  If a relative path is speci-
                  fied, it will be converted to an absolute path before being
                  used.
   
      -E        Set `expert' mode.  This overrides various sanity checks, and       -E        Set `expert' mode.  This overrides various sanity checks, and
                allows: DESTDIR does not have to be set to a non-root path for                 allows: DESTDIR does not have to be set to a non-root path for
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                Note: It is highly recommended that you know what you are doing                 Note: It is highly recommended that you know what you are doing
                when you use this option.                 when you use this option.
   
        -h        Print a help message.
   
      -j njob   Passed through to make(1).  Makefiles should use .WAIT or have       -j njob   Passed through to make(1).  Makefiles should use .WAIT or have
                explicit dependancies as necessary to enforce build ordering.                 explicit dependancies as necessary to enforce build ordering.
                If you see build failures with -j, please save complete build                 If you see build failures with -j, please save complete build
                logs so the failures can be analyzed.                 logs so the failures can be analyzed.
   
      -M obj    Set MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX to obj.       -M obj    Set MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX to obj.  If a relative path is specified,
                  it will be converted to an absolute path before being used.
      -m mach   Set the value of MACHINE to mach.  This will also override any                 Unsets MAKEOBJDIR.
                value of MACHINE_ARCH in the process environment with a value  
                deduced from mach, unless -a is specified, or mach is a special       -m mach   Set the value of MACHINE to mach, except in some special cases
                case listed below.  All cross builds require -m, but if unset                 listed below.  This will also override any value of
                on a NetBSD host, the host's value of MACHINE will be detected                 MACHINE_ARCH in the process environment with a value deduced
                and used automatically.                 from mach, unless -a is specified.  All cross builds require
                  -m, but if unset on a NetBSD host, the host's value of MACHINE
                Some machines support multiple values for MACHINE_ARCH.  For a                 will be detected and used automatically.
                given value of mach, the following MACHINE and MACHINE_ARCH  
                values will result:                 Some machines support multiple values for MACHINE_ARCH.  The
                  following special cases for the mach argument are defined to
                  set the listed values of MACHINE and MACHINE_ARCH:
   
                      mach          MACHINE    MACHINE_ARCH                       mach          MACHINE    MACHINE_ARCH
                        evbarm        evbarm     (not set)
                        evbarm-eb     evbarm     armeb
                        evbarm-el     evbarm     arm
                      evbmips       evbmips    (not set)                       evbmips       evbmips    (not set)
                      evbmips-eb    evbmips    mipseb                       evbmips-eb    evbmips    mipseb
                      evbmips-el    evbmips    mipsel                       evbmips-el    evbmips    mipsel
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                      sbmips-eb     sbmips     mipseb                       sbmips-eb     sbmips     mipseb
                      sbmips-el     sbmips     mipsel                       sbmips-el     sbmips     mipsel
   
        -N noiselevel
                  Set the ``noisyness'' level of the build, by setting
                  MAKEVERBOSE to noiselevel.
   
      -n        Show the commands that would be executed by build.sh, but do       -n        Show the commands that would be executed by build.sh, but do
                not make any changes.  This is similar in concept to ``make                 not make any changes.  This is similar in concept to ``make
                -n''.                 -n''.
   
      -O obj    Create an appropriate transform macro for MAKEOBJDIR that will       -O obj    Create an appropriate transform macro for MAKEOBJDIR that will
                place the built object files under obj.  For instance, a set-                 place the built object files under obj.  If a relative path is
                ting of /usr/obj will place build-time files under                 specified, it will be converted to an absolute path before
                /usr/obj/bin, /usr/obj/lib, and so forth.                 being used.  For instance, a setting of /usr/obj will place
                  build-time files under /usr/obj/bin, /usr/obj/lib,
                  /usr/obj/usr.bin, and so forth.  Unsets MAKEOBJDIRPREFIX.
   
      -o        Set the value of MKOBJDIRS to ``no''.  Otherwise, it will be       -o        Set the value of MKOBJDIRS to ``no''.  Otherwise, it will be
                automatically set to ``yes'' (which is opposite to the default                 automatically set to ``yes'' (which is opposite to the default
                behaviour).                 behaviour).
   
      -R rel    Set the value of RELEASEDIR to rel.       -R rel    Set the value of RELEASEDIR to rel.  If a relative path is
                  specified, it will be converted to an absolute path before
                  being used.
   
      -r        Remove the contents of DESTDIR and TOOLDIR before building       -r        Remove the contents of DESTDIR and TOOLDIR before building
                (provides a clean starting point).  This will skip deleting                 (provides a clean starting point).  This will skip deleting
                DESTDIR if building on a native system to the root directory.                 DESTDIR if building on a native system to the root directory.
   
      -T tools  Set the value of TOOLDIR to tools.  If set, the bootstrap       -T tools  Set the value of TOOLDIR to tools.  If a relative path is spec-
                ``make'' will only be rebuilt as needed (when the source files                 ified, it will be converted to an absolute path before being
                for make(1) change).                 used.  If set, the bootstrap ``make'' will only be rebuilt as
                  needed (when the source files for make(1) change).
   
      -U        Set MKUNPRIVED=yes.       -U        Set MKUNPRIVED=yes.
   
      -u        Set MKUPDATE=yes.       -u        Set MKUPDATE=yes.
   
      -V var=[value]       -V var=[value]
                Set the variable var to value (which is optional).                 Set the environment variable var to an optional value.  This is
                  propagated to the nbmake wrapper.
   
      -w wrapper       -w wrapper
                Create the nbmake wrapper script (see below) in a custom loca-                 Create the nbmake wrapper script (see below) in a custom loca-
                tion, specified by wrapper.  This allows, for instance, to                 tion, specified by wrapper.  This allows, for instance, to
                place the wrapper in PATH automatically.  Note that wrapper is                 place the wrapper in PATH automatically.  Note that wrapper is
                the full name of the file, not just a directory name.                 the full name of the file, not just a directory name.  If a
                  relative path is specified, it will be converted to an absolute
                  path before being used.
   
        -X x11src
                  Set the value of X11SRCDIR to x11src.  If a relative path is
                  specified, it will be converted to an absolute path before
                  being used.
   
        -x        Set MKX11=yes.
   
        -Z var    Unset ("zap") the environment variable var.  This is propagated
                  to the nbmake wrapper.
   
    The "nbmake-MACHINE" wrapper script     The "nbmake-MACHINE" wrapper script
      If using the build.sh script to build NetBSD, a nbmake-MACHINE script       If using the build.sh script to build NetBSD, a nbmake-MACHINE script
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      nbmake-MACHINE can be invoked in lieu of make(1), and will instead call       nbmake-MACHINE can be invoked in lieu of make(1), and will instead call
      the up-to-date version of ``nbmake'' installed into TOOLDIR/bin with sev-       the up-to-date version of ``nbmake'' installed into TOOLDIR/bin with sev-
      eral key variables pre-set, including MACHINE, MACHINE_ARCH, and TOOLDIR.       eral key variables pre-set, including MACHINE, MACHINE_ARCH, and TOOLDIR.
        build.sh will also set variables specified with -V, and unset variables
        specified with -Z.
   
      This script can be symlinked into a directory listed in PATH, or called       This script can be symlinked into a directory listed in PATH, or called
      with an absolute path.       with an absolute path.
   
 EXAMPLES  EXAMPLES
      1.   ./build.sh tools kernel=GENERIC       1.   % ./build.sh tools kernel=GENERIC
   
           Build a new toolchain, and use the new toolchain to configure and            Build a new toolchain, and use the new toolchain to configure and
           build a new GENERIC kernel.            build a new GENERIC kernel.
   
      2.   ./build.sh -U distribution       2.   % ./build.sh -U distribution
   
           Using unprivileged mode, build a complete distribution to a DESTDIR            Using unprivileged mode, build a complete distribution to a DESTDIR
           directory that build.sh selects (and will display).            directory that build.sh selects (and will display).
Line 630  EXAMPLES
Line 785  EXAMPLES
           sions stored in DESTDIR/METALOG are correctly applied to the files            sions stored in DESTDIR/METALOG are correctly applied to the files
           as they're copied to /.            as they're copied to /.
   
      4.   ./build.sh -U -u release       4.   % ./build.sh -U -u release
   
           Using unprivileged mode, build a complete release to DESTDIR and            Using unprivileged mode, build a complete release to DESTDIR and
           RELEASEDIR directories that build.sh selects (and will display).            RELEASEDIR directories that build.sh selects (and will display).
Line 646  OBSOLETE VARIABLES
Line 801  OBSOLETE VARIABLES
                  TOOLCHAIN_MISSING=yes.                   TOOLCHAIN_MISSING=yes.
   
 SEE ALSO  SEE ALSO
      make(1), hier(7), release(7)       make(1), hier(7), release(7), etcupdate(8), postinstall(8), sysinst(8),
        pkgsrc/sysutils/cdrtools
   
 HISTORY  HISTORY
      The build.sh based build scheme was introduced for NetBSD 1.6 as       The build.sh based build scheme was introduced for NetBSD 1.6 as
Line 655  HISTORY
Line 811  HISTORY
 BUGS  BUGS
      A few platforms are not yet using this build system.       A few platforms are not yet using this build system.
   
 NetBSD                           July 18, 2003                          NetBSD  NetBSD                         September 1, 2007                        NetBSD

Legend:
Removed from v.1.39  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.62.4.2

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