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Revision 1.4, Tue Mar 27 22:38:04 2018 UTC (4 years, 1 month ago) by sevan
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: pkgsrc-2022Q1-base, pkgsrc-2022Q1, pkgsrc-2021Q4-base, pkgsrc-2021Q4, pkgsrc-2021Q3-base, pkgsrc-2021Q3, pkgsrc-2021Q2-base, pkgsrc-2021Q2, pkgsrc-2021Q1-base, pkgsrc-2021Q1, pkgsrc-2020Q4-base, pkgsrc-2020Q4, pkgsrc-2020Q3-base, pkgsrc-2020Q3, pkgsrc-2020Q2-base, pkgsrc-2020Q2, pkgsrc-2020Q1-base, pkgsrc-2020Q1, pkgsrc-2019Q4-base, pkgsrc-2019Q4, pkgsrc-2019Q3-base, pkgsrc-2019Q3, pkgsrc-2019Q2-base, pkgsrc-2019Q2, pkgsrc-2019Q1-base, pkgsrc-2019Q1, pkgsrc-2018Q4-base, pkgsrc-2018Q4, pkgsrc-2018Q3-base, pkgsrc-2018Q3, pkgsrc-2018Q2-base, pkgsrc-2018Q2, pkgsrc-2018Q1-base, pkgsrc-2018Q1, HEAD
Changes since 1.3: +2 -5 lines

regen catalog files using mandoc.

PKG_CREATE(1)               General Commands Manual              PKG_CREATE(1)

NNAAMMEE
     ppkkgg__ccrreeaattee - a utility for creating software package distributions

SSYYNNOOPPSSIISS
     ppkkgg__ccrreeaattee [--llOOVVvv] [--BB _b_u_i_l_d_-_i_n_f_o_-_f_i_l_e] [--bb _b_u_i_l_d_-_v_e_r_s_i_o_n_-_f_i_l_e]
                [--CC _c_p_k_g_s] [--DD _d_i_s_p_l_a_y_f_i_l_e] [--FF _c_o_m_p_r_e_s_s_i_o_n] [--gg _g_r_o_u_p]
                [--II _r_e_a_l_p_r_e_f_i_x] [--ii _i_s_c_r_i_p_t] [--KK _p_k_g___d_b_d_i_r] [--kk _d_s_c_r_i_p_t]
                [--nn _p_r_e_s_e_r_v_e_-_f_i_l_e] [--PP _d_p_k_g_s] [--pp _p_r_e_f_i_x] [--SS _s_i_z_e_-_a_l_l_-_f_i_l_e]
                [--ss _s_i_z_e_-_p_k_g_-_f_i_l_e] [--TT _b_u_i_l_d_p_k_g_s] [--tt _t_e_m_p_l_a_t_e] [--uu _o_w_n_e_r]
                --cc _c_o_m_m_e_n_t --dd _d_e_s_c_r_i_p_t_i_o_n --ff _p_a_c_k_l_i_s_t _p_k_g_-_n_a_m_e

DDEESSCCRRIIPPTTIIOONN
     The ppkkgg__ccrreeaattee command is used to create packages that will subsequently
     be fed to one of the package extraction/info utilities.  The input
     description and command line arguments for the creation of a package are
     not really meant to be human-generated, though it is easy enough to do
     so.  It is more expected that you will use a front-end tool for the job
     rather than muddling through it yourself.  Nonetheless, a short
     description of the input syntax is included in this document.

OOPPTTIIOONNSS
     The following command line options are supported:

     --BB _b_u_i_l_d_-_i_n_f_o_-_f_i_l_e
             Install the file _b_u_i_l_d_-_i_n_f_o_-_f_i_l_e so that users of binary packages
             can see what make(1) definitions were used to control the build
             when creating the binary package.  This allows various build
             definitions to be retained in a binary package and viewed
             wherever it is installed, using pkg_info(1).

     --bb _b_u_i_l_d_-_v_e_r_s_i_o_n_-_f_i_l_e
             Install the file _b_u_i_l_d_-_v_e_r_s_i_o_n_-_f_i_l_e so that users of binary
             packages can see what versions of the files used to control the
             build were used when creating the binary package.  This allows
             some fine-grained version control information to be retained in a
             binary package and viewed wherever it is installed, using
             pkg_info(1).

     --CC _c_p_k_g_s
             Set the initial package conflict list to _c_p_k_g_s.  This is assumed
             to be a whitespace separated list of package names and is meant
             as a convenient shorthand for specifying multiple @@ppkkggccffll
             directives in the packing list (see PACKING LIST DETAILS section
             below).

     --cc _[_-_]_d_e_s_c
             Fetch package (one line description) from file _d_e_s_c or, if
             preceded by --, the argument itself.  This string should also give
             some idea of which version of the product (if any) the package
             represents.

     --DD _d_i_s_p_l_a_y_f_i_l_e
             Display the file after installing the package.  Useful for things
             like legal notices on almost-free software, etc.

     --dd _[_-_]_d_e_s_c
             Fetch long description for package from file _d_e_s_c or, if preceded
             by --, the argument itself.

     --FF _c_o_m_p_r_e_s_s_i_o_n
             Use _c_o_m_p_r_e_s_s_i_o_n as compression algorithm.  This overrides the
             heuristic to guess the compression type from the output name.
             Currently supported values are bzip2, gzip, none and xz.

     --ff _p_a_c_k_l_i_s_t
             Fetch (packing list) for package from the file _p_a_c_k_l_i_s_t or ssttddiinn
             if _p_a_c_k_l_i_s_t is a -- (dash).

     --gg _g_r_o_u_p
             Make _g_r_o_u_p the default group ownership instead of extracting it
             from the file system.

     --II _r_e_a_l_p_r_e_f_i_x
             Provide the real prefix, as opposed to the staging prefix, for
             use in staged installations of packages.

     --ii _i_s_c_r_i_p_t
             Set _i_s_c_r_i_p_t to be the install procedure for the package.  This
             can be any executable program (or shell script).  It will be
             invoked automatically when the package is later installed.

     --KK _p_k_g___d_b_d_i_r
             Override the value of the PKG_DBDIR configuration option with the
             value _p_k_g___d_b_d_i_r.

     --kk _d_s_c_r_i_p_t
             Set _d_s_c_r_i_p_t to be the de-install procedure for the package.  This
             can be any executable program (or shell script).  It will be
             invoked automatically when the package is later (if ever) de-
             installed.

     --ll      Check that any symbolic links which are to be placed in the
             package are relative to the current prefix.  This means using
             unlink(2) and symlink(2) to remove and re-link any symbolic links
             which are targeted at full path names.

     --nn _p_r_e_s_e_r_v_e_-_f_i_l_e
             The file is used to denote that the package should not be
             deleted.  This is intended for use where the deletion of packages
             may present a bootstrap problem.

     --OO      Go into a (packing list only) mode.  This is used to do (fake
             pkg_add) operations when a package is installed.  In such cases,
             it is necessary to know what the final, adjusted packing list
             will look like.

     --PP _d_p_k_g_s
             Set the initial package dependency list to _d_p_k_g_s.  This is
             assumed to be a whitespace separated list of package names and is
             meant as a convenient shorthand for specifying multiple @@ppkkggddeepp
             directives in the packing list (see PACKING LIST DETAILS section
             below).  In addition, the exact versions of the packages referred
             to in the _d_p_k_g_s list will be added to the packing list in the
             form of @@bbllddddeepp directives.

     --TT _b_u_i_l_d_p_k_g_s
             The exact versions of the packages referred to in the _b_u_i_l_d_p_k_g_s
             list will be added to the packing list in the form of @@bbllddddeepp
             directives.  This directives are stored after those created by
             the --PP option.  _b_u_i_l_d_p_k_g_s is assumed to be a whitespace separated
             list of package names.

     --pp _p_r_e_f_i_x
             Set _p_r_e_f_i_x as the initial directory (base) to start from in
             selecting files for the package.

     --SS _s_i_z_e_-_a_l_l_-_f_i_l_e
             Store the given file for later querying with the pkg_info(1) --SS
             flag.  The file is expected to contain the size (in bytes) of all
             files of this package plus any required packages added up and
             stored as a ASCII string, terminated by a newline.

     --ss _s_i_z_e_-_p_k_g_-_f_i_l_e
             Store the given file for later querying with the pkg_info(1) --ss
             flag.  The file is expected to contain the size (in bytes) of all
             files of this package added up and stored as a ASCII string,
             terminated by a newline.

     --tt _t_e_m_p_l_a_t_e
             Use _t_e_m_p_l_a_t_e as the input to mktemp(3).  By default, this is the
             string _/_t_m_p_/_i_n_s_t_m_p_._X_X_X_X_X_X, but it may be necessary to override it
             in the situation where space in your _/_t_m_p directory is limited.
             Be sure to leave some number of `X' characters for mktemp(3) to
             fill in with a unique ID.

     --uu _o_w_n_e_r
             Make _o_w_n_e_r the default owner instead of extracting it from the
             file system.

     --VV      Print version number and exit.

     --vv      Turn on verbose output.

PPAACCKKIINNGG LLIISSTT DDEETTAAIILLSS
     The (packing list) format (see --ff) is fairly simple, being nothing more
     than a single column of filenames to include in the package.  However,
     since absolute pathnames are generally a bad idea for a package that
     could be installed potentially anywhere, there is another method of
     specifying where things are supposed to go and, optionally, what
     ownership and mode information they should be installed with.  This is
     done by embedding specialized command sequences in the packing list.
     Briefly described, these sequences are:
     @@ccwwdd _d_i_r_e_c_t_o_r_y
             Set the internal directory pointer to point to _d_i_r_e_c_t_o_r_y.  All
             subsequent filenames will be assumed relative to this directory.
             Note: @@ccdd is also an alias for this command.
     @@ssrrcc _d_i_r_e_c_t_o_r_y
             This command is supported for compatibility only.  It was
             formerly used to override @@ccwwdd during package creation.
     @@eexxeecc _c_o_m_m_a_n_d
             Execute _c_o_m_m_a_n_d as part of the unpacking process.  If _c_o_m_m_a_n_d
             contains any of the following sequences somewhere in it, they
             will be expanded inline.  For the following examples, assume that
             @@ccwwdd is set to _/_u_s_r_/_l_o_c_a_l and the last extracted file was
             _b_i_n_/_e_m_a_c_s.
             %%FF      Expands to the last filename extracted (as specified), in
                     the example case _b_i_n_/_e_m_a_c_s
             %%DD      Expand to the current directory prefix, as set with @@ccwwdd,
                     in the example case _/_u_s_r_/_l_o_c_a_l.
             %%BB      Expand to the (basename) of the fully qualified filename,
                     that is the current directory prefix, plus the last
                     filespec, minus the trailing filename.  In the example
                     case, that would be _/_u_s_r_/_l_o_c_a_l_/_b_i_n.
             %%ff      Expand to the (filename) part of the fully qualified
                     name, or the converse of %%BB, being in the example case,
                     _e_m_a_c_s.
     @@uunneexxeecc _c_o_m_m_a_n_d
             Execute _c_o_m_m_a_n_d as part of the deinstallation process.  Expansion
             of special %% sequences is the same as for @@eexxeecc.  This command is
             not executed during the package add, as @@eexxeecc is, but rather when
             the package is deleted.  This is useful for deleting links and
             other ancillary files that were created as a result of adding the
             package, but not directly known to the package's table of
             contents (and hence not automatically removable).  The advantage
             of using @@uunneexxeecc over a deinstallation script is that you can use
             the (special sequence expansion) to get at files regardless of
             where they've been potentially redirected (see --pp).
     @@mmooddee _m_o_d_e
             Set default permission for all subsequently extracted files to
             _m_o_d_e.  Format is the same as that used by the cchhmmoodd command
             (well, considering that it's later handed off to it, that's no
             surprise).  Use without an arg to set back to default
             (extraction) permissions.
     @@ooppttiioonn _o_p_t_i_o_n
             Set internal package options, the only currently supported one
             being _p_r_e_s_e_r_v_e, which tells pkg_add to move any existing files
             out of the way, preserving the previous contents (which are also
             resurrected on pkg_delete, so caveat emptor).
     @@oowwnneerr _u_s_e_r
             Set default ownership for all subsequently extracted files to
             _u_s_e_r.  Use without an arg to set back to default (extraction)
             ownership.
     @@ggrroouupp _g_r_o_u_p
             Set default group ownership for all subsequently extracted files
             to _g_r_o_u_p.  Use without an arg to set back to default (extraction)
             group ownership.
     @@ccoommmmeenntt _s_t_r_i_n_g
             Embed a comment in the packing list.  Useful in trying to
             document some particularly hairy sequence that may trip someone
             up later.
     @@iiggnnoorree
             Used internally to tell extraction to ignore the next file (don't
             copy it anywhere), as it's used for some special purpose.
     @@nnaammee _n_a_m_e
             Set the name of the package.  This is mandatory and is usually
             put at the top.  This name is potentially different than the name
             of the file it came in, and is used when keeping track of the
             package for later deinstallation.  Note that ppkkgg__ccrreeaattee will
             derive this field from the _p_k_g_-_n_a_m_e and add it automatically if
             none is given.
     @@ppkkggddiirr _n_a_m_e
             Declare directory _n_a_m_e as managed.  If it does not exist at
             installation time, it is created.  If this directory is no longer
             referenced by packages and the last file or directory in it is
             deleted, the directory is removed as well.
     @@ddiirrrrmm _n_a_m_e
             This command is supported for compatibility only.  If directory
             _n_a_m_e exists, it will be deleted at deinstall time.
     @@ddiissppllaayy _n_a_m_e
             Declare _n_a_m_e as the file to be displayed at install time (see --DD
             above).
     @@ppkkggddeepp _p_k_g_n_a_m_e
             Declare a dependency on the _p_k_g_n_a_m_e package.  The _p_k_g_n_a_m_e package
             must be installed before this package may be installed, and this
             package must be deinstalled before the _p_k_g_n_a_m_e package is
             deinstalled.  Multiple @@ppkkggddeepp directives may be used if the
             package depends on multiple other packages.
     @@bbllddddeepp _p_k_g_n_a_m_e
             Declare that this package was built with the exact version of
             _p_k_g_n_a_m_e (since the @@ppkkggddeepp directive may contain wildcards or
             relational package version information).
     @@ppkkggccffll _p_k_g_c_f_l_n_a_m_e
             Declare a conflict with the _p_k_g_c_f_l_n_a_m_e package, as the two
             packages contain references to the same files, and so cannot co-
             exist on the same system.

EENNVVIIRROONNMMEENNTT
     See pkg_install.conf(5) for options, that can also be specified using the
     environment.

SSEEEE AALLSSOO
     pkg_add(1), pkg_admin(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_info(1), pkg_install.conf(5)
     pkgsrc(7)

HHIISSTTOORRYY
     The ppkkgg__ccrreeaattee command first appeared in FreeBSD.

AAUUTTHHOORRSS
     Jordan Hubbard
             most of the work
     John Kohl
             refined it for NetBSD
     Hubert Feyrer
             NetBSD wildcard dependency processing, pkgdb, pkg size recording
             etc.

pkgsrc                         December 27, 2014                        pkgsrc